Big 12 Conference
|Big 12 Conference
|Established||February 25, 1994|
|Division||Division I FBS|
|Sports fielded||23 (men's: 10; women's: 13)|
The Big 12 Conference is a ten-school collegiate athletic conference headquartered in Irving, Texas. It is a member of the NCAA's Division I for all sports; its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS; formerly Division I-A), the higher of two levels of NCAA Division I football competition. Member schools are located in Iowa, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and West Virginia.
According to the Big 12 Conference's website, the alternate names "Big Twelve" and "Big XII" are incorrect. The trademarked name of the conference is Big 12 Conference, notwithstanding the Roman numeral XII featured in the conference logo. The current Big 12 Commissioner is Bob Bowlsby.
- 1 Member schools
- 2 History
- 3 Distinctive elements
- 4 Revenue
- 5 Sports
- 6 Football
- 7 Men's basketball
- 8 Baseball
- 9 Facilities
- 10 National championships
- 11 Conference champions
- 12 References
- 13 External links
|Institution||Nickname||Location||Founded||Joined||Type||Enrollment||Primary Conference||Big 12 Sport|
|University of Alabama||Crimson Tide||Tuscaloosa, Alabama||1831||2014||Public||31,747||SEC||Women's rowing|
|Old Dominion University||Lady Monarchs||Norfolk, Virginia||1930||2014||Public||24,125||Conference USA||Women's rowing|
|University of Tennessee||Lady Volunteers||Knoxville, Tennessee||1794||2014||Public||27,523||SEC||Women's rowing|
|University of Colorado||Boulder, Colorado
|University of Missouri||Columbia, Missouri
|University of Nebraska||Lincoln, Nebraska
|Texas A&M University||College Station, Texas
Full members Other Conference
The Big 12 Conference is the second youngest of the major college athletic conferences in the United States, having formed in 1994 from a merger of one of the oldest conferences, the Big Eight, with four prominent colleges from Texas that had been members of the Southwest Conference. From its formation until 2011, its 12 members competed in two divisions. Two charter members left the conference in 2011, and in 2012, two more left, while another two joined from other conferences. In 2012, the Big 12 formed an alliance with the Southeastern Conference to host a joint post-season college bowl game between the champions of each conference, which would eventually become the Sugar Bowl.
No championship game
The Big 12 is unique among the five conferences formerly known as 'contract conferences' in the late BCS/realignment era in that it only has 10 members. Twelve or more members are required for a conference championship game. (As of the 2014 season, the Pac-12 has 12 members, while the ACC, Big Ten, and SEC have 14 football members each.)
Dodds and Brown, along with Oklahoma Coach Bob Stoops, preferred not to have a championship game. Critics argued it was a competitive advantage over other contract conferences. Conferences with a championship game have their division champions play one of their toughest games of the year in the last week of the regular season.
Like the Southwest Conference, the Big 12 footprint has a small population base. It has the smallest population base by far of the contract conferences. Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, West Virginia and Iowa have a combined population of 37.8 Million. As of 2013, there are only 13,427,130 TV households in those states (although West Virginia's support is very strong in the western half of neighboring Pennsylvania).
As of 2013, the US had 115.6 Million TV households. The Big 12 footprint included only 8.6% of the total.
The Big 12's share of the nation's TVs is a fraction of that reached by the other contract conferences. This likely works against the conference in TV negotiations, but the conference negotiated tier 1 and 2 TV contracts in the same ballpark as other contract conferences.
Grant of rights
Member schools granted their first and second tier sports media rights to the conference for the length of their current TV deals. The Grant of Rights (GOR) deal with the leagues' TV contracts ensures that "if a Big 12 school leaves for another league in the next 13 years, that school's media rights, including revenue, would remain with the Big 12 and not its new conference."
GOR is seen by league members as a "foundation of stability" and allowed the Big 12 to be "positioned with one of the best media rights arrangements in collegiate sports, providing the conference and its members unprecedented revenue growth, and sports programming over two networks." All members agreed to the GOR and later agreed to extend the initial 6 year deal to 13 years to correspond to the length of their TV contracts.
Prior to this agreement, the Big Ten and Pac-12 also had similar GOR agreements. The Big 12 subsequently assisted the ACC in drafting its GOR agreement. Four of the five major conferences now have such agreements, with the SEC the only exception.
Tier 3 events
|This section may be confusing or unclear to readers. (May 2014)|
The Big 12 is the only major conference that allows members to monetize TV rights for tier 3 events. This allows individual Big 12 member institutions to create tier 3 deals that include TV rights for a certain number of football and basketball games as well as other sports. The unique arrangement potentially allows Big 12 members to remain some of college sports' highest revenue earners. Other conferences' cable deals are subject to value reductions based on how people acquire cable programming, Big 12 schools tier 3 deals are exempt. Big 12 members individual existing and pending tier 3 deals are expected to bring in an additional $300 to $400 million over their life. UT alone will earn more than $150 Million of that total from their Longhorn Network.
|Year||Total distributed||Annual Increase||Per-school averagea|
|1997||$53.6 million||–||$4.5 million|
|1998||$58 million||8.2%||$4.8 million|
|1999||$64 million||10.3%||$5.3 million|
|2000||$72 million||12.5%||$6.0 million|
|2001||$78 million||8.3%||$6.5 million|
|2002||$83.5 million||7.1%||$7.0 million|
|2003||$89 million||6.6%||$7.4 million|
|2004||$101 million||13.5%||$8.4 million|
|2005||$105.6 million||4.6%||$8.8 million|
|2006||$103.1 million||−2.4%||$8.6 million|
|2007||$106 million||2.8%||$8.8 million|
|2008||$113.5 million||7.1%||$9.5 million|
|2009||$130 million||14.5%||$10.8 million|
|2010||$139 million||6.9%||$11.6 million|
|2011||$145 million||4.3%||$12.1 million|
|2012||$187 million||29.0%||$18.7 million|
|2013||$198 million||5.9%||$19.8 million|
|2014||$212 million||7.1%||$21.2 million|
|Total||$2.04 billion||–||$180 million|
|Average||$113 million||–||$10.0 million|
|a Twelve Big 12 members received disbursements each year from 1997-2011; ten each year afterwards. Individual schools' disbursement varied annually according to bylaw rules and entrance or withdrawal agreements.|
Conference revenue comes mostly from television contracts, bowl games, the NCAA, merchandise, licensing and conference-hosted sporting events. The Conference distributes revenue annually to member institutions. From 1996 to 2011, 57 percent of revenue was allotted equally; while 43 percent was based upon the number of football and men's basketball television appearances and other factors. In 2011 the distribution was 76 percent equal and 24 percent based on television appearances. Changing the arrangement requires a unanimous vote; as a Big 12 member, Nebraska had withheld support for more equitable revenue distribution.
With this model, larger schools can receive more revenue because they appear more often on television. In 2006, for example, Texas received $10.2 million, 44% more than Baylor University's $7.1 million.
Big 12 revenue is generally less than other BCS conferences; this was due in part to television contracts signed with Fox Sports Net (four years for $48 million) and ABC/ESPN (eight years for $480 million).
In 2011, the Big 12 announced a new 13-year media rights deal with Fox that would ensure that every Big 12 home football game is televised, as well as greatly increasing coverage of women's basketball, conference championships and other sports. The deal, valued at an estimated $1.1 billion, runs until 2025. In 2012, the conference announced a new ESPN/FOX agreement, replacing the current ABC/ESPN deal, to immediately increase national media broadcasts of football and increase conference revenue; the new deal was estimated to be worth $2.6 billion through the 2025 expiration. The two deals pushed the conference per-team payout to approximately $20 million per year, while separating third-tier media rights into separate deals for each school; such contracts secured an additional $6 million to $20 million per school annually.
Revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights/licensing, student fees, school funds and all other sources including TV income, camp income, food and novelties. Total expenses includes coaching/staff, scholarships, buildings/ground, maintenance, utilities and rental fees and all other costs including recruiting, team travel, equipment and uniforms, conference dues and insurance costs. Net profit is calculated using total revenue and total expenses data provided by USA Today, individual institutions and the United States Department of Education.
|2012 Conference Rank||2012 National Rank||Institution||2012 Total Revenue from Athletics||2012 Total Expenses on Athletics||2011 Average Spending per student-athlete|
|1||1||University of Texas at Austin||$163,295,115||$138,269,710||$248,951|
|2||9||University of Oklahoma||$106,456,616||$96,250,328||$163,259|
|3||22||Oklahoma State University||$87,270,598||$96,782,619||$133,341|
|4||28||West Virginia University||$80,064,869||$92,968,960||$108,643|
|5||38||University of Kansas||$70,228,913||$78,973,441||$127,656|
|6||40||Texas Tech University||$67,928,350||$60,346,836||$103,021|
|7||43||Kansas State University||$63,271,615||$50,994,785||$97,180|
|8||50||Iowa State University||$55,151,017||$55,113,720||$99,528|
|Baylor University||Not reported
|Not reported||Not reported|
|Texas Christian University||Not reported
|Not reported||Not reported|
The Big 12 Conference sponsors championship competition in ten men's and thirteen women's NCAA sanctioned sports.
|Swimming & Diving||3||5|
|Track and Field (Indoor)||9||10|
|Track and Field (Outdoor)||9||10|
Men's sponsored sports by school
Men's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big 12 Conference which are played by Big 12 schools:
|Oklahoma||Mountain Pacific Sports Federation||No||No|
|TCU||No||Patriot Rifle Conference||No|
|West Virginia||No||Great America Rifle Conference||Mid-American Conference|
- Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other. TCU and West Virginia both field coed teams.
Women's sponsored sports by school
- Before the 2014–15 school year, Big 12 rowing schools also had affiliate membership in Conference USA, but C-USA ended sponsorship of that sport after the 2013–14 school year.
Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big 12 Conference which are played by Big 12 schools:
|TCU||Patriot Rifle Conference|
|West Virginia||Great America Rifle Conference|
- Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other. TCU and West Virginia both field coed teams.
From 1996–2010, Big 12 Conference teams played eight conference games a season. Each team faced all five opponents within its own division and three teams from the opposite division. Inter-divisional play was a "three-on, three-off" system, where teams would play three teams from the other division on a home-and-home basis for two seasons, and then play the other three foes from the opposite side for a two-year home-and-home.
This format came under considerable criticism, especially from Nebraska and Oklahoma, who were denied a yearly match between two of college football's most storied programs. The Nebraska-Oklahoma rivalry was one of the most intense in college football history. (Until 2006, the teams had never met in the Big 12 Championship.) Due to the departure of Nebraska and Colorado in 2011, the Big 12 eliminated the divisions (and championship game) and instituted a nine-game round-robin format.
The Big 12 Championship Game was held each year. The game was approved by all members except Nebraska. The championship game pitted the division champions against each other after the regular season was completed. The first match was held during the 1996 season at the Trans World Dome in St. Louis.
Following the 2008 game, a decision was made to move the game to the new Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, Texas. The 2009 and 2010 games were played there, with the Sooners defeating the Cornhuskers 23–20.
2014 Bowl games
|–||College Football Playoff||–||–|
|1||Sugar Bowl†||New Orleans, Louisiana||SEC|
|2||Valero Alamo Bowl||San Antonio, Texas||Pac-12|
|3||Russell Athletic Bowl||Orlando, Florida||ACC|
|4||AdvoCare V100 Texas Bowl||Houston, Texas||SEC|
|5||AutoZone Liberty Bowl||Memphis, Tennessee||SEC|
|6||Cactus Bowl||Tempe, Arizona||Pac-12|
|7||Heart of Dallas Bowl‡||Dallas, Texas||Conference USA|
|Lockheed Martin Armed Forces Bowl‡||Fort Worth, Texas||American|
|†:The Big 12 champion will go to the Sugar Bowl unless selected for the College football playoff. In the event that the conference champion is selected for the playoff, the conference runner up will go to the Sugar Bowl.
‡:Conference representative will play in the bowls on a rotating basis.
Rivalries (primarily in football) mostly predate the conference. The Kansas-Missouri rivalry was the longest running, the longest west of the Mississippi and the second longest in college football. It was played 119 times before Missouri left the Big 12. As of October 2012, the University of Kansas' athletic department had not accepted Missouri's invitations to play inter-conference rivalry games, putting the rivalry on hold. Sports clubs sponsored by the two universities continued to play each other. The Oklahoma-Texas rivalry was a major rivalry decades before they were both in the conference.
Some of the longstanding football rivalries between Big 12 schools include:
|Baylor–Texas Tech||Texas Farm Bureau Insurance Shootout||72||1929|
|Iowa State–Kansas State||Farmageddon||94||1917|
|Kansas–Kansas State||Sunflower Showdown||Governor's Cup||111||1902|
|Oklahoma–Oklahoma State||Bedlam Series||Bedlam Bell||103||1904|
|Oklahoma–Texas||Red River Showdown||Golden Hat||105||1900|
|TCU–Texas||Battle of the Horns||82||1897|
|TCU–Texas Tech||The West Texas Championship||54||1926|
|Texas–Texas Tech||Chancellor's Spurs||60||1928|
Rivalries with former members:
|Baylor–Texas A&M||Battle of the Brazos||108||1899||2011|
|Iowa State–Missouri||Telephone Trophy||104||1896||2011|
|Kansas–Missouri||Border War||Indian War Drum||119||1891||2011|
|Missouri–Oklahoma||Tiger–Sooner Peace Pipe||95||1902||2011|
|Texas A&M–Texas Tech||68||1927||2011|
|Texas–Texas A&M||Lone Star Showdown||Lone Star Showdown Trophy||118||1894||2011|
From 1996–2011, standings in conference play were not split among divisions, although the schedule was structured as if they were. Teams played a home-and-home against teams within their "division"s and a single game against teams from the opposite division for a total of 16 conference games. This denied Oklahoma and Oklahoma State, formerly in the Big Eight, two rivalry games per season, but did allow most of the other traditional rivalries to be played home-and-home. After Nebraska and Colorado left, Big 12 play transitioned to an 18-game, double round robin schedule, allowing Oklahoma and Oklahoma State to once again play their rivals twice each season, in addition to adding second annual games to lucrative, nationally prominent series such as Texas-Kansas.
Kansas has the most Big 12 titles, winning or sharing the regular-season title 14 times in the league's 18 seasons. The 2002 Jayhawks became the first, and so far only, team to complete an undefeated Big 12 regular season, going 16–0. Following the 2014 season, Kansas had won or shared 10 straight regular-season league titles and 12 of the past 13.
|Season||Regular Season Champion (Record)||Tournament Champion|
|1999-00||Iowa State (14–2)||Iowa State|
|2000-01||Iowa State (13–3)||Oklahoma|
|2003-04||Oklahoma State (14–2)||Oklahoma State|
Kansas State (14-4)
|2013-14||Kansas (14-4)||Iowa State|
In 2004-05, Oklahoma won the post-season tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas based on its 71–63 victory over the Jayhawks. In 2005-06, Texas won the post-season tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas based on its 80–55 victory over the Jayhawks.
In 2007-08, Texas won the post-season tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas based on its 72–69 victory over the Jayhawks.
In 2012-13, Kansas won the post-season tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas State based on its 59-55 victory in Manhattan and 83-62 win in Lawrence.
NCAA tournament performance
|School||Year Started||All Time Ws||All Time Ls||All Time Win %|
|School||Conf Ws||Conf Ls||Conf W %||Total Ws||Total Ls||Total W %|
Conference records do not include conference tournament games, only regular season conference games
The top 8 teams compete in the conference tournament at the conclusion of each season. Iowa State has not sponsored baseball since dropping its intercollegiate program after the 2001 season.
Number of baseball titles by school
- As of the completion of the 2013 tournament.
|School||Appearances||W-L||Pct||Tourney Titles||Title Years|
|Nebraska||10||28–10||.737||4||1999, 2000, 2001, 2005|
|Texas||13||26–22||.542||4||2002, 2003, 2008, 2009|
|Texas A&M||13||24–18||.571||3||2007, 2010, 2011|
*Iowa State discontinued its participation in baseball as an NCAA-recognized activity following the 2001 season. It participates in club baseball as a member of the National Club Baseball Association. Games are played at Cap Timm Field, capacity 3,000.
The following is a list of all NCAA, equestrian, and college football championships won by teams that were representing the Big 12 Conference in NCAA-recognized sports at the time of their championship.
Men's Basketball (1):
Women's Basketball (3):
Women's Bowling (5):
Men's Cross Country (6):
Women's Cross Country (2):
Men's Golf (4):
Women's Gymnastics (1):
Men's Gymnastics (5):
Women's Indoor Track (3):
Men's Outdoor Track (3):
Women's Outdoor Track (7):
Men's/Women's Skiing (4):
Men's Swimming (5):
Men's Tennis (1):
Women's Volleyball (3):
National team titles by institution
The national championships listed below are as of June 2013. Football, Helms, pre-NCAA competition and overall equestrian titles are included in the total, but excluded from the column listing NCAA and AIAW titles.
|Big 12 National Championships|
|School||Total titles||Titles as a member
of the Big 12
|NCAA and AIAW titles||Notes|
|Texas||50||15||46||UT has 4 recognized football titles and 4 AIAW titles|
|Oklahoma||27||8||20||OU has 7 recognized NCAA football titles|
|West Virginia||20||2||17||WVU has 3 pre-NCAA rifle titles|
|Iowa State||18||0||18||ISU has 5 AIAW titles|
|Kansas||13||2||11||KU has 2 Helms basketball titles|
|TCU||4||0||3||TCU has 2 recognized football titles|
The Conference sponsors 23 sports, 10 men's and 13 women's.
In football, divisional titles were awarded based on regular-season conference results, with the teams with the best conference records from the North and South playing in the Big 12 Championship Game from 1996–2010. Baseball, basketball, softball, tennis and women's soccer titles are awarded in both regular-season and tournament play. Cross country, golf, gymnastics, swimming and diving, track and field, and wrestling titles are awarded during an annual meet of participating teams. The volleyball title is awarded based on regular-season play.
Conference titles by school
As of May 18, 2014. List includes both regular-season, tournament titles, and co-championships. List does not include conference championships won prior to the formation of the Big 12 Conference in 1996.
- Texas – 140 (147 including 7 football division championships)
- Oklahoma – 61 (69 including 8 football division championships)
- Baylor – 58 
- Oklahoma State – 57 (58 including 1 football division championship)
- Kansas – 31 (32 including 1 football division championship)
- Iowa State – 16 (17 including 1 football division championship)
- Texas Tech – 15 (16 including 1 football division championship)
- Kansas State – 14 (18 including 4 football division championships)
- West Virginia – 4
- TCU – 1
- Nebraska – 71 (80 including 9 football division championships)
- Texas A&M – 61 (64 including 3 football division championships)
- Colorado – 27 (31 including 4 football division championships)
- Missouri – 10 (12 including 3 football division championships)
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