|Nickname(s): Kabikolan; Bicolandia|
Map of the Philippines showing the location of Bicol Region
|• Total||18,054.3 km2 (6,970.8 sq mi)|
|• Density||300/km2 (780/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|ISO 3166 code||PH-05|
|Languages||Bikol, Albayano, Masbateño, Rinconada, Pandan Bikol, Sorsoganon, Tagalog|
|Website||Bicol Region Official Website|
Coordinates: The Bicol Region (Filipino: Kabikulan; Spanish: Bicolandia) is one of the 17 Regions of the Philippines, designated as Region V. Bicol (also spelled Bikol) is comprised of four provinces in the Bicol Peninsula: the southeastern end of Luzon island, and two island-provinces adjacent to the peninsula, namely: Albay, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Catanduanes, Masbate and Sorsogon. The regional capital, political/administrative center, and largest city is Legazpi City. Legazpi City is also considered as the center of tourism, education, health services, commerce and transportation in the Bicol Region.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Political division
- 5 Geology
- 6 Economy
- 7 Education
- 8 Tourism
- 9 Media
- 10 Notable Bicolanos
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The Bicol Region is located in the southernmost tip of Luzon Island, the largest island in the Philippine archipelago. The total land area of the region is ,The total land area is derived from the summation of provincial areas from the table below which or 5.9% of the total land area of the country. Around 69.3% of the total land area is alienable and disposable while the remaining 30.7% is public forest areas."Overview of Bicol Region". Department of Agriculture Web Site; retrieved 22 May 2012.
The region is bounded by Lamon Bay to the north, Pacific Ocean to the east, and Sibuyan Sea and Ragay Gulf to the west. The northernmost province, Camarines Norte, is bordered to the north by the province of Quezon, connecting the region to the rest of Luzon.
Albay's archaeology shows concrete evidence of trade with China, Malaya and Indonesia going back two thousand years. The first Spanish contact was in 1565, when a treasure-galleon returning to Cebu from Acapulco, Mexico, was swept off course and the captain recorded his awe at the sight of Mt. Mayon's eruption. Naga City, or formerly Nueva Caceres, is also one of the "Royal Cities" instituted by the Spanish. It houses the oldest churches and the oldest seminary in Southern Luzon at Naga, Camarines Sur.
|Population census of Bicol|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The people of the Bicol region, called Bicolanos, speak any of the several languages of the Bikol sociolinguistic language, also called Bikolano, an Austronesian language closely related to other Central Philippine languages such as Cebuano and Tagalog. Bicol languages include the Inland Bikol of Bikol-Rinconada (Rinconada area), Bikol-Cam. Sur (Buhi, Cam. Sur; Libon, Oas, Daraga, Albay and Donsol, Sorsogon), Bikol-Pandan (Northern Catanduanes). Standard Bikol is based from the coastal Bikol language of the dialect of Legazpi City. Bikol Central is most centralized of all the dialects. Bikol is the dominant language of the region. The Filipino language (Tagalog) is also spoken in northern parts of Camarines Norte as well as in the municipality of Del Gallego, Camarines Sur. Two Visayan languages, Sorsoganon and Masbateño or Minasbate, are spoken in Masbate and Sorsogon; they are collectively referred to as Bisakol.
The region retains Roman Catholicism as the overwhelming religion of the great majority. The Catholic religion has the highest number of followers than any other area in the Philippines. Naga City is the religious center of the Bicol Region. The region houses one of the oldest dioceses in the Philippines, the Archdiocese of Caceres which is centered in Naga. Other dioceses include are the Dioceses of Legazpi, Sorsogon, Daet, Masbate, Libmanan and Virac. Fiestas (Feast day of saints) are annual celebrations of parishes, from a simple barrio fiesta honoring a patron associated for good harvest, to a town fiesta honoring a miraculous saint, a diocesan fiesta like the feast of Our Lady of Salvation, or a regional one such as the Our Lady of Peñafrancia Fiesta, the largest Marian devotion in Asia, a week-long celebration to honor the Virgin Mary, dubbed as the "Patroness of Bicolandia". It is widely acknowledged that in Luzon, it is Bicol Region that holds the most number of men entering the seminary for Catholic priesthood, or women entering the religious life to become Catholic nuns. This can be accredited to the Holy Rosary Seminary, Daughters of Mary, and Daughters of Charity Convents in Naga.
- Coron Festival
A showcase of events highlighted by a street presentation participated in by the town’s different public and private schools and sectors gives a week of fun and merriment to visitors and locals. Held every third week of August in Tiwi, the religious package of devotion and prayer in honor of Albay’s patroness, Nuestra Señora de Salvacion (Our Lady of Salvation), is the peak event of the festival, colorfully drawing thousands of devotees and religious groups through a long maritime procession of different local sea vessels on the sea spray of the serene Pacific ocean going to the quiet barangay of Joroan, the home of the miraculous image.
- Ibalong Festival
Is a non-religious festival in Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines and is held during August.
- Kadagatan Festival
Formerly called the Bancathon race, the festival is a water sport activity participated in by fishermen from the different municipalities of Albay aimed to give recognition and at the same time provide a venue to the fishermen to show their strength, skills, and contributions to the socio-economic development of the region. Held in Bacacay every black saturday.
- Kamundagan Festival
Naga City celebrates the Kamundagan Festival every Christmas time. It begins with the lighting of the Christmas Village in the Plaza Quezon Grandstand. After the lighting of the Christmas Village, six locally handmaid stars, known locally as parols are lighted with different meanings. Love, progress, peace, happiness, prosperity, and joy symbolize the stars. The giant Christmas tree is lighted 2 weeks before Christmas. Every night, different fantasy-themed Christmas shows are held in the Plaza Quezon. A Grand Christmas Bazaar is also held near the Cathedral, exhibiting different talents in Magic, Trickery, Beauty, and Brains. The Bazaar also has some stores that sell locally made Christmas themed products for visitor.
- Katalingkasan Festival
The festivity retraces the valiant story of the virgins of the town who worked hard in making Libon as one of the earliest settlements in Albay. Featured activities are trade fairs, shows, and street dancing. Held every second week of July.
- Kinalas Festival
Naga City celebrates Kinalas Festival during its yearly anniversary of Chartership or Cityhood. It honors the most famous local delicacies, the Kinalas, and Siling Labuyo, with it having a food contest. Also known as Charter Day Festival, different organizations and schools, compete in Sports and Academics, as sponsored by the local government.
- Magayon Festival
In admiration of the Majestic Mayon’s beauty and splendor, this festival is dubbed as Magayon, a Bikol term which means beautiful.
- Our Lady of Peñafrancia Festival
The feast of Our Lady of Peñafrancia is celebrated on the third Saturday of September in Naga City, Bicol Philippines. All roads and routes will lead to Naga City in Camarines Sur where six million Bicolanos from here and abroad will flock to that progressive city to pay honor to the Virgin of Peñafrancia, miraculous patroness of the Bicol Region. Bicolanos from all walks of life will be in Naga City to meet their relatives and partidarios, share food, drinks, and prayers with them, and most of all, to pay homage and make thanksgiving to the Virgin of Peñafrancia, whom the Bicolanos fondly call Ina. The Regional Civic Parade, Regional Military Parade are also held on the feast.
- Pagsuwak Festival
The act of thanksgiving for Guinobatan’s growth, development, and progress, fitted in with the people’s gesture of offering for the bountiful harvest. Held every 9th-15 August.
- Rodeo Masbateño Festival
Is an annual event which takes place in Masbate City which showcases skills in livestock handling, such as lassoing, wrestling, and riding cattle. Also included in the event are a fair and exhibitions and trade of cattle and horses. The event has taken place every summer since 1993 in the province of Masbate, which is traditionally considered the “Cattle Country of the Philippines.”
- Salingoy Festival
Salingoy is a Bikol term that literally means looking back. A century of devotion (1901-2001) to one of Bacacay’s patron saints, Nuestra Señora de los Samparados, Salingoy Festival came into being, a centennial commemoration of unbroken reverence to God’s blessings and bounty. Salingoy looks back with humility by reminiscing into the richness of fidelity to Our Lady (Holy Mother Mary) and to relive Bacacay’s historical, socio-cultural, and religious heritage. Held every August 9 up to 15.
- Sarung Banggi
An annual fun-filled eight-day summer festivity immortalizing the timeless love song Sarung Banggi, and a tribute to its composer, Potenciano V. Gregorio. Held every 18th - 25 May in Sto. Domingo, the Sarung Banggi festival showcases a variety of cultural and religious activities. The entire colorful performance is shown at nighttime when the street parade routes are brightly lighted with large torches. The whole town becomes a true picture of rural life with the multitude of people occupying the streets to watch and join the nighttime merriment.
- Tinagbuan Festival
This festivity is in honor of the city’s patron saint, St. Stephen Protomartyr held every Christmas day. Tinagbuan, from the term tagbuan, which means converging point, is exactly the essence of this festival as it enables Ligaoeños to come back to Ligao for a blessed reunion with their families and friends. The festival’s highlight is the street dance presentation.
The region is composed of six provinces: Albay, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Sorsogon and the island-provinces of Catanduanes and Masbate. It has one independent component city, Naga City, and six component cities — Iriga, Legazpi, Ligao, Masbate City, Sorsogon City, and Tabaco City. Masbate and Sorsogon are cities in their eponymous provinces. As of 2010, Camarines Sur is the largest province in area and population, occupying 5,481.6 km2 (2,116.5 sq mi) or around 30.4% of the total land area with a population of 1,822,371. Catanduanes is the smallest in area as well as population with only 1,511.5 km2 (583.6 sq mi) or 8.4% of the total regional area and a population of 246,300.
The administrative center of the region is Legazpi.
|Camarines Norte||Daet||0||2,320.07||542,915||4600-4612||Edgardo Tallado|
||2||5,481.60||1,822,371||4400-4436||Luis Miguel Villafuerte III|
|Masbate||Masbate City||1||4,047.07||834,650||5400-5421||Rizalina L. Seachon-Lañete|
|Sorsogon||Sorsogon City||1||2,141.45||740,743||4700-4715||Raul Lee|
|City||Provinces||City Class||Income Class||Population
|Iriga||Camarines Sur||Component||3rd Class||105,919||137.35||Ronald Felix Y. Alfelor|
|Legazpi||Albay||Component||2nd Class||182,201||153.70||Noel E Rosal|
|Ligao||Albay||Component||4th Class||104,914||246.75||Patricia Gonzales-Alsua|
|Masbate City||Masbate||Component||4th Class||85,227||188.00||Rowena Rejuso-Tuason|
|2nd Class||174,391||84.48||John G. Bongat|
|Sorsogon City||Sorsogon||Component||3rd Class||155,144||276.11||Sally Ante-Lee|
|Tabaco||Albay||Component||4th Class||125,083||117.14||Marie V Demetriou|
Bicol region is volcanic in origin and part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. Known as the Bicol Volcanic Arc or Chain, the volcanoes are the results of the Philippine Sea Plate subducting under the Philippine Mobile Belt, along the Philippine Trench. Volcanism is evident by the number of hot springs, crater lakes, and volcanoes that dot the region starting from Mount Labo in Camarines Norte to the Gate Mountains in Matnog, Sorsogon.
Mayon Volcano is the most prominent of the volcanoes in the region, famous for its almost perfect conical shape and for being the most active in the Philippines. Its eruptions have repeatedly inflicted disasters on the region, but during lulls in activity, it is a particularly beautiful mountain. The southernmost tip of the peninsula is dominated by Bulusan Volcano, the other active volcano in the region. Tiwi in Albay and the Bacon-Manito area between Sorsogon and Albay are the sites of two major geothermal fields that contribute substantially to the Luzon Power Grid.
Volcanoes of the Bicol Region
From North to South
|Mount Isarog is a 1,966-metre (6,450 ft) fumarolic volcano with a 2.5-kilometre (1.6 mi) wide crater breached to the east. The mountain and vicinity covering 10,112 hectares (24,990 acres) is a protected area in the Bicol Region under the name Mount Isarog Natural Park.|
|Mount Iriga is a 1,196-metre (3,924 ft) volcano with a large horseshoe-shaped collapsed crater located adjacent to Lake Buhi (foreground).|
|Mount Malinao is a 1,548-metre (5,079 ft) volcano with a large crater about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) at its widest, which is breached to the east, The geothermal fields of Tiwi are located on its lower eastern slope.|
|Mount Masaraga is a sharp-topped 1,328-metre (4,357 ft) Holocene volcano NW of Mayon.|
|Mayon Volcano, the highest at 2,463 metres (8,081 ft), is also the most popular in the region for its beautifully symmetrical cone. It is also the most active in the country. The volcano is one of the protected areas of Region V under the name Mayon Volcano Natural Park encompassing 5,776 hectares (14,270 acres).|
|Pocdol Mountains with its highest elevation at 1,102 metres (3,615 ft), is a fumarolic group of volcanoes situated between Albay and Sorsogon provinces. It is the location of the Bac-Man Geothermal Power Plant and the PNOC Eco-Park, a 25,100-hectare (62,000-acre) ecotourism park maintained and protected by the Philippine National Oil Company (PNOC).|
|Bulusan Volcano, the other active volcano of the region, has an altitude of 1,565 metres (5,135 ft). It is located on the remains of the 11-kilometre (6.8 mi) Irosin Caldera. The volcano is a protected area and the centerpiece of the 3,672-hectare (9,070-acre) Bulusan Volcano Natural Park.|
Bicol Region has a large amount of rich flat land, and agriculture is the largest component of the economy, followed by commercial fishing. Coconuts, abaca, banana, coffee and jack-fruit are the top five permanent crops in the region. Rice and corn are among the chief seasonal crops. Mining is also one of the contributors to the region's economy.
Bicol Region has a large amount of rich flat land, and agriculture is the largest component of the economy with close to 50% depending their livelihood on the industry. Coconuts, abaca, banana, coffee, and jackfruit are the top five permanent crops in the region. Rice and maize are among the chief seasonal crops of the region. Commercial fishing is also important with thirteen major fishing grounds supplying fish markets in places as far as Metro Manila. Agriculture and fishing are the major factors in the province's economy. Mining is also one of the contributors to the region's economy.
- Ago Medical and Education Center, Science High School
- Aquinas University - Science High School
- Arimbay National High School
- Banquerohan National High School
- Christian Heritage Baptist Academy
- Divine World College - High School
- Dynamic Computer Science High School
- Cabangan National High School
- Forbes Academy
- Global Two Wings Foundation School of Legazpi
- Gogon High School
- Holy Child's Amazing Grace Learning Center
- Homapon High School
- Legazpi Adventist Elementary School
- Legazpi Chong Hua Institute of Technology
- Legazpi City High School
- Legazpi Hope Christian School
- MABA Computer Oriented High School
- Maslog High School
- Mission Montessori Child Center
- Nazarene Elementary and Kindergarten School
- PRO5 Learning Center
- Reyes Computer Oriented High School
- Reyes Laboratory School and Tutorial Center
- Saint Roche Learning Center
- Oro Site National High School
- Pag-asa National High School
- Pawa High School
- The PEP Center Foundation
- St. Agnes Academy
- St. Peter's and Paul Early Childhood Center
- St. Rafael Academy
- St. Therese of the Child Jesus Learning of Legazpi City
- SPED Center Regional SPED Center
- Tanchuling Computer Oriented High School
- Taysan Resettlement Integrated School
- Camarines Sur National High School
- Naga City Science High School
- Concepcion Pequeña National High School
- Tinago National High School
- Cararayan Comprehencive High School
- Naga City School of Arts and Trades
- Sabang High School
- Leon Q. Mercado High School
- Naga View Adventist College
- Naga College Foundation
- Ateneo de Naga University
- Universidad de Santa Isabel
- University of Nueva Caceres
- Saint Joseph School
- Naga Parochial School
- Naga Hope Christian School
- Arborvitae Plains Montessori
- Brentwood College of Asia-International School
- Blessed Lights International Academy
- Rinconada National Technical Vocational School
- Zeferino Arroyo High School
- Perpetual Help High School
- Sagrada High School
- Sto. Niño High School
- San Antonio High School
- Modern Learning Center
List of Universities and Colleges in Bicol Region
- Bicol University (BU)
- Ago Medical and Educational Center-Bicol Christian College of Medicine
- AMA Computer University
- Aquinas University
- Bicol University - Main and College of Agriculture and Forestry
- Computer Arts Technological College
- Computer Communication Development Institute
- Computer Systems Institute
- De Vera Institute of Technology
- Divine Word College
- Don Bosco Agro-Mechanical Technology Center
- Forbes College
- Genecom Institute of Science and Technology
- Informatics Computer Institute Legazpi
- MABA Computer Oriented High School & College Laboratory and Tutorial Center Foundation
- Mariner's Polytechnic Colleges Foundation
- Southern Luzon Technological College Foundation
- STI College
- Tanchuling College
- Partido State University (ParSU)
- Central Bicol State University of Agriculture
- Camarines Sur Polytechnic Colleges
- Calabanga Community College
- Caramoan Community College
- St. Peter Baptist College Foundation Inc.
- Ceguera Technological Colleges
- La Consolacion College-Iriga|La Consolacion College
- Ateneo de Naga University (ADNU)
- University of Nueva Caceres (UNC)
- Universidad de Santa Isabel (USI)
- Naga College Foundation(NCF)
- Bicol College of Applied Sciences and Technology (BISCAST)
- Mariners Polytechnic Colleges Foundation
- AMA Computer University (Bicol Campus)
- STI College (Naga Campus)
- Philippine Computer Foundation College Inc. (Naga Campus)
- Camarines Sur Community College
- Worldtech Resources Institute Inc. (Naga Campus)
- Naga View Adventist College
- Brentwood College of Asia International School
- Computer Communication Development Institute (Naga Campus)
- The Raya School-Naga Campus
- University of Saint Anthony
- University of Northeastern Philippines
- La Consolacion College
- Worldtech Resources Institute (WRI)
- AMA Computer Learning Center (ACLC)
- Systems Technologies Institute (STI)
- Global I.T.
- Ceguera Technological College
- Oliveros College
- Catanduanes State University (CSU)
- Catanduanes State University - Panganiban Campus
- Catanduanes Colleges (CC)
- Catanduanes Computer Learning Center (CCLC)
- Catanduanes Institute of Technology Foundation (CITFI)
- Catanduanes School of Advance Technology (CSAT)
- Christian Polytechnic Institute of Catanduanes (CPIC)
- Immaculate Conception Seminary Academy of the Diocese of Virac
- Sorsogon State College (SSC)
The region has recently seen a revival in its tourism industry, due to the popularity of Mayon Volcano, the new CamSur Water Sports Complex, whale shark spotting, among others, which consequently increased the number of upscale resorts. Naga City has its colonial churches, and pilgrimages to Our Lady of Peñafrancia.
The municipality of Daet and Catanduanes province have long been destinations for surfers. The opening of the Southern Luzon International Airport in Legazpi City, which is under construction, is hoped to further boost tourism in the region.
Large media networks such as ABS-CBN Broadcasting Network, GMA Network, Inc., TV5, National Broadcasting Network, and RPN9 maintain their respective local stations and branches for viewership, commercial and news coverage purposes. Most of these stations broadcast local news and public affairs as well as entertainment and dramas to cater the local viewers.
Cable television operators are putting up cable TV stations in an effort to spread the TV signals all over the region. They also offer free worldwide array of television stations for various channels for news, sports, drama, cartoons, and advertisements.
- ABS-CBN: Channel 23 (Daet), Channel 4 (Legazpi), Channel 11 (Naga), Channel 7 (Sorsogon) and (Virac)
- ABS-CBN Sports+Action: Channel 23 (Legazpi), Channel 24 (Naga)
- Solar News Channel: Channel 2
- ETC: Channel 22
- TV5: Channel 6 (Legazpi), Channel 5 (Naga), Channel 11 (Sorsogon)
- AksyonTV: Channel 38
- GMA Network: Channel 12 (Legazpi), Channel 7 (Masbate), Channel 7 (Naga), Channel 13 (Virac)
- GMA News TV: Channel 27 (Legazpi), Channel 27 (Masbate), Channel 28 (Naga),
- Cartoon Network: Channel 43
- TV Patrol Bicol - Channel 23 Daet, Channel 4 Legazpi,ABS-CBN Channel 11 Naga and Channel 7 Sorsogon and Virac
- Baretang Bikol - GMA TV-12 Legazpi, TV-7 Masbate, TV-7 Naga, TV-13, Virac
- Irene Cortes - born in Legazpi City where she completed her intermediate studies, she was a former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines / First Female Dean of the UP College of Law
- Merlinda Carullo Bobis - born in Legazpi City, she is a contemporary Filipino writer and academic in Australia
- Janelle Quintana Manahan - teen actress / Best New Female Artist (19th Aliw Awards) nominee
- Enchong Dee, born Ernest Lorenzo Velasquez Dee, is an actor, director and model, and an international competitive swimmer. He is a contract artist of ABS-CBN and has won numerous awards for his work in movies and television. He is the younger brother of AJ Dee, also an actor and swimmer. He came to prominence after starring in Katorse (2009).
- AJ Dee, born Angel James Dee III, is an actor and an international competitive swimmer, like his younger brother Enchong Dee. As a theater actor, Dee played the role of Tony Javier in the play A Portrait of an Artist.
- Jesse Robredo - a Filipino statesman who served as Secretary of the Interior and Local Government in the administration of President Benigno S. Aquino III from 2010 to until his death in 2012.
- Lara Quigaman - Miss International 2005. She is the fourth Filipina to have won the crown, after Gemma Cruz in 1964, Aurora Pijuan in 1970, and Melanie Marquez in 1979. She was also the Binibining Pilipinas International title holder for 2005.
- Nora Aunor - a multi-awarded Filipino actress, singer and producer. She has also top billed several stage plays, television shows, and concerts. She is regarded as the "Superstar in Philippine Entertainment Industry".
- Venus Raj - She is a beauty queen, TV personality, model, and actress. She was crowned Binibining Pilipinas-Universe 2010 (Miss Universe-Philippines) on March 6, 2010, during the pageant's Grand Coronation Night at the Araneta Coliseum. She represented the Philippines in the 2010 Miss Universe pageant in Las Vegas, Nevada, United States, and placed fourth runner-up to Ximena Navarrete of Mexico.
- Eddie Garcia - popularly known as Manoy is a Filipino film actor and film director. His family is among the descendants of Spanish Pinaminomons settlers. He is a former member of the Philippine Scouts in Okinawa during World War II. The Philippine Military Academy Marangal (Honorable) Class of 1974 also adopted him as one of their honorary classmates, alongside First Gentleman Mike Arroyo.
- Gary V. - is a Filipino musician. Also known as Mr. Pure Energy, Valenciano has released 26 albums, and won the Awit Awards for "Best Male Performer" eleven times. In 1998, he became UNICEF Philippines first National Ambassador.
- Imelda Papin - is a Filipino singer and one of the bigger names in the Philippine music industry. Dubbed the "Sentimental Songstress", Imelda Papin is responsible for songs such as "Bakit (Kung liligaya ka sa piling ng iba)" and "Isang Linggong Pag-ibig".
- Carmen Camacho - 1960s Philippine Kundiman Diva
- Bernabe Concepcion - Filipino featherweight boxer
- Miriam Quimnao - is a Filipina television personality, occasional actress and a former beauty queen.
- Jose Tomas Sanchez - Roman Catholic Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation for the Clergy and Cardinal Priest from the Philippines
- Shalani Soledad - Politician and TV personality
- Jericho Rosales - is a Filipino cinema and television actor, singer, and songwriter.
- Francisco Tatad - former Senator of the Philippines (1992-2001)
- Mike Velarde - Tele-evangelist, Founder and Servant-Leader of El Shaddai DWXI-PPFI
- Leandro Verceles Sr. - Philippine Ambassador, Governor, Philippine Immigration Commissioner, Initiator of the Catanduanes Circumferential Road, Initiator of the ARDCI, a micro-lending strategy that eventually led to the nationally acclaimed Vision Bank
- Bembol Roco - is an award-winining Filipino actor whose work ranges from films to television. He is famous for his critically acclaimed role as Julio Madiaga in Maynila: Sa mga Kuko ng Liwanag.
- Leandro Verceles Jr. - Congressman (1992-2001), Governor (2001–2006), Principal author of the Philippine E-Commerce Act that paved the way for the burgeoning $20b BPO industry in the Philippines.
- Rene Sarmiento - COMELEC Commissioner
- Arnulfo "Noli" Fuentebella - House of Representatives 11th Congress Speaker of the House (2000 -2001)
- "2010 Census of Population and Housing - Region 5". National Statistics Office, Philippines; retrieved 11 May 2012.
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- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
- McDermott, Delfin, Defant, et al. (2005). "The Petrogenesis of Volcanics from Mt Bulusan and Mt. Mayon in the Bicol Arc, Philippines". University College Dublin School of Geologic Sciences; retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Our Geothermal Projects". Energy Development Corporation; retrieved 1 August 2011.
- (2009-01-20). "The Tiwi Geothermal Plant". JCMiras.net Gallery; retrieved 1 August 2011.
- "Isarog". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0703-042. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Protected areas of Region 5". Bureau of Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau; retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Iriga". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0703-041. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Malinao". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=070304%3DA. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Masaraga". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0703-031. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Mayon". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0703-03%3D. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Pocdol Mountains". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0703-02%3D. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- Jamoralin, Reynaldo T.. "Places of Interest". Sorsogon Tourism; retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Bulusan". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0703-01%3D. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Bicol Regional Profile". http://r5.denr.gov.ph/. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
- ; accessed 16 May 2014.
- , philstar.com; accessed 16 May 2014.
-  voxbikol.com; accessed 16 May 2014.
- , gov.ph; accessed 16 May 2014.
- "Catanduanes surfing". Philippines Travel Guide. Retrieved on 2011-08-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bicol Region.|
- Bicol Region Official Website, Department of Interior and Local Government
- Department of Tourism at Wow Bicol
- Bicolano Radio Stations Online
- List of Bicol Region Festivals & Fiestas
- List of Places to stay and visit in Bicol