Biblidinae

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Biblidinae
Royalblue1.jpg
Myscelia cyaniris: Epicaliini
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
(unranked): Rhopalocera
Superfamily: Papilionoidea
Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Biblidinae
Boisduval, 1833
Tribes

Ageroniini
Biblidini
Callicorini
Epicaliini
Epiphilini
Eubagini

Synonyms

Eurytelinae

Panacea procilla specimen underside (Ageroniini)
Diaethria clymena, one of the eighty-eights formerly in "Catagramma" (now Callicorini)

Biblidinae is the name for a subfamily of nymphalid butterflies that includes the tropical brushfoots. This subfamily was sometimes merged within the Limenitidinae, but they are now recognized as quite distinct lineages. In older literature, this subfamily is sometimes called Eurytelinae.

As of 2008, some 340 valid species are in this subfamily, placed in 38[verification needed] genera. Most species of Biblidinae are neotropical, but some Old World species and genera are in Biblidini and Epicaliini.

Systematics[edit]

The Biblidinae are a taxonomically stable monophyletic group, at least since the "wastebin genus" Catagramma was dismantled around 1950. Six tribes are recognized, and the monophyly of them all is likewise well supported; radical changes in taxonomy and systematics are not expected in this subfamily.[citation needed] The sister group to the Biblidinae is probably the Apaturinae and/or Nymphalinae.

The tribes, in the presumed phylogenetic sequence and with notable genera and some species also listed here, are:

Biblidini Boisduval, 1833

Epicaliini Guenée, 1865

Ageroniini Doubleday, 1847

Epiphilini Jenkins, 1987

Eubagini Burmeister, 1878

  • Dynamine Hübner, 1819 (= Arisba, Eubagis, Sironia)

Callicorini Orfila, 1952 – eighty-eights and relatives

References[edit]

  • Hill, R. I., Penz, C. M., & DeVries, P. J. (2002). Phylogenetic analysis and review of Panacea and Batesia butterflies (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 56, 199-215.
  • Jenkins, D. W. (1983). Neotropical Nymphalidae. I. Revision of Hamadryas. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum, 81, 1-146.
  • Jenkins, D. W. (1984). Neotropical Nymphalidae. II. Revision of Myscelia. Bull. Allyn Mus. (Gainesville), 87, 1-64.
  • Jenkins, D. W. (1985). Neotropical Nymphalidae. III. Revision of Catonephele. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum of Entomology, 92, 1-65.
  • Jenkins, D. W. (1985). Neotropical Nymphalidae. IV. Revision of Ectima. Bull. Allyn Mus. (Gainesville), 95, 1-30.
  • Jenkins, D. W. (1986). Neotropical Nymphalidae. V. Revision of Epiphile. Bull. Allyn Mus. (Gainesville), 101, 1-70.
  • Jenkins, D. W. (1987). Neotropical Nymphalidae. VI. Revision of Asterope (=Callithea Auct.). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum of Entomology, 114, 1-66.
  • Jenkins, D. W. (1989). Neotropical Nymphalidae. VII. Revision of Nessaea. Bull. Allyn Mus. (Gainesville), 125, 1-38.
  • Jenkins, D. W. (1990). Neotropical Nymphalidae. VIII. Revision of Eunica. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum, 131, 1-177.

External links[edit]

Media related to Biblidinae at Wikimedia Commons