Bibi Pak Daman

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Bibi Pāk Dāman (Urdu: بی بی پاکدامن) is the name given to the shrine and mausoleum of Ruqayyah bint Ali located in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.[1] Legend has it that it holds the graves of six ladies from Muhammad's household (Ahl Al-Bayt). Ruqayah bint Ali ibn Abu Talib was the daughter of the first Prophet Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law Ali ibn Abu Talib with his wife Umm al banin bint Huzaam. Ruqayah bint Ali was the full sister of Hadrat Abbas ibn Ali and also the wife of Muslim ibn Aqeel (emissary of third Shi'a Imam Husayn ibn Ali to Kufah). Others are said to be Muslim ibn Aqil's sister and daughters. It is said that these ladies came here after the event of the battle of Karbala on the 10th day of the month of Muharram in 61 AH (October 10, AD 680). Some scholars consider Ruqayah to have been the daughter of Sayid Ahmed Tokhta (12th century). Bibi Paak Daaman is located between Garhi Shahu and Railway Station area. The easiest way to go to Bibi Paak Daaman is from the Empress Road and from there, take the small road opposite Police Lines and then the first left-turn.

Bibi Pak Daman, which means the "chaste lady, is the collective name of the six ladies believed to interred at this mausoleum, though it is also (mistakenly) popularly used to refer to the personage of Ruqayyah bint Ali alone.[2] They were among the women who brought Islam to South Asia, preaching and engaging in missionary activity in the environs of Lahore. It is said that Data Ganj Bakhsh, considered a great Sufi saint of the subcontinent, was himself a devotee of the Bibi Pak Daman shrine.[2] and received holy knowledge from this auspicious shrine. Recently Government of Pakistan is considering approval of the expansion of the Bibi Pak Daman's shrine. keeping in view the needs of the zaireen visiting the shrine from all over the world, which is rejected by most of the citizens of Lahore.

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  1. ^ Syad Muhammad Latif, Lahore: its history, architectural remains and antiquities: with an account of its modern institutions, inhabitants, their trade customs, Syed Muhammad Minhaj-ud-Din, 1957, "... Beyond the Government House, at a distance of three hundred yards from the main road, is the tomb of Bibi Pak Daman, or the chaste lady, the most venerated old monument in Lahore and its vicinity. The name of this lady was Rukia ..." 
  2. ^ a b Shemeem Burney Abbas, The female voice in Sufi ritual: devotional practices of Pakistan and India, University of Texas Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0-292-70515-9, "... Among the women who brought Islam to the subcontinent are the Bibi Pak Daman, or the Pur Women ... Upon arrival in Lahore, they engaged in missionary activity ... Data Ganj Bakhsh Hujwiri ... was a devotee of the shrines of the Bibi Pak Daman ..."