Bickenhall

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 50°57′38″N 3°01′36″W / 50.96051°N 3.02657°W / 50.96051; -3.02657

Bickenhall
A few buildings scattered amongst fields and trees.
Bickenhall, showing Neroche Parish Hall
Bickenhall is located in Somerset
Bickenhall
Bickenhall
 Bickenhall shown within Somerset
Population 122 [1]
OS grid reference ST280184
District Taunton Deane
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Bickenhall is a hamlet and parish in Somerset, England, situated 5 miles (8.0 km) south east of Taunton in the Taunton Deane district. The parish, which includes the hamlet of Batten's Green, has a population of 122.[1]

Bickenhall is a widely scattered hamlet lying between the A358 and the village of Staple Fitzpaine.

The village consists of farms, houses and smallholdings. It has no shops or pubs, barring a recently opened sculpture studio at Bickenhall Farm. Bickenhall is also home to Neroche Parish Hall, formerly St. Pauls church (though has the appearance of a Methodist type church rather than one with a tower).

History[edit]

The name of the village comes from Bica's hall or hill. The manor was held by Robert, Count of Mortain at the time of the Domesday Book in 1086. It later passed to the Portman family of Orchard Portman,[2] who founded the Portman Estate.

Bickenhall was part of the hundred of Abdick and Bulstone.[3][4]

Bickenhall was a haunt of smugglers at various times in the past. Aptly named Brandy Bridge in Bickenhall was the location of the "Cat and Rags" pub, which was used as a stop-off for goods smuggled from the south Dorset coast.

The village was once larger than the neighbouring Staple Fitzpaine due to a roaring trade in Teasels that were used in the wool trade but in the 19th century this declined dramatically and as a result many homes became derelict and are now only seen as stones in many of the fields. The Portland Estate that dominated the area also accommodated a manor house within the parish that sadly went the same way as the village homes. The land is generally now owned by The Crown and cultivated by a number of farms including arable and more recently a growth in Equestrian activities taking full use of the Bridlways and droves.


Churches[edit]

Formerly Bickenhall had its own traditional-style village church, similar to those in nearby West Hatch and Hatch Beauchamp. This fell into disrepair however and was pulled down in around 1843, and was replaced by the current Neroche Parish Hall.[5] The graveyard of the old church remains and can be seen by the roadside.

A local ghost story stems from the above church changes. Sixteenth-century local landowner Rachel Portman lived nearby and is buried at the old church. She was commemorated inside the church by a large, wall-mounted relief statue which is now to be seen inside Staple Fitzpaine church. However, it is said that the demolition of her local church angered her spirit, and that now she can be seen to ride each midnight from the site of the old church to Neroche Parish Hall, upon a horse.[6]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Taunton Deane, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Taunton Rural District.[7] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Geography[edit]

Approximately .5 miles (0.8 km) south east of the village is the Barrington Hill Meadows biological Site of Special Scientific Interest.[8]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Taunton Deane 2002 parish population estimates". Somerset County Council. Retrieved 27 December 2009. 
  2. ^ Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The complete guide. Wimbourne: Dovecote Press. p. 35. ISBN 1-874336-26-1. 
  3. ^ "Abdick and Bulstone Hundred Through Time". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  4. ^ "Abdick and Bulstone in South Somerset". A Vision Britain Through Time. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "The villages of Staple Fitzpaine, Curland and Bickenhall". Neroche.net. Retrieved 17 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "Playstreet, Bickenhall". Neroche. Retrieved 17 March 2011. 
  7. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Taunton Rural District
  8. ^ "Barrington Hill Meadows". English Nature. Retrieved 12 August 2006.