Biathlon at the Winter Olympics

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Biathlon at the Winter Olympics
Biathlon pictogram.svg
Governing body IBU
Events 11 (men: 5; women: 5; mixed: 1)
Games
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1994 1998
2002 2006 2010 2014
Note: demonstration sport years indicated in italics
Medalists

Biathlon debuted at the 1960 Winter Olympics in Squaw Valley with the men's 20 km individual event. At the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, the men's 4×7.5 km relay debuted, followed by the 10 km sprint event at the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York. Beginning at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, women's biathlon debuted with the 15 km individual, 3×7.5 km relay (4×7.5 km during 1994-2002, and 4×6 km in 2006), and 7.5 km sprint. A pursuit race (12.5 km for men and 10 km for women) was included at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City. The top 60 finishers of the sprint race (10 km for men and 7.5 km for women) would qualify for the pursuit event. The sprint winner starts the race, followed by each successive biathlete at the same time interval he/she trailed the sprint winner in that event. At the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, a mass start (15 km for men and 12.5 km for women) was introduced where the top 30 biathletes from the previous four events were allowed to start together for the competition.

Prior to the biathlon debut at the 1960 Winter Olympics, there was a military patrol event that was held at four Winter Olympic Games: 1924, 1928, 1936, and 1948. Medals were awarded for military patrol in 1924, but it was a demonstration event for the other three Games.

Events[edit]

= official event, (d) = demonstration event

Event 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 Years
Military patrol (d) (d) (d) 4
Men's individual (20 km) 15
Men's relay (4×7.5 km) 13
Men's sprint (10 km) 10
Men's pursuit (12.5 km) 4
Men's mass start (15 km) 3
Women's individual (15 km) 7
Women's relay (4×6 km) [1] 7
Women's sprint (7.5 km) 7
Women's pursuit (10 km) 4
Women's mass start (12.5 km) 3
Mixed relay (2x6 + 2x7.5 km) [2] 1
Total events 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 6 6 6 8 10 10 11
Notes
  1. ^ The women's relay has been contested over three different distances: 3×7.5 km (1992), 4×7.5 km (1994-2002) and 4×6 km (2006-10)
  2. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/sports/olympics/wintersports/story/2011/04/06/sp-ioc-skijumping.html

Medal table[edit]

As of 2014 Winter Olympics

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Germany (GER) 16 20 9 45
2  Norway (NOR) 15 12 8 35
3  Russia (RUS) 10 6 8 24
4  Soviet Union (URS) 9 5 5 19
5  France (FRA) 6 5 10 21
6  East Germany (GDR) 3 4 4 11
7  Belarus (BLR) 3 2 3 8
8  Sweden (SWE) 3 1 6 10
9  Unified Team (EUN) 2 2 2 6
10  Slovakia (SVK) 2 1 1 4
11  Canada (CAN) 2 0 1 3
12  West Germany (FRG) 1 2 2 5
13  Ukraine (UKR) 1 1 3 5
14  Switzerland (SUI) 1 1 0 2
15  Bulgaria (BUL) 1 0 1 2
16  Finland (FIN) 0 5 2 7
17  Austria (AUT) 0 3 2 5
 Czech Republic (CZE) 0 3 2 5
19  Italy (ITA) 0 1 3 4
20  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 0 1 0 1
 Poland (POL) 0 1 0 1
22  Croatia (CRO) 0 0 1 1
 Slovenia (SLO) 0 0 1 1
Total 75 76 74 225

Number of Biathletes by Nation[edit]

Nation 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 Years
 Argentina (ARG)               4 3 3 7 1 2 1 7
 Australia (AUS)               1 1 2 2 1 1 1 7
 Austria (AUT)               4 4 4 5 4 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 12
 Belarus (BLR)               11 9 11 10 9 5
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)               2 1 2
 Bulgaria (BUL)               2 2 3 5 10 5 5 5 6 6 10
 Canada (CAN)               5 5 9 7 6 1 7 8 8
 Chile (CHI)               2 2 2
 China (CHN)               5 5 8 4 4 5 6 6 8
 Chinese Taipei (TPE)               2 1 2
 Costa Rica (CRC)               1 1
 Croatia (CRO)               1 1 2 3
 Czech Republic (CZE)               10 8 10 10 10 5
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)               2 5 5 4 5 5 10 7
 Denmark (DEN)               1 1
 East Germany (GDR)               5 5 5 4 4 6 6
 Estonia (EST)               8 9 4 4 6 9 6
 Finland (FIN)               4 4 6 5 4 6 5 5 9 9 7 9 1 4 14
 France (FRA)               4 1 6 5 5 5 4 7 10 11 10 10 9 11 14
 Germany (GER)               4 4 10 9 11 11 10 12 8
 Great Britain (GBR)               2 4 5 4 4 4 6 4 5 4 2 4 2 1 14
 Greece (GRE)               2 1 1 2 1 2 6
 Guam (GUM)               1 1
 Hungary (HUN)               1 5 1 9 5 5 3 2 1 9
 Italy (ITA)               5 4 5 5 6 10 6 6 10 10 10 11
 Japan (JPN)               2 4 4 5 4 4 4 3 2 8 8 9 2 13
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)               2 8 2 2 9 5
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)               1 1 1 3
 Latvia (LAT)               4 5 5 5 9 9 6
 Lithuania (LTU)               2 2 1 2 2 1 6
 Moldova (MDA)               2 2 2 4 2 5
 Mongolia (MGL)               4 2 2
 Norway (NOR)               3 4 5 5 4 5 5 6 12 11 9 9 10 11 14
 New Zealand (NZL)               1 1
 Poland (POL)               4 6 5 4 9 10 9 5 10 10 10
 Puerto Rico (PUR)               1 1
 Romania (ROU)               4 4 5 4 5 6 5 2 4 5 5 11
 Russia (RUS)               10 11 11 12 11 5
 Slovenia (SLO)               5 6 9 10 8 8 6
 Slovakia (SVK)               6 5 6 10 10 5
 South Korea (KOR)               1 5 4 1 2 1 2 7
 Spain (ESP)               2 1 1 3
 Serbia (SRB)               1 1
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)               1 1
 Soviet Union (URS)               4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 8
 Switzerland (SUI)               4 3 2 1 1 3 1 4 2 6 10
 Sweden (SWE)               4 4 5 4 4 4 5 4 10 10 8 5 6 10 14
 Ukraine (UKR)               10 10 11 10 11 5
 Unified Team (EUN)               11 1
 United States (USA)               4 4 5 4 5 6 6 5 11 9 9 8 9 9 14
 West Germany (FRG)               4 2 6 6 4 5 6
 Yugoslavia (YUG)               1 6 1 4 4
Nations - - - - - - - 9 14 16 14 18 18 25 22 28 32 32 34 37 37 52
Biathletes - - - - - - - 30 51 72 62 74 76 95 90 196 193 183 190 204 221 1035
Year 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Biathlon at the Olympics at Wikimedia Commons