Big Spring State Park (Texas)
|Big Spring State Park|
|Elevation||850 m (2,789 ft)|
|Management||Texas Parks and Wildlife Department|
|Website: TPWD: Big Spring State Park|
Big Spring State Park is a Texas state park in Big Spring, Howard County, Texas in the United States. It was opened in 1936 after the 381.99 acres (154.59 ha) upon which it is situated was deeded to the state by the city of Big Spring in 1934 and 1935. It is named for the natural spring once located on the site that was later replaced by an artificial one.
The first written record of the spring was made on October 3, 1849, in the journal of Captain R.B. Marcy of the U.S. Cavalry while on his return trip to Fort Smith, Arkansas, from Santa Fe, New Mexico. The Spanish are thought to have visited the area as early as 1768, while Comanches and other Native American groups likely frequented the region much earlier, probably attracted by the permanent water source. Carvings dated c. 1917 indicate that other visitors to the park area included cattle drivers and those travelling to new territories.
Shortly after the state of Texas acquired the land in 1934, the Civilian Conservation Corps began construction on the park. Limestone quarried on-site was used in the building of the headquarters, pavilion, lodging, pump house and restroom. The limestone was also used in the building of retaining walls for a three-mile (5 km) drive that loops around Scenic Mountain. The walls were built using mortarless masonry techniques with large blocks of limestone, some weighing as much as two tons.
Facilities at the park include a lighted group pavilion, which can accommodate up to 50 people; restrooms with no showers and a Texas State Park store. Native American artifacts and fossils from the area are on display at a seasonal interpretive center, which is also located in the park.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Big Spring State Park.|
- "Texas State Parks: Natural Economic Assets". Window on State Government. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
- "Big Spring State Park". Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
- "Big Spring State Park (Texas)". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved January 7, 2013.