List of Bible dictionaries

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A Dictionary of the Bible (1863), edited by William Smith, title page for the third volume

A Bible dictionary is a reference work containing encyclopedic entries related to the Bible, typically concerning people, places, customs, doctrine and Biblical criticism. Bible dictionaries can be scholarly or popular in tone.

The first dictionary of the Bible in English was the Christian Dictionarie (1612) of Thomas Wilson.[1]

Bible dictionaries of the 18th century[edit]

Year Title Editor Comments
1722 Dictionnaire historique, critique, chronologique, géographique et littéral de la Bible[2] Augustin Calmet English translation (1732, 3 vols.) as An historical, critical, geographical, chronological and etymological dictionary of the Holy Bible, by John Colson and Samuel d'Oyly.[3]
1769 A Dictionary of the Holy Bible[4] John Brown of Haddington Welsh translation by James Rhys Jones as Geiriadur Beiblaidd, 1869–70.[5]
1770 Vollständiges Biblisches Wörterbuch Jacob Christof Beck[6]
1779 A Dictionary of the Bible[7][8] Alexander Macbean
1784–5 Scripture Lexicon[9] Peter Oliver: might be Peter Oliver, or a Birmingham preacher of the same name according to James Darling, Cyclopaedia bibliographica.[9]
From 1797 Dictionary of the Bible, translation from Calmet[10] Anonymous, Charles Taylor Later as Calmet's Dictionary of the Holy Bible, American edition enlarged by Edward Robinson.[11]

Bible dictionaries of the 19th century[edit]

Year Title Editor Comments
1804 Dictionary of the Bible[12] James Wood[12]
1805–08 Geiriadur Ysgrythyrol[13] Thomas Charles 4 vols.
1810 Dictionary of the Holy Bible[14] Miles Martindale 2 vols.
1815 A Theological, Biblical, Ecclesiastical Dictionary[15] John Robinson
1816 Biblical Cyclopædia[16] William Jones
1817 The Diamond Pocket Dictionary of the Holy Bible[17][18] William Gurney[19] The 1829 American edition by Archibald Alexander comments that the book was found to be an abridgement of Brown's work; and Alexander made a fresh version.[20] Welsh translation 1835 by Isaac Jones.[21]
1831 Theological and Biblical Dictionary[22] Richard Watson Based on conservative authorities.[22]
1833 Dictionary of the Holy Bible[16] Edward Robinson
1837 Complete Index and Concise Dictionary of the Holy Bible[23] John Barr
1840 Biblical and Theological Dictionary[24] Samuel Green
?–1843 The Bible Cyclopædia[25] William Goodhugh
William Cooke Taylor
2 vols.
1845 Cyclopaedia of Biblical Literature[26] John Kitto 2 vols. An abridged version was made by James Taylor, as the Popular Cyclopædia of Biblical Literature (1854).[27]
1845–53 A Biblical Dictionary[28] James Austin Bastow 3 Vols.
1847 The People's Dictionary of the Bible[29][30] John Relly Beard
1847 A Concise Dictionary of the Holy Bible[31] James Covel
1848 Biblical Cyclopaedia[32] John Eadie
1851 A Biblical and Theological Dictionary, illustrative of the Old and New Testament[33] John Farrar
1854 A Bible Dictionary[34] Samuel Bulfinch Emmons
1856 A Dictionary of the most important names, objects, and terms found in the Holy Scriptures[35] Howard Malcom
1863 Smith's Bible Dictionary William Smith A Concise Dictionary of the Bible for the Use of Families and Students (1865) was abridged from this work by William Aldis Wright.[36]
1864–83 Geiriadur Beiblaidd a Duwinyddol[37] John Jones 3 vols.
1866 Imperial Bible Dictionary[38] Patrick Fairbairn
1866 Treasury of Bible Knowledge[39] John Ayre
1867–81 Cyclopaedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature[40] James Strong and John McClintock 10 vols.
1867 Smith's Comprehensive Dictionary of the Bible[41] Samuel Weed Barnum
1870 The Household Bible Dictionary[42] James Aitken Wylie
1870 Beeton's Bible Dictionary[43] Samuel Orchart Beeton
1871 A Bible dictionary for the use of all readers and students of the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments of the books of the Apocrypha[44] Charles Boutell Reissued as Haydn's Bible Dictionary (1879), named for Joseph Timothy Haydn.[44][45]
1885 Cursus Scripturæ Sacræ[46] Karl Josef Rudolph Cornely et al.
1894 The Sunday School Teacher's Bible Manual[47] Robert Hunter As Cassell's Concise Bible Dictionary (1901)[47]
1894–1912 Dictionnaire de la Bible[48] Fulcran Vigouroux
1897 Easton's Bible Dictionary Matthew George Easton
1898–1904 Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible James Hastings 5 vols.
1899–1903 Encyclopaedia Biblica[49] Thomas Kelly Cheyne
J. Sutherland Black
4 vols.

Bible dictionaries of the 20th century[edit]

Bible dictionaries of the 21st century[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dictionaries, article by E. C. Richardson in The International standard Bible encyclopaedia (Volume 2) (1915) pp. 844–8; archive.org.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wright, Stephen. "Wilson, Thomas". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29689.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ Augustin Calmet (1722). Dictionnaire historique, critique, chronologique, géographique et littéral de la Bible. 
  3. ^ Kilburn, Matthew. "D'Oyly, Samuel". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/8014.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ^ Wright, D. F. "Brown, John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/3622.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  5. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1892). "Jones, James Rhys". Dictionary of National Biography 30. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  6. ^ Jacob C. Beck (1770). Vollständiges biblisches Wörterbuch oder biblische Real- und Verbal-Concordanz .... 
  7. ^ Faculty of Advocates (Scotland). Library; Samuel Halkett; Jón Andrésson Hjaltalín; Thomas Hill Jamieson (1867). Catalogue of the Printed Books in the Library of the Faculty of Advocates. W. Blackwood and sons. p. 508. 
  8. ^ Bevan, Michael. "Macbean, Alexander". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/17354.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  9. ^ a b Samuel Austin Allibone; John Foster Kirk (1870). Critical Dictionary of English Literature, and British and American Authors, Living and Deceased, from the Earliest Accounts to the Middle of the Nineteenth Century: Containing Thirty Thousand Biographies and Literary Notices, with Forty Indexes of Subjects. K - S. Childs & Peterson. p. 1455. 
  10. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1898). "Taylor, Charles". Dictionary of National Biography 55. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  11. ^ Augustin Calmet (1832). Dictionary of the Holy Bible. Crocker and Brewster. 
  12. ^ a b Krueger, Christine L. "Green, Mary Anne Everett". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/11395.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  13. ^  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1887). "Charles, Thomas". Dictionary of National Biography 10. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  14. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1893). "Martindale, Miles". Dictionary of National Biography 36. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  15. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1897). "Robinson, John (1774-1840)". Dictionary of National Biography 49. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  16. ^ a b William Thomas Lowndes (1839). British Librarian: To the Formation of a Library in All Branches of Literature, Science and Art : Arranged in Classes, with Prices, Critical Notes, References and an Index of Authors and Subjects. Whittaker. p. 87. 
  17. ^ Joey Faust (2002). The Rod: Will God Spare It? An Exhaustive Study of Temporary Punishment for Unfaithful Christians at the Judgment Seat and During the Millennial Kingdom. Schoettle Publishing Company. p. 398. ISBN 978-1-56453-074-5. 
  18. ^ Catalogue Entry
  19. ^ "Gurney, William (GNY784W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  20. ^ Archibald Alexander (1829). A Pocket Dictionary of the Holy Bible. pp. 3–. 
  21. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1892). "Jones, Isaac". Dictionary of National Biography 30. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  22. ^ a b Rack, Henry D. "Watson, Richard". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28858.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  23. ^ Complete index & concise dictionary of the Holy Bible: in which the various persons, places, & subjects mentioned in it are accurately referred to; & difficult words briefly explained .... T. Mason & G. Lane. 1837. 
  24. ^ Alphabetical Catalogue of the Library of Congress - Authors. 1864. p. 490. 
  25. ^ William Goodhugh; William Cooke Taylor (1843). The Bible cyclopædia: or, Illustrations of the civil and natural history of the sacred writings [ed. by W. Goodhugh, completed by W.C. Taylor].. 
  26. ^ Matthew, H. C. G. "Kitto, John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/15694.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  27. ^ John Kitto; James Taylor (1854). The Popular Cyclopadia of Biblical Literature: Condensed from the Larger Work. Gould and Lincoln. 
  28. ^ Samuel Halkett; Jón Andrésson Hjaltalín; Thomas Hill Jamieson (1867). Catalogue of the Printed Books in the Library of the Faculty of Advocates. W. Blackwood and sons. p. 355. 
  29. ^ John Relly Beard (1847). The People's Dictionary of the Bible. 
  30. ^ Ruston, Alan. "Beard, John Relly". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/1817.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  31. ^ James Covel (1847). A Concise Dictionary of the Holy Bible. Lane & Tippett. 
  32. ^ Hawke, Joanna. "Eadie, John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/8382.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  33. ^  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1889). "Farrar, John". Dictionary of National Biography 18. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  34. ^ Samuel Bulfinch Emmons (1854). A Bible Dictionary: Containing a Definition of the Most Important Words and Phrases in the Holy Scriptures : to which is Added a Brief Compendium of Our Saviour's History and that of His Apostles and Evangelists. A. Tompkins. 
  35. ^ Howard Malcom (1856). A dictionary of the most important names, objects, and terms found in the Holy Scriptures: intended principally for Sunday schools and Bible classes, and as an aid to family instruction. Gould and Lincoln. 
  36. ^ Sir William Smith; William Aldis Wright (1865). A Concise Dictionary of the Bible for the Use of Families and Students. John Murray. 
  37. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1892). "Jones, John (1821?-1878)". Dictionary of National Biography 30. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  38. ^ Patrick Fairbairn (1866). The Imperial Bible-Dictionary: Historical, Biographical, Geographical and Doctrinal - Volume I. 
  39. ^ John Ayre (Minister of St. John's Chapel, Hampstead.) (1866). The Treasury of Bible Knowledge .... 
  40. ^ John McClintock; James Strong (1981). Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature. Baker Book House. ISBN 978-0-8010-6123-3. 
  41. ^ William Smith (1867). Smith's Comprehensive Dictionary of the Bible. D. Appleton. 
  42. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1900). "Wylie, James Aitken". Dictionary of National Biography 63. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  43. ^ Samuel Orchart Beeton (1870). Beeton's Bible dictionary. 
  44. ^ a b  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1886). "Boutell, Charles". Dictionary of National Biography 6. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  45. ^ Myers, Robin. "Haydn, Joseph Timothy". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/12743.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  46. ^ Franciscus Cornellius (1885). Cursus Scripturae Sacrae. Auctoribus R. Cornely, I. Knabenbauer, Fr. de Hummelauer Aliisque Soc. Jesu Presbyteris. 
  47. ^ a b Ritchie, Lionel Alexander. "Hunter, Robert". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/14230.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  48. ^ Collectif (1943). La Contre-reforme Devant la Bible. Slatkine. pp. 501–. GGKEY:68N5CEHLKGZ. 
  49. ^ Hawke, Joanna. "Cheyne, Thomas Kelly". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/32395.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  50. ^ Charles Randall Barnes (1903). Rev. Charles Randall Barnes, ed. Barnes's Bible Encyclopedia, Biographical, Geographical, Historical and Doctrinal. Eaton and Mains. 
  51. ^ PD-icon.svg "Jacobus, Melancthon Williams. An American theologian". New International Encyclopedia 12. 1915. p. 530. 
  52. ^ Temple Dictionary of the Bible (1910) archive.org.
  53. ^ Universal Bible Dictionary (1914), archive.org.
  54. ^ Selah Merrill (1922). A New Comprehensive Dictionary of the Bible: Containing Every Proper Name to be Found in the Old and New Testaments, with Meaning and Pronunciation Indicated Phonetically. James Pott & Company. 
  55. ^ The Popular and Critical Bible Encyclopaedia and Scriptural Dictionary (1922);archive.org.