Bhoite

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Bhoite is a surname found amongst the Maratha caste[1] mainly in the state of Maharashtra in India but it also appears in Indian states bordering Maharashtra.[2][3][4][5]

Origin[edit]

Some sources, such as the Jaisalmar Gazetteer cite a Yaduvanshi descent for the Bhoites.[6][page needed][7][page needed][8][page needed] Some sources, such as Shri Swami Samartha states Bhoites are Suryavanshi clan of Marathas.[9][10][11][page needed]{If Bhoites are from Bhati Clan then they belong to Yaduwansha and not the Suryavansha. Bhati,Jadeja and JadaunJadhav are from Yaduvansha.

The Bhoites being Bhati Rajput descent assigned a Yaduvansha alias Brahmavansha dynasty.[12] Brahmavansha started from Brahma, as he was succeeded by Surya ( Sun ) or Vivasvan in fourth generation proved that Bhoites are of Suryavanshi Marathas. Some Bhati Rajputs are Suryavanshi Rajputs which are from Saharan Gotra [13] and Bhatis were dwelled in Lahore, Punjab area which was founded by Raghuvanshi King Lava ( Son of Shri Ram ) hence they are claimed Suryavanshis. Bhoite and Bhosale branches of Marathas descended through same historical lineages.[14]

Titles[edit]

The Bhoites alienated to the number of social honours given to them by the Administrators whom they served, People on whom they had rule viz. Patil,[15] Deshmukh, Shiledar, Bargir, Sarkar, Sardeshmukh, Sardar, Inamdar,[16] Watandar, Sarnoubat, Senapati, Senakarta,[17] Jagirdar,[18] Zamindar, Saranjamdar, Raja.

Sub-clans[edit]

and some bhoite are live in chandwad talwade

Gotras[edit]

The gotras (branches) of the Bhoite include : Jogdandmane, Thorave (Thorve), Bagmare, Bangale, Bhattee, Bhadurge, Bhapkar, Mahala, Machale, Mahalle, Mahore, Matonge, Methakhar, Maide, Yamdad, Yamdahe, Yawkar, Yerne, Yewale, Rumne, Ronghe, Lole, Bhoge, Vilhale, Vilape, Shabde, Shirkhare, Shirsath, Shirsatt, Sairwar, Hiwse, Hiwarkar, Hunmanya, Hendre, Helbe, Helawde, Ruche, Rudre, Lokhande.[9][19][20][21][22]

Distribution[edit]

Maharashtra[edit]

Shree Siddhanath

The Bhoites belongs to their satara villages viz. Tadawale, Wagholi, Hingangaon, Aradgaon. From these places they migrated to the adjacent districts such as Pune, Solapur, Kolhapur, Sangli, Ratnagiri, Jalgaon, Ahmadnagar, Beed, Osmanabad, Thane mainly and sheer presence in other parts of Maharashtra. The Bhoites are claimed Rajputs who migrated to Maharashtra from their native place Jaisalmer in Rajasthan. The Bhoite clansman were Jahagirdars of Satara under Yadav Kings of Deogiri. They served Vijaynagars Hindu empire being feudal lords of Satara. The Bhoites fought Battle of Talikot in 1565 A.D. from the side of Vijaynagar empire.[23] There afterwards they served Bahamani Sultanates of Deccan. Bhoites were Deshmukhs of Wagholi Tarf or Taluka(Mahal) of Prant Wai before Shivaji era like Deshmukhs of Maval.[24] They supported Chhatrapati Shivaji to found Hindavi Swarajya.[25] The Modi script sources shows Bhoites from Satara villages helped Chhatrapati Shivaji in the Battle of Fort Subhanmangal at Shirwal on 8 August 1648. Bhoites played an active role in the Maratha fight against Aurangzeb, and in many other conflicts in Indian history. The Bhoites were faithfuls of Peshwa. They were the first leaders of Maratha Troop to march against Ahmadshah Abdali and routed to him in 1761,[26][27] and revolt against the British in 1857. In service of princely states like Satara, Gwalior, Baroda, Nagpur, Kolhapur and in the 1942 parallel government of Satara under Krantisinha Nana Patil[28] and also in Sansthani Praja Parishada Movements in British Phaltan State.[29] The Bhoites were founder leaders of Patri Sarkar of Satara.[30] They also ruled several estates in Maharashtra like Jalgaon Saranjam. Bhoites are among few of these Marathas who remained loyal and faithful to Maratha Empire from its foundation to the collapse. Bhoites are founders of both Education Societies Viz. Rayat Shikshan Sanstha(1919), Biggest education society of Maharashtra being Supporters of Karmaveer Bhausaheb Patil[31]

Madhya Pradesh[edit]

In Madhya Pradesh, Bhoites are present near Gwalior, Indore, and the Guna region where Marathas dwell. The Shindes of Gwalior, Gaekwads of Baroda, Pawars of Dhar and Dewas, Holkars(Dhangar) of Indore are the Sardars of Peshwa Period like Sardar Ranoji Bhoite but after the defeat in Panipat the Bhoites died in larger extent and no other was able to establish power like above rulers. They established himself there along with Maratha rulers. Until Maratha Empire in 1818, they remained powerful royal knights with some other allies.[32] One of the Bhoite stem in Tadawale are in Guna since Peshwa Period, who are the relatives of Shinde Maratha clan of Kanherkhed holding some properties.[33][34][35]

Gujrat[edit]

In the state of Gujrat, Bhoites are present mainly in the city Baroda, a seat of Gaikwads Principality. The Bhoites along with major marathas like Mohite, Shirke, Khanvilkar, etc., served the Baroda principality and closest relatives of Baroda Queen.[36] They also resides in the other places in the state which are Surat, Ahmedabad etc. The Baroda Principality includes Marathas mainly from Desh and Konkan regions of Maharashtra who were migrated there with Gaikwads.[4] The Bhoites being closest faithfuls of Chhatrapati Shahu were representatives of him in Baroda early in the 18th century.[37]

Rajasthan[edit]

The Bhoites or Bhatis ruled the princely state of Jaisalmer of Rajasthan. They also ruled in areas such as Bikaner, Jodhpur, Barmer, and some tehsils of Gurdaspur, Shergarh Udaipur (Mohi) and Nagaur (Gaaju, Ladnun, Mugdara).

Overseas[edit]

The Bhoites are present historically in the Mauritius through marriage alliances with Jagtap, Nikam, Yadav, Sawant, More, chavan and others of Maratha Community. They trace their lineage back to the rebellions of 1857 war against British.[38]

Notables[edit]

[40]

HH Maharaja Trimbakrao Bapurao Bhoite Inamdar, Saranjam Ruler of Jalgaon, Eastern Khandesh

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gazetteers of the Bombay Presidency, Volume XXIV. Originally Printed in 1886. At Maharashtra.gov.in
  2. ^ Indian Council of Agricultural Research; Mohinder Singh Randhawa (1968). Farmers of India: Madhya Pradesh, Rajesthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra. Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Kumar Suresh Singh; Anthropological Survey of India (1998). India's communities. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-563354-2. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Kumar Suresh Singh; Rajendra Behari Lal; Anthropological Survey of India (2003). Gujarat. Popular Prakashan. p. 872. ISBN 978-81-7991-104-4. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  5. ^ India's communities: Volume 6 By Kumar Suresh Singh, Anthropological Survey of India
  6. ^ Mohammad Akram Lari Azad (1990). Religion and politics in India during the seventeenth century. Criterion Publications. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  7. ^ Narayan Keshav Behere (1946). The background of Maratha renaissance in the 17th century: historical survey of the social, religious and political movements of the Marathas. Bangalore Press. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  8. ^ John Vincent Ferreira (1965). Totemism in India. Indian Branch, Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  9. ^ a b Khaṇḍerāva Āppājī More (1977*). Śrī Svāmī samartha. Mā. Khã. More. Retrieved 9 October 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  10. ^ Vidayanand Swami Shrivastavya; Birendra Kumar Vidyanand Shrivastavya (1952). Are Rajput-Maratha marriages morganatic?. Published by D.K. Shrivastavya, for Aitihasik Gaurav Grantha Mala. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  11. ^ Reginald Edward Enthoven (1990). The tribes and castes of Bombay. Asian Educational Services. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  12. ^ Reginald Edward Enthoven (1975). The tribes and castes of Bombay. Cosmo Publications. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  13. ^ Rajput clans#Major Suryavanshi clans
  14. ^ Kshatriya Marathyancha Itihaas aani prachin assal Vanshavali by N. S. Raosalunkhe, Sarfare Naik, Printed by V. M. Inamdar, Vijay Printing Press, Mumbai-4, First Edition 1925(Marathi)
  15. ^ Anthony T Carter (1974). Elite politics in rural India: political stratification and political alliances in Western Maharashtra. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  16. ^ INDIAN WHO'S WHO 1937-38. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  17. ^ Sumitra Kulkarni (1995). The Satara raj, 1818-1848: a study in history, administration, and culture. Mittal Publications. pp. 78–. ISBN 978-81-7099-581-4. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  18. ^ Khandesh Itihaas Parishada Nibandha Sangraha By P.N. Deshpande (Marathi)
  19. ^ Bahuvidha Gotravali. By A.d.Date and Sons. (Marathi)
  20. ^ Maratha Kshatra dharma. Shree Swami Samartha Seva Kendra, Vani Dindori, District Nashik.(Marathi)
  21. ^ Shahannav Kule va Sadhya Aadanave. Ashok Vasu.(Marathi)
  22. ^ Itihaas Louta Monthly, Published in Nagpur, Vidarbha. (Marathi)
  23. ^ Chandrarao More Gharanyachi Bakhar (Chronicle of Chandrarao More Family) (Marathi)
  24. ^ Asiatic Society of Bombay (1905). Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bombay. Asiatic Society of Bombay. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  25. ^ Rāmacandrapanta Amātya (1969). Ajnapatra. Vhinasa Prakasana. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  26. ^ Viṭhṭhala Gopāḷa Khobarekara; Maharashtra State Board for Literature & Culture. Mahārāshṭrācā itihāsa: Marāṭhā kālakhaṇḍa, 1707 te 1818 pt. 2. Mahārāshṭra Rājya Sāhitya āṇi Sãskr̥tī Maṇḍaḷa. Retrieved 15 July 2012. 
  27. ^ Buddha Prakash (1970). Hariyana through the ages. Kurukshetra University. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  28. ^ A. B. Shinde (2 February 1990). The parallel government of Satara: a phase of the Quit India movement. Allied Publishers. ISBN 978-81-7023-138-7. Retrieved 15 May 2011. 
  29. ^ Arun Bhosale; Ashok S. Chousalkar; Lakshminarayana Tarodi; Shivaji University (2001). Freedom movement in princely states of Maharashtra. Shivaji University. Retrieved 15 May 2011. 
  30. ^ Bombay (India : State). Committee for a History of the Freedom Movement in India; Maharashtra (India). Committee for History of the Freedom Movement in India. Source material for a history of the freedom movement in India. Printed at the Govt. Central Press. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  31. ^ D. T. Bhosale (1998). Karmavīra: mahāna śikshāvid Bhāūrāva Pāṭīla kī jīvana gāthā. Paridr̥śya Prakāśana. Retrieved 2 April 2012. (Marathi)
  32. ^ Pī. E. Gavaḷī (1988). Society and social disabilities under the Peshwas. National Pub. House. ISBN 978-81-214-0157-9. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  33. ^ Tribal Research Institute (Madhya Pradesh; India) (1961). The changing tribes of Madhya Pradesh. Govt. Regional Press. Retrieved 13 May 2011. 
  34. ^ R.S. Chaurasia (1 January 2004). History of the Marathas. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. ISBN 978-81-269-0394-8. Retrieved 13 May 2011. 
  35. ^ Pranab Kumar Bhattacharyya (1977). Historical geography of Madhya Pradesh from early records. Motilal Banarsidass. Retrieved 13 May 2011. 
  36. ^ Bombay (India : State) (1932). Selections from the Peshwa Daftar. Government Central Press. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  37. ^ Bharata Itihasa Samshodhaka Mandala (1972). Traimāsika. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  38. ^ U. Bissoondoyal (1984). Indians overseas, the Mauritian experience. Mahatma Gandhi Institute. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  39. ^ A History of Jaipur. Jadunath Sarkar's ebook by Raghubir Sinh. Pg 247
  40. ^ Maharashtra (India). Dept. of Archives; Viṭhṭhala Gopāḷa Khobarekara; Moreswar Gangadhar Dikshit (1969). Śāhū Dapatarātīla kāgadapatrāñcī vaṇanātmaka sūcī. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 

Sources[edit]

Marathi language[edit]

  • Balagi Nathugi Gavand and Govind Moroba Karlekar (1997). Kshytriya Marathyanchi Vanshavali and Shannavkuli aani Surya, Som, Bhramh and Sheshvant (9th ed.). Tukaram book Depot, Madhavbag, Mumbai 4; printed by Sumangal Artec, G-8 MIDC, Marol bus depot, Andheri, (East) Mumbai - 400093. 
  • Bhramibhoot Sadguru Param Pujya Moredada (11 July 2002). Shree Shatradharma, Prachalit and pramikh kshtravansh and tyanche gotra, pravar, kuldaivat, kuldevata a Devak. Shree Swami Samarth Seva And Adhyatmik vikas pradhan kendra District Nasik, Taluka Dindori, Maharashtra state. 
  • Gopal Dajiba Dalwi (1912). Maratha Kulancha Etihas (Parts 1-6). Induprakash Press, Mumbaie. 

English language[edit]