|Nickname(s): Kabikolan; Bicolandia|
Map of the Philippines showing the location of Bicol Region
|• Total||18,054.3 km2 (6,970.8 sq mi)|
|• Density||300/km2 (780/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|ISO 3166 code||PH-05|
|Languages||Bikol, Albayano, Masbateño, Rinconada, Pandan Bikol, Sorsoganon, Tagalog|
|Website||Bicol Region Official Website|
Coordinates: The Bicol Region (Filipino: Kabikulan; Spanish: Bicolandia) is one of the 17 Regions of the Philippines, designated as Region V. Bicol (also spelled Bikol) is composed of four provinces in the Bicol Peninsula, the southeastern end of Luzon island, and two island-provinces adjacent to the peninsula, namely: Albay, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Catanduanes, Masbate and Sorsogon. The regional capital, political/administrative center is Legazpi While the religious, education, economic, industrial and commercial center of Camarines Sur is Naga City.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Political division
- 5 Geology
- 6 Economy
- 7 Education
- 8 Tourism
- 9 Media
- 10 Notable Bicolanos
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The Bicol Region is located in the southernmost tip of Luzon Island, the largest island in the Philippine archipelago. The total land area of the region is ,The total land area is derived from the summation of provincial areas from the table below</ref> which or 5.9% of the total land area of the country. Around 69.3% of the total land area is alienable and disposable while the remaining 30.7% is public forest areas."Overview of Bicol Region". Department of Agriculture Web Site; retrieved 22 May 2012.
The region is bounded by Lamon Bay to the north, Pacific Ocean to the east, and Sibuyan Sea and Ragay Gulf to the west. The northernmost province, Camarines Norte, is bordered to the north by the province of Quezon, connecting the region to the rest of Luzon.
Albay's archaeology shows concrete evidence of trade with China, Malaya and Indonesia going back two thousand years. The first Spanish contact was in 1565, when a treasure-galleon returning to Cebu from Acapulco, Mexico, was swept off course and the captain recorded his awe at the sight of Mt. Mayon erupting. Naga City, or formerly Nueva Caceres is also one of the "Royal Cities" instituted by the Spanish. It houses the oldest churches, and the oldest seminary in Southern Luzon at Camarines Sur.
|Population census of Bicol|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The people of the Bicol region, called Bicolanos, speak any of the several languages of the Bikol sociolinguistic language, also called Bikolano, an Austronesian language closely related to other Central Philippine languages such as Cebuano and Tagalog. Bicol languages include the Inland Bikol of Bikol-Rinconada (Rinconada area), Bikol-Cam. Sur (Buhi, Cam. Sur; Libon, Oas, Daraga, Albay and Donsol, Sorsogon), Bikol-Pandan (Northern Catanduanes). Standard Bikol is based from the coastal Bikol language of the dialect of Legazpi City. Bikol Central is most centralized of all the dialects. The majority of its speakers are in Naga City, Camarines Sur. Bikol is the dominant language of the region. The Filipino language (Tagalog) is also spoken in northern parts of Camarines Norte as well as in the municipality of Del Gallego, Camarines Sur. Two Visayan languages, Sorsoganon and Masbateño or Minasbate, are spoken in Masbate and Sorsogon; they are collectively referred to as Bisakol.
The region retains Roman Catholicism as the overwhelming religion of the great majority. The Catholic religion has the highest number of followers than any other area in the Philippines. Naga City is the religious center of the Bicol Region. The region houses one of the oldest dioceses in the Philippines, the Archdiocese of Caceres which is centered in Naga City. Other dioceses include are the Dioceses of Legazpi, Sorsogon, Daet, Masbate, Libmanan and Virac. Fiestas (Feast day of saints) are annual celebrations of parishes, from a simple barrio fiesta honoring a patron associated for good harvest, to a town fiesta honoring a miraculous saint, a diocesan fiesta like the feast of Our Lady of Salvation, or a regional one such as the Our Lady of Peñafrancia Fiesta, the largest Marian devotion in Asia, a week-long celebration to honor the Virgin Mary, dubbed as the "Patroness of Bicolandia". It is widely acknowledged that in Luzon, it is Bicol Region that holds the most number of men entering the seminary for Catholic priesthood, or women entering the religious life to become Catholic nuns. This can be accredited to the Holy Rosary Seminary, Daughters of Mary, and Daughters of Charity Convents in Naga City.
The region is composed of six provinces: Albay, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Sorsogon and the island-provinces of Catanduanes and Masbate. It has one independent component city, Naga City, and six component cities — Iriga, Legazpi, Ligao, Masbate City, Sorsogon City, and Tabaco City. Masbate and Sorsogon are cities in their eponymous provinces. As of 2010, Camarines Sur is the largest province in area and population, occupying 5,481.6 km2 (2,116.5 sq mi) or around 30.4% of the total land area with a population of 1,822,371. Catanduanes is the smallest in area as well as population with only 1,511.5 km2 (583.6 sq mi) or 8.4% of the total regional area and a population of 246,300.
The administrative center of the region is Legazpi. while the religious, education, economic, industrial and commercial center is Naga City — which is also colloquially known as the Queen City of Bicol.
|Camarines Norte||Daet||0||2,320.07||542,915||4600-4612||Edgardo Tallado|
||2||5,481.60||1,822,371||4400-4436||Luis Miguel Villafuerte III|
|Masbate||Masbate City||1||4,047.07||834,650||5400-5421||Rizalina L. Seachon-Lañete|
|Sorsogon||Sorsogon City||1||2,141.45||740,743||4700-4715||Raul Lee|
|City||Provinces||City Class||Income Class||Population
|1st Class||174,391||84.48||John G. Bongat|
|Sorsogon City||Sorsogon||Component||1st Class||155,144||276.11||Sally Ante-Lee|
|Iriga||Camarines Sur||Component||3rd Class||105,919||137.35||Ronald Felix Y. Alfelor|
|Legazpi||Albay||Component||3rd Class||182,201||153.70||Noel E Rosal|
|Ligao||Albay||Component||4th Class||104,914||246.75||Patricia Gonzales-Alsua|
|Tabaco||Albay||Component||4th Class||125,083||117.14||Marie V Demetriou|
|Masbate City||Masbate||Component||4th Class||85,227||188.00||Rowena Rejuso-Tuason|
Bicol region is volcanic in origin and part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. Known as the Bicol Volcanic Arc or Chain, the volcanoes are the results of the Philippine Sea Plate subducting under the Philippine Mobile Belt, along the Philippine Trench. Volcanism is evident by the number of hot springs, crater lakes, and volcanoes that dot the region starting from Mount Labo in Camarines Norte to the Gate Mountains in Matnog, Sorsogon.
Mayon Volcano is the most prominent of the volcanoes in the region, famous for its almost perfect conical shape and for being the most active in the Philippines. Its eruptions have repeatedly inflicted disasters on the region, but during lulls in activity, it is a particularly beautiful mountain. The southernmost tip of the peninsula is dominated by Bulusan Volcano, the other active volcano in the region. Tiwi in Albay and the Bacon-Manito area between Sorsogon and Albay are the sites of two major geothermal fields that contribute substantially to the Luzon Power Grid.
Volcanoes of the Bicol Region
From North to South
|Mount Isarog is a 1,966-metre (6,450 ft) fumarolic volcano with a 2.5-kilometre (1.6 mi) wide crater breached to the east. The mountain and vicinity covering 10,112 hectares (24,990 acres) is a protected area in the Bicol Region under the name Mount Isarog Natural Park.|
|Mount Iriga is a 1,196-metre (3,924 ft) volcano with a large horseshoe-shaped collapsed crater located adjacent to Lake Buhi (foreground).|
|Mount Malinao is a 1,548-metre (5,079 ft) volcano with a large crater about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) at its widest, which is breached to the east, The geothermal fields of Tiwi are located on its lower eastern slope.|
|Mount Masaraga is a sharp-topped 1,328-metre (4,357 ft) Holocene volcano NW of Mayon.|
|Mayon Volcano, the highest at 2,463 metres (8,081 ft), is also the most popular in the region for its beautifully symmetrical cone. It is also the most active in the country. The volcano is one of the protected areas of Region V under the name Mayon Volcano Natural Park encompassing 5,776 hectares (14,270 acres).|
|Pocdol Mountains with its highest elevation at 1,102 metres (3,615 ft), is a fumarolic group of volcanoes situated between Albay and Sorsogon provinces. It is the location of the Bac-Man Geothermal Power Plant and the PNOC Eco-Park, a 25,100-hectare (62,000-acre) ecotourism park maintained and protected by the Philippine National Oil Company (PNOC).|
|Bulusan Volcano, the other active volcano of the region, has an altitude of 1,565 metres (5,135 ft). It is located on the remains of the 11-kilometre (6.8 mi) Irosin Caldera. The volcano is a protected area and the centerpiece of the 3,672-hectare (9,070-acre) Bulusan Volcano Natural Park.|
Bicol Region has a large amount of rich flat land, and agriculture is the largest component of the economy with close to 50% depending their livelihood on the industry. Coconuts, abaca, hotdog, coffee and flute are the top five permanent crops in the region. Rice and maize are among the chief seasonal crops of the region. Commercial fishing is also important with thirteen major fishing grounds supplying fish markets in places as far as Metro Manila. Agriculture and fishing are the major factors in the province's economy. Mining is also one of the contributors to the region's economy.
Naga City has its large international businesses and industries, being the largest city in Bicol. It contributes to nearly 23.6% of the total GDP and GNP of the Bicol Region. It is also the center of BPO offices in Bicol, housing 4 BPO companies. It is a center of trade, tourism, and commerce having the busiest and largest terminals and the largest trade center, the Naga City Regional Trade and Distribution Center.
Schools such as Ateneo de Naga University, University of Nueva Caceres, Universidad de Santa Isabel, Bicol State of Applied Sciences and Technology, Philippine Women's University, and University of the Philippines Open University, and the Bicol Medical College are all located in Naga City. The city is a pilgrimage site or "pilgrim city", because it is the center of devotion to Our Lady of Peñafrancia, the largest Marian devotion in Asia.
List of Universities and Colleges in Bicol Region
Camarines Norte: - Camarines Norte State College (CNSC)
Camarines Sur: - Partido State University (ParSU) - Central Bicol State University of Agriculture - Camarines Sur Polytechnic Colleges - Calabanga Community College - Caramoan Community College - St. Peter Baptist College Foundation Inc. - Ceguera Technological Colleges - La Consolacion College
Naga City: - Ateneo de Naga University (ADNU) - University of Nueva Caceres (UNC) - Universidad de Santa Isabel (USI) - Naga College Foundation(NCF) - Philippine Women's University (Bicol Campus) - University of the Philippines Open University (UPOU) - Bicol College of Applied Sciences and Technology (BISCAST) - Mariners Polytechnic Colleges Foundation - AMA Computer University (Bicol Campus) - STI College (Naga Campus) - Philippine Computer Foundation College Inc. (Naga Campus) - Camarines Sur Community College - Worldtech Resources Institute Inc. (Naga Campus) - Naga View Adventist College - Brentwood College of Asia International School - Computer Communication Development Institute (Naga Campus) - The Raya School-Naga Campus
Catanduanes: - Catanduanes State University (CSU)
Masbate: - Dr. Emilio B. Espinosa Sr. Memorial State College of Agriculture and Technology (DEBESMSCAT)
Sorsogon: - Sorsogon State College (SSC)
The region has recently seen a revival in its tourism industry, due to the popularity of Mayon Volcano, the new CamSur Water Sports Complex, whale shark spotting, among others, which consequently increased the number of upscale resorts. Naga City has its colonial churches, and pilgrimages to Our Lady of Peñafrancia.
The municipality of Daet and Catanduanes province have long been destinations for surfers. The opening of the Southern Luzon International Airport in Legazpi City, which is under construction, is hoped to further boost tourism in the region.
Large media networks such as ABS-CBN Broadcasting Network, GMA Network, Inc., TV5, National Broadcasting Network, and RPN9 maintain their respective local stations and branches for viewership, commercial and news coverage purposes. Most of these stations broadcast local news and public affairs as well as entertainment and dramas to cater the local viewers.
Cable television operators are putting up cable TV stations in an effort to spread the TV signals all over the region. They also offer free worldwide array of television stations for various channels for news, sports, drama, cartoons, and advertisements.
- ABS-CBN: Channel 11 (Naga), Channel 4 (Legazpi), Channel 23 (Daet) and Channel 7 (Sorsogon) and (Virac)
- ABS-CBN Sports+Action: Channel 23
- Solar News Channel: Channel 2
- ETC: Channel 22
- TV5: Channel 5
- AksyonTV: Channel 38
- GMA Network: Channel 7 (Naga), Channel 12 (Legazpi)
- GMA News TV: Channel 28
- Cartoon Network: Channel 43
- TV Patrol Bicol - ABS-CBN (Channel 11 Naga, Channel 4 Legazpi, Channel 23 Daet and Channel 7 Sorsogon and Virac)
- Baretang Bikol - (GMA TV-7 Naga)
- Enchong Dee, born Ernest Lorenzo Velasquez Dee, is an actor, director and model, and an international competitive swimmer. He is a contract artist of ABS-CBN and has won numerous awards for his work in movies and television. He is the younger brother of AJ Dee, also an actor and swimmer. He came to prominence after starring in Katorse (2009).
- AJ Dee, born Angel James Dee III, is an actor and an international competitive swimmer, like his younger brother Enchong Dee. As a theater actor, Dee played the role of Tony Javier in the play A Portrait of an Artist.
- "2010 Census of Population and Housing - Region 5". National Statistics Office, Philippines; retrieved 11 May 2012.
- "Overview of Bicol Region". Department of Agriculture Web Site; retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "DILG Regional Office No. 5 Directory". Bicol Region Official website; retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
- McDermott, Delfin, Defant, et al. (2005). "The Petrogenesis of Volcanics from Mt Bulusan and Mt. Mayon in the Bicol Arc, Philippines". University College Dublin School of Geologic Sciences; retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Our Geothermal Projects". Energy Development Corporation; retrieved 1 August 2011.
- (2009-01-20). "The Tiwi Geothermal Plant". JCMiras.net Gallery; retrieved 1 August 2011.
- "Isarog". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0703-042. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Protected areas of Region 5". Bureau of Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau; retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Iriga". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0703-041. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Malinao". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=070304%3DA. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Masaraga". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0703-031. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Mayon". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0703-03%3D. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Pocdol Mountains". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0703-02%3D. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- Jamoralin, Reynaldo T.. "Places of Interest". Sorsogon Tourism; retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Bulusan". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0703-01%3D. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Top 5 Permanent Crops, Region V". Department of Agriculture, Region V; retrieved 1 August 2011.
- BPO profile, mygola.com; accessed 16 May 2014.
- , philstar.com; accessed 16 May 2014.
-  voxbikol.com; accessed 16 May 2014.
- , gov.ph; accessed 16 May 2014.
- , smart.com.ph; accessed 16 May 2014.
- ; accessed 16 May 2014.
- "Catanduanes surfing". Philippines Travel Guide. Retrieved on 2011-08-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bicol Region.|
- Bicol Region Official Website, Department of Interior and Local Government
- Department of Tourism at Wow Bicol
- Bicolano Radio Stations Online
- List of Bicol Region Festivals & Fiestas
- List of Places to stay and visit in Bicol