Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary

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Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary
Bhimbandh Bihar
Wildlife sanctuary
Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Bihar
Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary
Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°14′N 86°17′E / 25.23°N 86.28°E / 25.23; 86.28Coordinates: 25°14′N 86°17′E / 25.23°N 86.28°E / 25.23; 86.28
Country  India
State Bihar
District Munger district
Established 1976
Area
 • Total 681.99 km2 (263.32 sq mi)
Elevation 80 m (260 ft)
Languages
 • Official Maithili, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Nearest city Jamui
Governing body Government of India, Government of Bihar
Precipitation 2,220 millimetres (87 in)
Avg. summer temperature 37 °C (99 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 5 °C (41 °F)

Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary in Bihar in the south west of Munger district.

Etymology[edit]

According to Mahabharat, Bhima, one of the pandavas, constructed a dam (bandh) here and therefore it is called Bhimbandh.

Geography[edit]

Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the south west of Munger district. The forests cover an area or 681.99 km² on the hills and undulating tract of Kharagpur Hills. It is situated at a distance of 56 KM from southern border of Munger,[1] 20 km from Jamui Railway Station and 200 km from Patna Airport.[2]

Bhimbandh is situated south of the Ganges River, at the northern edge of Chota Nagpur Plateau and west of Santhal Pargana. it is surrounded on all sides by densely inhabited non-forestry areas. In the valley portions and at the foothills are several hot springs of which the finest are at Bhimbandh, Sita Kund and Rishi Kund. All the hot springs maintain nearly almost same temperature all year round. Of them, the Bhimbandh springs have the hottest temperature (52 °C to 65 °C) and discharge (0.84-1.12 cum/sec) and constitute the best area for the exploration of geothermal energy potential.[3]

There are number of places of tourist interest near the Sanctuary, including Rishi Kund, Sita Kund, Ha-Ha Punch Kumari, Rameshwar Kund, and Kharagpur Lake.[4]

Climate[edit]

The climate is normal for the Munger district. There are three distinct seasons in this zone, summer (March to May), monsoon (June to September) and winter (October to February). Average annual rainfall of this district is 1146 mm.

Fauna[edit]

Tiger (8), Leopard (36), Peacock (637), Wild Bear1 (063), Rabbit (507), Hanuman (3388), Monkey1 (612), Sahil (57), Bear (96), Cheetal1 (87), Barking deer (559), Van Murgi863), Nilgai (255), Python (39), Tiger (829), Newala (36), Goh (39), and Hyena (36) are the major fauna of the Bhimband.[5] Other fauna include the Jungle Cat, Fishing Cat, Leopard Cats and Hyaena. Small mammals include the rare Hispid Hare, Indian Gray Mongoose, Small Indian Mongooses, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civets, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal, Sloth Bear, Chinese Pangolin, Indian Pangolins, Hog Badger, Chinese Ferret Badgers, and Particolored flying squirrels.[6]

Crocodiles are found in Kharagpur lake and Kalidah near Rameshwar kund. Among snakes cobra and kraits are of common occurrence while python, Narokole, Bisako and Karmegh are occasionally seen.

Common bird species are Peaf owl, Grey Patridges, Quail, Malabar, Pied Hornbill, Swallow, Nightjars, Dronge, Paradisefly, Kingfisher, Bulbul, Mainas, Pigeon, Wood Pigeon, Blue jay, Owl, Falcon, Kites, Eastern Imperial Eagle, Greater Spotted Eagle, White-tailed Eagle, Pallas's Fish Eagle, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, and the Lesser Kestrel and Vultures.

Birds such as the Lesser White-fronted Goose, Ferruginous Duck, Baer's Pochard duck and Lesser Adjutant, Greater Adjutant, Black-necked Stork, and Asian Openbill stork migrate from Central Asia to the park during winter.[4]

The main animals found at Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary are tigers, panthers, wild boars, sloth bear, sambar deer, chitals, four-horned antelope and nilgais. However, the sanctuary is more famous for its bird life rather than the land animals. It is home to more than 100 species of resident birds, which stay here all year around. The number increases in the migratory season i.e. during the winters, when there is an influx of birds from the Central Asia region.

Flora[edit]

There are two major biomes present in Bhimbandh, grassland and forest. The sanctuary area has mainly sal forest, forest, Bamboo forest, grassland and many small forests of many miscellaneous species of flora. The top canopy of Bhimbandh mainly consists Shorea robusta (sal), Diospyros melanoxylon (kendu), Boswellia serrata (salai), Terminalia tomentosa (Asan), Terminalia bellayoica (Bahera), Terminalia arjuna (Arjun), Pterocarpus marsupium (Paisar). The top canopy of Bhimbandh mainly Madhuca indica (Mahua) and Holarrhena antidysenterica. Bhimbandh's ground Flora includes Flemengia chappar and Zizyphus xylopyrus. climber flora include Bauhinia vahlii and Smilex protifrera. Creeper flora includes Butea superba and Butea parviflora.[7]

Administration[edit]

Administered under Munger district. This village, within the Kharagpur police station, has an area of 4137 acres. The villagers in Bhimbandh are mainly engaged in the field of agriculture.

History[edit]

Conservation management[edit]

Visitor activities[edit]

Transport[edit]

By road from Munger town. Visitors can access this place through Bhagalpur Junction Railway Station. Bariarpur station on Jamalpur Bhagalpur section is the nearest rail station as also the nearest road link on NH 80. Road Route: Bariarpur - Kharagpur - Gangta - Bhimbandh - Jamui

External links[edit]

References[edit]