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A rare example of bhumija spire in Southern India-Sadashiva Temple (1249 CE) built by Hoysala Empire at Nuggehalli, Karnataka

Bhumija is a variety of northern Indian Sikhara (tower or spire on top of a shrine) that is particularly popular in temples of western India, northern Deccan and the Malwa regions in India. It comprises a central Latina projection, tapering towards the top on all four faces. The quadrants so formed are decorated with miniature spires, in horizontal and vertical rows, all the way to the top.[1]

Bhumija towers over minor shrines in Chennakeshava Temple at Belur, Karnataka, India


  1. ^ "bhumija (Indian architecture)". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 11 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-30.