Big Sky, Montana
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2013)|
|Big Sky, Montana|
Location of Big Sky, Montana
|• Total||228.3 sq mi (591.2 km2)|
|• Land||228.1 sq mi (590.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.4 km2)|
|Elevation||7,218 ft (2,200 m)|
|• Density||10.1/sq mi (3.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|GNIS feature ID||1853174|
Big Sky is a census-designated place (CDP) in Gallatin and Madison counties in the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Montana. This unincorporated community straddles the two counties, is not considered a town, and has no town government. The primary industry of the area is tourism. It is a part of the Bozeman, MT Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Big Sky is located at  approximately midway between West Yellowstone and Bozeman on U.S. Route 191 and just 15 miles (24 km) from the northwestern border of the Yellowstone National Park. "The Meadow" sector of the area lies in an Alpine valley formed during the cretaceous period. Initially called the Gallatin Canyon Basin, the Meadow is braided with small rivers that channel mountain snow run-off. Fishing is permitted on all of these Gallatin feeders. Two "ponds" are found on the Middle Fork that bisects the Meadow. Fishing there is permitted only for those 16 and younger. Since 1993, an innovative sewer system has protected the water in the area from sewage discharge. Several agencies, such as the Blue Water Task Force, monitor the health of the rivers.(45.269940, -111.299725),
The community has two large ski resorts that are sited in the "Mountain" sector: Big Sky Ski Resort and Moonlight Basin Ski Resort. In October 2013, these resorts merged. Both resorts are now managed by Big Sky Ski Resort. Both are Alpine ski and golf resorts. The combined terrain of the two resorts allows them to boast "The Biggest Skiing in America." The Club at Spanish Peaks is an exclusive ski and golf resort that has three chairlifts and thirteen ski runs connecting it to the Big Sky Ski Resort at the base of Big Sky's Southern Comfort lift. Spanish Peaks is now also owned by Big Sky Ski Resort, in collaboration with the Yellowstone Club. Another resort, Lone Mountain Ranch, is a Nordic ski and summer resort that professionally grooms over 75 kilometers of cross country ski trails. The private exclusive resort, Yellowstone Club, is located to the south and adjacent to Big Sky.
Part of the community lies in the Gallatin Canyon, along the Gallatin River, a favorite for white water rafters and kayakers. The Gallatin River, named after Albert Gallatin who was the Secretary of the Treasury during the Lewis and Clark Expedition, is a Blue Ribbon trout stream that attracts fly-fishers from around the world. Fly-fishing outfitting firms can connect fly-fishers to renowned rivers, in particular the Madison and the Yellowstone. Several dude ranches (320 Ranch, Elkhorn Ranch, Cinnamon Lodge and 9 Quarter Circle)dot the Gallatin Canyon.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 228.3 square miles (591.2 km2), of which 228.1 square miles (590.8 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.4 km2) (0.06%) is water.
This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Big Sky has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.
At the 2010 census, there were 2,308 people residing in the CDP. The population density was 10.1 per square mile.
Hiking trails thread throughout the landscape and into neighboring national forests. Camping sites are available throughout the Spanish Peaks and Gallatin National Forest. Elk, deer, black bears, grizzlies, upland birds, waterfowl, and wolves call this area home. Hunting is prohibited in Big Sky proper, but it is permitted throughout the national forests that surround the area. Recreational snowmobiling is also not permitted within the Meadow and on Mountain terrain, but it is permitted in the Gallatin Canyon and in areas to the south of Big Sky proper. Snowmobiling outfitters are located in the Canyon.
Big Sky offers a variety of recreational venues. In addition to outdoor activities, there is a movie theater that shows current blockbuster films. The Warren Miller Performing Arts Center, a community and school-based facility, is located at the school on US 191. The venue attracts local, national, and international artists in every genre(music, drama, dance, visual arts, and creative composition). Known to locals as the WMPAC, the center is home to the Big Sky Community Chorus, the Big Sky Community Theater, and Big Sky Broadway, a children's musical theater company. During the summer, the Arts Council of Big Sky presents weekly free music concerts with musicians from across the nation. Each August, the Arts Council holds a four-day classical music festival. A wide variety of music can be heard year-round at the resorts and local restaurants and bars. Several art galleries feature local and regional photography and other visual media. In mid-summer Big Sky hosts the PBR (Professional Bull Rider) rodeo. A Farmers' Market features fresh, locally-grown food and crafts each Wednesday during the summer months.
The area is served by a K-12 public school district, called the Big Sky School District #72. There are three schools: Ophir Elementary School, Ophir Middle School and Lone Peak High School. The district educates approximately 275 students with an innovative curriculum that includes experiential, place-based and expeditionary education. There are opportunities for formal pre-school enrollment.
Health services include a dentist, 3 small medical clinics, a physical therapist, chiropractors and a pharmacy. The local Big Sky Fire Department provides advanced life support emergency medical services, but sheriff services are provided by Gallatin County. Big Sky Search and Rescue operates in conjunction with the Big Sky Fire Department. Bozeman Deaconess Hospital will open a small hospital in 2015, but at the moment the hospital in Bozeman is the closest full-service hospital. The Big Sky Community Food Bank, located on US 191 in the Big Horn Shopping Center, assists the food-insecure through a shopping model. Beyond these services, because Big Sky is an unincorporated are, other services are obtained through Gallatin County and volunteer organizations. A 3% resort tax, affixed to non-essentials, supports many local agencies' services. The resort tax is administered by the Resort Tax Board. Nonprofit service organizations like the Rotary Club of Big Sky also support local initiatives.
Local businesses, ranging from 42 restaurants, clothing and gift shops, food markets, to outdoor sporting stores, are situated primarily in four commerce centers, Meadow Village Shopping Center, the Canyon and The Big Sky Town Center, and the Mountain Mall. Real estate agents, construction and architectural companies and property management companies attend to the burgeoning real estate industry. The Big Sky Chamber of Commerce and Visitor Center is positioned at the intersection of US 191 and Lone Peak Trail. The facility provides a wealth of information for the area and Yellowstone National Park, including local attractions, accommodations, and restaurants. It also houses a small museum that highlights area history before the ski resorts opened.
Big Sky Chapel serves a number of religious denominations. The community library, housed in the Ophir School facility, is free to the public, providing thousands of books and technology access.
A 44 acre community park features ball fields, a skate board complex, a dog park, a Frisbee golfing course, and areas for biking and cross country skiing. The park is administered by the Big Sky Community Corporation, which also oversees public trails, other smaller public parks, and the Historic Crail Ranch Homestead. The BSCC organizes summer camps for kids who reside here or simply are visiting Big Sky.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2009)|
Big Sky has two local newspapers: Explore Big Sky and the Lone Peak Lookout, in addition to a regional newspaper from Bozeman.
The local radio station is KBZM. Other regional radio stations can be received from Bozeman.
ExploreBigSky.com is a regional daily news website.
There are numerous year-round and part-time residents who are world-renowned athletes, politicians, physicians, and business/industry leaders, including:
- Warren Miller, ski-film industry icon, lives in Big Sky during the winter.
Keeley Kelleher, a former Olympic skier and national champion medalist, grew up in Big Sky.
- Marty Pavelich, a National Hockey League Hall of Famer, is a year-round resident.
- Martin Bell, a former Olympic skier for Great Britain is a year-round resident.
- Chet Huntley, pioneering newscaster, retired to Big Sky and built the Big Sky Resort; however, he died before the resort opened.
- Jamie Pierre, professional skier, snowboarder. Deceased
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Big Sky, Montana
- Visit Big Sky
- Big Sky Chamber of Commerce
- Big Sky Resort
- Big Sky Fire Department
- Gallatin County Emergency Management