Bhūmi

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Bhumi
Earth
Bhudevi.jpg
Metal Sculpture of Goddess Bhudevi
Affiliation Devi
Consort Varaha (Vishnu)

Bhūmi (Sanskrit: भूमि), also Bhūmī-Devī (Sanskrit: भूमी देवी), Bhuma-Devi or Bhū-Devī, is the personification of Mother Earth. She is the consort of Varaha, an avatar of Vishnu and regarded as the mother of the goddess Sita. According to the uttara-kanda, when Sita finally leaves her husband Rama, she returns to Bhumidevi. She is the mother of the demon Narakasura .[1] Bhumi Devi is also believed to be one of the two forms of Lakshmi. The other is Sridevi, who remains with Narayana. Bhudevi is the Goddess of Earth, and the fertility form of Lakshmi. She is the daughter of Kashyap Prajapati. According to some she is also Satyabhama, wife of Sri Krishna in Dwapara Yuga and the divine saint Andal. Several female deities have had births similar to Sita. Alamelu Mangamma or Sri Padmavathi Devi of Tiruchanur had a similar beginning, being found in a ploughed field by Akasa Raja. Andal from Srivilliputtur in Tamil Nadu was found under a Tulasi plant by Periyaalvar.[citation needed]

Iconography[edit]

Vivasvan Rahu Bhūmi Naraka Ananta Garbhodaksayi VishnuClick!
Click! Vivasvan, Rahu, Bhūmi, Naraka, Ananta, Garbhodaksayi Vishnu

She is depicted in votive statuary, seated on a square platform which rests on the back of four elephants representing the four directions of the world. When depicted with four arms, she holds a pomegranate, a water vessel, a bowl containing healing herbs, and another containing vegetables.[2] When shown with two arms, she holds a blue lotus known as Komud or Uttpal the night lotus, in the right hand.[3] The left hand may be in the Abhaya Mudra - fearlessness or the Lolahasta Mudra which is an aesthetic pose meant to mimic the tail of a cow.[4]

Festivals[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Killing of Narakasura". 
  2. ^ Elements of Hindu Iconography by T.A.G. Rao Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass (January 1997) ISBN 81-208-0876-2
  3. ^ Hindu Gods and Goddesses by A.G.Mitchell Page 8 UBS Publishers' Distributers Ltd. ISBN 81-85674-63-9
  4. ^ The Illustrated Dictionary of Hindu Iconography by Margaret Stutley Page 82 ISBN 81-215-1087-2 Published by Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers 2003