Bicske

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Bicske
Skyline of Bicske
Coat of arms of Bicske
Coat of arms
Bicske is located in Hungary
Bicske
Bicske
Location of Bicske
Coordinates: 47°29′27″N 18°38′11″E / 47.49074°N 18.63625°E / 47.49074; 18.63625Coordinates: 47°29′27″N 18°38′11″E / 47.49074°N 18.63625°E / 47.49074; 18.63625
Country  Hungary
County Fejér
Area
 • Total 78.88 km2 (30.46 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 11,552
 • Density 141.48/km2 (366.4/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2060
Area code(s) 22
Website www.bicske.hu

Bicske is a town in Fejér county, Hungary.

History[edit]

According to a document dating from 1306, Botond’s sons János (John) and Péter were granted the permission to levy toll in the locality of Bicske as well. Bicske was written Bykche, Biccke, Bykcze, Biczke, Bitske . The name of the Byckche family is known since 1258 when some members got major land donation from the king.

Aerial view of the Bicske Castle.

From 1596 Bicske belonged to the Ottoman Empire. Count Ádám Batthyány bought the land in 1642, built a castle and made it his residence. During the Batthyány era the village which had been destroyed by the Turks, became a prosperous town.

By the 19th century Bicske was a well-developed market town and cultural centre. The Batthyány family built an observatory as well and a little castle (Hegyi-kastély) for the astronomers.

The administration of Bicske underwent many changes – it was a settlement, a village, a market town, a village constituting an administrative division. From 1688 to 1877 it was the chief town of the district. From 1877 to 1946 it belonged to the district of Vál. In 1947 it became independent and had some 12.000 inhabitants in 1986.

Main sights[edit]

  • Roman Catholic Church (18th century) with a Maulbertsch panel painting
  • Batthyany Castle (built in 1754-1755).
  • In the center of the town are excavated ruins of a temple with several tombs, dating from the 15th century.
  • Ruins of the Observatory and the astronomers' castle.

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Bicske is twinned with:

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Bicske at Wikimedia Commons