Bibliography of Thomas Jefferson
April 13, 1743|
|Died||July 4, 1826
|Political party||Democratic-Republican Party|
|Alma mater||College of William and Mary|
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 – July 4, 1826) was the principal author of the United States Declaration of Independence (1776) that proclaimed "all men are created equal." He was the third President of the United States (1801–1809) and created a political party that shaped early national politics. A Founding Father and an exponent of Jeffersonian democracy, he has had a global impact. The bibliography runs thousands of books and articles; this article presents a brief listing.
At the beginning of the American Revolution, Jefferson served in the Continental Congress, representing Virginia. He was the chief author of the committee that wrote the Declaration of Independence. He then served as the wartime Governor of Virginia (1779–1781), barely escaping capture by the British in 1781. Just after the war ended, from mid-1784 Jefferson served as a diplomat, stationed in Paris, initially as a commissioner to help negotiate commercial treaties. In May 1785, he became the United States Minister to France, where he watched an admired the emerging French revolution. He was the first United States Secretary of State (1790–1793). During the administration of President George Washington, Jefferson advised against a national bank and the Jay Treaty in opposition to Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton. With his close friend James Madison he organized the Democratic-Republican Party or "Republican Party" to oppose Hamilton's Federalist Party. In 1798 he and Madison secretly wrote the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, which attempted to nullify the Alien and Sedition Acts and formed the basis of States' rights. He was a lifelong advocate of Republicanism in the United States and in global perspective sought an Empire of Liberty.
Elected president in what he called the Revolution of 1800, he oversaw a peaceful transition in power, purchased the vast Louisiana Territory from France (1803), and sent the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–1806) to explore the new west. He purged Federalist judges and office-holders but failed to purge the Supreme Court, which under John Marshall became a major opponent of Jeffersonian democracy. His second term was beset with troubles at home, such as the failed treason trial of his former Vice President Aaron Burr, and escalating trouble with Britain. Jefferson always distrusted Britain as a threat to republican values. With Britain at war with Napoleon, he tried aggressive economic warfare, however his embargo laws stopped American trade, hurt the economy, and provoked a furious reaction in the Northeast.
Jefferson was part of the Virginia planter elite and, as a tobacco planter, owned hundreds of slaves throughout his lifetime. He viewed Africans as being racially inferior. He had a much higher estimation of the abilities of American Indians, whom he wanted to assimilate. Critics complained that he probably cohabitated with a slave Sally Hemings and made little effort to free the several hundred slaves on his tobacco plantation Monticello. His views on slavery were complex, and changed over the course of his life. He was a leading American opponent of the international slave trade, and presided over its abolition in 1807, denouncing it for "violations of human rights."
A leader in The Enlightenment, Jefferson was a polymath who spoke five languages and was deeply interested in natural science and political philosophy. He opposed aristocracy and state churches, and promoted education, as in the his University of Virginia. While a poor orator he was an indefatigable letter writer and was acquainted with many leading intellectuals in America and Europe. Jefferson has often been rated by historians as one of the greatest U.S. presidents, though in recent decades scholars have tended to be more negative.
- Shuffleton, Frank. Thomas Jefferson: A Comprehensive, Annotated Bibliography of Writings about Him, 1826–1980 (1983), 486pp; and Thomas Jefferson, 1981–1990: An Annotated Bibliography (New York: Garland Pub., 1992) 283pp; complete coverage of 4089 items through 1990 but but does not include the thousands of items since then.
- Fitzgerald, Carol B. Thomas Jefferson: A Bibliography (Meckler's Bibliographies of the Presidents of the U.S.) (1991) 400pp
- Ambrose, Stephen E. (1996). Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson, and the Opening of the American West
Simon and Schuster, New York, 511 pages, ISBN 9780684811079, Book
- Applebaum, Herbert A. (1996). Colonial Americans at Work
University Press of America, Inc., Lanham, Maryland, 318 pages, ISBN 0-7618-0431-5, Book
- Appleby, Joyce. Thomas Jefferson (2003), short interpretive essay by leading scholar.
- Bear, James Adam (1967). Jefferson at Monticello
University of Virginia Press, 144 pages, ISBN 9780813900223, Book
- Bernstein, Richard. B. (2003). Thomas Jefferson, Oxford University Press, 288 pages, Book
- Brodie, Fawn McKay. Thomas Jefferson: An Intimate History, W.W. Norton, 1974,
the "first extensive investigation of the Sally Hemings story".
- Burstein, Andrew (2005). Jefferson's Secrets: Death and Desire at Monticello, New York: Basic Books, 351 pages, ISBN 978-0-465-00813-1, Book
- Cunningham, Noble E. In Pursuit of Reason (1988) well-reviewed short biography.
- Crawford, Alan Pell, Twilight at Monticello, Random House, New York, (2008)
- Ellis, Joseph. "American Sphinx: The Contradictions of Thomas Jefferson".
- Ellis, Joseph. American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson (1996).
Prize-winning essays; assumes prior reading of his biography.
- Gordon-Reed, Annette. Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings: An American controversy,
Charlottesville, Virginia: University of Virginia Press, 1997 (reprint 1998 to include discussion of DNA analysis)
- Halliday, E. M. (2009). Understanding Thomas Jefferson, Perennial Harper Collins, New York, 304 pages, ISBN 9780061755460, Book
- Hayes, Kevin J. (2008). The Road to Monticello: The Life and Mind of Thomas Jefferson, Oxford University Press, 752 pages; ISBN 9780199758487; Book
- Hitchens, Christopher (2005). Thomas Jefferson: Author of America, short biography.
- Hyland, William G. (2009). In Defense of Thomas Jefferson: The Sally Hemings Sex Scandal, Carolina Academic Press, North Carolina, 320 pages, ISBN 978-0-89089-085-1, Book
- Malone, Dumas. Jefferson and His Time, 6 vols. (1948–82). Multi-volume biography of TJ by leading expert;
A short version is online
- Mayer, David (2008). "Jefferson, Thomas (1743–1826)". In Hamowy, Ronald. The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE; Cato Institute. pp. 262–3. ISBN 978-1-4129-6580-4. LCCN 2008009151. OCLC 750831024.
- Meacham, Jon Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power (2012)
- Mclaughlin, Jack (1990) Jefferson and Monticello: The Biography of a Builder
Macmillan, pp. 496 ISBN 9780805014631 Url
- Morse, John T., Jr. (1883). THOMAS JEFFERSON, Houghton Mifflin Company, 326 pages; E'book
- Padover, Saul K. Jefferson: A Great American's Life and Ideas
- Parton, James (1874) Life of Thomas Jefferson: third president of the United States
James R. Osgood and Company, Boston, pp. 764 Ebook (full view)
- Peterson, Merrill D. (1970). Thomas Jefferson and the New Nation, A standard scholarly biography; Oxford University Press, 1104 pages; Book.
- —— (ed.) (1986). Thomas Jefferson: A Reference Biography:24 essays by leading scholars on aspects of Jefferson's career.
- —— (1960). The Jefferson Image in the American Mind, University of Virginia Press, 548 pages; Book
- Randolph, Sarah N. (1871) The Domestic Life of Thomas Jefferson, Harper & Brothers, New York, 432 pages, E'book
- Salgo, Sandor (2000). Thomas Jefferson: Musician and Violinist, A book detailing Thomas Jefferson's love of music, Thomas Jefferson Foundation,, 75 pages; ISBN 9781882886128; Book
- Schachner, Nathan (1957). Thomas Jefferson: A Biography 2 volumes, T. Yoseloff, 1070 pages, Book
- Scharff, Virginia (2010). The Women Jefferson Loved, HarperCollins, 496 pages; ISBN 9780062018731; Book
- Shuffelton, Frank. The Cambridge Companion to Thomas Jefferson(2012)
Politics and ideas
- Ackerman, Bruce (2009). The Failure of the Founding Fathers: Jefferson, Marshall, and the Rise of Presidential Democracy, Harvard University Press, 400 pages; Book
- Adams, Henry (1889). History of the United States of America during the Administrations of Thomas Jefferson (1889-1891, Charles Scribner's Sons; Library of America edition 1986) famous 9-volume history; Ebook (vol 4 full view)
- Anderson, Frank Maloy (1900). Contemporary opinion of the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions, American Historical Review , E'book (pdf), E'book (EPUB)
- Bailey, Jeremy D. (2007). Thomas Jefferson and Executive Power, Cambridge University Press, 280 pages; ISBN 0521868319; Book
- Brown, Stuart Gerry (1954) The First Republicans: Political Philosophy and Public Policy in the Party of Jefferson and Madiso, Syracuse University Press, pp. 186
- Wills, Garry (2005). Henry Adams and the Making of America , retelling of Adams' History
- Banning, Lance (1978). The Jeffersonian Persuasion: Evolution of a Party Ideology
- Brown, Stuart Gerry (1954). The First Republicans: Political Philosophy and Public Policy in the Party of Jefferson and Madison
- Channing; Edward (1906). The Jeffersonian System: 1801–1811 , "American Nation" survey of political history
- Dunn, Susan (2004). Jefferson's Second Revolution: The Election Crisis of 1800 and the Triumph of Republicanism
- Elkins, Stanley and Eric McKitrick. The Age of Federalism (1995) in-depth coverage of politics of 1790s
- Fatovic, Clement. (2004) "Constitutionalism and Presidential Prerogative: Jeffersonian and Hamiltonian Perspectives." : American Journal of Political Science, ISSN 0092-5853 Fulltext: in Swetswise, Ingenta, Jstor, and Ebsco
- Ferling, John (2004). Adams vs. Jefferson: The Tumultuous Election of 1800
- Finkelman, Paul (2001). Slavery and the Founders: Race and Liberty in the Age of Jefferson, esp ch 6–7
- Gaustad, Edwin S. (2001) Sworn on the Altar of God: A Religious Biography of Thomas Jefferson Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, ISBN 0-8028-0156-0
- Hatzenbuehler, Ronald L. "I Tremble for My Country": Thomas Jefferson and the Virginia Gentry, (University Press of Florida; 206 pages; 2007). Argues that the TJ's critique of his fellow gentry in Virginia masked his own reluctance to change
- Hazelton, John Hampden (1906). The Declaration of Independence: Its History,
Dodd, Mead, New York; 627 pages, E'book
- Hitchens, Christopher (2005). Author of America: Thomas Jefferson, HarperCollins
- Horn, James P. P. Jan Ellen Lewis, and Peter S. Onuf, eds. (2002). The Revolution of 1800: Democracy, Race, and the New Republic 17 essays by scholars
- Irelan, John Robert (1886), History of the Life, Administration and Times of Thomas Jefferson, Third President of the United States: American Independence and the Political Development of the Republic,
Fairbanks and Palmer, Chicago, pp. 541, Ebook
- Jayne, Allen. '(2000). 'Jefferson's Declaration of Independence: Origins, Philosophy and Theology ; traces TJ's sources and emphasizes his incorporation of Deist theology into the Declaration.
- Johnston, William Dawson (1904). History of the Library of Congress: Volume I, 1800–1864
Govt. Print. Off. pp. 535 Ebook (full view)
- Kennedy, Roger G. (2003). Mr. Jefferson's Lost Cause: Land, Farmers, Slavery, and the Louisiana Purchase
- Knudson, Jerry W. (2006). Jefferson and the Press: Crucible of Liberty.
- Lewis, Jan Ellen, and Onuf, Peter S., eds. (1999). Sally Hemings and Thomas Jefferson: History, Memory, Civic Culture
University of Virginia Press
- Lisitzky, Gene, (1933). Thomas Jefferson'
The Viking Press, pp. 356, Url
- Mayer, David N. (1994). The Constitutional Thought of Thomas Jefferson (Constitutionalism and Democracy)
University of Virginia Press, 397 pages, ISBN 978-0813914855, Url1
- Matthews, Richard K. (2004). "The Radical Political Philosophy of Thomas Jefferson: An Essay in Retrieval," Midwest Studies in Philosophy, XXVIII
- McDonald, Forrest (1987). The Presidency of Thomas Jefferson intellectual history approach to Jefferson's Presidency
- McDowell, Gary L.; Noble, Sharon L. (1997). Reason and Republicanism: Thomas Jefferson's Legacy of Liberty, Rowman & Littlefield, 325 pages; ISBN 9780847685219; Book
- Miller, Robert (2006). Native America, Discovered and Conquered: : Thomas Jefferson, Lewis & Clark, and Manifest Destiny, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 978-0-275-99011-4
- Onuf, Peter S., (2000). Every Generation Is An Nation': Colonization, Miscegenation and the Fate of Jefferson's Children, William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. LVII, No.1, January 2000, JSTOR; Book
- —— (2000). Jefferson's Empire: The Languages of American Nationhood, Online review
- —— (1993). "Thomas Jefferson, Federalist" online journal essay
- Padover, Saul K. (1967). The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, The Easton Press, Norwalk, Conn. pp. 362
- —— (1942) Jefferson, Harcourt, Brace and Company, 459 pages; ISBN 9781101153970. Book
- —— (ed.); Jefferson, Thomas (1939). Democracy ... Selected and Arranged, New York, London, 291 pages; Book
- —— (1965). Thomas Jefferson and the Foundations of American Freedom, Fawcett Publications, 192 pages; Book
- —— (1946). Thomas Jefferson and The National Capital, U.S. Government Printing Office, 522 pages; E'book
- —— (1956). Jefferson, a great American's life & ideas, Highland Press, 290 pages; Book
- Perry, Barbara A. (2006) "Jefferson's Legacy to the Supreme Court: Freedom of Religion", Journal of Supreme Court History : 181–198. ISSN 1059-4329 Fulltext in Swetswise, Ingenta and Ebsco
- Rahe, Paul A. (1995) "Thomas Jefferson's Machiavellian Political Science". Review of Politics 57(3): 449–481. ISSN 0034–6705 Fulltext online at Jstor and Ebsco.
- Sears, Louis Martin (1927). Jefferson and the Embargo, state by state impact
- Sheean, Vincent (1953). Thomas Jefferson, father of democracy
Random House, pp. 184, Url
- Sloan, Herbert J. Principle and Interest: Thomas Jefferson and the Problem of Debt (1995). Shows the burden of debt in Jefferson's personal finances and political thought.
- Smelser, Marshall (1968). The Democratic Republic: 1801–1815 "New American Nation" survey of political and diplomatic history
- Staloff, Darren. Hamilton, Adams, Jefferson: The Politics of Enlightenment and the American Founding. (2005)
- Tucker, Robert W. and David C. Hendrickson. Empire of Liberty: The Statecraft of Thomas Jefferson (1992); called "probably the most important study of the theory & means of Jefferson's foreign policy. by Cogliano, Thomas Jefferson: reputation and legacy (2008) p. 237
- Urofsky, Melvin I. "Thomas Jefferson and John Marshall: What Kind of Constitution Shall We Have?" Journal of Supreme Court History 2006 31(2): 109–125. ISSN 1059-4329 Fulltext: in Swetswise, Ingenta and Ebsco
- Valsania, Maurizio. "'Our Original Barbarism': Man Vs. Nature in Thomas Jefferson's Moral Experience." Journal of the History of Ideas 2004 65(4): 627–645. ISSN 0022-5037 Fulltext: in Project Muse and Swetswise
- —— (2013). Nature's Man: Thomas Jefferson's Philosophical Anthropology, University of Virginia Press, 204 pages; Book
- Wagoner, Jennings L., Jr. Jefferson and Education. (2004).
- Wilentz, Sean (2005). The Rise of American Democracy, W. W. Norton & Company, New York; ISBN 0-393-05820-4
- Wood, Gordon S. (2009). Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789-1815, Oxford University Press, 800 pages, ISBN 9780199741090, Book
- Gaustad, Edwin S. Sworn on the Altar of God: A Religious Biography of Thomas Jefferson (2001) Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, ISBN 0-8028-0156-0
- Jackson, Henry E., Ed., (1923). President, College for Social Engineers, Washington, D. C. The Thomas Jefferson Bible, * Sanford, Charles B. The Religious Life of Thomas Jefferson (1987) University of Virginia Press, ISBN 0-8139-1131-1
- Sheridan, Eugene R. Jefferson and Religion, preface by Martin Marty, (2001) University of North Carolina Press, ISBN 1-882886-08-9
Legacy and historiography
- Cogliano, Francis D. Thomas Jefferson: Reputation and Legacy (Edinburgh University Press, 2006) online edition
- Gordon-Reed, Annette. Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings: An American controversy, Charlottesville, Virginia: University of Virginia Press, 1997 (reprint 1998 to include discussion of DNA analysis)
- Onuf, Peter. "The Scholars' Jefferson," William and Mary Quarterly 3d Series, L:4 (October 1993), 671–699. Historiographical review or scholarship about TJ; in JSTOR
- Onuf, Peter S., ed. Jeffersonian Legacies. (1993)
- Onuf, Peter S., ed. (with Jan Ellen Lewis). Sally Hemings and Thomas Jefferson: History, Memory, and Civic Culture, University Press of Virginia, 1999, Google preview.
- Perry, Barbara A. "Jefferson's Legacy to the Supreme Court: Freedom of Religion", Journal of Supreme Court History 2006 31(2): 181–198. ISSN 1059-4329 Fulltext in Swetswise, Ingenta and Ebsco
- Peterson, Merrill D. The Jefferson Image in the American Mind (1960), how Americans interpreted and remembered Jefferson
- Taylor, Jeff. Where Did the Party Go?: William Jennings Bryan, Hubert Humphrey, and the Jeffersonian Legacy (2006), on Jefferson's role in Democratic history and ideology.
- Wiltse, Charles Maurice. The Jeffersonian Tradition in American Democracy (1935), analysis of Jefferson's political philosophy
- "Thomas Jefferson", PBS interviews with 24 historians
- Thomas Jefferson: Writings: Autobiography / Notes on the State of Virginia / Public and Private Papers / Addresses / Letters (1984, ISBN 978-0-940450-16-5) Library of America edition. There are numerous one-volume collections; this is perhaps the best place to start.
- Thomas Jefferson, Political Writings ed by Joyce Appleby and Terence Ball. Cambridge University Press. 1999 online
- Bergh, Andrew A. and Albert Ellery, eds. (1905). The Writings Of Thomas Jefferson 19 vol., Thomas Jefferson Memorial Association, E'book
- Boyd, Julian P. (1955). The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson Volume II, Princeton University Press New Jersey, E'books (PDF, EPUB, etc)
- Jefferson, Thomas; Washington, Henry Augustine (Ed.) (1907) The Writings Of Thomas Jefferson Vol.19, Taylor & Maury, Sec.1: 502 pages; Sec.2: xxxi pages; Sec.3: 336 pages; Sec.4: 273 pages; E'book
- Edwin Morris Betts (editor), Thomas Jefferson's Farm Book, (Thomas Jefferson Memorial: December 1, 1953) ISBN 1-882886-10-0. Letters, notes, and drawings—a journal of plantation management recording his contributions to scientific agriculture, including an experimental farm implementing innovations such as horizontal plowing and crop-rotation, and Jefferson's own moldboard plow. It is a window to slave life, with data on food rations, daily work tasks, and slaves' clothing. The book portrays the industries pursued by enslaved and free workmen, including in the blacksmith's shop and spinning and weaving house.
- Boyd, Julian P. et al., eds. The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. (1950–2012, in process) The definitive multivolume edition; available at major academic libraries. 38 volumes covers TJ to Nov. 1802.
- The Jefferson Cyclopedia (1900) large collection of TJ quotations arranged by 9000 topics; searchable; copyright has expired and it is online free.
- The Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1606–1827, 27,000 original manuscript documents at the Library of Congress online collection
- Jefferson, Thomas. Notes on the State of Virginia (1787), London: Stockdale. This was Jefferson's only book
- Jefferson, Thomas, (1832).The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions of 1798 and '99; with Jefferson's original draught thereof Also, Madison's report, Calhoun's address, resolutions of the several states in relation to state rights. With other documents in support of the Jeffersonian doctrines of '98, Washington, 82 pages, E'book
- Jefferson, Thomas: "The Life and Morals of Jesus of Nazareth" (complex publication history, eText online)
- Cappon, Lester J., ed. The Adams-Jefferson Letters (1959)
- A MANUAL OF PARLIAMENTARY PRACTICE:, for the Use of the Senate of the United States. By Thomas Jeffrson
- Howell, Wilbur Samuel, ed. Jefferson's Parliamentary Writings (1988). Jefferson's Manual of Parliamentary Practice, written when he was vice-President, with other relevant papers
- Melton, Buckner F.: The Quotable Founding Fathers, Potomac Books, Washington D.C. (2004).
- Smith, James Morton, ed. The Republic of Letters: The Correspondence between Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, 1776–1826, 3 vols. (1995)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
- Frank Shuffleton, Thomas Jefferson: A Comprehensive, Annotated Bibliography of Writings about Him, 1826–1980 (1983) and his (1993) update contains 4089 items.
- Stephen E. Ambrose, To America: Personal Reflections of an Historian (2003), p. 4
- Gordon Wood, The Idea of America: Reflections on the Birth of the United States (2011) p 14.
- Booknotes interview with Willard Sterne Randall on Thomas Jefferson: A Life, December 26, 1993
- Booknotes interview with Conor Cruise O'Brien on The Long Affair: Thomas Jefferson and the French Revolution, 1785–1800, November 17, 1996.
- Booknotes interview with Annette Gordon-Reed on Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings: An American Controversy, February 21, 1999.
- "Writings of Jefferson and Madison" from American Writers: A Journey Through History, April 9, 2001