Bhiwani District is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state in northern India. Bhiwani was created on 22 December 1972. The district occupies an area of 5,140 square kilometres (1,980 sq mi), and is situated between 28.19 deg. and 29.05 deg. north latitudes and 75.26 deg. and 76.28 deg. east longitudes. It has 442 villages with a population of 1,425,022. The district headquarters is the city of Bhiwani, which is around 124 kilometres from Delhi. Other major towns in the district are Siwani, Charkhi Dadri, Loharu, Tosham and Bawani Khera.
Origin of name
The district is named after its headquarters, Bhiwani city. Bhiwani city, it is believed, was founded by a Rajput named Neem after his wife Bhani. The name Bhani later changed to Bhiyani and subsequently to Bhiwani.
Excavations (1968–73 and 1980–86) in the village of Mitathal in Bhiwani have unearthed evidence of pre-Harappan and Harappan (Indus Valley Civilization) culture in the area. Near the village of Naurangabad, about 10 km from Bhiwani, preliminary diggings in 2001 have revealed artifacts like coins, tools, sieves, toys, statues and pots up to 2500 years old. According to the archaeologists the presence of coins, coin moulds, statues and design of the houses, suggests that a town existed here sometimes in the Kushan, Gupta and the Youdheya period till 300 BC.
The district comprises six sub-divisions: Bhiwani, Dadri, Loharu, Siwani,Badhra and Tosham. These sub-divisions are further divided into seven tehsils: Bhiwani, Dadri, Loharu, Siwani, Bawani Khera,Badhra and Tosham.
There are seven Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Bhiwani, Dadri-I, Dadri-II, Loharu, Badhra, Bawani Khera and Tosham. Bawani Khera is part of Hisar Lok Sabha constituency and rest are part of Bhiwani-Mahendragarh Lok Sabha constituency.
According to the 2011 census Bhiwani district has a population of 1,629,109, roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau or the US state of Idaho. This gives it a ranking of 306th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 341 inhabitants per square kilometre (880 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 14.32%. Bhiwani has a sex ratio of 884 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 76.7%.
There are four engineering colleges in Bhiwani district:
- The Technological Institute of Textile & Sciences, Bhiwani
- Institute of technology and science (ITS), Bhiwani
- B.R.C.M. College of Engineering & Technology, Bahal, Bhiwani.
- Bhiwani Institute Of Technology & Science, Bhiwani
- Institute of technology and Science,Bhiwani
There are many Graduate and Post Graduate colleges also viz.
1. Vaish PG College Bhiwani
2. Govt. College Bhiwani
3. Govt. Girls College Bhiwani
4. Adrash PG College (for Girls) Bhiwani
5. Kirori Mal B.Ed. College Bhiwani
6. Janta Vidya Mandir Ch. Dardri
7. Govt. College Baund
8. Bansilal Govt. Girl College Tosham
9. Govt. P.G College, Loharu
10. C.C.C Nursing College, Singhani (Loharu)
11. Govt. Polytechnic, Loharu
12. Govt. College, Bawani Khera
Bhiwani is also about to have M K Hospital, a multi-speciality hospital. It has a helicopter ambulance facility also. There is a far possibility that it becomes a medical college in future.
Bhiwani is known for its numerous temples and therefore is also known as Chhota Kashi. A Sri Hari Har temple is there. Pranparthistha of this Shiv temple was done on Jan 2003. There is a Jain temple in Ranila, 27 km. away from Bhiwani town. There is a Maa Durga temple in Devsar Dhaam. It has its most famous temple called "Jogi Wala Mandir", dedicated to Lord Shiva. It also has "Star Temple" at Dinod, beautifully architectured in the shape of "star"
There is a shree shyam mandir in village Dhareru (bhiwani)which is very famous.
Lately, Bhiwani has emerged as major centre of Indian boxing as all four boxers representing India at Beijing Olympics 2008 are products of SAI boxing hostel at Bhiwani. To top that three of them Akhil Kumar, Vijender Kumar and Jitender Kumar reached the quarterfinals of their respective categories. While Akhil and Jitendra lost in their respective quarterfinals bouts Vijender Kumar qualified to the semifinals thereby ensuring India's first ever Boxing medal (Bronze) in the Summer Olympics games. Paramjeet Samota who won a gold for India in the CWG games 2010 also lives in a small village called Dinod in this Bhiwani district. sangam soni also won a gold medal in karate in Mumbai international level fight. he is also live in bhiwani his father name is sh. phool kumar soni.
National Leaders of Bhiwani
Bhiwani is home town of Renowned Freedom Fighter and Social Reformer Late Choudhary. Bansi Lal, (former Chief Minister of Haryana, Minister of Defence, Member of Parliament, Member of Legislative Assembly, Dy. Chief Minister, Speaker of Haryana Assembly and Minister in Haryana Cabinet) who also known for his contribution in Bhiwani by establishing many educational institutions like Adarsh Mahila Mahavidyalya (awarded best women college in Haryana), Vaish educations institutes (PG College, schools), Nature Cure Hospital (Prakritik Chikitsalya) Bhiwani and many more charitable and social organisation.
- Richhpal Ram - Victoria Cross winner in World War-II
- Vijay Kumar Singh PVSM, AVSM, YSM, ADC - COAS for Indian Army
- Bansi Lal - Former Chief Minister of Haryana
- Vijender Singh - Olympic Bronze medal winner in boxing
- Hawa Singh - Legendary Boxer from Haryana
- Jagdish Singh - Boxer
- Dinesh Kumar - Boxer
- Jitender Kumar (middleweight boxer)
- Jitender Kumar (flyweight boxer)
Villages in Bhiwani District
- Biran (Bhiwani)
- Dhani Riwasa
- Gothra (Loharu)
- Jhinjhar (Haryana)
- Jhojhu Kalan
- Jhojhu Khurd
- Jhumpa Khurd
- Jyani Chappar
- List of villages in Loharu Tehsil
- Pur (Bhiwani, Haryana)
- Kari Tokha
- jui khurd
- Tigrana, Bhiwani
- kayla, Bhiwani
- BAUND KALAN
- Dhani Laxman
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est."
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Idaho 1,567,582"
Kari dharni Goripur Dhareru
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