The Raga Bhinnashadaja is one of the most melodious Ragas of Hindustani Classical Music. It belongs to Bilawal Thata (Melakarta No. 29 Dheerashankarabharanam). It contains five Shuddha Swaras: Shadaja, Gandhar, Madhyama, Dhaivata and Nishad. Rishabh and Pancham are omitted. In the form of notation it contains S,G,M,D and N.
In Carnatic Music, these five swaras are termed Shadja -Sa, AntaraGandhar -ga, Suddha Madhyama- ma, Chatusruti Dhaivata -dhi and KakaliNishad –nu.
In Westen Classical Notation, the notes are termed tonic, perfect third, perfect fourth, perfect sixth and perfect seventh; i.e., C, E, F, A and B; second D and fifth G notes are omitted.
Raga Bhinnashadaj is known by many alternate names such as AudawaBilawal, Bhookosh, DinkaMalkosh, Hindoli, Koushikdhwani and Kousidhani.
Description (Raga Parichaya)
Jati (Based on number of notes used in the Raga) Audava-Audava/Five notes-Five notes
Aroha & Avaroha- Ascent and Descent SG, MD, NS’’; S’’, ND, MG, S Vadi and Samvadi (Principal Notes) Vadi (Sonant) M; Samvadi- S. Nyasa Swaras (Resting Notes) - G, D Pakad (Distinctive Tonal Phrase) - S’’, NDMG, MG->S
Chalan (Sample Melodic Combinations)-
S, 'NS, 'N'D, 'M'D'N S, 'D'N SM-G, SGMDGM-G, MG->S; 'D'N SG, SGSM-G, SGMD, GMND, MG, MDNS’’, DNS’’G’’'S’’, S’’G’’M’’G’’S’’,
MDNS’’ ND, GMDNDMG, SGMDGMG->S.
Gaan Samaya (Preferred Time)- 10 p.m.-1 a.m.
Raga Bhinnashadaja of Carnatic Music has a different melodic structure. However, Carnatic Ragas Chandrakauns, Daka and Dakka of Dheerasankarabharanam Melkarta are scale-congruent with Bhinnashadaja of Hindustani Classical Music (Ref - Raga Pravaham) Similar Ragas from Hindustani Music - Rageshri, Chakradhar,and Hemant Similar Raga from Carnatic Music - Chandrakauns, Daka and Dakka
Important Recordings/ Popular Compositions Based on this Raga
Yaad Piyaki Aaye- Thumri- Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan;