Bickerton is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England, about eight miles (13 km) north of Whitchurch in Shropshire. The parish also includes the small settlement of Gallantry Bank, with a total population of over 200. The two Bickerton Hills also lie partly within the civil parish.
Bickerton appears in the Domesday survey as Bicretone. It was owned by Drogo from Robert FitzHugh, baron of Malpas, and was found waste at the time of the survey. Woodland extending to half a league (about ¾ mile) was recorded. The name is Anglo-Saxon in origin, and relates to bees. A proposal to build a wind farm at Bickerton was abandoned in 2010 after the company responsible decided the proposed site did not receive enough wind.
The majority of the two Bickerton Hills falls within the civil parish, although the parts of the hills are in the Duckington, Larkton and Harthill parishes. Raw Head (SJ508548; 227 metres) lies north of the A534, while the southerly hill (212 m) lies south of the road, immediately northwest of Bickerton village. The area around Raw Head and much of the southerly hill are designated Sites of Special Scientific Interest. A wider area covering much of the north and west of the civil parish is also designated an Area of Special County Value. Around 300 acres (1.2 km2) of the southerly hill are managed by the National Trust.
According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 234, in 90 households. The population has fallen since the nineteenth century; the historical population figures were 270 (1801), 398 (1851), 323 (1901) and 256 (1951).
Places of worship
The Church of the Holy Trinity in Bickerton village dates from 1839, and became a parish church in 1869. Built of red sandstone, with Edmund Sharpe as the architect, it is listed at grade II. A war memorial stands in the adjacent graveyard, overlooking the crossroads of Goldford Lane and Long Lane.
A disused copper mine chimney in red sandstone is located near Gallantry Bank, adjacent to the A534. Dating from the early 19th century, it is a rare remnant of the copper mining industry in this area. The copper mine was owned by the Egerton family of Oulton, and is thought to have been operational in 1697.
The Bickerton Poacher public house stands on the A534 by the junction with Stone House Lane.
The A534 runs east–west through the parish. Other major through routes include Long Lane running south from the A534 towards Malpas, and a lane running southeast from Long Lane to Cholmondeley which connects with the A49. The Sandstone Trail runs east from the summit of the southerly Bickerton Hill, crosses the A534, runs northwest to the summit of Raw Head and then turns south east to climb Bulkeley Hill.
Bickerton Holy Trinity CE Primary School stands on Long Lane. It serves Bickerton as well as the nearby civil parishes of Bulkeley, Cholmondeley, Chorley, Egerton, Ridley and part of Duckington.
- Genuki: Bickerton (accessed 21 February 2008)
- The Domesday Book Online: Cheshire A–K (accessed 29 April 2010)
- Husain BMC. Cheshire under the Norman Earls: 1066–1237, A History of Cheshire Vol. 4 (JJ Bagley, ed.), pp. 12–13, 26 (Cheshire Community Council)
- Phillips ADM, Phillips CB (eds). A New Historical Atlas of Cheshire p. 24, (Cheshire County Council & Cheshire Community Council Publications Trust; 2002)
- Ellams B. Bickerton ‘wind farm’ proposals withdrawn by developer, Cheshire Chronicle. 7 January 2010 (accessed 9 May 2012)
- Cheshire East Council & Cheshire West and Chester Council: Interactive Mapping: Bickerton CP (accessed 28 May 2008)
- Natural England: Sites of Special Scientific Interest: Raw Head (accessed 28 May 2008)
- Natural England: Sites of Special Scientific Interest: Bickerton Hill (accessed 28 May 2008)
- Cheshire County Council: Interactive Mapping: Areas of Special County Value: Beeston/Peckforton/Bolesworth/Bickerton Hills (accessed 28 May 2008)
- "Bickerton Hill", National Trust sign, Bickerton Hill carpark
- Neighbourhood Statistics: Bickerton CP (accessed 26 May 2008)
- Images of England: Church of the Holy Trinity (accessed 21 February 2008)
- United Kingdom National Inventory of War Memorials: Men of Bickerton WW1 and WW2 (accessed 13 March 2008)
- Images of England: Sandstone chimney to former Copper Mine (accessed 21 February 2008)
- Cheshire County Council: Bickerton Holy Trinity CE Primary School (accessed 21 February 2008)
- Cheshire County Council: Interactive Mapping: Bickerton Holy Trinity CE Primary School (accessed 25 May 2008)
- Cheshire County Council: Interactive Mapping: Bishop Heber High School (accessed 25 May 2008)
Media related to Bickerton, Cheshire at Wikimedia Commons