Bhutanese National Assembly election, 2008

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Bhutanese general election, 2008)
Jump to: navigation, search
Bhutanese general election, 2008
Bhutan
24 March 2008
→ 2013

All 47 seats to the National Assembly
  First party Second party
  Sangay Ngedup
Leader Jigme Thinley Sangay Ngedup
Party DPT PDP
Leader's seat Nanong-Shumar Kabji-Talo
(lost)
Seats won 45 2
Popular vote 169,490 83,322
Percentage 67.04% 32.96%

Atlas-bhutan2008.gif

Results of the Bhutanese Elections.

Prime Minister before election

Kinzang Dorji
Nonpartisan

Prime Minister-designate

Jigme Thinley
DPT

Emblem of Bhutan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bhutan

National Assembly elections were held in Bhutan for the first time on 24 March.[1] Two parties were registered by the Election Commission of Bhutan to contest the election: the Bhutan Peace and Prosperity Party (DPT, for Druk Phuensum Tshogpa), which was formed by the merger of the previously established Bhutan People's United Party and All People's Party[2] and is led by Jigme Y. Thinley, and the People's Democratic Party (PDP). The third political party, the Bhutan National Party (BNP),[3] had its application for the registration canceled.

Electoral system[edit]

The elections for the 47 seats of the National Assembly were planned to be held in two rounds: In the first round, voters would have voted for a party. The two parties with the largest share of the national vote would then have been able to field candidates in the 47 constituencies.[4] However, as only two parties successfully registered for the election, the election was held in one round.[1]

Background[edit]

Mock elections[edit]

On 21 April 2007, a mock election was held to prepare the population of Bhutan for the imminent change to democracy. These elections were held in all 47 National Assembly constituencies and at 869 polling stations with around 1,000 voters at each one of them.[5] The parties "contesting" the election were the Druk Blue Party, the Druk Green Party, the Druk Red Party and the Druk Yellow Party (with Druk being dzongkha for "thunder dragon"), each of them representing certain values as their "party manifesto": yellow for traditional values, red for industrial development, blue for fairness and accountability, and green for the environment. The two parties winning the most votes were to proceed to a run-off election scheduled for 28 May.[6] Election observers were present from the United Nations and from India.[7]

The results of the first round saw the Druk Yellow Party receive a plurality of the vote.[8]

Party Votes %
Druk Yellow Party 55,263 44.30
Druk Red Party 25,423 20.38
Druk Blue Party 25,295 20.28
Druk Green Party 18,766 15.04
Total 124,747 100
Registered voters/turnout 283,506 44.00

The two leading parties, Druk Yellow Party and Druk Red Party, put up randomly chosen high school students as candidates in the 47 constituencies in the second round on 28 May 2007, in an effort to produce a two-party system to avoid the need for coalition governments and possible political instability, something which the Bhutanese tend to fear.[8] The Druk Yellow Party swept the vote and won 46 of the 47 constituencies. Turnout in the second round was 66%.[9]

283,506 people had registered to vote, though it is considered likely that a total of 400,000 would have been eligible to register as voters.[10]

Schedule[edit]

The election procedure began with the submission of the letters of intent, lists of candidates, copies of election manifestos and audited financial statements by the two political parties contesting the elections to the election commission followed by the release of the party manifestos by them on January 22, 2008.[11]

From 31 January to 7 February 2008 both political parties submitted the nomination papers for their candidates for the 47 constituencies. The candidates, whose nominations were accepted, started campaigning in their constituencies from 7 February. The election campaign ended at 9:00 on 22 March. The last date for receiving the postal ballots was 18 February. The elections were held on 24 March from 09:00 to 17:00 followed by the counting of ballots on the same day. The results were declared on 25 March.[11]

All eligible voters were allowed to register with the election commission until 20 February 2008 for the inclusion of their names in the voters list which was updated to include those eligible voters who were eighteen years old on or before 1 January 2008. The final electoral roll was published on 5 March 2008.[11]

Constituencies[edit]

The 47 constituencies of the National Assembly of Bhutan were:

District Constituencies
Bumthang Chhoekhor-Tang
Chhume-Ura
Chhukha Phuentsholing
Bongo-Chapcha
Dagana Druzeygang-Tseza
Lhamoy Zingkha-Trashiding
Gasa Goenkhatoe-Laya
Goenkhamey-Lunana
Haa Bji-Katsho-Uesu
Sombaykha
Lhuentse Gangzur-Minjay
Menbi-Tshenkhar
Mongar Mongar
Dremitse-Ngatshang
Kengkhar-Weringla
Paro Lamgong-Wangchang
Doga-Shaba
Pema Gatshel Nganglam
Khar-Yurung
Nanong-Shumar
Punakha Lingmukha-Toewang
Kabji-Talo
Samdrup Jongkhar Deothang-Gomdar
Jomotshangkha-Martshala
Samtse Pagli-Samtse
Sipsu
Dorokha-Tading
Ugentse-Yoeseltse
Sarpang Shompangkha
Gelephu
Thimphu North Thimphu Throm-Kawang-Lingshi-Naro-Soe
South Thimphu Throm-Chang-Dagala-Genye-Mewang
Trashigang Radhi-Sakteng
Bartsham-Shongphu
Thrimshing Kanglung
Kanglung-Samkhar-Uzorong
Wamrong
Trashi Yangtse Bumdeling-Jamkhar
Khamdang-Ramjar
Trongsa Nubi-Tangsibji
Drakteng-Langthel
Tsirang Pataley-Tsirangtoe
Kikhorthang-Mendrelgang
Wangdue Phodrang Nyisho-Sephu
Athang-Thedtsho
Zhemgang Bardo-Trong
Panbang

Results[edit]

e • d Summary of the 24 March 2008 Bhutanese National Assembly election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Bhutan Peace and Prosperity Party 169,490 67.04 45
People's Democratic Party 83,522 32.96 2
Total votes (turnout 79.4%) 253,012 100.00 47
Source: election-bhutan.org

Turnout reached nearly 80% by the time the polls closed, and the Bhutan Peace and Prosperity Party reportedly won 44 seats, with the People's Democratic Party winning only three seats (Phuentsholing in Chhukha, Goenkhatoe-Laya in Gasa and Sombeykha in Haa). The PDP's leader, Sangay Ngedup, who was also the ruling king's uncle, lost his own constituency by 380 votes. Reportedly, there were few differences between the platforms of the two parties, which might explain the unexpectedly uneven results; analysts are worried that the small representation of the opposition may obstruct the functioning of the newly founded democratic system. Both parties had pledged to follow the king's guidelines of "pursuing Gross National Happiness", and both party leaders had previously served in governments.[12]

Another attempt to explain the BPPP's large-scale victory is that it is apparently the more royalist of the two parties.[13]

An explanation popularly given by Bhutanese in the days leading up to the election for the lack of support for the People's Democratic Party was that it would encourage corruption and be contrary to the King's request for the Bhutanese to form a popular government to elect leadership having (as was popularly believed about the PDP) strong personal ties to both the King and Bhutanese business.

Due to a mistake in tallying the votes in Phuntsholing,[14] it turned out that actually, the BPPP had won 45 seats and the PDP only 2.[15]

The two PDP members who were elected have refused to take up their seats and resigned their mandates, claiming that the civil servants informally campaigned for the DPT and thus greatly influenced the result.[16][17]

The DPT officially approved its leader as candidate for PM on 5 April 2008.[18] He took office on 9 April.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bhaumik, Subir (2008-01-17). "Main Bhutan election date is set". BBC NEWS. Archived from the original on 27 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  2. ^ "Druk Phuensum Tshogpa, the new party in town". Bhutan Portal. 2007-07-25. Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  3. ^ "Bhutan gets third political party". The Hindu. 2007-05-06. Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  4. ^ "Caretaker prime minister appointed in Bhutan". Hindustan Times (Indo-Asian News Service). 2007-08-03. Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  5. ^ Bhutan set for mock elections on April 21 Hindustan Times, 20 April 2007
  6. ^ Bhutan holds fake national poll BBC News, 21 April 2007
  7. ^ Bhutan's election dummy run The Australian, 21 April 2007
  8. ^ a b Bhutan votes for tradition and monarchy in mock poll The Star, 22 April 2007
  9. ^ Bhutan mock poll votes for tradition The Star, 30 May 2007
  10. ^ Encouraging turnout in Bhutan's historic mock polls India eNews, 28 May 2007
  11. ^ a b c "March is on to Assembly Elections". Kuensel Newspaper. 2008-01-19. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  12. ^ Sengupta, Somni (2008-03-05). "Heavy Turnout in First Bhutan Election". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 10 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  13. ^ Erdrutschsieg der Royalisten in Bhutan (International, NZZ Online) (German)
  14. ^ "Results of the Phuentsholing Constituency of National Assembly Election 2008 under Chukha Dzongkhag". PDF. 2008-03-27. Archived from the original on 28 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-21. [dead link]
  15. ^ Majumdar, Bappa (2008-03-27). "CORRECTED: Bhutan corrects poll results, opposition shrinks". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  16. ^ Denyer, Simon (2008-03-28). "Bhutan loses opposition as MPs cry foul over poll". Reuters India. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  17. ^ "PDP asks ECB to investigate "very strange developments" before elections". Kuensel Newspaper. 2008-03-29. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  18. ^ "DPT endorses Jigmi Y Thinley as Prime Minister". Kuensel Newspaper. 2008-04-05. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  19. ^ "Thinley takes over as Premier", The Hindu, April 11, 2008.

External links[edit]