Bifurcation of the Nerodimka river
The Bifurcation of the Nerodimka River (river name: Serbian: Nerodimka; Albanian: Nerodimja, Nerodime) is located in Uroševac, Kosovo[a]. It represent Europe's only instance of a river bifurcation flowing into two seas. The Nerodimka divides into two irreversible branches. The left branch flows into the Black Sea, and the right branch flows into the Aegean Sea. Together with the Orinoco River in South America (Bifurcation in the Casiquiare canal, which provides a navigable channel between the Amazon River and the Orinoco River in Venezuela), they are believed to represent the only two cases of this phenomenon in the world.
The Nerodimka river rises in the Lake Peak and is formed by two main tributaries which join in Nerodimka village. From there it flows to a dam, where the first bifurcation occurs. A northern branch flows into the Sitnica river and ultimately into the Black Sea via the Ibar, Morava and Danube Rivers; while the southern branch joins with another branch of the Nerodimka river and together continue the journey to the Aegean Sea via the Lepenac and Vardar Rivers.
These water flow have separate impact in annual temperatures of this region. The average annual temperature is 9.9 °C. Warmest months are July and August, with average temperature 18.9 °C. The coldest month is January, with an average temperature -2.6 °C. Maximum air temperature is 32.5 °C in July, while the minimum -14.0 °C in January.
Atmospheric precipitation also play a role of abundance water in Nerodimka river. The average of rainfalls for every year is 73.3 mm. Months with the most rainfalls are April - May, 105.6 mm, while at least August with 42.2 mm.
Nerodimka River’s division represents two branches, which poured in two different seas. The northern branch (left branch) flows in Sitnica river and continues to flow in Ibar, Morava and through the Danube river flows in the Black Sea, while the southern branch (right branch) through the Lepenac and Vardar river flows in the Aegean Sea.
Development strategies and protection
The Bifurcation of Nerodimka is under state protection since 1979, and it is declared as a strict wildlife sanctuary, first category according to (IUCN)  Official emblem of Uroševac municipality contains the visual representation of the Nerodimka river bifurcation.
This natural curiosity is attractive for researchers and visitors and has great importance to education, science and tourism. The western part of the city offers ideal conditions for the formation of public green spaces (parks), for the development of tourism and recreation. Branch of Nerodimka River enters within the city, extensive recreational area that is also available to residents of Uroševac bifurcation area, waterfall and the merger of the two rivers.
Notes and references
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 107 out of 193 United Nations member states.
- STRATEGY FOR LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (2005-2007). FERIZAJ MUNICIPALITY.
- Kosova Environmental Protection Agency (2008 - 2009). Report on the State of Nature.
- Municipality of Ferizaj (December/2008). Urban Development Plan of Ferizaj.
- Hydrologiocal heritage in the system of natural values and its protection in Kosova.
- Instituti I Kosoves per mrbojiten e natyres (2005). Values of Nature Legacy of Kosovo. Pristina.
- The video showing the phenomena
- Tourist attractions in Kosovo
- Protected and Proposed Hydro Monuments in Kosovo