Bianca Jagger

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Pérez-Mora and the second or maternal family name is Macias.
Bianca Jagger
Bianca Jagger.jpg
Jagger in Berlin, Germany, September 2006
Born Bianca Pérez-Mora Macias[1][2][3][4]
(1945-05-02) May 2, 1945 (age 69)[5][6][7][8]
Managua, Nicaragua
Occupation Human Rights Advocate
Spouse(s) Mick Jagger (1971–1978, 1 child)

Bianca Jagger (born Bianca Pérez-Mora Macias, May 2, 1945[6][7][8][9]) is a Nicaraguan-born social and human rights advocate and a former actress.[10] Jagger currently serves as a Council of Europe Goodwill Ambassador, Founder and Chair of the Bianca Jagger Human Rights Foundation, Member of the Executive Director's Leadership Council of Amnesty International USA,[11][12] and a Trustee of the Amazon Charitable Trust.[13][14] Over the past thirty years she has written articles and opinion pieces, delivered keynote speeches at conferences and events throughout the world and participated in numerous television and radio debates, about numerous issues including genocide, the war in Iraq, the war in Afghanistan, the war on terror, war crimes against humanity, crimes against future generations, the Former Yugoslavia, Sri Lanka, Central America, Iran, Iraq, India, children and women’s rights, the rights of indigenous peoples, climate change, the rainforest, renewable energy, corporate social responsibility, the ensuing erosion of civil liberties and human rights, and the death penalty.

She was formerly married to Mick Jagger, lead singer of The Rolling Stones.

Early life and education

Jagger was born in Managua, Nicaragua. Her father was a successful import-export merchant and her mother a housewife.[15] They divorced when Bianca was ten and she stayed with her mother, who had to take care of three children on a small income. She received a scholarship to study political science in France at the Paris Institute of Political Studies. She has also been influenced by Gandhi's non-violent success and the eastern philosophy at large. She traveled extensively in India.[16]

Marriage, family and public life

Bianca met Mick Jagger at a party after a Rolling Stones concert in France in September 1970.[17] On May 12, 1971, while she was four months pregnant, the couple married in a Roman Catholic ceremony in Saint-Tropez, France, and she became his first wife. The couple's only child, a daughter named Jade, was born on October 21, 1971, in Paris, France. In May 1978, she filed for divorce on the grounds of his adultery with model Jerry Hall.[18][19] Bianca later said "My marriage ended on my wedding day."[20][21]

In addition to her extensive charitable works, Jagger had a public reputation as a jet-setter and party-goer in the 1970s and early 1980s, being closely associated in the public mind with New York City's nightclub Studio 54. She also became known particularly as a friend of pop artist Andy Warhol.

Jagger has dual nationality, as a naturalised British citizen and citizen of Nicaragua.

Jagger has two granddaughters from her daughter Jade, Assisi Lola (born in 1992) and Amba Isis (born in 1996) and a grandson born in 2014. She became a great-grandmother in 2014 through her granddaughter Assisi.[22]

Jagger caused a minor controversy in May, 2012[23] when she took flash photographs during a performance of Philip Glass' Einstein on the Beach at the Barbican in London.

Epiphany

In 1981, Jagger was part of a US congressional[24] delegation[25][26][27] stationed at a UN refugee camp in Honduras. At one point during her official visit, the entire staff saw about 40 captured refugees marched away at gunpoint towards El Salvador by a death squad.[24][25][27] Armed with nothing but cameras[26] to document the raid, Jagger and the delegation trailed the squad along a river towards the Honduran-Salvadoran border.[24] When both groups were within auditory range of each other, Jagger and the staff shouted[27] at the M16 rifle equipped raiders, "You will have to kill us all!"[24][27] The squad considered the situation, approached the group, relieved them of their cameras, and released the cache of captives.[26] A transformation had thus begun for Jagger.[25] In subsequent interviews,[24][25][27] Jagger has recounted this incident as "a turning point in my life."[24][26][27]

Activism

B. Jagger engaging for human rights in Tibet, Vienna 2012.

Bianca Jagger founded the Bianca Jagger Human Rights Foundation, which she chairs. She returned to Nicaragua to look for her parents after the 1972 Nicaragua earthquake, which destroyed Managua, the capital, leaving a toll of more than 10,000 deaths and tens of thousands homeless.

In early 1979, Jagger visited Nicaragua with an International Red Cross delegation and was shocked by the brutality and oppression that the Somoza regime carried out there. This persuaded her to commit herself to the issues of justice and human rights.

In the 1980s, she worked to oppose US government intervention in Nicaragua after the Sandinista revolution. She has also opposed the death penalty and defended the rights of women and of indigenous peoples in Latin America, notably the Yanomami tribe in Brazil against the invasion of gold miners. She spoke up for victims of the conflicts in Bosnia and Serbia. Her writings were published in several newspapers (including the New York Times and the Sunday Express). From the late 1970s she collaborated with many humanitarian organisations including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch.

She was also a member of the Twentieth Century Task Force to Apprehend War Criminals, and a trustee of the Amazon Charitable Trust. She gave a reading at the start of the memorial service in London's Westminster Cathedral, which was timed to coincide with the funeral in Brazil of Brazilian Jean Charles de Menezes, who was shot eight times on a tube-train after being mistaken for a suicide bomber in London. In March 2007 she became involved with Sarah Teather and the campaign to close Guantanamo Bay.

In March 2002, Jagger travelled to Afghanistan with a delegation of fourteen women, organised by Global Exchange to support Afghan women’s projects. On December 16, 2003 Jagger was nominated Council of Europe Goodwill Ambassador.[28]

From 2007 to 2009 she was Chair of the World Future Council. On July 7, 2007, Jagger presented at the German leg of Live Earth in Hamburg. In July 2008, she was a signatory to a petition to the Catholic bishops of England and Wales to allow the wider celebration of the traditional Latin Mass.[29] In January 2009, Jagger addressed some 12,000 people who rallied in Trafalgar Square in protest against an Israeli offensive in the Gaza several days earlier.[30]

On October 8, 2010 she spoke at the Association for the Study of Peak Oil and Gas (ASPO) 2010 world conference on moving beyond petroleum and "Crimes against Present and Future Generations".[31]

In June 2012, Jagger, along with the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Airbus launched an online campaign called Plant a Pledge initiative, which aims to restore 150 million hectares of forest around the world by 2020.[32]

On 21 November 2013, Jagger delivered the prestigious 12th annual Longford Lecture titled "Ending Violence Against Women and Girls, and the Culture of Impunity: achieving the missing Millennium Development Goal target", chaired by Jon Snow.

Awards

For her international work on behalf of humanitarian causes, Jagger has earned numerous awards, including:

Film and television

Bianca also appeared in several movies and TV shows:[48]

References

  1. ^ Castro, Peter (June 4, 1990). "Chatter". People.com. Retrieved June 11, 2010. 
  2. ^ "People, May 3, 1971". Time. May 3, 1971. Retrieved April 9, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Rolling Stones Booking Agent - Available for Concerts and Events Worldwide". Bookingentertainment.com. Retrieved June 11, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Famous Nicaraguans | By Nicaragua Channel". Nicaragua.com. Retrieved June 11, 2010. 
  5. ^ At the time of Bianca Jagger's marriage to Mick Jagger, it was reported that she was born in 1945, which is still cited as her birth year by most published sources. However, the charitable organisations with which she is affiliated currently use 1950.
  6. ^ a b Smilgis, Martha (May 2, 1977). "A Rock 'n Roll Marriage". People Magazine. Retrieved August 27, 2009. 
  7. ^ a b "Divorced". Time Magazine. November 12, 1979. Retrieved August 27, 2009. 
  8. ^ a b Birthday: Bianca Jagger. Chase's Calendar of Events. 2007. Retrieved August 27, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Corrections by Bianca Jagger" ICorrect, March 9, 2011. Retrieved on September 29, 2011.
  10. ^ "Split is Now Official for Mick, Bianca". The Milwaukee Sentinel (Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Newspapers, Inc.). UPI London. November 3, 1979. p. 3. Retrieved August 2, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Bianca Jagger joins Slovene president's Darfur initiative". Ljubljana: bbc.co.uk. Slovenian Press Agency. January 19, 2006. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  12. ^ Boyle, Chris (April 18, 1996). "Bianca Jagger leads talk at Schweitzer Institute". Record-Journal. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Bianca Jagger - Amazon Charitable Trust Trustees". amazoncharitabletrust.org. Retrieved December 2, 2012. 
  14. ^ Norman, Philip (2012). Mick Jagger. HarperCollins. ISBN 0062200321. Retrieved December 2, 2012. 
  15. ^ Weiss, Michael J. (March 29, 1982). "Bianca Jagger Trades Social Life for Social Activism". People Magazine. Retrieved August 12, 2009. 
  16. ^ "Bianca Jagger Biography, Bio, Profile, pictures, photos from". Netglimse.com. Retrieved June 11, 2010. 
  17. ^ Fonseca, Nicholas (May 18, 2001). "Limited Engagement". Entertainment Weekly. 
  18. ^ "Landlord files to have Bianca Jagger evicted". CNN. April 6, 2005. Retrieved April 9, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Bianca Jagger". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved June 11, 2010. 
  20. ^ Travis, Neal (January 26, 1999). "New York Post". New York Post. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  21. ^ http://www.mrpopculture.com/files/html/feb01-1979/
  22. ^ Bianca Jagger great-grandchild
  23. ^ http://www.theguardian.com/culture/charlottehigginsblog/2012/may/08/bianca-jagger-critic-opera-spat
  24. ^ a b c d e f Sholto Byrnes (April 19, 2004). "Bianca Jagger: Jagger's edge". The Independent (UK). Retrieved May 3, 2010. 
  25. ^ a b c d Bob Chaundy (February 14, 2003). "Bianca Jagger: Champion of peace". BBC News. Retrieved May 3, 2010. 
  26. ^ a b c d Jason DeParle (June 4, 1995). "BOB (TORRICELLI) AND BIANCA (YES, THAT ONE) TO THE RESCUE". NY Times. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f "From Studio 54 to the front line". The Independent (UK). October 28, 2001. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  28. ^ ""Goodwill Ambassadors" spreading the Council's message". Council of Europe. 
  29. ^ "Leading Catholics petition for Latin Mass". The Daily Telegraph (London). July 24, 2008. Retrieved April 9, 2010. 
  30. ^ Tracy McVeigh; Ben Quinn (January 4, 2009). "Thousands join march to protest against Israeli action". The Observer (London). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved February 19, 2009. 
  31. ^ Jagger, Bianca (October 7, 2010). "Now is the Time to Move Beyond Petroleum". Huffington Post. 
  32. ^ International Business Times (June 17, 2012). "IUCN and Airbus Join Hands for Largest Land Restorative Initiative". International Business Times. Retrieved November 24, 2012. 
  33. ^ "Human Rights Civil Rights Defended". WRMEA. September–October 2002. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  34. ^ a b "Members of CCRF". www.ccrf.in. April 22, 2004. Retrieved April 27, 2010. [dead link]
  35. ^ "Ecuador The Chevron Toxic Legacy: Take Action". Amazon Watch. 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  36. ^ "Biography of Bianca Jagger". Council of Europe. 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  37. ^ a b "Biography of Bianca Jagger". unep. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  38. ^ "Bianca Jagger To Address Third World Health Issues". uconn. 2006. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  39. ^ "Champion of Justice awards presented to Bianca Jagger and PBS Frontline producer Ofra Bikel". www.criminaljustice.org. November 4, 2000. Archived from the original on June 7, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  40. ^ Sholto Byrnes (April 19, 2004). "Bianca Jagger: Jagger's edge". The Independent (UK). Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  41. ^ "Hall of Fame". mchf. 2008. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  42. ^ International Service Past Winners www.internationalservice.org.uk
  43. ^ "Winners at the Women's World Awards". Daily Mail (UK). Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  44. ^ "Bianca Jagger Receives ‘Right Livelihood Award 2004’". quaker. January 2005. Archived from the original on April 8, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  45. ^ David Krieger (November 14, 2006). "2006 Annual Dinner Speech: World Citizenship Award to Bianca Jagger". wagingpeace.org. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  46. ^ a b "Advisory Council - Detailed Biographies". www.srilankacampaign.org. Retrieved April 27, 2010. [dead link]
  47. ^ "SHS". Simmons College. Summer 2008. Archived from the original on May 31, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  48. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0415588/

External links