Biertan

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Biertan
Commune
Biertan and its fortified church
Biertan and its fortified church
Location of Biertan, Sibiu
Location of Biertan, Sibiu
Biertan is located in Romania
Biertan
Biertan
Location of Biertan, Sibiu
Coordinates: 46°8′23″N 24°31′25″E / 46.13972°N 24.52361°E / 46.13972; 24.52361Coordinates: 46°8′23″N 24°31′25″E / 46.13972°N 24.52361°E / 46.13972; 24.52361
Country  Romania
County Sibiu County
Status Commune
Founded 1224 (first official record)
Government
 • Mayor Cornel Rațiu (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 97.26 km2 (37.55 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,519
 • Density 26/km2 (70/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 557045
Website http://www.biertan.ro
Biertan / Video 2010

Biertan (German: Birthälm, Romani: Biyertan, Hungarian: Berethalom) is a commune in central Romania, in the north of the Sibiu County, 80 km north of Sibiu and 29 km east of Mediaş. Biertan is one of the most important Saxon villages with fortified churches in Transylvania, having been on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1993. The Biertan fortified church was the see of the Lutheran Evangelical Bishop in Transylvania between 1572 and 1867.

The commune is composed of three villages: Biertan, Copșa Mare (Gross-Kopisch; Nagykapus) and Richiș (Reichesdorf; Riomfalva), each of which has a fortified church.

History[edit]

The first documentary testimony about the village dates from 1283 in a document about the taxes paid by the inhabitants of 7 villages and so it is believed to have been founded sometime between 1224 to 1283 by Transylvanian Saxons. The village settlement quickly developed into an important market town and by 1510 Biertan supported a population of about 5,000 people. Between 1468 and the 16th century a small fortified church (die Kirchenburg) was constructed and developed. After the medieval period the town declined in importance with the rise of neighbouring Sighişoara (= Schäßburg in German), Sibiu (Hermannstadt) and Mediaş (Mediasch).

In the census of 1930 Biertan had 2331 inhabitants, of whom 1228 were Transylvanian Saxons. During World War II many men were conscripted into the Romanian army and later the Waffen-SS. After the war many Transylvanian Saxons were expelled from the region. Following the collapse of Communism in 1990 many more left for Germany.

Today the whole commune has a population of about 2,500 and the village of Biertan alone has about 1,600 people. It is one of the most visited villages in Transylvania, being the historically important place of the annual reunion of the Transylvanian Saxons, many of whom now live in Germany.

Festivals[edit]

The "Luna Plină" Horror and Fantasy Film Festival takes place in Biertan. It is the only film festival in Romania focused exclusively on horror and fantasy movies. [1]

Gallery[edit]

Famous people[edit]

The former home of Sara Römischer, in the old Kirchgasse of Biertan
  • Nicolae Popoviciu (ro)
  • Sara Römischer (this was the former home of Sara Römischer, a long-time resident of Biertan, who died in 2006. Although she was not famous in the traditional sense, her story is representative of that experienced by many Transylvanian Saxons in Biertan following the Second World War. Sara was forcibly deported to Siberia in 1945, on a sunny January day. She survived and after five hard years returned to her hometown of Biertan to bring up her family through many further hardships. Read an English translation[2] of her harrowing story, or for the original German text[3] in Siebenbürgische Zeitung).

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Romanians made up 73.8% of the population, Roma made up 17.9%, Germans made up 4.6% and Hungarians made up 3.6%.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]