Biševo

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Biševo
Bisevo-Andrija.jpg
West coast of Biševo (Andrija island in the back)
Croatia - Bisevo.PNG
Geography
Location Adriatic Sea
Coordinates Coordinates: 42°58′N 16°0′E / 42.967°N 16.000°E / 42.967; 16.000
Area 5.8 km2 (2.2 sq mi)
Highest elevation 239 m (784 ft)
Highest point Straženica
Country
Croatia
County Split-Dalmatia
Demographics
Population 15 (as of 2011)

Biševo (pronounced [bîʃɛv̞ɔ], Chakavian: Bisovo, Italian: Busi) is an island in the Adriatic Sea in Croatia. It is situated in the middle of the Dalmatian archipelago, five kilometers southwest of the Island of Vis. Its area is 5.8 km2[1][2][3] and it has a population of 15 (as of 2011).[4] It is composed of limestone;[5] the highest point is Straženica, 239 m high.[5] In the center of the island there is a fertile field, the northern part of the island is covered with pine forests and the rest of the island is covered with maquis shrubland or bare rocks. The coastal sea belt is a rich fishing area.[6] The main industries are viticulture and fishing.

A Benedictine monastery was founded on Biševo in 1050 by Ivan Grlić from Split, but it was deserted two centuries later because of the danger of pirates. The church of Saint Sylvester is preserved near the ruins of the monastery.[2][7]

Blue cave[edit]

On the steep shores there are many caves, the most famous being Blue Cave. It has been accessible since 1884, and the approach to the cave is only possible by boat.[6] It is 18 meters long, 6 meters deep, and 6 meters high.[5] The entrance to the cave is only 1.5 meters high and 2.5 meters wide.[8] Between 10 am and 1 pm sunbeams that penetrate through the submarine opening in Blue Cave are reflected from the white bottom floor, coloring the cave blue and objects in the water silver.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistical yearbook for 2006 of Central bureau of statistics of Republic of Croatia
  2. ^ a b (Croatian) First Croatian online peljar
  3. ^ Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). "Coastline lengths and areas of islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps at the scale of 1 : 25 000" (PDF). Geoadria (Zadar) 9 (1): 5–32. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 
  4. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Biševo". Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c General Encyclopedia of the Yugoslavian Lexicographical Institute, volume 1 (Zagreb, 1977), article Biševo.
  6. ^ a b c Biševo at dalmacija.net
  7. ^ Biševo on croatiatouristcenter.com
  8. ^ (Croatian) Biševo on nautic-apartments.com

External links[edit]