Bhuiyar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bhuiyar
भुइयार
Total population
8,41,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
 India
Languages
HindiKhari Boli
Religion
Hinduism 100%
Related ethnic groups
KoriKoliTantiJulaha

The Bhuiyar or Bhuyiar ( in Hindi:-भुइयार) are a Hindu caste found in North India, and those in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Hariyana, Delhi have scheduled caste status. They are also known as Bhanyar Julaha; Kabirpanthi and Kori. The traditional occupation of Bhuiyar Caste is weaving. But gradually the occupation ended with the arrival of weaving machines.[2]

Origin[edit]

They are group of Munda tribesmen who settled in southern and Western Uttar Pradesh in the 16th Century. They were a community that historically were involved with weaving and some were involved slash and burn agriculture, and occupied the hilly terrain of south Mirzapur District. The Bhuiyar are further divided into sub-divisions, which are referred to as kori. Their main kuris are the Baria, Birkunia, Chandnihys, Chetrihya, Chiriha, Dioriya, Khutta, Parha, Patparaha and Sudha. They are strictly endogamous, and practice clan exogamy. The Bhuiyar are found in the districts of Bijnor, Moradabad, Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar, Meerut, Ghaziabad, Haridwar, Dehradun, Sonbhadra, Mirzapur, and now speak Hindi, having long forgotten their Munda language.[3]

" A different view in the perspective of bhuiyar are presented by some notable writer of Rajputana and rajasthan. According to the book published as the "caste of khsatiraya" or khsatriya jatiyon ki suchi from bahadur singh bidasar, it is clearly mentioned that bhuiyar is caste /breed of rajput in old days which is also approved by Govt of India. It was mentioned in a book name BHUMI KHSATRIYA SAMAJ, he presented a descriptive study that every clan of bhuiyar samaj is matched with rajput and even most of the gotra used by bhuiyar samaj is just a vansh in rajputs.

Present circumstances[edit]

The Bhuiyar are now a community of settled agriculturists. Their earlier slash and burn practices have disappeared. Most Bhuiyar are small and medium sized farmers, with a minority being employed as agricultural labourers and some even own their business, who decided to settle in cities. With the economic upliftment and new job opportunities, more are preferring to settle in a city for better education for their kids. Joining the Indian Army is still one of the hot pursuits in young kids from this community. Many are now also employed in the mines that have appeared in Mirzapur District. They live in multi-caste villages, occupying their own distinct quarters. They have much in common with neighbouring tribal communities such as the Kol, Agariya and Chero. Each of their settlement contains an informal caste council, known as a biradari panchayat(बिरादरी पंचायत). The panchayat acts as instrument of social control, dealing with issues such as divorce and adultery.[4]

Bhuiyar clans[edit]

The Bhuiyar caste clans(गौत्र)are *Bhamra (भामड़ा), Parwar,Narwal, Katariyan, Kankarwal, Agrawal, Bagwal, Gondwal, Uparwal, Jag, Doodhwal, Mahetiyan, Khagaran, Khapriyan, Vashiyan, Mukaryan, Kakran, Bharwan, Taryan, Taharyan, Ashiyan, Tedewal, Kait, Dharwal, Deshwal, Bhagwal, Peetwal, Jayashwal, Jurwal, Granthiwal, Kachhwal, Teetwal, Galyan, Taharan, Adayan, Jaityan, Fariyan, Loeewal, Vojyan, Kritiyan, Amyan, Chaudhrana, Gurjarvan, Dhhidival, Bhal, Maithyan, Puniyan, Charvahan, Badgujar, Metram, Bhagla, Kashyap, Vaijran, Jagpal, Katariya, Dahiya, Kankhana, Saroha, Kankarwal, Muwal, Dhangad, Sidhauliya, Doniyal, Narwal, Mahalwan, Monchhwal, Panwar,Kachhwaha, Rathee, Bhadbhujar, Bagala, Gaud, Bhadbhuja, Fariyan, Dulaniya,Dhilwania, Tomar, Karne, Dhhakran, Sadhhiyan, Gogyan, Roliyan, Chhajara, Bangujar, Gogwal, Chaupra, Bhahal, Barne,Rustalayan.

Follower[edit]

Bhuiyar society mainly is follower of Kabir Saheb. Kabir is also described in his couplets.

ज्यों उलझै सूत को, सुलझावै भुइयार |

उसने भी यह गुर, पाया सदगुरू द्वार || (कबीर ज्यो. से)

Jyon ulajhai sut ko, sulajhavai bhuiyar |

Usane bhee yaha gur, paya sadaguru dwar|| (From Kabir Jyoti)

जिस तरह् टूटे सूत से, कपड़ा बुने भुइयार |

उसी तरह से सदगुरू, बनावै उच्च विचार || (कबीर ज्यो. से)

Jis tarah tute suta se, kapada bune bhuiyar |

Usi tarah se sadguru, banavai uchcha vichar|| (From Kabir Jyoti)

Traditional tools of Bhuiyar[edit]

Shuttles with Bobin
  • Loom (करघा)
  • Shuttle (weaving) (नाल)
  • Spinning Wheel (चरखा)
  • Heddles (हत्था)
  • Beaters Combs (पंजा)
  • Bobin (नली)
  • Hajara (हजारा)
  • Koonch (कूँच)
  • Spindle (तकुआ)
  • Paddle (पावडे)
  • Tur (तुर)
  • Gardana (गरदाना)
  • Raach (राच)
  • Ghidi (घिड़ी)
  • Stick (खुँमड़ी / लाठी)
  • Rope (रस्सी)

Notables[edit]

See also[edit]

There are some other castes of weavers in India.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.joshuaproject.net/peoples.php
  2. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part One edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 307 to 312 Manohar Publications
  3. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part One edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 307 to 312 Manohar Publications
  4. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part One edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 307 to 312 Manohar Publications

http://www.joshuaproject.net/peoples.php http://socialjustice.nic.in/pdf/scorderuttarpradesh.pdf