In astrophysics, the Biermann battery is a process by which a weak seed magnetic field can be generated from zero initial conditions. The relative motion between electrons and ions is driven by rotation. The process was discovered by Ludwig Biermann in 1950.
- Xu, Hao; et al.,"The Biermann Battery in Cosmological MHD Simulations of Population III Star Formation", The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 688, Issue 2, pp. L57-L60.
- Khanna, R., "Generation of magnetic fields by a gravitomagnetic plasma battery", Royal Astronomical Society, Monthly Notices, vol. 295, p. L6-L10
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