Bibliography of Ulysses S. Grant

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ulysses Grant
Ulysses Grant 1870-1880.jpg
18th President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1877
Vice President Schuyler Colfax (1869–1873)
Henry Wilson (1873–1875)
None (1875–1877)
Preceded by Andrew Johnson
Succeeded by Rutherford B. Hayes
Commanding General of the United States Army
In office
March 9, 1864 – March 4, 1869
President Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
Preceded by Henry W. Halleck
Succeeded by William Tecumseh Sherman
Personal details
Born Hiram Ulysses Grant
(1822-04-27)April 27, 1822
Point Pleasant, Ohio
Died July 23, 1885(1885-07-23) (aged 63)
Wilton, New York
Resting place General Grant National Memorial
Upper Manhattan, New York
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Julia Dent
Children Frederick, Ulysses Jr., Nellie, Jesse
Alma mater United States Military Academy
Profession Soldier
Religion Methodism
Signature Cursive signature in ink
Military service
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1839–1854
1861–1869
Rank US Army General insignia (1866).svg General of the Army
Commands 21st Illinois Infantry Regiment
Army of the Tennessee
Military Division of the Mississippi
United States Army
Battles/wars Mexican-American War

American Civil War

Ulysses Grant 1870-1880.jpg This article is part of a series on
Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was the 18th president of the United States (1869–1877) following his success as military commander in the American Civil War. Under Grant, the Union Army defeated the Confederate military; the war, and secession, ended with the surrender of Robert E. Lee's army at Appomattox Court House. As president, Grant led the Radical Republicans in their effort to eliminate vestiges of Confederate nationalism and slavery, protect African American citizenship, and defeat the Ku Klux Klan. In foreign policy, Grant sought to increase American trade and influence, while remaining at peace with the world. Although his Republican Party split in 1872 as reformers denounced him, Grant was easily reelected. During his second term the country's economy was devastated by the Panic of 1873, while investigations exposed corruption scandals in the administration. The conservative white Southerners regained control of Southern state governments and Democrats took control of the federal House of Representatives. By the time Grant left the White House in 1877, his Reconstruction policies were being undone. After leaving office, Grant embarked on a two-year world tour that included many enthusiastic receptions. In 1880, he made an unsuccessful bid for a third presidential term. However, his memoirs, written as he was dying, were a critical and popular success, and his death prompted an outpouring of national mourning. Historical assessements of the Grant Administration have traditionally been critical; Grant's presidency having been ranked among the lowest by historians. Grant's reputation was marred by his defense of corrupt appointees and by his conservative deflationary policy during the Panic of 1873. [1] While still below average, his reputation among scholars has significantly improved in recent years because of greater appreciation for his commitment to civil rights, moral courage in his prosecution of the Ku Klux Klan, and enforcement of voting rights.[2]

There are ubundant historial material resources on Grant and his role during the Civil War. [3] However, there have been few historical scholarly studies, mostly negative, on his presidency.[3] Analysis of Grant's presidency by some modern scholars, including Grant biographers Jean Edward Smith (2001) and H.W. Brands (2012), have generally been more positive and less critical of Grant.[3] Enclycopedic presidential summary biographies of Grant rely heavily on secondary sources and tend to offer non scholarly negative views of Grant.[3] According to one bibliographical source, to obtain a more complete assessment of Grant and his presidency during Reconstruction both contemporary, primary, and scholarly accounts of Grant, his Inaugural Addresses, including his communications and annual messages to Congress are recommended readings.[3] In May 2012, on the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the Ulysses S. Grant Foundation, Mississippi State University was selected as the permanent location for Ulysses S. Grant's Presidential Library.[4] Historian John Simon edited Grant's letters into a 32-volume scholarly edition published by Southern Illinois University Press.[5]

Biographical and political[edit]

Military[edit]

  • Badeau, Adam (1881). Military History of Ulysses S. Grant, from April 1861, to April 1865. New York: D. Appleton. 
  • Ballard, Michael B. (2013). Grant at Vicksburg: The General and the Siege. Southern Illinois University Press. 
  • Bearss, Edwin C. (1991). The Vicksburg Campaign. Dayton, Ohio: Morningside. ISBN 0-89029-308-2. 
  • Catton, Bruce (1954). U.S. Grant and the American Military Tradition. Boston: Little, Brown. 
  • Catton, Bruce (1960). Grant Moves South. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-13207-1. 
  • Catton, Bruce (1968). Grant Takes Command. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-13210-1. 
  • Donovan, James (2008). A Terrible Glory Custer and the Little Bighorn --- The Last Great Battle of the American West. New York: Back Ray Books. ISBN 978-0-316-06747-8. 
  • Farina, William (2007). Ulysses S. Grant, 1861–1864: His Rise from Obscurity to Military Greatness. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co. ISBN 978-0-7864-2977-6. 
  • Flood, Charles Bracelen (2005). Grant and Sherman The Friendship That Won The Civil War. New York, New York: Harper Perennial. ISBN 0-06-114871-7. 
  • Foote, Shelby. The Civil War: A Narrative (3 Vol. 1958-1974), comprehensive story of all the war's major campaigns and battles.
  • Fuller, Maj. Gen. J. F. C. (1957). Grant and Lee, a Study in Personality and Generalship. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-13400-5. 
  • —— (1991). The Generalship of Ulysses S. Grant. Da Capo Press. p. 446. ISBN 9780306804502. 
  • Korda, Michael (2004). Ulysses S. Grant: The Unlikely Hero. New York: Atlas Books/HarperCollins. 
  • Korn, Bertram W. (1951). American Jewry and the Civil War. New York: Jewish Publication Society of America. 
  • Lewis, Lloyd (1950). Captain Sam Grant. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-52348-8. 
  • McWhiney, Grady (1995). Battle in the Wilderness: Grant Meets Lee. Fort Worth, Texas: Ryan Place Publishers. 
  • McDonough, James Lee (1977). Shiloh: In Hell Before Night. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press. 
  • McDonough, James Lee (1984). Chattanooga: A Death Grip on the Confederacy. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press. 
  • McPherson, James M. (1988). Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-503863-0. 
  • Maney, R. Wayne (1994). Marching to Cold Harbor. Victory and Failure, 1864. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Pub. Co. 
  • Matter, William D. (1988). If It Takes All Summer: The Battle of Spotsylvania. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press. 
  • Miers, Earl Schenck (1955). The Web of Victory: Grant at Vicksburg. New York: Knopf. 
  • Mosier, John (2006). Grant. New York: Palgrave MacMillan. ISBN 1-4039-7136-6. ; received negative reviews
  • Nevins, Allan. The War for the Union (4 vol 1959-71), comprehensive coverage of all aspects of the war.
  • Rhea, Gordon C. (1994). The Battle of the Wilderness May 5–6, 1864. Louisiana State University Press. ISBN 0-8071-1873-7. 
  • Rhea, Gordon C. (1997). The Battles for Spotsylvania Court House and the Road to Yellow Tavern May 7–12, 1864. Louisiana State University Press. ISBN 0-8071-2136-3. 
  • Rhea, Gordon C. (2000). To the North Anna River: Grant and Lee, May 13–25, 1864. Louisiana State University Press. ISBN 0-8071-2535-0. 
  • Rhea, Gordon C. (2002). Cold Harbor: Grant and Lee, May 26 – June 3, 1864. Louisiana State University Press. ISBN 0-8071-2803-1. 
  • Schenker, Carl R. (June 2010). "Ulysses in His Tent: Halleck, Grant, Sherman, and 'The Turning Point of the War'". Civil War History 56 (2). 
  • Simpson, Brooks D. (2009). After Shiloh: Grant, Sherman, and Survival. Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois University Press. 
  • Steere, Edward (1960). The Wilderness Campaign. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Co. 
  • Williams, Kenneth P. (1959). Lincoln Finds a General: A Military Study of the Civil War 5. New York: Macmillan. 
  • Williams, T. Harry (1962). McClellan, Sherman and Grant. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press. 
  • Woodworth, Steven E. (2005). Nothing but Victory: The Army of the Tennessee, 1861 – 1865. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-375-41218-2. 

Primary sources[edit]

Inaugural Addresses[edit]

State of the Union Addresses[edit]

Executive orders[edit]

Proclamations[edit]

Special Messages[edit]

1. President Ulysses S. Grant
2. Dates: March 4, 1869 to March 3, 1877
3. Document Category: Written Messages - To Congress

Veto Messages[edit]

1. President Ulysses S. Grant
2. Dates: March 4, 1869 to March 3, 1877
3. Document Category: Veto Messages - To Congress

Treaty of Washington 1871[edit]

Papers of Ulysses S. Grant[edit]

Memoirs[edit]

Historiography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brands 2012b, p. 44; Murray & Blessing, p. 55.
  2. ^ Brands 2012b, p. 44.
  3. ^ a b c d e Simpson 2005, p. Introduction and Acknowledgements xxv.
  4. ^ See website
  5. ^ See Catalog. A search engine is at Ulysses S Grant Digital Collections at Mississippi State U

Sources[edit]