The Bhutan Olympic Committee was formed in 1983 and recognized by the IOC the same year.
The first Summer Olympics that Bhutan participated in was the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics. For each Summer Olympic Games from then until 2008, Bhutan was only represented by archers. Archery is the national sport of Bhutan. The first non-archer to compete for Bhutan was Kunzang Choden in the 2012 Olympics. She competed in the women's 10m air-rifle event.  The 2012 Bhutan team contained no men.