Bhuj

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the dagger, see Bhuj (weapon).
Bhuj
city
The Prag Mahal
The Prag Mahal
Bhuj is located in Gujarat
Bhuj
Bhuj
Coordinates: 23°15′N 69°40′E / 23.25°N 69.67°E / 23.25; 69.67Coordinates: 23°15′N 69°40′E / 23.25°N 69.67°E / 23.25; 69.67
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Kachchh
Municipality Bhuj Municipality
Founded by Rao Hamirji
Government
 • Type municipal corporation
Elevation 110 m (360 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 289,429
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 370001
Telephone code 2832
Vehicle registration GJ-12
Sex ratio 0.92 /
source:Census of India[1]

Bhuj (Listen) is a city and a municipality in Kutch district in the state of Gujarat, India.

History[edit]

It was established by Rao Hamirji in 1510 and was made the state capital by Rao Khengarji I in 1549. Its foundation stone as state capital laid formally on Vikram Samvat 1604 Maagha 5th (Approx. 25 January 1548). 1947 to 1956 Bhuj Capital of Kutch State after 1960 Kutch part of Gujarat state Currently it is the district headquarters of Kutch District,the largest district in India. Bhuj is home to one of the first Swaminarayan Sampraday temples, built in 1822.

On 21 July 1956[2] as well on 26 January 2001, the city was struck by a major earthquake which caused a great deal of damage and loss of life and property. Many parts of Bhuj were demolished due to the extensive damage whilst others were repaired. There has been a great deal of progress in the city since the 2001 earthquake, with considerable improvements to roads, transport and infrastructure.

The city of Bhuj was founded in 1510 by the local ruler Maharao Hamir. From the mid sixteenth century with the coming up of the Jadeja Rajput rulers Bhuj stood more important as a city than it was. Bhuj was made the capital during the reign of Rao Khengarji I in the year 1549. During the British rule in India, Bhuj remained an independent princely state. In the year 1947 when India gained independence Bhuj became a part of India.

Bhuj’s history is clearer from the monuments and the “havelis” that stands with great pride as a traditional building in today’s contemporary world. Traces of the elegance of the majestic Jadeja Dynasty that ruled over Bhuj is evident from the palaces and the “havelis” that were built during that time. One old king came to Bhuj name Yugam gajjar.

Geography[edit]

Bhuj has an average elevation of 110 metres (360 feet). On the eastern side of the town is a hill known as Bhujiyo Dungar, on which there is Bhujia Fort, that separates Bhuj city and Madhapar town. It has one big lake named Hamirsar and several small lakes.

The old city was surrounded by the fort, which had five major gates and one small gate known as "chathi bari" (sixth window). Much of the fort wall has either fallen down or been demolished, due to the city's development and the earthquake of 2001.

About Bhuj[edit]

Bhuj is a beautiful little town in Kutch district, Gujarat. It was founded in the year 1510 by a local ruler, called Maharao Hamir. The place was laid siege and take control of by Rao Khengarji I, another ruler who made the town the capital of his kingdom in the year 1549. Some of the parts of the old Bhuj were ruined during the course of the time. The place assumed the role of a self-governing state during the British reign in India.

Bhuj, the former capital of Kutch, is now the headquarters of the district. The town actually had a rich and vibrant history. Since it was a walled city, at its prime in history, there were 35 feet high walls and towers that surrounded the city with 51 guns to boot. There was a hill for that was strategically located in such a manner, that the soldier would be able to espy on enemies and alert their defenses. Bhuj has got its name from the fortress called Bhuia that overlooks the city from this nearby hill.

Bhuj has over a period of time witnessed so many events and calamities that have left a huge impact on Indian civilization. Alexander the Great's invasion has significance with Bhuj; the town finds its mention even in the story of the exile of the Pandavas in the Mahabharata.

Transportation[edit]

Bhuj is connected to Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Delhi, Gandhinagar, Bangalore, Pune and other major cities of India by railway trains. It has a domestic airport from where daily flights operate to Mumbai, with flights operated by Jet Airways & Air India. State Transport Buses are available from the ST stand in the middle of the town to various places in Gujarat. Additionally, many private tour operators also run frequent buses to major cities in and outside Gujarat. Kandla Airport is only 53 km from Bhuj city center. Bhuj is located in Gujarat Kacch. For travelling in side of Bhuj city the city bus is so helpful and also Rikshawala.

Trains[edit]

Train no. Train Name Runs From Destination Departure Days Arrival Days
11091-11092 Ahimsa Express Bhuj Pune Wednesday Tuesday
14312-14311 Via Ahmedabad & 14322-14321 Via Bhildi Ala Hazrat Express Bhuj Bareilly Tuesday, Thursday & Sunday For 14312. Monday, Wednesday, Friday & Saturday For 14322 Friday, Saturday, Monday For 14311. Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday & Sunday For 14321
22829-22830 Shalimar - Bhuj Weekly SF Express Bhuj Shalimar Tuesday Monday
22904-22903 Bandra Terminus Bhuj AC Superfast Express Bhuj Bandra Monday, Thursday, Saturday Thursday, Saturday, Monday
12960-12959 Bhuj Dadar Superfast Express Bhuj Dadar Monday, Thursday Wednesday, Saturday
19132-19131 Kutch Express Bhuj Bandra Daily weekly
19116-19115

Shayajinagari Express

Bhuj Bandra Daily Daily

Flight[edit]

Bhuj has well connected flights to Mumbai provided by the airlines of Jet Airways and Air India Regional.It also has a one schedule flight to Delhi Airline Departs Arrives Duration
Jet Airways Bhuj Mumbai,Delhi
Air India Regional Bhuj Mumbai

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bhuj
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32
(90)
34
(93)
43
(109)
45
(113)
41
(106)
42
(108)
40
(104)
38
(100)
40
(104)
41
(106)
40
(104)
35
(95)
45
(113)
Average high °C (°F) 26
(79)
28
(82)
33
(91)
37
(99)
38
(100)
36
(97)
32
(90)
31
(88)
33
(91)
35
(95)
32
(90)
27
(81)
32.3
(90.3)
Average low °C (°F) 11
(52)
13
(55)
17
(63)
21
(70)
25
(77)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
21
(70)
16
(61)
12
(54)
19.5
(67.2)
Record low °C (°F) −1
(30)
−1
(30)
8
(46)
13
(55)
16
(61)
16
(61)
19
(66)
19
(66)
17
(63)
12
(54)
7
(45)
3
(37)
−1
(30)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
30
(1.18)
160
(6.3)
70
(2.76)
40
(1.57)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
300
(11.81)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0 0 0 0 0 2 9 4 3 0 0 0 18
 % humidity 54 52 53 56 60 70 76 78 78 72 52 55 63
Source: Weatherbase[3]

Culture[edit]

A pair of shoes

Bhuj is a famous destination for shopping of handicraft work like bandhni(tie and Dye), leather work. Artists of nearby villages bring their art work for sale in Bhuj haat which is situated near jubilee ground. Bhuj is famous for jolly nature of citizens, usually they go to surrounding of Hamirsar lake to relax. Bhuj is also famous for its food specially Pakvans, dabelies (local burger which is stuffed with mashed potato cooked with masala curry and serious chuttaneys). Bhuj is famous for his Gujarati thali which is unlimited Gujarati food, Hotel green rock near bus station is good place to have Gujarati thali.

Main events[edit]

1. Rannotsav in December. 2. Makar Sankrati in January 3. Navratri in October or November (Check in Hindu calendar.) 4. janmashtami August or September (Check in Hindu calendar.)

Bhuj as Taluka[edit]

Following villages belong to this taluka: Anandsar, Andhau, Baladiya, Bandhara Mota, Bandhara Nana, Baukho (Odhejavalo), Baukho (Samavalo), Berdo, Bhagadio, Bharapar, Bharasar, Bhirandiyara, Bhitara Mota, Bhojardo, Bhuj, Bhujodi, Boladi, Chakar, Chapreli, Chubdak, Chunadi, Daddhar Nani, Dagala, Dahinsara, Daddhar Moti, Dedhiya Nana-Mota, Deshalpar, Dhaneti, Dharampur, Dhonsa, Dhoravar, Dhori, Dhrang, Dhrobana, Dinara, Fotdi, Fulay, Fulra Timbo, Gado, Gajod, Galpadar, Gandher, Godpar (Khavda), Godpar (Sarli), Godsar (Rakhal), Gorewali, Harudi, Habay, Hajapar, Hodka, Jadura, Jambudi, Jawaharnagar, Jhumkha, Jikadi, Jura, Juriya, Kali Talavdi, Kalyanpar, Kamaguna, Kanaiyabe, Kanpar, Kera, Kanderai, Khari, Kharod, Khavda, Khilna, Kodki, Kotay, Kotda Athamana, Kotda Ugamana, Kukma, Kunaria Nana-Mota, Kunariya (Jam), Kuran, Kurbai, Kuvathada, Lodai, Loria, Lothia, Luna, Ludiya, Lakhond, Ler, Makanpar, Madhapar, Makhna, Mamuara, Mankuva, Mirjhapar, Misariyado, Mithdi, Mod Bhakhari, Modsar, Meghpar, Mokhana, Mora, Nabhoi, Nadapa, Nagiyari, Nagor, Naliyeri Timbo, Naranpar Pasayati, Naranpar Ravli, Natharkui, Nokhaniya, Notiyar Bhakhari, Purasar, Padhar, Paiya, Pirvadi, Payarko, Raiyada, Ratadiya, Ratiya, Raydhanpar, Reha Mota, Reha Nana, Reldi Moti, Reldi Nani, Rudramata, Sadau Rakhal, Sadhara, Saiyedpar, Sakrai Timbo, Samatra, Sangada Timbo, Sumarasar -Shekh, Sumarasar (Jatvali), Sanosara, Sapar Timbo, Sarli, Sujapar, Sedata, Sunder par, Shervo, Soyla, Sukhpar, Tankanasar, Tharavada Mota, Tharavada Nana, Trambau, Traya, Udhmo, Vadasar, Vadva, Vadvara, Vadzar, Vandh Sim, Vandhay, Vantra, Virai, Varnora Mota, Vehro, Vinchhiya, Zizu Timbo,

Wildlife Sanctuaries and Reserves of Kutch[edit]

From the city of Bhuj various ecologically rich and wildlife conservation areas of the Kutch / Kachchh district can be visited such as Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary, Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary, Narayan Sarovar Sanctuary, Kutch Bustard Sanctuary, Banni Grasslands Reserve and Chari-Dhand Wetland Conservation Reserve etc..

Demographics[edit]

The total population of Bhuj was 136,429 in the year 2008, which consisted of 71,056 males and 65,373 females. The total number of houses was 27,999.[1]

Media and communications[edit]

State-owned All India Radio has a local station in Bhuj which transmits various programs of mass interest.

Education[edit]

Alfred High School, the first High School of Kutch established in 1870 is also an architect heritage of town. Krantiguru Shyamji Krishna Verma Kachchh University[4] is located in Bhuj. University has 28[5] colleges affiliated, seven of them are in Bhuj. University gives degrees in Arts, Science, Commerce, Law Education, Management, Pharmacy, Social Welfare, Medicine and Engineering. Find more information about Schools, Colleges and Educational Institutes from http://www.bhujbolechhe.org/en/infos/schools-and-colleges

Gujarati Medium Schools

English Medium Schools

CBSE Schools

KSKV Kachchh University

Technical Institute

Madical Collage

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census of India" (aspx). Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 2007-06-26. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  2. ^ "Quake rocks Kutch". The Hindu. 24 July 1956. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Bhuj Climate". Retrieved 2 May 2012. 
  4. ^ Krantiguru Shyamji Krishna Verma Kachchh University
  5. ^ "ક્રાંતિગુરુ શ્યામજી કૃષ્ણ વર્મા કચ્છ યુનિવર્સિટી". Kskvku.digitaluniversity.ac. Retrieved 2012-08-05. 

External links[edit]