Bhote Koshi

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Bhote Kosi (Rongshar Tsangpo)
Bhote Kosi near Tibet.JPG
near the Chinese border during dry season
Origin Tibet, China
Mouth

Sun Kosi or Matsang Tsangpo Near Barabise

27°42′43″N 85°45′54″E / 27.712°N 85.765°E / 27.712; 85.765
Source elevation 2,750 metres (9,020 ft) at Tibet-Nepal border
River system Kosi River

The Bhote Kosi (Nepali: भोटे कोशी; Chinese: 波特科西; pinyin: Bōtè Kēxī) or Rongshar Tsangpo is a trans-boundary river and is part of the Kosi or Sapta Kosi river system in Nepal. It originates in Tibet Autonomous Region of China.

Etymology[edit]

Bhote Koshi means "river from Tibet". In the local language Bhote means Tibet and Koshi means river.[1] In Tibetan language the river is called Rongshar Tsangpo.[2] The suffix Tsangpo denotes a river flowing from or through Tsang, i.e. Tibet west of Lhasa.

Course[edit]

The valley of Bhote Koshi

The source of the Rongshar Tsangpo or Bhote Kosi lies in the mountains to the east of the Kathmandu-Lhasa Highway in Tibet.[2] After flowing through Tingri County of Tibet, the Rongshar Tsangpo enters Nepal downstream from Drubden, at an elevation of 2,750 metres (9,020 ft).[2] In Nepal, it flows through steep and deep gorges and joins the Sun Kosi, downstream from Barhabise.[3]

Bungee jumping[edit]

Bungee jumping or swinging over the Bhote Kosi has been described as the ‘ultimate experience’.[4] The valley is narrow with steep hillsides towering over 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) from the river. Nepal's first bungee jumping site is situated there.

Water sports[edit]

The Bhote Kosi is the steepest river rafted in Nepal. With a gradient of 15 m per km it is a full eight times as steep as the Sun Kosi, which it feeds further downstream.[4] The river carves a steep and direct drop at the top that gradually eases to more placid streams and the calmer pools with a 46-km run at the Lamosunga dam. The rapids are class IV- V at high flow, and III at lower levels.[5] The Bhote Kosi is used for both rafting and kayaking. The river is steep and continuous with one rapid leading into another.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rafting – Bhote Kosi River". Nozomi Treks and Expedition. Retrieved 2010-05-23. 
  2. ^ a b c Dorje, Gyurme. "Footprint Tibet handbook: with Bhutan". p. 821. Google books. Retrieved 2010-05-15. 
  3. ^ "Sun Kosi River". . Retrieved 2010-05-14. 
  4. ^ a b Bindloss, Joe. "Nepal". Bungee Jumping p. 87, Rafting p. 107 (Google books). Retrieved 2010-05-23. 
  5. ^ "Bhote Kosi river travel guide". Addicted to travel. Retrieved 2010-05-23.