Bhiwani

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Bhiwani district.
Bhiwani
city
Bhiwani is located in Haryana
Bhiwani
Bhiwani
Location in Haryana, India
Coordinates: 28°47′N 76°08′E / 28.78°N 76.13°E / 28.78; 76.13Coordinates: 28°47′N 76°08′E / 28.78°N 76.13°E / 28.78; 76.13
Country  India
State Haryana
District Bhiwani
Area
 • Total 5,099 km2 (1,969 sq mi)
Elevation 225 m (738 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 169,424
 • Density 33/km2 (86/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 127021
Telephone code 91-1664
Vehicle registration HR-16, HR-61
Website bhiwani.nic.in

Bhiwani is a city and a municipal council in Bhiwani district in the state of Haryana, India. It is known as the city of temples and often termed as "Choti Kashi". Besides being a seat of spiritual learning, the city has been the centerstage of regional politics. The city is hometown to three of Haryana's chief ministers: Bansi Lal, Banarsi Dass Gupta and Hukum Singh.

District Bhiwani was created on 22 December 1972. The district headquarters is situated in Bhiwani town. Bhiwani has 442 villages, with main towns being Charkhi Dadri, Loharu,Dhanana,Jatai, Bawani Khera and Tosham. The total area of Bhiwani district is 5,099 km².

The city has been a conventional school of boxing, with almost all of the members of the Indian Boxing Squad coming from its SAI hostel itself. Late Capt. Hawa Singh, the legendary boxer, helped establish the boxing academy here.

Education[edit]

In the field of education, the city boasts of six institutes, one of them being the country's top textile research institute, the Technological Institute of Textile & Sciences, established by the prestigious Birla Group. Further, there are four degree colleges (Adarsh Mahila Mahavidyalaya is one of the best college in M.D.U.), three colleges of education and a school of nursing. The Board of School Education, Haryana (Shiksha Board) is also situated in the city. Govt. P.G College is located on Hansi road. Recently a new university is established in the city under the name Choudhary Bansilal University in the memory of late Choudhary Bansilal.

Transportation[edit]

Railways[edit]

Bhiwani railway station is on the Bathinda-Rewari line. There are three railway lines originating from Bhiwani; one is towards the northern side.The second line towards south side. The third branch line goes towards Rohtak and connects to Delhi.

Roads[edit]

The city is very well connected through state roadways with all the major towns in the region. District Bhiwani is situated in the western part of Haryana. It shares its boundary with Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan. Bus service is the major means of public transport in Bhiwani district. The sub-depot at Bhiwani was upgraded as full fledged depot on 1.11.1973. At the time of its inception, it had 98 buses, which were covering a distance of 24,700 Km every day with 495 employees.

At present Bhiwani depot has 138 buses, which carry about 12.34 Lacs passengers every day and cover a distance of about 43650 Km daily. Out of this total distance covered daily on nterstate routes is 4,160 Km and 39,500 Km are operated within Haryana and 735 total employees.

The new bus stand at Bhiwani was inaugurated on 12.8.2000, which has been constrcuted on a land measuring 7.91 acre. Bhiwani depot has two sub depots which are Charkhi Dadri and Tosham, where bus stands/ sub-depot level workshops have been provided. Apart from these, bus stands at Bawani Khera,Dhanana, Behal, Tosham and Siwani have also been constructed for the convenience of travelling public in this district.

Government has also issued 70 permits to private operators on local routes in the district.

History[edit]

Bhiwani city is mentioned in Ain-e-Akbari. It was founded by a Rajput King name was Neem singh after his wife Bhani. The Bhani spelling changed to Bhiyani and subsequently to Bhiwani. Bhiwani has been a prominent center of commerce since the time of the Mughals. Bhiwani is also known for its temples and is known as the "Choti Kashi" of India because of them. Gauri Shankar temple (Kirorimal temple), Khakhi Baba Temple, devsar dham temple devsar

Geography[edit]

Bhiwani is located at 28°47′N 76°08′E / 28.78°N 76.13°E / 28.78; 76.13.[1] It has an average elevation of 225 meters (738 feet).

District Bhiwani is situated between 28.19 deg. and 29.05 deg. north latitude and 75.26 deg. and 76.28 deg. east longitude. The Bhiwani District is bordered by Hissar District on its north, some area of Jhunjunu and Churu districts of Rajasthan on its west, Mahendergarh and Jhunjunu districts on its south and District Rohtak to the east. It is 124 kilometers from Delhi and 285 kilometers from Chandigarh.

Development[edit]

Bhiwani was considered a deserted place. Farming could be done with the help of rain. After every two or three years there would be a drought. Men, women, animals and birds suffered due to lack of water and greenery. Things changed when in 1893 a canal was first built in Bhiwani.

It was a religious region, and gradually the people started taking part in politics and the Indian struggle for independence. Neki Ram, Fateh Chand, K.A. Desai and Babu Gupta accounted for the growth of branch of the Congress party here in 1939. But now many MNCs are looking Bhiwani as potential for there operation.

Satyagraha of Bardoli[edit]

In 1922 India's seekers of freedom society took part in the Bardoli Satyagraha. They were Neki Sharma, Uma Sharma, Ram Kumar, Gokul Chand, Fateh Chand, Lala Vith, Lala Karanji, Diwan Chand, Lala Moda, Mansingh Bohra etc. Neki Sharma Later known as Haryana Kesri.

Bhiwani and national leaders[edit]

In those days Bhiwani was visited by Pt. Nehru two times, Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya two times and Mahatma Gandhi two times. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Lala Lajpat Rai, Sh. Subash Chandra Bose, Smt. Sarojini Naidu, Dr. Munje, Dr. Ansari, Sh. Asif Ali, Ali Bandhu and Maulana Abdul Ghaffar Khan also came to Bhiwani, took meetings and praised Bhiwani's people for their taking part in the independence war. Sonia Gandhi visited Bhiwani on 28 November 2007 at Bhim Stadium.

Bhiwani is home town of Renowned Freedom Fighter and Social Reformer Late Sh. Pt. Nekiram Sharma, Sh. Banarsi Das Gupta, (former Chief Minister of Haryana, Member of Parliament, Member of Legislative Assembly, Dy. Chief Minister, Speaker of Haryana Assembly and Minister in Haryana Cabinet) who also known for his contribution in Bhiwani by establishing many educational institutions like Adarsh Mahila Mahavidyalya (awarded best women college in Haryana), Vaish educations institutes (PG College, schools), Nature Cure Hospital (Prakritik Chikitsalya) Bhiwani and many more charitable and social organisation.

Bhiwani is the home town of Late Ch.Bansi Lal, former Chief Minister, Defense Minister, Railway Minister and Civil Aviation Minister, Great Ch Bansi Lal is the creator of modern Haryana, he brought connected all villages with metalled roads, provided water and electricity to all villages and took water to sandy south Haryana by way of lift irrigation. Govt was very efficient and responsive to common men requirements. What ever ministry he was given in Delhi, suddenly became efficient, such was hid magic. Indeed there was only one Ch Bansi Lal.

The former chief of Army Staff of 1.5 million strong Indian army, General Vijay Kumar Singh is also from Bhiwani (Born: Village Bapora).

Bhiwani as India's boxing powerhouse[edit]

Bhiwani came to the limelight in 2008 as four of the five boxers who represented India at the 2008 Summer Olympics are from Bhiwani. Sports Authority of India coach and boxer late captain Hawa Singh has been credited with making the Bhiwani Boxing Club or "BBC" as it is known locally, a powerhouse of Indian boxing.[2] The Academy was established by the legendary Indian boxer, two time Asian Games gold medalist and 11 time national champion, Captain Hawa Singh.[2]

Among the 2008 Olympians, Jitender Kumar (Flyweight) (51 kg) and Akhil Kumar (54 kg) went on to qualify for the quarter finals, while Vijender Kumar (75 kg) won a bronze medal and Vikas Krishan Yadav boxer from Bhiwani district won a gold medal in the 2010 Asian Games in the Lightweight category. In the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou, China, Vijender Singh claimed gold. Bhiwani is known as "Mini Cuba" in India due to the large number of boxers who hail from the region.[2]

Visitor attractions[edit]

  • Gauri Shankar Temple
  • Hanuman Mandir
  • Hira Puri Mandir
  • Jogiwala Mandir
  • Khakhi Baba Ka Mandir
  • Shri Rang Nath Mandir
  • Vaishno Devi Temple
  • Naurangabad Mound
  • Samadhi Of Todar Singh
  • Star Monument
  • Ninan temple
  • Baba jamadhar temple in Dhirana kalan
  • Baba Latadhari temple in Tigrana
  • Baba Jagan Nath Dham in Jattu Lohari
  • Baba Ganga Ram Dham In Jattu Lohari
  • Baba Chotu Nath Dham In Jattu Lohari

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Bhiwani had a population of 169,424. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Bhiwani has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 76% and female literacy of 62%. 13% of the population is under 7 years of age.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bhiwani
  2. ^ a b c Against the Odds: Vijender Kumar, BBC
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]