Bhonsle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Bhosle)
Jump to: navigation, search
Maratha Clan
Bhosle
Surname Bhosle
Caste Maratha
Lineage Claimed Suryavansha[1]
Religion: Hinduism
Original kingdom Mewar (Udaipur)
Other kingdoms Maratha Empire, Satara, Kolhapur, Thanjavur, Nagpur, Akkalkot[2][3] and Sawantwadi[4][5]

[6]

Colour Ochre
Nishan Rudra on flagpole
Clan God Mahadev (Khanderao)
Clan goddess Tulja Bhavani
Devak Panch Pallava, Rui tree (Giant Milkweed tree)
Guru Shankkayan
Gotra Kaushik
Veda Rigveda
Mantra Gayatri Mantra
Locations Maharashtra, Karnataka and Thanjavur.
Languages Marathi

The Bhonsle (or Bhonsale, Bhonslà, Bhosale, Bhosle)[7] are a community within the Maratha clan system. Some of their predecessors served as rulers of several states in India.[1]

The most prominent member of the royal clan was Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire. His successors ruled as Chhatrapatis (Emperors/Maharajas) from their capital at Satara, although de facto rule of the empire passed to the Peshwas, the Maratha hereditary chief ministers, during the reign of Shahu I. In addition to the Bhonsle Maharajas of Satara, rulers of the Bhonsle clan established themselves at Nagpur and Kolhapur in modern-day Maharashtra in the 18th century. The Bhonsle of Thanjavur were descendants of Shivaji's stepbrother Venkoji, while the Bhonsle of Satara and Kolhapur were descended from Shivaji's sons, Sambhaji and Rajaram.

After the British defeat of the Marathas in the Third Anglo-Maratha War in 1818, the Marathas were forced to accept British rule. The four Bhonsle dynasties continued as rulers of their princely states, acknowledging British sovereignty while retaining local autonomy. The states of Nagpur, Thanjavur, and Satara came under direct British rule in the mid-nineteenth century when their rulers died without male heirs. Kolhapur state remained autonomous until India's independence in 1947, when the rulers acceded to the Indian government.

Akkalkot State and Sawantwadi were amongst other prominent states ruled by the Bhonsles.[citation needed]

Sardars and monarchs[edit]

Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhonsle

Other Maharajas of the Dynasty include:

House of Satara[edit]

House of Kolhapur[edit]

Shahaji II of Kolhapur (r. 1894 -1922)
  • Shivaji II of Kolhapur (1700–1714) - Imbecile Son of Rajaram and Tarabai
  • Sambhaji II (1714-1760)- His mother, Rajasbai, the second wife of Rajaram deposed, Tarabai's son, Shivaji II and put her son on the Kolhapur throne.
  • Shivaji III (1760–1812) (adopted from the family of Khanwilkar)
  • Shahaji I (1822-1838)
  • Shivaji III (1830–1866)
  • Rajaram I (1866–1870) (adopted from the family of Patankar)
  • Shivaji IV (1870–1883)
  • Shahaji II (1883–1922) (adopted from the family of Ghatge)
  • Rajaram II (1922–1940)
  • Shivaji V (1940–1946)
  • Shahaji II (1946–1947)

Nagpur[edit]

Raghoji Raje Bhosle of Nagpur

[8]

Thanjavur[edit]

H.H. Choladesadhipati Srimant Rajasri Maharaja Kshatrapati Sri Shivaji Raje Sahib Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj, Raja of Tanjore

See also[edit]

References[edit]