Bhutan Broadcasting Service
|Founded||1973 (as Radio NYAB)
1986 (radio, as BBS)
|Key people||Sangay Zangmo, Secretary of Ministry of Education (Chairman of BBS), Pema Choden, CEO|
|Products||TV, radio, online services|
|Owners||Government of Bhutan|
The Bhutan Broadcasting Service (BBS, Dzongkha: འབྲུག་རྒྱང་བསྒྲགས་ལས་འཛིན) is the national radio and television service in Bhutan. A public service corporation, it is fully funded by the State and it is currently the only service to offer both radio and television to the Kingdom, and is the only television service to broadcast from inside the Bhutanese border. The use of telecommunications is currently governed through the Information, Communications and Media Act of 2006.
For many years, Bhutan did not have modern telecommunications. The first radio broadcasts commenced in November 1973, when the National Youth Association of Bhutan (NYAB) began radio transmissions of news and music for a half-hour each Sunday, under the name "Radio NYAB." The transmitter was first rented from a local telegraph office in Thimphu. The government took over Radio NYAB in 1979, and renamed it the Bhutan Broadcasting Service in 1986, with expansions in radio scheduling as well as construction of a modern broadcast facility occurring in 1991.
For a long time, Bhutan was the only nation in the world to ban television. The first night of television broadcasts finally occurred on June 2, 1999, on the night of the Jigme Singye Wangchuck's silver jubilee.
Radio in Bhutan
Shortwave radio reached all of Bhutan in 1991. In June 2000, FM stations opened in the south and west of the country, expanding to central Bhutan in January 2001. By the end of 2005, FM radio service reached the entire country. Since November 2009, radio airs for 24 hours a day (23 hours and 21 minutes taking into account pauses and connection breaks), with the low listening times of 2 a.m. to 6 a.m. featuring repeats of the previous day's schedule. 14 hours and 45 minutes of each broadcast day is broadcast in Dzongkha, with 3 hours and 45 minutes broadcast in English, 2 hours and 53 minutes in Sharchop and an hour and 58 minutes in Nepali.
Television in Bhutan
BBS is the second television channel in Bhutan. News, documentaries, and entertainment programs were originally broadcast for one hour in the evening (7 p.m. to 8 p.m.), seven days a week, but expanded to four hours (6 p.m. to 10 p.m.) in December 2004. Once limited to the capital city, television service spread to the entire Kingdom via satellite in February 2006.
The programming from the previous night is repeated from 6 a.m. to 11 a.m. the next morning. Special entertainment and music request programs are also aired between 3 p.m. and 6 p.m. on Saturdays and Sundays.
Although BBS is extremely popular among the Bhutanese people, a series of mismanagement has plagued its growth. Chiefly among the reasons cited is the government's attempt to keep it under its control by deputing senior civil servants as CEOs and by toying with the annual budget string. There are also exceptional rules in BBS which favors the lucky few by the present MD.
On December 6, 2012, the Indian Intelligence Bureau had red flagged Bhutan Broadcasting Service as a hate channel among 24 others for beaming anti-India programmes. A proposal for action was sent to the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs.
- Logan, Stephen (2008). Asian communication handbook 2008. AMIC. p. 134.
- Sterling, Christopher (2004). The Museum of Broadcast Communications encyclopedia of radio. Fitzroy Dearborn. p. 104.
- Drost, Harry (1991). The World's news media: a comprehensive reference guide. Longman. p. 53.
- Bhutan to enter TV age. BBC News. April 26, 1999.
- Larsson, Tomas (2001). The race to the top: the real story of globalization. Cato Institute. p. 126.
- MHA glare on hate channels: Govt puts on notice 24 foreign TV channels showing anti-India content after intel alert
- BBS.bt - Official Website