Bhuj

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Bhuj
city
The Prag Mahal
The Prag Mahal
Bhuj is located in Gujarat
Bhuj
Bhuj
Coordinates: 23°15′N 69°40′E / 23.25°N 69.67°E / 23.25; 69.67Coordinates: 23°15′N 69°40′E / 23.25°N 69.67°E / 23.25; 69.67
Country India
State Gujarat
District Kachchh
Founded by Rao Hamirji
Elevation 110 m (360 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 289,429
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 370001
Telephone code 2832
Vehicle registration GJ-12
Sex ratio 0.92 /
source:Census of India[1]

Bhuj (Listen) (Gujarati: ભુજ, Sindhi: ڀڄ) is a city and a municipality in Kutch district in the state of Gujarat, India.

History[edit]

It was established by Rao Hamirji in 1510 and was made the state capital by Rao Khengarji I in 1549. Its foundation stone as state capital laid formally on Vikram Samvat 1604 Maagha 5th (Approx. 25 January 1548). 1947 to 1956 Bhuj Capital of Kutch State after 1960 Kutch part of Gujarat state Currently it is the district headquarters of Kutch District,the largest district in India. Bhuj is home to one of the first Swaminarayan Sampraday temples, built in 1822.

On 21 July 1956[2] as well on 26 January 2001, the city was struck by a major earthquake which caused a great deal of damage and loss of life and property. Many parts of Bhuj were demolished due to the extensive damage whilst others were repaired. There has been a great deal of progress in the city since the 2001 earthquake, with considerable improvements to roads, transport and infrastructure.

Geography[edit]

Bhuj has an average elevation of 110 metres (360 feet). On the eastern side of the town is a hill known as Bhujiyo Dungar, on which there is Bhujia Fort, that separates Bhuj city and Madhapar town. It has one big lake named Hamirsar and several small lakes.

The old city was surrounded by the fort, which had five major gates and one small gate known as "chathi bari" (sixth window). Much of the fort wall has either fallen down or been demolished, due to the city's development and the earthquake of 2001.

Transportation[edit]

Bhuj is connected to Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Delhi and other major cities of India by railway trains. It has a domestic airport from where daily flights operate to Mumbai, with flights operated by Jet Airways. State Transport Buses are available from the ST stand in the middle of the town to various places in Gujarat. Additionally, many private tour operators also run frequent buses to major cities in and outside Gujarat. Kandla Airport is only 53 km from Bhuj city center.

Education[edit]

Alfred High School, the first High School of Kutch established in 1870 is also an architect heritage of town. Krantiguru Shyamji Krishna Verma Kachchh University[3] is located in Bhuj. University has 28[4] colleges affiliated, seven of them are in Bhuj. University gives degrees in Arts, Science, Commerce, Law Education, Management, Pharmacy, Social Welfare, Medicine and Engineering. Other schools include St. Xaviers High School(Eng. Med, Guj. Board), Matruchaya Kanya Vidhayalay( Guj. Med, Guj. Board), Sheth V.D. High School(Guj. Med, Guj. Board), Smruti School Mankuva( Guj.med, Eng. Med). There is also a Medical Collage, named Adani Medical College.Govt. polytechnic college for diploma courses.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bhuj
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32
(90)
34
(93)
43
(109)
45
(113)
41
(106)
42
(108)
40
(104)
38
(100)
40
(104)
41
(106)
40
(104)
35
(95)
45
(113)
Average high °C (°F) 26
(79)
28
(82)
33
(91)
37
(99)
38
(100)
36
(97)
32
(90)
31
(88)
33
(91)
35
(95)
32
(90)
27
(81)
32.3
(90.3)
Average low °C (°F) 11
(52)
13
(55)
17
(63)
21
(70)
25
(77)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
21
(70)
16
(61)
12
(54)
19.5
(67.2)
Record low °C (°F) −1
(30)
−1
(30)
8
(46)
13
(55)
16
(61)
16
(61)
19
(66)
19
(66)
17
(63)
12
(54)
7
(45)
3
(37)
−1
(30)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
30
(1.18)
160
(6.3)
70
(2.76)
40
(1.57)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
300
(11.81)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0 0 0 0 0 2 9 4 3 0 0 0 18
 % humidity 54 52 53 56 60 70 76 78 78 72 52 55 63
Source: Weatherbase[5]

Culture[edit]

A pair of shoes

Bhuj is a famous destination for shopping of handicraft work. Artists of nearby villages bring their art work for sale in Bhuj. Bhuj is also famous for its food specially Pakvans and dabelies.

Bhuj as Taluka[edit]

Following villages belong to this taluka: Anandsar, Andhau, Baladiya,Bandhara Mota, Bandhara Nana, Baukho (Odhejavalo),Baukho (Samavalo), Berdo, Bhagadio, Bharapar, Bharasar, Bhirandiyara, Bhitara Mota, Bhojardo, Bhuj, Bhujodi, Boladi, Chakar, Chapreli, Chubdak, Chunadi, Daddhar Nani, Dagala, Dahinsara, Daddhar Moti, Dedhiya Nana-Mota, Deshalpar, Dhaneti, Dharampur, Dhonsa, Dhoravar, Dhori, Dhrang, Dhrobana, Dinara, Fotdi, Fulay, Fulra Timbo, Gado, Gajod, Galpadar, Gandher, Godpar (Khavda), Godpar (Sarli), Godsar (Rakhal), Gorewali,Harudi, Habay, Hajapar, Hodka, Jadura, Jambudi, Jawaharnagar, Jhumkha, Jikadi, Jura, Juriya, Kali Talavdi, Kalyanpar, Kamaguna, Kanaiyabe, Kanpar, Kera, Kanderai, Khari, Kharod, Khavda, Khilna, Kodki, Kotay, Kotda Athamana, Kotda Ugamana, Kukma, Kunaria Nana-Mota, Kunariya (Jam), Kuran, Kurbai, Kuvathada, Lodai, Loria, Lothia, Luna, Ludiya, Lakhond, Ler, Makanpar, Madhapar, Makhna, Mamuara, Mankuva, Mirjhapar, Misariyado, Mithdi, Mod Bhakhari, Modsar, Meghpar, Mokhana, Mora, Nabhoi, Nadapa, Nagiyari, Nagor, Naliyeri Timbo, Naranpar Pasayati, Naranpar Ravli, Natharkui, Nokhaniya, Notiyar Bhakhari, Purasar, Padhar, Paiya, Pirvadi, Payarko, Raiyada, Ratadiya, Ratiya, Raydhanpar, Reha Mota,Reha Nana, Reldi Moti, Reldi Nani, Rudramata, Sadau Rakhal, Sadhara, Saiyedpar, Sakrai Timbo, Samatra, Sangada Timbo, Sumarasar -Shekh, Sumarasar (Jatvali), Sanosara, Sapar Timbo, Sarli, Sujapar, Sedata, Sunder par, Shervo, Soyla, Sukhpar, Tankanasar, Tharavada Mota, Tharavada Nana, Trambau, Traya, Udhmo, Vadasar, Vadva, Vadvara, Vadzar, Vandh Sim, Vandhay, Vantra, Virai, Varnora Mota, Vehro, Vinchhiya, Zizu Timbo,

Wildlife Sanctuaries and Reserves of Kutch[edit]

From the city of Bhuj various ecologically rich and wildlife conservation areas of the Kutch / Kachchh district can be visited such as Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary, Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary, Narayan Sarovar Sanctuary, Kutch Bustard Sanctuary, Banni Grasslands Reserve and Chari-Dhand Wetland Conservation Reserve etc..

Demographics[edit]

The total population of Bhuj was 136,429 in the year 2008, which consisted of 71,056 males and 65,373 females. The total number of houses was 27,999.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census of India" (aspx). Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 2007-06-26. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  2. ^ "Quake rocks Kutch". The Hindu. 24 July 1956. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  3. ^ Krantiguru Shyamji Krishna Verma Kachchh University
  4. ^ "ક્રાંતિગુરુ શ્યામજી કૃષ્ણ વર્મા કચ્છ યુનિવર્સિટી". Kskvku.digitaluniversity.ac. Retrieved 2012-08-05. 
  5. ^ "Bhuj Climate". Retrieved 2 May 2012. 

External links[edit]