Bibliography of the Tonga people (Africa)

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This list is a bibliography of works on the Tonga people of Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Works[edit]

A[edit]

  • Abell, R. S. 1970. The geology of the Nansenga River. Lusaka: Government Printer.
  • Abeshai, Sibbuyu. 2002. The Voice of the Resettled People of Lusitu: Funeral of Chief Aaron Chipepo and the Installation of New Chief Chipepo. Unpublished msc. Colson collection.
  • Akuffa, F. W. B. n.d. The Role of the Various Divinities in African Cosmology: The Tonga Case. Unpublished msc. in collection of author.
  • Akuffa, F. W. B., and L. J. Simweemba. n.d. Tonga Traditional Social and Religious Patterns before the Coming of the Europeans. msc. In Library, Institute for Economic and Social Research, University of Zambia.
  • Alexander, A. M. 1960. Kalomo in 1923. Northern Rhodesia Journal 4(3): 297-298..
  • Alexander, Jocelyn, and JoAnn McGregor. 1997. Modernity and Ethnicity in a Frontier Society: Difference in Northwestern Zimbabwe. Journal of Southern African Studies 23(2):187-201.
  • Alexander, Jocelyn, and JoAnn McGregor, Terrence Ranger. 2000. Violence and Memory: One Hundred Years in the Dark Forests of Matabeleland. Chapter 2. Oxford: James Currey.
  • Alexander, Jocelyn, and Terrence Ranger. 1998. Competition and Religious Integration in Northwest Zimbabwe. Journal of Religion in Africa 28(1):3-31.
  • Anderson, D. I. 1956. Kariba Hydroelectric Power for Central African Development. Optima 6(2):?????
  • Anderson, F. 1962. Low stone banks or walls in Mazabuka District. Northern Rhodesia Journal 5(2): 190-191.
  • Anderson, F. and I. M. Graham. 1962. Kaunga (Khaunga): Abandoned Boma and Police Post. Northern Rhodesia Journal 5(1):78-80.
  • Anderson, W. H. 1919. On the Trail of Livingstone. Mountain View, California: Pacific Press Publishing Association. (Founding of Rusangu Mission).
  • Androsch, Peter. Die Tongakunst. Beitrag zu Kunst. Über.Leben/Festival der Regionen 1997. 3p. Linz, Austria. Unpublished paper.
  • Anja-Karin, Fleig. 1999. Introducing Participatory and Integrated Development (PID) to three Diustricts in Southern Province and Institutionalizing PID in Siavonga District. Consultancy report prepared for GTZ.
    • Anon. 1908. The Mashuykulumbwe. Proceedings of the Rhodesian Scientific Association 7(2):54-57.
    • 1909. Notes from different stations: Chikuni, 1909. The Zambezi Mission Records 3(43):493; 3(44):534.
    • 1915. Notes from the different stations: Chikuni, 1915.
  • Anthony, K. R. M., and V. Uchendu. 1970: Agricultural Change in Mazabuka District, Zambia. Stanford University, Food Research Studies in Agricultural Economics, Trade and Development 9 (3):215-267.
  • Araki, Minako. 1992. Women in Rural Zambia: A Fieldnote of Development Aid. (In Japanese). . Tsokiji Shokan.
    • 1993. Women=s >Development= Groups and Indigenous Associations: A Case Study of Southern Zambia. Universityof East Anglia, School of Development Studies, Procedural paper for DEV research seminar, June 25, 1993.
    • 1998. Community Empowerment. (In Japanese). Special Issue on Empowerment, Gendaino Eppnt, pp. 85–97. J. Kukita and F. Watanabe, eds. Tokyo: Shibundo.
    • 2001a. Different Meanings and Interests over Women=s Clubs in Rural Zambia: An Ethnography of Development Practice. African Studies Monographs22(4):175-193.
    • 2001b. Outside Development Interventions: Peoples= Daily Actions among the Plateau Tonga. African Studies Monographs 22(4):195-2008.
  • Armstrong, J. 1969. Monze: Twenty-One Years of Agriculturral Training. Farming in Zambia July 1969:4-6.
  • Arnot, F. S. 1969. Garengaze: Or Seven Years Pioneer Missionary Work in Central Africa. London: John Case.

B[edit]

  • Bailey, Elizabeth. 1958. Gwembe People plan their future. Nshila 12 (8 July): 3.
  • Bbalo, M. M. 1996. Cibi Citobela Ulaaco. Lusaka: Zambia Educational Publishing House.
    • 2000. Zyaano Zyabakubusi. Lusaka: Zambia Educational Publishing House.
  • Bainbridge, W. R., and A. C. R. Edmonds. 1962. Management Book for Gwembe, South Choma and South Mazabuka Districts. Northern Rhodesia Department of Agriculture.
  • Baines, T. 1864. Explorations in South West Africa. London:
  • Baldwin, A. 1914. A Missionary Outpost in Central Africa. London: Holborn Hall. (Ila).
  • Baldwin, W. C. 1863. African Hunting and Adventures from Natal to the Zambezi. London:
  • Balneaves, E. 1963. Elephant Valley: The Adventures of J. McGregor Brooks, Game and Tsetse Officer, Kariba. Chicago; Rand McNally.
  • Balon, E. K. 1978. Kariba: the dubious benefit of large dams. Ambio 7:40-48.
  • Balon, E. K., and A. G. Coche, eds. 1974. Lake Kariba: A man-made tropical eco-system in central Africa. The Hague: Junk (Monographiae Biologicae 24:1-246.
  • Banda, Moses. 1983a. Gwembe South Development Project: An Evaluation. Edinburgh University, Electrical Engineering Department and Science Studies Unit: Mimeographed report.
    • 1983b. A consideration of Siatwinda Pilot Irrigation Scheme Experiences in Gwembe Valley. Mimeographed report. University of Edinburgh.
    • 1985. The Gwembe Valley: A Study of Local Resource Mobilization in Zambia. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Edinburgh.,
  • Bangwe, L., et al. 1996. The Economics of Maize Production and Marketing under a Liberalized Market: A Case Study of Monze District.
  • Bantje, Han. 1970. Njabalombe-Simwatachela Reconnaissance Survey. Organization of Netherlands Volunteers. Mimeographed report.
  • Barangwanath, Orlando. 1963. The First Copper Mines in Northern Rhodesia, Part I. Northern Rhodesia Journal 5(3): 209-220.
  • Baylies, C. 1978. The State and Class Formation in Zambia. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Wisconsin-Madison.
    • 1979. The Emergence of Indigenous Capitalist Agriculture: The Case of Southern Province, Zambia. Rural Africana 4-5:65-81.
  • Bbalo, M. M. 2002. Zyaano Zyaakubusi Lusaka: Zambia Publishing House.
  • Beck, Angela Martin. 2008. The Future of Polygynous Marriage among Gwembe Tonga Migrants. Paper given at Tonga Timelines: Appraising 60 years of multidisciplinary research. Zambart House, University of Zambia, June 25–27.
  • Benson. A. E. T. 1958. Report of the Commission of Inquiry on the Deaths and Injuries caused by Firfe Arms in Gwembe District. Lusaka: Government Printer.
  • Beyani, C. M. Labour, Capital and the State in Colonial Zambia: The Development of Commercial Agriculture, 1900–1949. Ph.D. Dissertation. Columbia University.
  • Bick, C. 1925. Chikuni Mission and its People. Zambezi Mission Record 7 (107): 452-4.
  • Bomford, L. 1975. Field Survey, Ngwezi and Mbaya Musuma Settlement Schemes: Preliminary Tabular Analysis. University of Zambia: Rural Development Studies Bureau.
    • 1976. Some effects of policy on the farming systems of farmers on two settlements in Zambia, Mazabuka District. M. Phil, University of Reading.
  • Bond, G. 1965. Preliminary Observations on the Development of Shore-line Features on Lake Kariba. Record of a Kariba Research Symbolium, Fisheries Research Institute: 33-41.
  • Bond, Virginia. 1998. Between a rock and a hard place: applied anthropology and AIDS research on a commercial farm in Zambia. Health Transition Review, Special Supplement 3-7:
    • 2005a. Intersections between Poverty and HIV/AIDS related stigma in Zambia. In, Challenging Experiences: Lessons for HIV & AIDS Stigma Reduction from Africa, pp. 181–97. Nick Ismael- Perkins, ed. SIPAA Publication.
    • 2005b. Stigma when there is no other option. Paper presented at International HIV and Food Nutrition Security Conference, IFPRI. Durban, South Africa. Author=s collection.
    • 2006. Stigma when there is no other option: understanding how poverty fuels discrimination towards people living with HIV/AIDs in Zambia. In, AIDS, Poverty and Hunger: Challenges and Responses, pp. 181–97 . S. Gillespie, ed. IFPRI.
  • Bond, Virginia, and E. Chase, P. Aggleton. 2002. Stigma, HIV/AIDS and prevention of mother-to-child transmission in Zambia. Evaluation and Program Planning 25(4): 347-356.
  • Bond, Virginia, and L. Chilikwela, T. Kafuma, and L. Nyblade. 2003. Kanayaka – the light is on: Understanding HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination in Zambia. Working Report, Associated Press, Zambia.
  • Bond, Virginia, and L. Cliggett, L. Schumaker. 1996. STDS and iutrarural migration in Zambia: interpreting life histories of Tonga migrantrs in relation to transmission of STD and HIV. Indiana University, Popu8lation Institute for Research and Training, Working Paper 97-6.
  • Bond, Virginia, and P. Dover. 1997. Men, women and the trouble with condoms: problems associated with condom use by migra nt workers in rural Zambia. Health Transition Review: Supplement to 7: 377-391.
  • Bond, Virginia, and P. Ndubani, M. Macwan=gi. 1993. Report on a surveyof migrant labour camps in Chiawa: Community capacity to prevent, manage and survive HIV/AIDS. IHCAR/Hull/ IAS: Working Paper No. 6.
  • Bond, V. , and E. Faxelid. 1997. Peer Education Strategy on a Commercial Farm, Chiawa, Rural Azambia. IHCAR Report 1/98. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
  • Bond, Virginia, and P. Ndubani, M. Macwan=gi. 1993a. Report on a Survey of Migrant Labour Camps in Chiawa: Community Capacity to Prevent, Manage, and Survive HIV/AIDS. University of Zambia, Institute for African Studies, Working Paper 6.
    • 2000. Formative research on Mother-to-Child transmission of HIV/AIDS in Zambia. Findings summarized in Women, Communitiesand the Prevention of Mother-to-Child transmission of HIV: Issues and Findings from Community Research in Botswana and Zambia. ICRW Publication.
  • Bond, Virginia, and L. Nyblade. 2006. The importance of addressing the unfolding TB-HIV stigma in high HIV prevalence settings. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology 16:452-461.
  • Bourdillon, M. F. C., and A. P. Cheater and M. W. Murphree. 1985. Studies of Fishing on Lake Kariba. Gweru, Zimbabwe: Mambo Press.
  • Bowa, Chewe. 1995. Mainza Chona: A Biography of his contribution to the political history of Zambia. Undergraduate Student History Project, Department of History, University of Zambia.
  • Brandt, H., and H. Kerlen, M. Schumer, P. Waller. 1973. Report on the Development Possibilities of Gwembe South Region (Zambia), 2 vols. Berlin: German Development Institute.
  • Braun, Joseph, ed. 2005. Diocese of Monze, Zambia: A Digest History 1905–2005. (Compiled by Thyomas MacGivern and Mary O=Brien). Ndola: Mission Press.
  • Bredt, R. Friedrich. 1980. The promotion of self-confidence and self-help organization in development aid using a grass-roots approach B experiences of work in the Gwembe South Development Project, Southern Province, Sambia. Msc. University of Hohenheim.
  • Brelsford, W. V. 1933. Lubambo. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 63:433-41. (Ila).
    • 1935. History and Customs of the Basala. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 65:205-15.
    • 1965. Abandoned Bomas: A Consolidated List. Northern Rhodesia Journal 6(3): 293-308.
    • 1968. The Tribes of Zambia. Lusaka: Government Printer. (Revised edition, first published 1956, Lusaka: Government Printer).
  • Brown, A. G. 1970a. The geology of the Monze area: explanation of Degree Sheet 1627, NW. Quarter. Lusaka: Government Printer.
    • 1970b. The Geology of the Chikankata area: explanation of Degree Sheet 1628, NW Quarter. Lusaka: Government Printer.
  • Brown, Taylor and Bennett Siamwiza. n.d. Chiefs, Commoners, and Enclosures in the Gwembe Valley, Zambia. Unpublished manuscript, special Collection, University of Zambia Library.
  • Browne , L.. n.d. The Plateau Tonga: An Introduction with special reference to modes of thought. Unpublished manuscript. Authors collection.
  • Browne, L. (co-ordinator). 1969. Survey. Chikuni Mission 1969. Stenciled. In archives of Chikuni Mission.
  • Bruwer, J. P. 1952. Sikazwe, 1 & 2. London: Longmans.
  • Butler, L. G. 1962. Origin of the name Gwembe. Northern Rhodesia Journal 5(1): 84-85.
  • Butt, G. E. 1921. My Travel in Northwest Rhodesia. London: ????
  • Bwaanga, Tito Shanangama. 1998. A Focus on the orality at Lundwe Funerals of Monze District. Undergraduate Student Dissertation. Department of Literature and Languages, University of Zambia.

C[edit]

  • Campbell, B., and M. Meloy, R. Gillett-Netting. 2002. Timing of reproductive maturation in rural vs urban Tonga boys, Zambia. American Journal of Human Biology 14(1):106-106.
  • Campbell, R. Gillett-Netting, M. Meloy. 2004. Timing of Reproductive Maturation in Rural vs Urban Tonga Boys, Zambia. Annals of Human Biology 31:213-227.
  • Caramaschi, Fabo. 2008. Zambia: Un racconte. Milan: Charta Books.
  • Carmody, Brendan. 1988a. Conversion to Roman Catholicism in Zambia: Shifting Pedagogies. African Christian Studies 4(2):5-24.
    • 1988b. Conversion and School at Chikuni: 1905-39. Africa 58(2): 193-208.
    • 1991. Secular an d Sacred at Chikuni: 1905–1940. Journal of Religion in Africa 21(2):130-148.
    • 1992a. Conversion and Jesuit Schooling in Zambia. Leiden: J. Brill.
    • 1992b. Education in Zambia: Catholic Perspectives. Lusaka: Bookworld Publishers.
    • 1992c. Jesuit Mission School: Ally of Zambian Nationalism. Zambia Journal of History 5: 37-56.
    • 1999a. Catholic Schools in Zambia: 1891–1924. History of Education 28(1):73-86.
    • 1999b. Conversion to Catholicism in Zambia: 1891–1924. Missiology 27(2):195-209.
    • 2001. African Conversion. Ndola: Mission Press.
    • 2004. Religious Education and Pluralism in Zambia. In, Religion and Education in Zambia, pp. 76–87. Brendan Carmody, ed. Ndola: Mission Press.
    • 1999. Conversion to Catholicism in Zambia, 1891–1924. Missiology 27(2):195-2009.
  • Carter, Hazel. nd.a. Language in Zambia. msc. in Library, Institute for Economic and Social Research, University of Zambia.
    • n.d.b. Language in Zambia, Grammatical Sketches. msc. in Library, Institute for Economic and Social Research, University of Zambia.
    • n.d.b. Some Notes on the Tonology of the Plateau Tonga. msc. in Library, Institute for Economic and Social Research, University of Zambia.
    • 1962. Notes on the Tonal System of Northern Rhodesian Plateau Tonga. London: HMS Office.
  • Carter, Terrence D. 1992. The Northern Rhodesian Record. Portsmouth: University of Portsmouth. (pp. 60–78 deal with the Kariba Resettlement, pp. 79–83 with the Kafue Hydroelectric Scheme).
  • Casset, A. 1910. The Chikuni Mission. Zambezi Mission Record 4(49):92-5.
    • 1916. Funeral Customs among the Batonga. Zambezi Mission Record 5(74):407-8.
    • 1917. How the Batonga Were Saved from Starvation. Zambezi Mission Record 5(76):465-69.
    • 1918. St. Mary=s Out Station, Chikuni. Zambezi Mission Record 6(82):101-3.
    • 1919a. A Barbarous Tonga Custom. Zambezi Mission Record 6(84):144-6.
    • 1919b. Some Batonga Customs. Zambezi Mission Record 6(86):207-11.
  • Cattermole, C. G., and L. Hesling, D. Hapunda. 1976. The Zambian Tractor Owner: A Survey in the Mazabuka District. Farming in Zambia 10(1):9-10.
  • Chakanika, W. W. 1989. The Gossner Service Team and the Valley Tonga of the Gwembe South Region. Zambia Museums Journal 7:175-183.
  • Challens, B. 1974. 25th Anniversary Agricultural Training at Monze. Farming in Zambia 8(3): 28-29.
  • Chamberlin, David. 1948. Munali. (Translated by A. Hobby). Lusaka: The African Literature Committee of Northern Rhodesia.
  • Chandala, Kebby. 1998. The dirge form, meaning and its significance in Kafue Gorge. Undergraduate Student Dissertation, Department of

Literature and Languages, University of Zambia.

  • Chanvwanga, Vytalis. 2007. Land Conflicts in Southern Province: A Case of Mazabuka District. Undergraduate Student History Project, Department of History, University of Zambia.
  • Chaplin, J. H. 1960. A Preliminary Account of the Iron Age Burials with CGold in the Gwembe Valley, Northern Rhodesia. Livingstone: Proceedings of the First Federal Scientific Conference, 1960: 397-406.
  • Chapman, James. 1868. Travels in the Interior of South Africa. London: Bell and Dalday.
  • Chapman, W. A Pathfinder in South Central Africa. London: Hammond. (Ila).
  • Cheepa, Costa, and Lawrence Cheepa. 2002. Matalikilo Amamanino. Lusaka: New Horizon Printing Press.
  • Chevo, Tafadzwa.. 2008. Social Justice, Agricultural Trends and the Tonga. Paper presented at Tonga Timeline: Appraising 60 years of multidisciplinary research. Zambart House, Lusaka, June 25–27.
  • Chibalo, Esnart Chiyasa. 1983. Social Context and Literary Aspects of Mulyabila Songs: A Study of Kuyabila as Performed by the Tonga of the Southern Province of Zambia. M.A. thesis. University of Zambia.
  • Chiduza, C. 1984. Farmer Assessment B a Tool in Evaluating Suitability of Sorghum Varieties in the Siabuwa Valley, Binga District. Harare: Department of Land Management, University of Zimbabwe..
    • 1986. Farming Systems Approach to Crop Improvement in the Siabuwa Valley the First Season's Work. Harare: Department of Land Management, University of Zimbabwe.
  • Chidwayi, M. S. 1961. Tulengwa twa Basikale. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.
    • 1970. Zilengwa Zya Batonga. Lusaka: NECZAM.
  • Chiitauka, A. W. 1957. Uli Muzubonzi? Cape Town: Oxford University Press.
    • 1961. Tulengwa Twabasikale. Cape Town: Oxford University Press. (Reprinted 1994, 1996).
  • Chikaza, Munauwa Webby. 1994. Cattle Disease and the Socio-Economy of Namwala District 1913–1964. Undergraduate Student History Project, Department of History, University of Zambia.
  • Chikumbi, D. C. 1998. Specialist Study on Archaeology and History Issues: Part of the Environmental Impact Assessment on the Proposed Sun International Hotel Development at Victoria Falls, Zambia. Livingstone: National Heritage Conservation Commission.
  • Chile, Verna. 2004. Technology and Food Security in Monze District of Zambia, 1905–1964. Undergraduate Student History Project,

Department of History. University of Zambia.

  • Chileshe, Mutale, and Virginia Bond. 2008. Tuberculosis: An Additional Tipping Stress on Poor Households in Zambia. Paper given at Tonga Timelines: Appraising 60 years of multidisciplinary research. Zambart House, University of Zambia, June 25–27.
  • Chileshe, M., and B. Magazi, F. Moyo, F. Njila, V. Bond. 2007. TB: An Additional Tipping Stress on Poor Households in Zambia and South Africa. Cape Town: 38th Union World Conference on Lung Health, 8–12 November. Copy in collection of V. Bond.
  • Chilonga, Malumbwe H. K. 1971. The Law of marriage and divorce among the Tonga people of Choma District. Student Obligatory Essay,

School of Law, University of Zambia.

  • Chimamu, A. M. 1952. Myezi. Nairobi: Longmans Press.
  • Chinkuli, Blesswell. 1995. An analysis of a trickster figure in Tonga Narrative System.. Undergraduate Student Dissertation. Department of Literature and Languages, University of Zambia.
  • Chipungu, Samuel. 1981. African Production in Mazabuka District: The Development of Subordination, 1900–1953. Zambian Land and Labour Studies 1:32-43.
    • 1983a. Class formation and class struggle in Mazabuka District during colonial rule. Unpublished paper, Department of History.

Staff Seminar Series.

    • 1983b. African production in Mazabuka District: The Development of Subordination.,1900–1953. Zambian Land and Labour Studies 41:15-31.
    • 1983c. Cattle Rustling in Zambia. Paper presented to the Geographical Association of Zambia, Seminar Series. University of Zambia.
    • 1987. The State, Technology and Peasant Differentiation in Zambia: a Case Study of Southern Province, 1930–1987. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Minnesota.
    • 1988. The State, Technology and Peasant Differentiation in Zambia: A Case Study of the Southern Province, 1930–1986. Lusaka: Historical Association of Zambia.
  • Chisangano, B. H. 1998. Forms and functions of proverbs in Tonga tradition. Undergraduate Student Dissertation, Department of Literature and Languages, University of Zambia.
  • Chisangano, David. 2000. Mapenzi aa Mutinta. Lusaka: Zambia Educational Publishing House.
    • 2002a. Mucaala Wazyiba Ansi. Lusaka: New Horizon Printing Press.
    • 2002b. Ciyunji Cakalala. Chikuni: Mukanzubo Kalinda Cultural Centre.
  • Chiti, Mwenya. 2007. Tourism in Livingstone: Prospects and Constraints (1995–2005). Undergraduate Student History Project,

Department of History. University of Zambia.

  • Chiyota, Nabayuba. 1996. Missionaries and their contribution to farming: a case of Rusangu Mission station in Monze District between 1920 and 1950. Undergraduate Student History Project. Department of History. Univerfsity of Zambia.
  • Choma Museum Newsletter. Choma Museum and Crafts Center. 1996, 1997, 1998.
  • Choobe, Kezia. 2000. Nyika Njamapenzi. Lusaka: Zambia Educational Publishing House.
  • Chooma, Nicholas. 2001. The impact of agriculture on the ecology of Sipatunyana Missionaries area of the Southern Province of Zambia

1930–1999. Undergraduate Student History Project. Department of 1930–2000. History, University of Zambia.

  • Chondoka, Y. A. 1983. Government Technical Assistance to African Farmers in Mazabuka District, 1924–1954. Zambian Land and Labour Studies 4: 32-43.
  • Chuulu, M. B., and P. M. Chileshe, E. Mbozi, M. M. Munalula.  ??? The Changing Family in Zambia. Lusaka: Women in Law in Southern Africa.
  • Cipriani, L. 1929a. The Anthropological Investigation of the Batonga of Northern. Rodesia. South African Journal of Science 26:541-6.
    • 1929b. Recherche anthropologische sui Ba-Tonga. Archivo per L=Anthropologia e la Etnologia 59:33-8.
    • 1932. La Antiche Rovine e Miniere della Rhodesia. Firenze
    • 1938. Zulu e Batonga (Contributo all= antropologia dei Bantu. Rivista di Biologia 24:1-52.
  • Clare, Barry. 1963. Fighting hunger with Fishing nets. Nshila No. 137 (23 April): 14-15.
  • Clark, J. D. 1952. The Native Tribes. Pp. in The Victoria Falls. J. D. Clark, ed. Livingstone: Government Printer.
    • 1965. The Portuguese Settlement at Feira. Northern Rhodesia Journal 6: 275-292.
  • Clark, Samuel. 1993. Gwembe Population Studies. Unpublished msc. Collection of Author.
    • 2001a. An Investigation into the Impact of HIV on Population Dynamics in Africa. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Pennsylvania.
    • 2001b. Part 2: The Demography of the Gwembe Tonga. In, An Investigation into the Impact of HIV on Population Dynamics in Africa, pp. 55–195. Demography, ed. University of Philadelphia: Population Studies Department.
    • 2004. Survival of Orphans: Examples from Southern Zambia and South Africa. Paper for Session 405, Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
    • n.d. Surviving Floods and Pestilence: Forty Years of Mortality in Gwembe District, Southern Zambia. Unpublished msc. In Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania.
    • n.d. A New Time Series Data Set for Africa: Mortality, Fertility, and Nuptiality for the Middle Zambezi Valley, Zambia. Unpublished msc. Authors collection.
  • Clark, Sam, E. Colson, J. Lee, T. Scudder. 1995. Ten Thousand Tonga: A Longitudinal Anthropological Study from Southern Zambia, 1956–1991. Population Studies 49:175-187.
  • Clarke, J. M. 1983. A Socio-Ecological Study of a Rural Community in the Northern Sebungwe. M.Sc. thesis. University of Zimbabwe, Department of Biological Sciences, Tropical Resource Ecology.
  • Clay, Gervase. 1959. The Discovery of the Victoria Falls. Northern Rhodesia Journal 4(1): 18-21.
  • Clay, S., and V. Bond. 2003. We didn't apply to be Orphans. The Panos Institute.
  • Clay, S., and V. Bond, L. Nyblade. 2003. We can Tell Them: AIDS is not spread by being together B Children's experiences of HIV-related stigma and discrimination in Zambia. Working Report, Associated Press, Zambia.
  • Clements, Frank. 1960. Kariba: The Struggle with the River God. Gateshead-on-Tyne: Northumberland Press.
  • Cliggett, Lisa. 1997a. My Mother's Keeper: Changing Family Support Systems for the Elderly in Gwembe Valley, Zambia. Ph.D. Dissertation. Indiana University.
    • 1997b. Economic and Soicial Components of Migration in Two Regions of Southern Province, Zambia. Bath, UK: Center for Development Studies, Universityof Bath.
    • 1997c. The Cattle for Land Exchange: Elderly Women=s Negotiations in the Gwembe Valley, Zambia. Bloomington, Indiana: Population Institute for Research and Training. Working Paper 97-13,
    • 2000. Social Components of Migration: Experiences from Southern Province, Zambia. Human Organization 59(1): 125-135..
    • 2001a. Carrying Capacity=s New Guise: Folk Models for Public Debate and Longitudinal Study. Africa Today 49(1):3-20.
    • 2001b. Gender, Subsistence and Residential Arrangements for the Elderly in Gwembe Valley, Zambia. Journal of Cross Cultural Gerontology 16(4): 309-332.
    • 2002. Multigenrations and Multidisciplines: Inheriting Fifty Years of Gwembe Tonga Research. In, Chronicling Cultures: Long-term Field Research in Anthropology. Robert V. Kemper & Anya Peterson Royce, eds. Walnut Creek: Altamira Press.
    • 2003b. Male Wealth and Claims to Motherhood: Gendered Resource Access and Intergenerational Relations in Gwembe Valley, Zambia. In, Gender in Economic Life: Annual Readings in Economic Anthropology, pp. 207–223. G. Clark, ed. Walnut Creek, CA:Alta Mira Press.
    • 2003c. Gift Remitting and Alliance Building in Zambian Modernity: Old Answers to Modern Problems. American Anthropologist 105(3):543-552.
    • 2005a. Grains from Grass: Aging, Gender, and Famine in Rural Africa. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    • 2005b. Remitting the Gift: Zambian mobility and anthropological insights for migration studies. Population Space and Place 11:35-48.
    • 2007. Gendered Support Strategies of the Elderly in the Gwembe Valley, Zambia. In, The Tonga-Speaking Peoples of Zambia and Zimbabwe, pp. 219–236. Chet Lancaster and Kenneth Vickery, eds. New York: University Press of America.
  • Cliggett, Lisa, and George Alter, Mubiana Macwan=gi. 1996. Consequences of Rural-Urban Migration on Support for the Elderly in Zambia. Bloomington, Indiana: Population Institute for Research and Training. Working Paper 97-1.
  • Cliggett, Lisa, and Virginia Bond, Lyn Schumaker. 1997. STDS and Intrarural Migration in Zambia: Interpreting Life Histories of Tonga Migrants in Relation to the Transmission of STDS and HIV. Bloomington, Indiana: Population Institute for Research and Training. Working Paper 97-6.
  • Cliggett, Lisa, et al. 2007. Chronic Uncertainty and Momentary Opportunity: A Half Century of Adaptation among Zambia=s Gwembe Tonga. Human Ecology 35:19-31.
  • Cliggett, Lisa, and D. Crooks. 2007. Linking Anthropometric Methods to Migration Studies. Migrations Letters 4(2):63-73.
  • Cole, Monica M. 1962. The Rhodesian economy in Transition and the role of Kariba. Geography 47: 15-40.
  • Collins, B. 1958. Elementary Tonga Grammar with Exercises and Key. Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland Publication Bureau.
    • 1962. Tonga Grammar. Cape Town: Longmans Press.
    • 1963. Small English-Tonga Dictionary. Lusaka: Zambian Publications.
  • Colson, Elizabeth. 1948a. Rain Shrines of the Plateau Tonga. Africa 18:272-218. (Reprinted in E. Colson, The Plateau Tonga of Northern Rhodesia, 1962).
    • 1948b. Modern Political Organization of the Plateau Tonga. African Studies 10: 85-98. (Reprinted in Colson 1962, The Plateau Tonga).
    • 1949. Life Among the Cattle-owning Plateau Tonga: The Material Culture of a Northern Rhodesian Tribe. Occasional Papers of the Rhodes-Livingstone Museum, 6. Livingstone: Rhodes-Livingstone Museum. . 1950a. A Note on the Tonga and the Ndebele. Northern Rhodesia Journal 2: 35-41.
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  • Williams. G. J., and G. W. Howard, eds. 1977. Development and Ecology in the Lower Kafue Basin in the Nineteen Seventies. University of Zambia: Kafue Basin Research Committee.
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Y[edit]

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Z[edit]

  • Zambezi Mission Records 5(69): 232.
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  • The Zambezi Mission Records 5(73): 363.
    • 1922. Notes from the different stations: Chikuni, 1922.
  • The Zambezi Mission Records 7(95): 46-48; 7(97): 83-84; 7(98): 122.
    • 1923. Notes from the different stations: Chikuni, 1923.
  • The Zambezi Mission Records 7(100): 198-199.
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    • 1958d. Gwembe people will get L300,000. Nshila 21 2-3.
    • 1958e. Gwembe Tonga’s new H.Q. Nshila No. 144: 12.
    • 1958f. The Gwembe troubles. Nshila No. 17: 2-3.
    • 1959a. Lusitu is finding new interest. Nshila 46: 6.
    • 1959b. Mystery disease kills 5. Nshila 46:7.
    • 1959c. Resettled villages form co-operative. Nshila 43: 19.
    • 1963a. Inyiimbo Zyabakristo: Tonga Hymns. Lusaka: United Church of Zambia.
    • 1963b. The First Farm and the Walker Family. Northern
  • Zambezi River Authority, 1997. Kariba Dam=s Operation Noah Re-launched. Lusaka: Zambezi River Authority.
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  • ZESCO. 1996. Zambia-Powr Rehabilitation Project Terms of Reference: Assessment and Implementation Study for Rehabilitation and Development Strategies for Kariba Dam Construction Affected Gwembe Tonga and Affected Downstream Riverine Areas. ZESCO archive.
  • Zulu, Ella. 2000. Christianity, colonialism and polygamy among the Tonga of Southern Province, Zambia. Undergraduate Student Dissertation, Department of History, University of Zambia/

References[edit]