Bifidobacteriaceae

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Bifidobacteriaceae
Bifidobacterium adolescentis Gram.jpg
Bifidobacterium adolescentis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Actinobacteria
Class: Actinobacteria
Stackebrant et al. 1997
Subclass: Actinobacteridae
Stackebrandt et al. 1997 emend. Zhi et al. 2009
Order: Bifidobacteriales
Stackebrandt et al. 1997 emend. Zhi et al. 2009
Family: Bifidobacteriaceae
Stackebrandt et al. 1997 emend. Zhi et al. 2009
Genera

Bifidobacteriaceae is the only family of bacteria,[1] in the order of Bifidobacteriales. According to the 16S rRNA-based LTP release 106 published by the All-Species Living Tree Project, the order Bifidobacteriales is a clade nested within the suborder Micrococcineae, also the genus Bifidobacterium is paraphyletic to the other genera within the family, i.e. the other genera are nested within Bifidobacterium.

Phylogeny[edit]

The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) [2] and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)[3] and the phylogeny is based on 16S rRNA-based LTP release 106 by The All-Species Living Tree Project [4]



?B. actinocoloniiforme Killer et al. 2011



?B. bohemicum Killer et al. 2011



?B. bombi Killer et al. 2009



?B. cuniculi Scardovi et al. 1979



?B. kashiwanohense Morita et al. 2011



?B. thermophilum Mitsuoka 1969



?B. coagulansKiller et al. 2007



?B. crudilactisDelcenserie et al. 2007



?B. simiaeFalsen et al. 2001




B. mongoliense Watanabe et al. 2009



B. psychraerophilum Simpson et al. 2004





B. minimum Biavati et al. 1982







B. catenulatum Scardovi and Crociani 1974



B. pseudocatenulatum Scardovi et al. 1979





B. angulatum Scardovi and Crociani 1974



B. merycicum Biavati and Mattarelli 1991






B. dentium Scardovi and Crociani 1974




B. ruminantium Biavati and Mattarelli 1991




B. adolescentis Reuter 1963



B. stercoris Kim et al. 2010








B. scardovii Hoyles et al. 2002




B. bifidum (Tissier 1900) Orla-Jensen 1924





B. subtile Biavati et al. 1982



Gardnerella vaginalis (Gardner and Dukes 1955) Greenwood and Pickett 1980






B. breve Reuter 1963


 B. longum

B. l. infantis (Reuter 1963) Mattarelli et al. 2008




B. l. longum (Reuter 1963) Mattarelli et al. 2008



B. l. suis (Matteuzzi et al. 1971) Mattarelli et al. 2008








B. pullorum Trovatelli et al. 1974




B. gallinarum Watabe et al. 1983



B. saeculare Biavati et al. 1992







B. gallicum Lauer 1990




B. magnum Scardovi and Zani 1974



 B. pseudolongum

B. p. globosum (Biavati et al. 1982) Yaeshima et al. 1992



B. p. pseudolongum (Mitsuoka 1969) Yaeshima et al. 1992





B. choerinum Scardovi et al. 1979


 B. animalis

B. a. animalis (Mitsuoka 1969) Masco et al. 2004



B. a. lactis (Meile et al. 1997) Masco et al. 2004











B. boum Scardovi et al. 1979


 B. thermacidophilum

B. t. porcinum Zhu et al. 2003



B. t. thermacidophilum (Dong et al. 2000) Zhu et al. 2003






B. asteroides Scardovi and Trovatelli 1969




B. coryneforme (ex Scardovi and Trovatelli 1969) Biavati et al. 1982



B. indicum Scardovi and Trovatelli 1969







B. tsurumiense Okamoto et al. 2008




Aeriscardovia aeriphila Simpson et al. 2004





Alloscardovia omnicolens Huys et al. 2007



Metascardovia criceti Okamoto et al. 2007





Parascardovia denticolens (Crociani et al. 1996) Jian and Dong 2002


 Scardovia

S. inopinata (Crociani et al. 1996) Jian and Dong 2002 emend. Downes et al. 2011



S. wiggsiae Downes et al. 2011

















Notes:
♠ Strains found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mantzourani M, Fenlon M, Beighton D (February 2009). "Association between Bifidobacteriaceae and the clinical severity of root caries lesions". Oral Microbiol. Immunol. 24 (1): 32–7. doi:10.1111/j.1399-302X.2008.00470.x. PMID 19121067. 
  2. ^ J.P. Euzéby. "Bifidobacteriaceae". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) [1]. Retrieved 2011-11-17. 
  3. ^ Sayers et al. "Bifidobacteriaceae". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) taxonomy database [2]. Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  4. ^ All-Species Living Tree Project."16S rRNA-based LTP release 106 (full tree)". Silva Comprehensive Ribosomal RNA Database [3]. Retrieved 2011-11-17. 

External links[edit]