Białystok Voivodeship (1975–98)

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See also: Białystok Voivodeship (1919–39) and Białystok Voivodeship

Białystok Voivodeship
Województwo białostockie
 Voivodeship of Poland

1975–1998
Location of Białystok
Location of the Białystok Voivodeship (red) in the People's Republic of Poland or Third Polish Republic.
Capital Białystok
53°08′N 23°09′E / 53.133°N 23.150°E / 53.133; 23.150Coordinates: 53°08′N 23°09′E / 53.133°N 23.150°E / 53.133; 23.150
History
 -  Established 1975
 -  Disestablished 1998
Political subdivisions 24 powiaty (counties)

Białystok Voivodeship (Polish: Województwo białostockie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland from 1975 to 1998, when it was superseded by the Podlaskie Voivodeship. Its capital city was Białystok. It was formed in 1975 from part of the existing Białystok Voivodeship. The region was 10,055 km2 (3,882 sq mi), and its population in 1994, about 700 000 inhabitants. It was divided into 20 cities and 50 municipalities. It bordered with four Voivodeships: Suwałki, Łomża, Siedlce and Biała Podlaska and until 1991 with the Soviet Union ( Belorussian SSR ), and later with Belarus.

History[edit]

Starting 1 June 1975, pursuant to a law proclaimed on 28 May 1975,[1] the Białystok Voivodeship was formed from part of the existing Białystok Voivodeship. In addition the intermediate administrative level of powiats were eliminated, but the secondary administrative units of gminas were retained. The unstated reason for the 1975 reform was the desire of the Polish Central Committee to strengthen control over lower layers of the state apparatus. After Edward Gierek replaced Władysław Gomułka as first secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party, his clique maintained power by dividing the Politburo. Through administrative reorganization and the new territorial division, Gierek was able to nominate his supporters to provincial committees and break the hold of older elements of the party.[2][3]

After the fall of the People's Republic of Poland, District Offices (Polish: Urząd Rejonowy) were established in the voivodeship under the Act of 22 March 1990[4] and the Regulation of the Minister – Head of the Office of the Council of Ministers on 1 August 1990.[5] Within the limits of the district offices were several gmina. The offices did not constitute organs of self-government, but performed the tasks and powers of the voivodeship administration.

During 1991 and 1992 the large municipalities were restructured, significantly changing the division of powers between the voivodeship cities and the surrounding rural gminas.[6][7][8]

In the Polish administrative reform of 1999[9] Poland introduced a further reform of local government administration, disestablishing the Białystok Voivodeship effective 31 December 1998 and establishing the Podlaskie Voivodeship.

Administrative divisions[edit]

From 1975 until 1990 the voivodeship was solely divited into Gmina of the following types:

  • urban gmina (Polish: gmina miejska) consisting of the cities of: Białystok, Bielsk Podlaski, Brańsk, Hajnówka and Siemiatycze
  • rural gmina (Polish: gmina wiejska) consisting of villages and countryside of: Bielsk Podlaski, Boćki, Brańsk, Orla, Rudka, Wyszki, Białowieża, Czeremcha, Czyże, Dubicze Cerkiewne, Hajnówka, Kleszczele, Narew, Narewka, Jasionówka, Jaświły, Knyszyn, Krypno, Mońki, Drohiczyn, Dziadkowice, Grodzisk, Mielnik, Milejczyce, Nurzec-Stacja, Siemiatycze, Dąbrowa Białostocka, Janów, Korycin, Krynki, Kuźnica, Nowy Dwór, Sidra, Sokółka, Suchowola, Szudziałowo, Choroszcz, Czarna Białostocka, Dobrzyniewo Kościelne, Gródek, Juchnowiec Dolny, Łapy, Michałowo, Poświętne, Supraśl, Suraż, Turośń Kościelna, Tykocin, Wasilków and Zabłudów

In 1990 the Voivodeship set up a number of District offices (Polish: Urząd Rejonowy):

  • Białystok for the gminas of: Choroszcz, Czarna Białostocka, Dobrzyniewo Kościelne, Gródek, Juchnowiec Dolny, Łapy, Michałowo, Poświętne, Supraśl, Suraż, Turośń Kościelna, Tykocin, Wasilków and Zabłudów along with the City of Białystok
  • Bielsk Podlaski for the gminas of: Bielsk Podlaski, Boćki, Brańsk, Orla, Rudka and Wyszki along with the Cities of Bielsk Podlaski and Brańsk
  • Hajnówka for the gminas of: Białowieża, Czeremcha, Czyże, Dubicze Cerkiewne, Hajnówka, Kleszczele, Narew and Narewka along with the City of Hajnówka
  • Mońki for the Gminas: Jasionówka, Jaświły, Knyszyn, Krypno and Mońki
  • Siemiatycze for the gminas of: Drohiczyn, Dziadkowice, Grodzisk, Mielnik, Milejczyce, Nurzec-Stacja and Siemiatycze along with the City of Siemiatycze
  • Sokółka for the gminas of: Dąbrowa Białostocka, Janów, Korycin, Krynki, Kuźnica, Nowy Dwór, Sidra, Sokółka, Suchowola and Szudziałowo

Cities and towns[edit]

Major cities and towns (population in December 1998):

Population[edit]

Year 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1998
Population 618,000 641,100 671,400 692,800 700,700 701,400


References[edit]

  • (Polish) Dzieje Polski : atlas ilustrowany. Warszawa: Demart. 2008. pp. 472–475. ISBN 978-83-7427-413-5. 
  1. ^ {{{title}}}, Dz. U. z 1975 r. Nr 16, poz. 91 .
  2. ^ Wojciech Roszkowski, Historia Polski 1914–1998 ("Polish History 1914–1998, 7th Edition"), Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 1999, p. 330. ISBN 83-01-12921-2
  3. ^ Bartłomiej Kozłowski (31 March 2009). "Podział Polski na 49 województw (2005)" (in Polish). 
  4. ^ {{{title}}}, Dz. U. z 1990 r. Nr 21, poz. 123
  5. ^ {{{title}}}, Dz. U. z 1990 r. Nr 54, poz. 316
  6. ^ {{{title}}}, Dz. U. z 1991 r. Nr 2, poz. 9
  7. ^ {{{title}}}, Dz. U. z 1991 r. Nr 3, poz. 12
  8. ^ {{{title}}}, Dz. U. z 1991 r. Nr 87, poz. 397
  9. ^ {{{title}}}, Dz. U. z 1998 r. Nr 96, poz. 603 .