Biafada people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Biafada people are an ethnic group living in Guinea-Bissau, Senegal and Gambia. This group is often considered as a subgroup of the Tenda. In Guinea Bissau, they are divided into four groups: a small group lives on the north bank of the Geba River and speak the dialect Gool. Two other large groups residing in Quinara Region, south western part of the country, and they speak dialects Bubwas and Guinala. The fourth group lives in the southern province of Tombali, on the border with Guinea Conakry, and speak the dialect Bagandada.[1]

For a long time in Modern history, they were grouped into three kingdoms: Biguda, Guinala and Bissege.[2]

The Biafada speak the Biafada language, a language belonging to the Niger-Congo languages family. Like most people in West Africa, the Biafada are farmers. The staple crops for these people are maize, cassava and rice. However, due to globalization, other products from other parts of the world are also worked for them. Such is the case of squash, melons, potatoes, peppers and tomatoes. Moreover, also devoted to livestock, the Biafadas raise sheep and goats, but only for meat, as they do not drink milk from those animals. This reduces the importance of the hunting in the community. When an individual is about to enter puberty, develops a ceremony to launch. One characteristic of these ceremonies is the practice of circumcision. Normally, male circumcision is practiced, but sometimes also practice female circumcision.

In more conservative family was forbidden for a woman to become pregnant before marriage. If this happened, the woman and the man who slept were subject to heavy punishment known as' di minjer justisa '(literally:' justice for women"). This was banned by the government of Guinea Bissau the seventies. though all, polygamy is common among Biafada, probably due to its current Islamic religion.

The majority of Biafadas are Sunni Muslims. However, also there Biafaras that are Christians (Catholics) or animists, believing that objects have spirits. The Biafadas mix Islam with animistic rites. There are also about a dozen biafada Protestants, most of them resident in biafada, and some more that are biafadas Catholics in the capital of Guinea Bissau. However, they are not practicing. [1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Joshuaproject: Biafada people. Retrieved March 5, 2013, to 02: 18 pm.
  2. ^ ORIGEN EN AFRICA DE ALGUNOS APELLIDOS (in Spanish: African origin of some surnames). Retrieved in March 05, 2013, to 12:39 pm