Big Ten Conference

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Big Ten Conference
(Big Ten)
Big Ten Conference logo
Established 1896
Association NCAA
Division Division I FBS
Members 12 (14 on July 1, 2014)
Sports fielded 26 (men's: 13; women's: 13)
Region
Former names Intercollegiate Conference
of Faculty Representatives
Big Nine
Western Conference
Headquarters Rosemont, Illinois
Commissioner James Delany (since 1989)
Website bigten.org
Locations
Big Ten Conference locations

The Big Ten Conference (B1G), formerly Western Conference and Big Nine Conference, is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States. (The conference uses the "B1G" character combination in its labelling, noting that it "allows fans to see 'BIG' and '10' in a single word.")[1]

Its twelve member institutions (which are primarily flagship research universities in their respective states, well-regarded academically, and with relatively large student enrollment) are located primarily in the Midwest, stretching from Nebraska in the west to Pennsylvania in the east. The conference competes in the NCAA's Division I; its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), formerly known as Division I-A, the highest level of NCAA competition in that sport. Member schools of the Big Ten (or, in two cases, their parent university systems) also are members of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, a leading educational and research consortium.

Despite the conference's name, the Big Ten actually consists of 12 schools, following the addition of Pennsylvania State University in 1990 and the University of Nebraska–Lincoln in 2011. In 2014, the conference will expand to 14 full members with the additions of the University of Maryland and Rutgers University, and one affiliate member with the addition of Johns Hopkins University in men's lacrosse. It is not to be confused with the Big 12 Conference, which has ten schools and represents a different region of the country, save for the state of Iowa.

Member schools[edit]

Current members[edit]

Big Ten institutions are also, along with charter member the University of Chicago, part of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC).

Institution Location
(Population)
Founded Joined
Big Ten
Type Enrollment Endowment[2] Nickname Colors Varsity
Teams
NCAA Championships
(As of January 1, 2014)[3]
(excludes football)
Big Ten
Championships
(As of December 21, 2013)[4]
Football
Division
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign Urbana, Illinois
(41,250)
and
Champaign, Illinois
(81,055)
1867 1896[5] Public 41,918[6] $1,925,949,000 Fighting
Illini
Orange & Blue[7]
         
21 18 237 West
Indiana University Bloomington, Indiana
(80,405)
1820 1899[8]
(Athletics
since 1900)
Public 42,464[9] $1,735,086,000 Hoosiers Cream & Crimson[10]
         
24 24 168 East
University of Iowa Iowa City, Iowa
(70,133)
1847 1899[11]
(Athletics
since 1900)
Public 31,498[12] $1,094,803,000 Hawkeyes Black & Gold[13]
         
24 25 106 West
University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan
(113,934)
1817 1896[14]
(Inactive
1907–1917)
Public 37,197[15][16] $8,382,311,000 Wolverines Maize & Blue[17]
         
27 35 366 East
Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan
(48,579)[18]
1855 1950[19]
(Athletics
since 1953)
Public 48,906[20] $1,637,164,000 Spartans Green & White[21]
         
25 19 93 East
University of Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota
(382,578)
and St. Paul, Minnesota
(290,770)
1851 1896[22] Public 51,853[23] $2,757,476,000 Golden Gophers Maroon & Gold[24]
         
23 17 160 West
University of Nebraska–Lincoln Lincoln, Nebraska
(258,379)
1869 2011[25] Public 24,593[26] $1,338,728,000 Cornhuskers Scarlet & Cream[27]
         
21 17 6 West
Northwestern University Evanston, Illinois
(74,486)
1851 1896[28] Private 14,988[29] $7,883,323,000 Wildcats Purple & White[30]
         
19 8 73 West
The Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio
(787,033)
1870 1912[31] Public 56,867[32] $3,149,169,000 Buckeyes Scarlet & Gray[33]
         
37 25 203 East
Pennsylvania State University University Park, Pennsylvania
(42,034)
1855 1990[34]
(Athletics
since 1991)
Public 44,817[35] $2,956,803,000 Nittany
Lions
Blue & White[36]
         
31 45 69 East
Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana
(29,596)
1869 1896[37] Public 39,637[38] $2,182,171,000 Boilermakers Old Gold & Black[39]
         
18 3 71 West
University of Wisconsin–Madison Madison, Wisconsin
(233,209)
1848 1896[40] Public 43,275[41] $2,020,019,000 Badgers Cardinal & White[42]
         
23 28 190 West

Future members[edit]

These future members are to join the Big Ten conference in all sports.[43]

Institution Location
(Population)
Founded Joining
Big Ten
Type Enrollment Endowment Nickname Colors Varsity Teams NCAA Championships
(As of January 1, 2014)[3]
(excludes football)
Football
Division
Current
Conference
Sources
University of Maryland College Park, Maryland
(30,413)
1856 2014 Public 37,631[44] $867,017,000 Terrapins Red and White & Black and Gold[45]
         
         
20 25 East Atlantic Coast Conference [46][47][48]
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey New Brunswick, New Jersey
(56,160)
Piscataway, New Jersey
(50,482)
1766 2014 Public 41,565[49] $783,492,000 Scarlet Knights Scarlet[50]
    
27 1 East Big East (field hockey, men's and women's lacrosse)

Eastern Intercollegiate Wrestling Association (wrestling)
The American (all other sports)

[51]

Affiliate member[edit]

In June 2013, the conference announced the addition of Johns Hopkins University as an affiliate member for men's lacrosse.[52][53]

Institution Location
(Population)
Founded Type Enrollment Endowment Joining
Big Ten
Nickname Colors Big
Ten
Sport
NCAA Championships
(As of January 1, 2014)[3]
Current Conference
Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, Maryland
(621,342)
1876 Private 5,066[54] $2,990,000,000 2014 Blue Jays Columbia Blue & Black
         
Men's Lacrosse 9 In Men's Lacrosse American Lacrosse Conference (for women's lacrosse),
Centennial Conference (other sports)
(NCAA Division III)

Former member[edit]

Institution Location Founded Type Undergrad
Enrollment
Endowment Joined
Big Ten
Left
Big Ten
Nickname Colors Varsity Teams NCAA Championships
(as a member)
Big Ten
Championships
Current Conference
University of Chicago Chicago, Illinois
(2,695,598)
1890 Private 5,027 $6,670,000,000 1896 1946 Maroons Maroon & White[55]
         
19 1 73 University Athletic Association
(NCAA Division III)

Membership timeline[edit]

Johns Hopkins University Rutgers University University of Maryland University of Nebraska-Lincoln Pennsylvania State University Michigan State University Ohio State University University of Iowa Indiana University Bloomington University of Wisconsin–Madison Purdue University Northwestern University University of Minnesota University of Michigan University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University Athletic Association Midwest Conference University of Chicago

Full members Full members (non-football) Sport Affiliate (Men's Lacrosse) Other Conference Other Conference

Sports[edit]

The Big Ten Conference sponsors championship competition in thirteen men's and women's NCAA sanctioned sports.[56] Men's and women's lacrosse will be added in 2014–15.[52]

Teams in Big Ten Conference competition
Sport Men's Women's
Baseball
13
-
Basketball
14
14
Cross Country
14
12
Field Hockey
-
9
Football
14
-
Golf
14
14
Gymnastics
7
10
Ice Hockey
6
-
Lacrosse
6
6
Rowing
-
8
Soccer
9
14
Softball
-
14
Swimming & Diving
10
13
Tennis
12
14
Track and Field (Indoor)
12
13
Track and Field (Outdoor)
13
13
Volleyball
-
14
Wrestling
14
-

Men's sponsored sports by school[edit]

School Baseball Basketball Cross Country Football Golf Gymnastics Ice Hockey Lacrosse1 Soccer Swimming
& Diving
Tennis Track & Field
(Indoor)
Track & Field
(Outdoor)
Wrestling Total
Illinois Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 10
Indiana Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 11
Iowa Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 11
Maryland Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY 8
Michigan Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 14
Michigan State Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 12
Minnesota Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 12
Nebraska Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 10
Northwestern Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY 8
Ohio State Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 14
Penn State Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 14
Purdue Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 10
Rutgers Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 10
Wisconsin Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 11
Affiliate Member
Johns Hopkins2 Red XN Red XN Red XN Red XN Red XN Red XN Red XN Green tickY Red XN Red XN Red XN Red XN Red XN Red XN 1
Totals 13 14 12 14 14 7 6 6 9 10 12 12 13 14 156

Notes:

1: Lacrosse will be a sponsored sport beginning in 2014–15[57]

2: Johns Hopkins will be joining the Big Ten as an affiliate member in men's lacrosse only, beginning in 2014. It will continue to field its other sports in the NCAA Division III Centennial Conference except women's lacrosse, which will become an independent with the demise of the American Lacrosse Conference as four of its teams move to the Big Ten.[57]

Men's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference which are played by Big Ten schools:

School Fencing1 Lightweight Rowing2 Pistol3 Rifle4 Rowing5 Volleyball
Ohio State Independent No Independent PRC No MIVA
Penn State Independent No No No No EIVA
Wisconsin No No No EARC No
Rutgers No EARC No No EARC No

Notes:

1: Fencing is officially a coeducational team sport, although a few schools field only a women's team. Ohio State and Penn State, like most NCAA fencing schools, have coed teams.

2: Men's lacrosse will be added in 2014, with five member schools and affiliate member Johns Hopkins.[57]

3: Men's rowing, whether heavyweight or lightweight, is not governed by the NCAA, but instead by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association.

4: Unlike rifle, pistol is not an NCAA-governed sport. It is fully coeducational.

5: Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other. Ohio State fields a coed team.

6: Maryland and Rutgers lacrosse will join the Big Ten Conference in July 2014.

Women's sponsored sports by school[edit]

School Basketball Cross Country Field Hockey Golf Gymnastics Lacrosse* Rowing Soccer Softball Swimming
& Diving
Tennis Track & Field
(Indoor)
Track & Field
(Outdoor)
Volleyball Total
Illinois Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 11
Indiana Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 12
Iowa Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 13
Maryland Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 12
Michigan Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 14
Michigan State Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 13
Minnesota Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 12
Nebraska Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 11
Northwestern Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY 10
Ohio State Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 14
Penn State Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 13
Purdue Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Red XN Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 10
Rutgers Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 14
Wisconsin Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 11
Totals 14 14 9 14 10 6 8 14 14 13 14 13 13 14 170

* Lacrosse will be a sponsored sport beginning with the 2014–15 academic year.[52]

Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference which are played by Big Ten schools:

School Bowling Fencing[c 1] Ice Hockey Lightweight Rowing[c 2] Pistol[c 3] Rifle[c 4] Synchronized Swimming[c 5] Water Polo
Indiana No No No No No No No CWPA
Michigan No No No No No No No CWPA
Minnesota No No WCHA No No No No No
Nebraska Independent No No No No GARC No No
Northwestern No Independent No No No No No No
Ohio State No Independent WCHA No Independent PRC Independent No
Penn State No Independent CHA No No No No No
Wisconsin No No WCHA EARC No No No No
  1. ^ Fencing is officially a coeducational team sport, although a few schools field only a women's team. Ohio State and Penn State, like most NCAA fencing schools, have coed teams, while Northwestern fields only a women's team.
  2. ^ The only category of rowing that the NCAA governs is women's heavyweight rowing. Women's lightweight rowing, as with all men's rowing, is governed by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association.
  3. ^ Unlike rifle, pistol is not an NCAA-governed sport. It is fully coeducational.
  4. ^ Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other. Nebraska fields a women-only team, and Ohio State fields a coed team.
  5. ^ Synchronized swimming is not governed by the NCAA. Collegiate competition is governed by United States Synchronized Swimming, the sport's national governing body.

History[edit]

Initiated and led by Purdue University president James Henry Smart,[58] the presidents of University of Chicago, University of Illinois, University of Minnesota, University of Wisconsin, Northwestern University, Purdue University and Lake Forest College met in Chicago on January 11, 1895 to discuss the regulation and control of intercollegiate athletics. The eligibility of student-athletes was one of the main topics of discussion.[59] The Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives was founded at a second meeting on February 8, 1896.[60] Lake Forest was not at the 1896 meeting that established the conference and was replaced by the University of Michigan. At the time, the organization was more commonly known as the Western Conference, consisting of Purdue, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Chicago, and Northwestern.

The first reference to the conference as the Big Nine was in 1899 after Iowa and Indiana had joined. Nebraska first petitioned to join the league in 1900 and again in 1911,[61] but was turned away both times. In April 1907, Michigan was voted out of the conference for failing to adhere to league rules.[62] Ohio State was added to the conference in 1912. The first known references to the conference as the Big Ten were in November 1917 after Michigan rejoined following a nine-year absence.[63][64][65]

Big Ten logo (1990–2011). To reflect the addition of the 11th school, Pennsylvania State, the number 11 was disguised in the negative space of the "Big Ten" lettering.

The conference was again known as the Big Nine after the University of Chicago decided to de-emphasize varsity athletics just after World War II. Chicago discontinued its football program in 1939[66] and withdrew from the conference in 1946 after struggling to gain victories in many conference matchups. It was believed that one of several schools, notably Pittsburgh, Nebraska, Michigan State, Marquette, Notre Dame, and Iowa State would replace Chicago at the time.[67] On May 20, 1949,[60] Michigan State ended the speculation by joining and the conference was again known as the Big Ten. The Big Ten's membership would remain unchanged for the next 40 years.

The conference’s official name throughout this period remained the Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives. It did not formally adopt the name Big Ten until 1987, when it was incorporated as a not-for-profit corporation. In 1990, the Big Ten universities voted to expand the conference to 11 teams, and extended an invitation to Pennsylvania State University, which accepted it.[68] When Penn State joined in 1990, it was decided that the conference would continue to be called the Big Ten, but its logo was modified to reflect the change; the number 11 was disguised in the negative space of the traditionally blue "Big Ten" lettering.

Missouri had shown interest in Big Ten membership after Penn State joined.[69] Around 1993, the league explored adding Kansas, Missouri, and Rutgers, or other potential schools, to create a 14-team league with two divisions.[70] These talks died when the Big 8 Conference merged with former Southwest Conference members to create the Big 12.

Locations of the Big Ten member institutions

Following the addition of previously independent Penn State, efforts were made to encourage the University of Notre Dame, the last remaining non-service academy independent, to join the league. Early in the 20th century, Notre Dame briefly considered official entry into the Big Ten but chose to maintain its independence instead.[71] However, in 1999, both Notre Dame and the Big Ten entered into private negotiations concerning a possible membership that would include Notre Dame. Although the Notre Dame faculty senate endorsed the idea with a near unanimous vote, the ND board of trustees decided against joining the conference and Notre Dame ultimately withdrew from negotiations. [1]

In December 2009 Big Ten Conference commissioner Jim Delany announced that the league was looking to expand in what would later be part of a nationwide trend as part of the 2010–13 NCAA conference realignment.[72] On June 11, 2010 the University of Nebraska applied for membership in the Big Ten and was unanimously approved as the conference's 12th school, which became effective July 1, 2011.[73] The conference retained the name "Big Ten".

On September 1, Delany revealed the conference's divisional split and announced the new division names on December 13, 2010: Legends and Leaders.[74] The new "Legends" and "Leaders" names were not met with enthusiasm. Some traditional rivals, including Ohio State and Michigan, were placed in separate divisions.[75] For the football season, each team plays the others in its division, one "cross-over" game, and two rotating cross-divisional games.

On November 19, 2012, the University of Maryland's Board of Regents voted to withdraw from the ACC and to join the Big Ten as its 13th member effective on July 1, 2014.[76] The Big Ten's Council of Presidents approved the move later that day.[77] One day later, Rutgers University of the Big East also accepted an offer for membership from the Big Ten as its 14th member school.[78]

On April 28, 2013, the Big Ten presidents and chancellors unanimously approved a divisional realignment that will take effect when Maryland and Rutgers join in 2014.[79] Under the new plan, the "Leaders" and "Legends" divisions will be replaced with geographic divisions.[79] The West Division will include all member schools in the Central Time Zone plus Purdue, while the East Division will include the other seven schools. The final issue in determining the new divisions was which of the two Indiana schools would be sent to the West; Purdue was chosen because its West Lafayette campus is geographically west of Indiana's home city of Bloomington.[80] In the new divisional alignment, the only protected cross-divisional rivalry game in football will be Indiana–Purdue.[79]

On June 3, 2013, the Big Ten announced the sponsorship of men's and women's lacrosse. The addition of women's lacrosse was possible with the addition of Maryland and Rutgers to the conference, joining existing programs at Northwestern, Michigan, Ohio State, and Penn State.[52] To sponsor men's lacrosse, Johns Hopkins University opted to join the conference as its first affiliate member beginning in 2014. Johns Hopkins had previously been independent in men's lacrosse for 130 years, claiming 44 national championships.[53]

In 2012, the Conference announced it will be moving its headquarters from its current location in Park Ridge, Illinois to neighboring Rosemont by the end of 2013. The new office building is situated within the Rosemont Financial District, right alongside Interstate 294. The move into the building was finalized on October 14, 2013.[81][82][83]

Commissioners[edit]

The office of the commissioner of athletics was created in 1922 "to study athletic problems of the various member universities and assist in enforcing the eligibility rules which govern Big Ten athletics."[59]

Name Years Notes
John L. Griffith 1922–1944 died in office
Kenneth L. "Tug" Wilson 1945–1961 retired
William R. Reed 1961–1971 died in office
Wayne Duke 1971–1989 retired
James Delany 1989–

Academics & Committee on Institutional Cooperation[edit]

The Big Ten Conference is known for its academics as well as its athletics. Prior to the addition of Nebraska on July 1, 2011, it was the only Division I conference to have all its members in the Association of American Universities (AAU).[84] Nebraska was removed from the AAU in April 2011, due to the AAU no longer allowing Nebraska to include their Medical Center in the AAU formula and the decreased weight given to agricultural research. Commissioner Jim Delany stated that Nebraska's removal from the AAU would have no bearing upon their Big Ten membership. However, Nebraska does lead the NCAA with a record of 291 Academic All-Americans (followed by Notre Dame with 221).[85][86] All three future Big Ten members—all-sports members Maryland and Rutgers, plus men's lacrosse affiliate Johns Hopkins—are also AAU members. Currently no Division I conference has all its members in the AAU, but a Division III conference, University Athletic Association, is composed of entirely AAU members.

The Big Ten also runs the Committee on Institutional Cooperation along with the University of Chicago, which allows students at participating institutions to take distance courses at other participating institutions.[87] Students at participating schools are also allowed "in-house" viewing privileges at other participating schools' libraries.[88] They also employ collective purchasing, which has saved member institutions $19 million to date.[89]

11 of the 13 public schools in the Big Ten (including Maryland and Rutgers) are considered "Public Ivies."[90] The only members not included are Purdue and Nebraska. As mentioned above, all past, present, and future members of the Big Ten (full members and affiliates) are members of the American Association of Universities and are ranked in the US News & World Report top 100 and the Times Higher Education top 200, with the exception of Nebraska on all three accounts.[91]

Schools ranked by revenue[edit]

The schools below are listed by conference rank of total revenue. Total revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights/licensing, student fees, school funds and all other sources including TV income, camp income, food and novelties. Total expenses includes coaching/staff, scholarships, buildings/ground, maintenance, utilities and rental fees and all other costs including recruiting, team travel, equipment and uniforms, conference dues and insurance costs. Net profit is calculated using the total revenue and total expenses data provided by USA Today, individual institutions and the United States Department of Education.[92]

Institution 2012 Total Revenue
from Athletics[93]
2012 Total Expenses
on Athletics[93]
2012 Profit/(Loss) 2011 Average Spending
per student-athlete[94]
Ohio State University $142,043,057 $124,419,412 $17,623,645 $140,560
University of Michigan $140,131,187 $115,200,187 $24,921,000 $143,390
Pennsylvania State University $108,252,281 $107,389,258 $863,023 Not reported
University of Wisconsin–Madison $103,803,040 $102,275,206 $1,527,834 $121,658
University of Iowa $97,902,974 $104,658,746 ($6,755,772) $135,473
Michigan State University $93,946,707 $88,100,432 $5,846,275 $118,986
University of Minnesota $83,619,526 $83,619,526 $0 $109,923
University of Nebraska–Lincoln $81,631,252 $77,037,282 $4,593,970 $125,446
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign $78,708,250 $76,740,736 $1,967,514 $144,639
Indiana University Bloomington $72,973,954 $69,915,060 $3,058,894 $109,329
Purdue University $70,624,394 $68,056,269 $2,568,125 $124,590
University of Maryland, College Park $68,142,660 $68,109,639 $33,021 $88,935
Rutgers–New Brunswick $64,038,720 $64,038,720 $0 $98,997
Northwestern University Not reported Not reported Not reported Not reported

Awards and honors[edit]

Conference records[edit]

For Big Ten records, by sport (not including football), see footnote[97]

Conference championships[edit]

For Big Ten championships, by year, see footnote[98]

Football[edit]

When Maryland and Rutgers join in 2014, the divisions (as previously noted) will change to "East" and "West", with Purdue and the six schools in the Central Time Zone in the West and Indiana joining the remaining six Eastern Time Zone schools in the East. The only protected cross-division game will be Indiana–Purdue. Also, beginning in 2016, the Big Ten will adopt a nine-game conference schedule.[80][99]

West Division East Division
Purdue* Indiana*
Illinois Maryland
Iowa Michigan
Minnesota Michigan State
Nebraska Ohio State
Northwestern Penn State
Wisconsin Rutgers

* The game between Indiana and Purdue will be the only protected game between the East and West divisions. (All other matchups between East and West will occur on a rotating basis.)

All-time school records[edit]

This list goes through the 2013 season.

# Team Records Pct. Division Championships Big Ten Championships Claimed National Championships Poll National Championships†
1 Michigan 910-321-36 .732 0 42 11 2
2 Ohio State 849-318-53 .718 2‡ 34 7 5
3 Nebraska 865-357-40 .701 1 0 5 5
4 Penn State 730-370-42 .658 0 1 2 2
5 Michigan State 659-437-44 .597 2 8 6 2
6 Wisconsin 652-480-53 .573 1 14 0 0
7 Minnesota 659-492-41 .570 0 18 7 4
8 Iowa 606-535-39 .530 0 11 1 0
9 Purdue 593-526-49 .529 0 8 0 0
10 Maryland 623-560-42 .526 0 0 1 1
11 Illinois 585-553-50 .513 0 15 5 0
12 Rutgers 634-615-42 .508 0 0 1 0
13 Northwestern 489-645-42 .434 0 8 0 0
14 Indiana 459-643-44 .420 0 2 0 0

† A national championship selection by any of the Associated Press (1936–present), United Press International (1950–1990), USA Today (1991–2013) or Amway (2014–present) polls.

‡ Ohio State was awarded the Leaders Division in 2012, however they were ineligible to participate in the 2012 Big Ten Championship Game.[citation needed] Due to Penn State also being ineligible, Wisconsin was selected to participate and went on to defeat Nebraska 70-31.

Big Ten Conference Champions[edit]

Big Ten Championship Game[edit]

Season Date Leaders Division Legends Division Site Attendance MVP
2011 December 3, 2011 #15 Wisconsin 42 #11 Michigan State 39 Lucas Oil Stadium 64,152 QB Russell Wilson, Wisconsin
2012 December 1, 2012 Wisconsindagger 70 #14 Nebraska 31 Lucas Oil Stadium 41,260 RB Montee Ball, Wisconsin
2013 December 7, 2013 #2 Ohio State 24 #10 Michigan State 34 Lucas Oil Stadium 66,002 QB Connor Cook, Michigan State
Season Date East Division West Division Site Attendance MVP
2014 December 6, 2014 TBD 0 TBD 0 Lucas Oil Stadium TBD TBA

Rankings from the AP Poll.

dagger In 2012 Wisconsin finished third in the Leaders division, but division champion Ohio State and second place Penn State were banned from postseason play due to sanctions.

Big Ten Conference football rivalry games[edit]

Bowl games[edit]

Since 1946, the Big Ten champion has had a tie-in with the Rose Bowl game. Michigan appeared in the first bowl game, the 1902 Rose Bowl. After that, the Big Ten did not allow their schools to participate in bowl games, until the agreement struck with the Pacific Coast Conference for the 1947 Rose Bowl. From 1946 through 1971, the Big Ten did not allow the same team to represent the conference in consecutive years in the Rose Bowl with an exception made after the 1961 season in which Minnesota played in the 1962 Rose Bowl after playing in the 1961 Rose Bowl due to Ohio State declining the bid because of Ohio State faculty concerns about academics. Due to their "Rose Bowl or bust" policy, the 1972, 1973 and 1974 Michigan squads did not play in bowl games despite posting 10 wins in each season.

It was not until the 1975 season that the Big Ten allowed teams to play in bowl games other than the Rose Bowl. Michigan, which had been shut out of the postseason the previous three years, was the first beneficiary of the new rule when it played in the Orange Bowl vs. Oklahoma. Due to the pre-1975 rules, Big Ten teams such as Michigan and Ohio State have lower numbers of all-time bowl appearances than powerhouse teams from the Big 12 Conference (previously Big Eight and Southwest Conferences) and Southeastern Conference, which always placed multiple teams in bowl games every year.

Starting in the 2014-2015 season, a new slate of bowl game selections will include several new bowl games.[100]

Name Location Opposing Conference
Rose Bowl or Playoff Pasadena, California or Playoff Site Pac-12 or Playoff Team
Capital One Bowl or Orange Bowl Orlando, Florida or Miami, Florida SEC or ACC
Outback Bowl Tampa, Florida SEC
Holiday Bowl[101] San Diego, California Pac-12
Music City Bowl or Gator Bowl[102] Nashville, TN or Jacksonville, FL SEC
Kraft Fight Hunger Bowl[103] San Francisco, California Pac-12
Pinstripe Bowl[104] New York City ACC
New Detroit Bowl[105] Detroit, Michigan ACC
Heart of Dallas Bowl or Armed Forces Bowl^[101] Fort Worth, TX or Dallas, TX Conference USA

† The Big Ten, along with the SEC, will be eligible to face the ACC representative in the Orange Bowl at least three out of the eight seasons that it does not host a semifinal for the Playoff over a 12-year span. Notre Dame will be chosen the other two years if eligible.

‡ The Big Ten and ACC will switch between the Music City and Gator bowls on alternating years.

^ The Big Ten and Big 12 will switch between the Heart of Dallas and Armed Forces bowls on alternating years.

Bowl selection procedures[edit]

Although the pick order usually corresponds to the conference standings, the bowls are not required to make their choices strictly according to the won-lost records; many factors influence bowl selections, especially the likely turnout of the team's fans. Picks are made after BCS selections; the bowl with the #2 pick will have the first pick of the remaining teams in the conference.

The Capital One (first choice) and Outback (second) Bowls can select any eligible team except a team that has two fewer wins or two more losses, in all games, than another eligible team. If a second conference team is selected for a BCS bowl, the two-win/loss requirement is not applicable for the Outback Bowl. The remaining picks are made in order without restrictions.[106]

Head coach compensation[edit]

The total pay of head coaches includes university and non-university compensation. This includes base salary, income from contracts, foundation supplements, bonuses and media and radio pay.[107]

Conference Rank Institution Head Coach 2013 Total Pay[108]
1 Ohio State University Meyer, UrbanUrban Meyer $4,608,000
2 Pennsylvania State University Franklin, JamesJames Franklin $4,250,000
3 University of Michigan Hoke, BradyBrady Hoke $4,154,000
4 University of Iowa Ferentz, KirkKirk Ferentz $3,985,000
5 University of Nebraska–Lincoln Pelini, BoBo Pelini $2,975,000
6 Northwestern University Fitzgerald, PatPat Fitzgerald $2,221,153
7 Purdue University Hazell, DarrellDarrell Hazell $2,160,833
8 University of Wisconsin–Madison Andersen, GaryGary Andersen $2,035,823
9 University of Maryland, College Park Edsall, RandyRandy Edsall $2,025,440
10 Michigan State University Dantonio, MarkMark Dantonio $1,959,744
11 University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign Beckman, TimTim Beckman $1,700,000
12 Indiana University Bloomington Wilson, KevinKevin Wilson $1,291,220
13 University of Minnesota Kill, JerryJerry Kill $1,200,000
14 Rutgers University Flood, KyleKyle Flood $860,000

Marching bands[edit]

All Big Ten member schools have marching bands which perform regularly during the football season. Ten of the current twelve member schools have won the Sudler Trophy,[109] generally considered the most prestigious honor a collegiate marching band can receive.[110] The first three Sudler trophies were awarded to Big Ten marching bands — Michigan (1982), Illinois (1983) and Ohio State (1984).[109] The Big Ten also has more Sudler Trophy recipients than any other collegiate athletic conference.[109]

Conference individual honors[edit]

Coaches and media of the Big Ten Conference award individual honors at the end of each football season.

Men's basketball[edit]

The Big Ten has participated in basketball since 1904, and has led the nation in attendance every season since 1978.[111] It has been a national powerhouse in men's basketball, having multiple championship winners and often sending four or more teams to the NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament. Previous NCAA champions include Indiana with five titles, Michigan State with two, and Wisconsin, Michigan, and Ohio State with one each.[112] Maryland, which is joining the Big Ten on July 1, 2014, has won one NCAA title.[113] Ohio State played in the first NCAA tournament national championship game in 1939, losing to Oregon. Despite this, Jimmy Hull of Ohio State was the first NCAA tournament MVP. The first three tournament MVPs came from the Big Ten (Marv Huffman of Indiana in 1940 and John Katz of Wisconsin in 1941).

Big Ten teams have also experienced success in the postseason NIT. Since 1974, 13 Big Ten teams have made it to the championship game, winning nine championships. NIT champions from the Big Ten include Michigan, Ohio State, and Minnesota with two, and Indiana, Penn State, and Purdue with one each. Soon-to-be conference member Maryland has won one NIT title.[114]

In addition, the Helms Athletic Foundation recognizes Illinois as the 1915 National Champions, Minnesota as the 1902 and 1919 National Champions, Northwestern as the 1931 National Champion, Purdue as the 1932 National Champions, and Wisconsin as the 1912, 1914 and 1916 National Champions.

Since 1999, the Big Ten has taken part in the ACC–Big Ten Challenge with the Atlantic Coast Conference. The ACC holds a 10–3–2 record against the Big Ten; Purdue, Ohio State and Nebraska are the only Big Ten schools without losing records in the challenge.

All-time school records[edit]

This list goes through the 2013-14 season.

# Big Ten Overall Record Pct. Big Ten Tournament
Championships
Big Ten Regular
Season Championships
NCAA National Championships
1 Illinois 1708-923 .649 2 17 0
2 Indiana 1736-980 .639 0 21 5
3 Purdue 1691-974 .635 1 22 0
4 Ohio State 1583-1018 .609 4 20 1
5 Michigan State 1581-1047 .602 4 13 2
6 Maryland 1443-988 .594 0 0 1
7 Iowa 1550-1091 .587 2 8 0
8 Michigan 1376-986 .583 0 14 1
9 Wisconsin 1470-1144 .562 2 17 1
10 Penn State 1377-1084-1 .560 0 0 0
11 Minnesota 1507-1199 .557 0 8 0
12 Nebraska 1389-1231 .530 0 0 0
13 Rutgers 1182-1126 .512 0 0 0
14 Northwestern 974-1443-1 .403 0 2 0

NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locations[edit]

† denotes overtime games. Multiple †'s indicate more than one overtime.

Year Champion Runner-up Venue and city
1939 Oregon 46 Ohio State 33 Patten Gymnasium Evanston, Illinois
1940 Indiana 60 Kansas 42 Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri
1941 Wisconsin 39 Washington State 34 Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri (2)
1953 Indiana (2) 69 Kansas 68 Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri (4)
1956 San Francisco (2) 83 Iowa 71 McGaw Hall Evanston, Illinois (2)
1960 Ohio State 75 California 55 Cow Palace Daly City, California
1961 Cincinnati 70 Ohio State 65 Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri (8)
1962 Cincinnati (2) 71 Ohio State 59 Freedom Hall Louisville, Kentucky (3)
1965 UCLA (2) 91 Michigan 80 Memorial Coliseum Portland, Oregon
1969 UCLA (5) 92 Purdue 72 Freedom Hall Louisville, Kentucky (6)
1976 Indiana (3) 86 Michigan 68 The Spectrum Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1979 Michigan State 75 Indiana State 64 Special Events Center Salt Lake City, Utah
1981 Indiana (4) 63 North Carolina 50 Spectrum Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (2)
1987 Indiana (5) 74 Syracuse 73 Louisiana Superdome New Orleans, Louisiana (2)
1989 Michigan 80 Seton Hall 79 Kingdome Seattle, Washington (4)
1992 Duke (2) 71 Michigan[a 1] 51 Metrodome Minneapolis, Minnesota
1993 North Carolina (3) 77 Michigan[a 1] 71 Louisiana Superdome New Orleans, Louisiana (3)
2000 Michigan State (2) 89 Florida 76 RCA Dome Indianapolis, Indiana (4)
2002 Maryland 64 Indiana 52 Georgia Dome Atlanta, Georgia (2)
2005 North Carolina (4) 75 Illinois 70 Edward Jones Dome St. Louis, Missouri (3)
2007 Florida (2) 84 Ohio State 75 Georgia Dome Atlanta, Georgia (3)
2009 North Carolina (5) 89 Michigan State 72 Ford Field Detroit, Michigan
2013 Louisville (3) 82 Michigan 76 Georgia Dome Atlanta, Georgia (4)
  1. ^ a b Participation vacated due to major NCAA violations.

Post-season NIT championships and runners-up[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up MVP Venue and city
1972 Maryland 100 Niagara 69 Tom McMillan, Maryland Madison Square Garden New York City
1974 Purdue 87 Utah 81 Mike Sojourner, Utah Madison Square Garden New York City
1979 Indiana 53 Purdue 52 Butch Carter and Ray Tolbert, Indiana Madison Square Garden New York City
1980 Virginia 58 Minnesota 55 Ralph Sampson, Virginia Madison Square Garden New York City
1982 Bradley 68 Purdue 61 Mitchell Anderson, Bradley Madison Square Garden New York City
1984 Michigan 83 Notre Dame 63 Tim McCormick, Michigan Madison Square Garden New York City
1985 UCLA 65 Indiana 62 Reggie Miller, UCLA Madison Square Garden New York City
1986 Ohio State 73 Wyoming 63 Brad Sellers, Ohio State Madison Square Garden New York City
1988 Connecticut 72 Ohio State 67 Phil Gamble, UConn Madison Square Garden New York City
1993 Minnesota 62 Georgetown 61 Voshon Lenard, Minnesota Madison Square Garden New York City
1996 Nebraska 60 Saint Joseph's 56 Erick Strickland, Nebraska Madison Square Garden New York City
1997 Michigan[b 1] 82 Florida State 73 Robert Traylor, Michigan Madison Square Garden New York City
1998 Minnesota[c 1] 79 Penn State 72 Kevin Clark, Minnesota Madison Square Garden New York City
2004 Michigan 62 Rutgers 55 Daniel Horton, Michigan Madison Square Garden New York City
2006 South Carolina 76 Michigan 64 Renaldo Balkman, South Carolina Madison Square Garden New York City
2008 Ohio State 92 Massachusetts 85 Kosta Koufos, Ohio State Madison Square Garden New York City
2009 Penn State 69 Baylor 63 Jamelle Cornley, Penn State Madison Square Garden New York City
2012 Stanford 75 Minnesota 51 Aaron Bright, Stanford Madison Square Garden New York City
2013 Baylor 74 Iowa 54 Pierre Jackson, Baylor Madison Square Garden New York City
2014 Minnesota 65 SMU 63 Austin Hollins, Minnesota Madison Square Garden New York City
  1. ^ Participation and title vacated due to major NCAA violations.
  1. ^ Participation and title vacated due to major NCAA violations.

Men's gymnastics[edit]

The Big Ten fields seven of the remaining sixteen Division I men's gymnastics. In 2013, Michigan edged out Oklahoma for their 5th NCAA Men's Gymnastics championship, the school's second in four years.[115]

NCAA Championships & Runners-up[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Host
1938 Chicago† Illinois Chicago
1939 Illinois Army Chicago
1940 Illinois Navy/Temple Chicago
1941 Illinois Minnesota Chicago
1942 Illinois Penn State†† Navy
1948 Penn State†† Temple Chicago
1949 Temple Minnesota California
1950 Illinois Temple Army
1951 Florida State Illinois/Southern Cal Michigan
1953 Penn State†† Illinois Syracuse
1954 Penn State†† Illinois Illinois
1955 Illinois Penn State†† UCLA
1956 Illinois Penn State†† North Carolina
1957 Penn State†† Illinois Navy
1958 Michigan State†††/Illinois Michigan State
1959 Penn State†† Illinois California
1960 Penn State†† Southern Cal Penn State
1961 Penn State†† Southern Illinois Illinois
1963 Michigan Southern Illinois Pittsburgh
1965 Penn State†† Washington Southern Illinois
1967 Southern Illinois Michigan Southern Illinois
1969 Iowa Penn State††/Colorado State Washington
1970 Michigan Iowa State/New Mexico state Temple
1973 Iowa State Penn State†† Oregon
1976 Penn State†† LSU Temple
1979 Nebraska†† Oklahoma LSU
1980 Nebraska†† Iowa State Nebraska
1981 Nebraska†† Oklahoma Nebraska
1982 Nebraska†† UCLA Nebraska
1983 Nebraska†† UCLA Penn State
1984 UCLA Penn State†† UCLA
1985 Ohio State Nebraska†† Nebraska
1986 Arizona State Nebraska†† Nebraska
1987 UCLA Nebraska†† UCLA
1988 Nebraska†† Illinois Nebraska
1989 Illinois Nebraska†† Nebraska
1990 Nebraska†† Minnesota Minnesota
1991 Oklahoma Penn State†† Penn State
1992 Stanford Nebraska†† Nebraska
1993 Stanford Nebraska†† New Mexico
1994 Nebraska†† Stanford Nebraska
1995 Stanford Nebraska†† Ohio State
1996 Ohio State California Stanford
1998 California Iowa Penn State
1999 Michigan Ohio State Nebraska
2000 Penn State Michigan Iowa
2001 Ohio State Oklahoma Ohio State
2002 Oklahoma Ohio State Oklahoma
2003 Oklahoma Ohio State Temple
2004 Penn State Oklahoma Illinois
2005 Oklahoma Ohio State Army
2006 Oklahoma Illinois Oklahoma
2007 Penn State Oklahoma Penn State
2009 Stanford Michigan Minnesota
2010 Michigan Stanford Army
2012 Illinois Oklahoma Oklahoma
2013 Michigan Oklahoma Penn State

†-Chicago left the Big Ten in 1946.

††-Finishes prior to Penn State and Nebraska joining the Big Ten.

†††-Michigan State no longer competes in gymnastics.

Women's basketball[edit]

Women's basketball teams have played a total of ten times in the NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship (since 1982) and Women's National Invitation Tournament Championship (since 1998). Big Ten women's teams have also led conference attendance from 1993–1999.[116]

Like the men's teams, the women's basketball teams in the Big Ten participate in the Big Ten–ACC Women's Challenge, which was founded in 2007.

NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locations[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Venue and city
1993 Texas Tech 84 Ohio State 82 The Omni Atlanta, Georgia
1999 Purdue 62 Duke 45 San Jose Arena San Jose, California
2001 Notre Dame 68 Purdue 66 Savvis Center St. Louis, Missouri
2005 Baylor 84 Michigan State 62 RCA Dome Indianapolis, Indiana
2006 Maryland 78 Duke 75 TD Banknorth Garden Boston, Massachusetts

Women's National Invitation Tournament championship games[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Venue and city
1998 Penn State 59 Baylor 56 Ferrell Center Waco, Texas
1999 Arkansas 67 Wisconsin 64 Bud Walton Arena Fayetteville, Arkansas
2000 Wisconsin 75 Florida 74 Kohl Center Madison, Wisconsin
2001 Ohio State 62 New Mexico 61 University Arena Albuquerque, New Mexico
2007 Wyoming 72 Wisconsin 56 Arena-Auditorium Laramie, Wyoming
2008 Marquette 81 Michigan State 66 Breslin Center East Lansing, Michigan

Men's ice hockey[edit]

The Big Ten began sponsoring men's ice hockey in the 2013–14 season. The inaugural season includes 6 schools: Michigan, Michigan State and Ohio State joined from the disbanded CCHA; Minnesota and Wisconsin joined from the WCHA; and Penn State joined after playing its first NCAA Division I season (2012-2013) as an independent.[117][118]

NOTE: Overall (win-loss-tie) records shown below are thru the conclusion of 2012-13 season.

# Team Overall Record Pct. NCAA Tournament
Championships
NCAA Tournament
Frozen Four
NCAA Tournament
Appearances
Conference Tournament
Champions
Conference Regular
Season Champions
1 Minnesota 1646–938–171 .637 5 20 34 14 15
2 Michigan 1593–1019–143 .610 9 24 35 9 14
3 Michigan State 1227–903–135 .576 3 11 27 11 8
4 Wisconsin 1111–684–118 .619 6 12 25 12 3
5 Penn State *988–347–45 .740 0 0 0 *11 *7
6 Ohio State 787–810–128 .493 0 1 6 2 1

* Numbers include Penn State's ACHA records before joining the NCAA in 2012-13. Penn State has won 7 ACHA Tournaments and have appeared in 29 ACHA Tournaments.

NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locations[edit]

Year Winning team Coach Losing team Coach Score Location Finals venue
1948 Michigan Heyliger, VicVic Heyliger Dartmouth Jeremiah, EdwardEdward Jeremiah 8–4 Colorado Springs, Colorado Broadmoor Ice Palace
1951 Michigan (2) Heyliger, VicVic Heyliger Brown Moulton, WestcottWestcott Moulton 7–1 Colorado Springs, Colorado Broadmoor Ice Palace
1952 Michigan (3) Heyliger, VicVic Heyliger Colorado College Thompson, CheddyCheddy Thompson 4–1 Colorado Springs, Colorado Broadmoor Ice Palace
1953 Michigan (4) Heyliger, VicVic Heyliger Minnesota Mariucci, JohnJohn Mariucci 7–3 Colorado Springs, Colorado Broadmoor Ice Palace
1954 Rensselaer Harkness, NedNed Harkness Minnesota Mariucci, JohnJohn Mariucci 5–4 (OT) Colorado Springs, Colorado Broadmoor Ice Palace
1955 Michigan (5) Heyliger, VicVic Heyliger Colorado College Thompson, CheddyCheddy Thompson 5–3 Colorado Springs, Colorado Broadmoor Ice Palace
1956 Michigan (6) Heyliger, VicVic Heyliger Michigan Tech Renfrew, AlAl Renfrew 7–5 Colorado Springs, Colorado Broadmoor Ice Palace
1957 Colorado College (2) Bedecki, TomTom Bedecki Michigan Heyliger, VicVic Heyliger 13–6 Colorado Springs, Colorado Broadmoor Ice Palace
1959 North Dakota May, BobBob May Michigan State Bessone, AmoAmo Bessone 4–3 (OT) Troy, New York RPI Field House
1964 Michigan (7) Renfrew, AlAl Renfrew Denver Armstrong, MurrayMurray Armstrong 6–3 Denver, Colorado University of Denver Arena
1966 Michigan State Bessone, AmoAmo Bessone Clarkson Ceglarski, LenLen Ceglarski 6–1 Minneapolis, Minnesota Williams Arena
1971 Boston University Kelley, JackJack Kelley Minnesota Sonmor, GlenGlen Sonmor 4–2 Syracuse, New York Onondaga War Memorial
1973 Wisconsin Johnson, BobBob Johnson Denver1 Armstrong, MurrayMurray Armstrong 4–2 Boston, Massachusetts Boston Garden
1974 Minnesota Brooks, HerbHerb Brooks Michigan Tech MacInnes, JohnJohn MacInnes 4–2 Boston, Massachusetts Boston Garden
1975 Michigan Tech (3) MacInnes, JohnJohn MacInnes Minnesota Brooks, HerbHerb Brooks 6–1 St. Louis, Missouri St. Louis Arena
1976 Minnesota (2) Brooks, HerbHerb Brooks Michigan Tech MacInnes, JohnJohn MacInnes 6–4 Denver, Colorado University of Denver Arena
1977 Wisconsin (2) Johnson, BobBob Johnson Michigan Farrell, DanDan Farrell 6–5 (OT) Detroit, Michigan Olympia Stadium
1979 Minnesota (3) Brooks, HerbHerb Brooks North Dakota Gasparini, GinoGino Gasparini 4–3 Detroit, Michigan Olympia Stadium
1981 Wisconsin (3) Johnson, BobBob Johnson Minnesota Buetow, BradBrad Buetow 6–3 Duluth, Minnesota Duluth Entertainment Center
1982 North Dakota (4) Gasparini, GinoGino Gasparini Wisconsin Johnson, BobBob Johnson 5–2 Providence, Rhode Island Providence Civic Center
1983 Wisconsin (4) Sauer, JeffJeff Sauer Harvard Cleary, BillBill Cleary 6–2 Grand Forks, North Dakota Ralph Engelstad Arena
1986 Michigan State (2) Mason, RonRon Mason Harvard Cleary, BillBill Cleary 6–5 Providence, Rhode Island Providence Civic Center
1987 North Dakota (5) Gasparini, GinoGino Gasparini Michigan State Mason, RonRon Mason 5–3 Detroit, Michigan Joe Louis Arena
1989 Harvard Cleary, BillBill Cleary Minnesota Woog, DougDoug Woog 4–3 (OT) Saint Paul, Minnesota Saint Paul Civic Center
1990 Wisconsin (5) Sauer, JeffJeff Sauer Colgate Slater, TerryTerry Slater 7–3 Detroit, Michigan Joe Louis Arena
1992 Lake Superior State (2) Jackson, JeffJeff Jackson Wisconsin1 Sauer, JeffJeff Sauer 5–3 Albany, New York Knickerbocker Arena
1996 Michigan (8) Berenson, RedRed Berenson Colorado College Lucia, DonDon Lucia 3–2 (OT) Cincinnati, Ohio Riverfront Coliseum
1998 Michigan (9) Berenson, RedRed Berenson Boston College York, JerryJerry York 3–2 (OT) Boston, Massachusetts FleetCenter
2002 Minnesota (4) Lucia, DonDon Lucia Maine Whitehead, TimTim Whitehead 4–3 (OT) Saint Paul, Minnesota Xcel Energy Center
2003 Minnesota (5) Lucia, DonDon Lucia New Hampshire Umile, DickDick Umile 5–1 Buffalo, New York HSBC Arena
2006 Wisconsin (6) Eaves, MikeMike Eaves Boston College York, JerryJerry York 2–1 Milwaukee, Wisconsin Bradley Center
2007 Michigan State (3) Comley, RickRick Comley Boston College York, JerryJerry York 3–1 St. Louis, Missouri Scottrade Center
2010 Boston College (4) York, JerryJerry York Wisconsin Eaves, MikeMike Eaves 5–0 Detroit, Michigan Ford Field
2011 Minnesota–Duluth Scott Sandelin Michigan Red Berenson 3–2 (OT) Saint Paul, Minnesota Xcel Energy Center
2014 Union Rick Bennett Minnesota Don Lucia 7-4 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Wells Fargo Center

^1 Participation in the tournament vacated by the NCAA Committee on Infractions.

Men's lacrosse[edit]

The Big Ten will begin sponsoring men's lacrosse in the 2014–15 season. The Big Ten lacrosse league will include Maryland, Michigan, Ohio State, Penn State, and Rutgers. Johns Hopkins will join the Big Ten conference as an affiliate member in 2014. The teams that will compete in Big Ten men's lacrosse have combined to win 11 NCAA national championships.[119]

With the addition of Johns Hopkins and Maryland to the league, Big Ten men's lacrosse will boast two of the top programs and most heated rivals in the history of the sport. Johns Hopkins (28) and Maryland (21) combine for 49 NCAA Men's Lacrosse Final Four appearances. The media and both schools have called Johns Hopkins–Maryland rivalry the greatest and most historic rivalry in men's lacrosse. Since 1895, the two teams have matched up more than 100 times.[120][121][122]

NOTE: Overall (win-loss) records shown below are through the conclusion of 2012-13 season.

# Team Total Seasons Overall Record Pct. Claimed National
Championships
NCAA Tournament
Runner Up
NCAA Tournament
Final Fours
NCAA Tournament
Appearances
1 Johns Hopkins 125 924–298 .756 44 9 28 41
2 Maryland 89 737–294 .746 11 9 21 35
3 Michigan 2 2–26 .071 3 0 0 0
4 Ohio State 61 423–381 .526 0 0 0 4
5 Penn State 100 488-490 .499 0 0 0 3
6 Rutgers 92 557–458 .543 2 0 0 5

Rivalries[edit]

Football[edit]

The members of the Big Ten have longstanding rivalries with each other, especially on the football field. Each school has at least one traveling trophy at stake. The following is a list of active rivalries in the Big Ten Conference with totals & records through the completion of the 2013 season.

Teams Rivalry Name Trophy Meetings Record Series leader Current Streak
Illinois Indiana Illinois–Indiana rivalry 69 45–22–2 Illinois Illinois lost 2
Missouri Illinois–Missouri football rivalry 24 7–17 Missouri Illinois lost 6
Northwestern Illinois–Northwestern football rivalry Land of Lincoln Trophy 107 54–48–5 Illinois Illinois lost 2
Ohio State Illinois–Ohio State football rivalry Illibuck 100 30–66–4 Ohio State Illinois lost 6
Purdue Illinois–Purdue football rivalry Purdue Cannon 89 43–40–6 Illinois Illinois won 1
Indiana Illinois Illinois–Indiana rivalry 69 22–45–2 Illinois Indiana won 2
Kentucky Bourbon Barrel Game Bourbon Barrel (retired 1999) 36 18–17–1 Indiana Indiana won 1
Michigan State Indiana–Michigan State football rivalry Old Brass Spittoon 60 15–43–2 Michigan State Indiana lost 5
Purdue Indiana–Purdue rivalry Old Oaken Bucket 115 37–72–6 Purdue Indiana won 1
Iowa Iowa State Iowa–Iowa State football rivalry Cy-Hawk Trophy 60 40–21[123] Iowa Iowa won 1
Minnesota Iowa–Minnesota football rivalry Floyd of Rosedale 107 44–61–2 Minnesota Iowa won 2
Nebraska Iowa–Nebraska football rivalry Heroes Trophy 44 13–28–3 Nebraska Iowa won 1
Wisconsin Iowa–Wisconsin football rivalry Heartland Trophy 87 42–43–2 Wisconsin Iowa lost 2
Michigan Michigan State Michigan–Michigan State football rivalry Paul Bunyan Trophy 105 68–33–5 Michigan Michigan lost 1
Minnesota Michigan–Minnesota football rivalry Little Brown Jug 100 73–24–3 Michigan Michigan won 6
Notre Dame Michigan–Notre Dame football rivalry 40 24–16–1 Michigan Michigan won 1
Ohio State Michigan–Ohio State football rivalry 110 58–46–6 Michigan Michigan lost 2
Michigan State Indiana Indiana–Michigan State football rivalry Old Brass Spittoon 60 43–15–2 Michigan State Michigan State won 5
Michigan Michigan–Michigan State football rivalry Paul Bunyan Trophy 105 33–68–5 Michigan Michigan State won 1
Notre Dame Michigan State–Notre Dame football rivalry Megaphone Trophy 77 28–48–1 Notre Dame Michigan State lost 3
Penn State Michigan State–Penn State football rivalry Land Grant Trophy 28 13–14–1 Michigan State Michigan State won 1
Minnesota Iowa Iowa–Minnesota football rivalry Floyd of Rosedale 107 61–44–2 Minnesota Minnesota lost 2
Michigan Michigan–Minnesota football rivalry Little Brown Jug 100 24–73–3 Michigan Minnesota lost 6
Penn State Minnesota–Penn State football rivalry Governor's Victory Bell 13 5–8 Penn State Minnesota won 1
Wisconsin Minnesota–Wisconsin football rivalry Paul Bunyan's Axe 123 59–56–8 Minnesota Minnesota lost 10
Nebraska Iowa Iowa–Nebraska football rivalry Heroes Trophy 44 28–13–3 Nebraska Nebraska lost 1
Penn State Nebraska-Penn State rivalry 14 8–6 Nebraska Nebraska won 3
Northwestern Illinois Illinois–Northwestern football rivalry Land of Lincoln Trophy 107 48–54–5 Illinois Northwestern won 2
Ohio State Illinois Illinois–Ohio State football rivalry Illibuck 100 66–30–4 Ohio State Ohio State won 6
Michigan Michigan–Ohio State football rivalry 110 46–58–6 Michigan Ohio State won 2
Penn State Ohio State–Penn State football rivalry 29 16–13 Ohio State Ohio State won 2
Penn State Michigan State Michigan State–Penn State football rivalry Land Grant Trophy 28 14–13–1 Penn State Penn State lost 1
Minnesota Minnesota–Penn State football rivalry Governor's Victory Bell 13 8–5 Penn State Penn State lost 1
Nebraska Nebraska-Penn State rivalry 14 8–6 Nebraska Penn State lost 3
Ohio State Ohio State–Penn State football rivalry 29 13–16 Ohio State Penn State lost 2
University of Pittsburgh Penn State–Pittsburgh football rivalry 96 48-42-4 Penn State Penn State lost 1
Temple Penn State-Temple rivalry 41 37–3–1 Penn State Penn State won 30
Purdue Illinois Illinois–Purdue football rivalry Purdue Cannon 89 40–43–6 Illinois Purdue lost 1
Indiana Indiana–Purdue rivalry Old Oaken Bucket 115 72–37–6 Purdue Purdue lost 1
Notre Dame Notre Dame–Purdue football rivalry Shillelagh Trophy 85 26–57–2 Notre Dame Purdue lost 6
Wisconsin Iowa Iowa–Wisconsin football rivalry Heartland Trophy 87 43–42–2 Wisconsin Wisconsin won 2
Minnesota Minnesota–Wisconsin football rivalry Paul Bunyan's Axe 123 56–59–8 Minnesota Wisconsin won 10

[124]

From 1993 through 2010, the Big Ten football schedule was set up with each team having two permanent matches within the conference, with the other eight teams in the conference rotating out of the schedule in pairs for two-year stints. Permanent matches were as follows:[citation needed]

  • Illinois: Indiana, Northwestern
  • Indiana: Illinois, Purdue
  • Iowa: Minnesota, Wisconsin
  • Michigan: Michigan State, Ohio State
  • Michigan State: Michigan, Penn State
  • Minnesota: Iowa, Wisconsin
  • Northwestern: Illinois, Purdue
  • Ohio State: Michigan, Penn State
  • Penn State: Michigan State, Ohio State
  • Purdue: Indiana, Northwestern
  • Wisconsin: Iowa, Minnesota

This system was discontinued after the 2010 season, as teams became grouped into two divisions, and would play all teams in their division once, with one protected cross-over game, and two games rotating against the other five opponents from the opposing division.

Most of the above permanent rivalries were maintained. By virtue of the new alignment, a handful of new permanent divisional opponents were created, as all pairs of teams within the same division would face off each season. Furthermore, three new permanent inter-divisional matches resulted from the realignment: Purdue-Iowa, Michigan State-Indiana, and Penn State-Nebraska. The following past permanent matches were maintained across divisions: Minnesota-Wisconsin, Michigan-Ohio State, and Illinois-Northwestern.

The new alignment, however, caused some of the above permanent rivalries to be discontinued. These were: Iowa-Wisconsin, Northwestern-Purdue, and Michigan State-Penn State. These matchups would continue to be played, but only twice every five years on average. More rivalries could be disrupted, or some resumed on a yearly basis, when the league realigns into East and West Divisions for the 2014 season with the addition of Maryland and Rutgers. The two new schools will be placed in the new East Division with Penn State, and the two Indiana schools will be divided (Indiana to the East and Purdue to the West). With the move to a nine-game conference schedule in 2016, all cross-division games will be held at least once in a four-year cycle except for Indiana–Purdue, which will be the only protected cross-division game.[79]

Basketball[edit]

  • Illinois: Indiana, Michigan State
  • Indiana: Illinois, Purdue (Indiana–Purdue rivalry)
  • Iowa: Minnesota, Wisconsin
  • Michigan: Ohio State, Michigan State
  • Michigan State: Michigan, Wisconsin
  • Minnesota: Iowa, Northwestern
  • Northwestern: Minnesota, Purdue
  • Ohio State: Michigan, Wisconsin[125]
  • Penn State: Michigan, Ohio State
  • Purdue: Indiana (Indiana–Purdue rivalry), Northwestern
  • Wisconsin: Iowa, Michigan State

Men's ice hockey[edit]

Men's soccer[edit]

Extra-conference rivalries[edit]

Three Big Ten teams—Purdue, Michigan State and Michigan—had rivalries in football with Notre Dame. After the University of Southern California with 35 wins (including a vacated 2005 win), the Michigan State Spartans have the most wins against the Irish, with 28. The Purdue Boilermakers follow with 26, and Michigan ranks fourth all-time with 24.

Penn State had a longstanding rivalry with Pittsburgh of the ACC, but the two schools have not met since 2000. Penn State also had long histories with independent Notre Dame; Rutgers, and Temple of the The American; Syracuse, Maryland and Boston College of the ACC; and West Virginia, a member of the Big 12 Conference. Penn State also has strong intrastate rivalries with Patriot League universities Bucknell in men's basketball and men's lacrosse, and Lehigh in wrestling. Most of these rivalries were cultivated while Penn State operated independent of conference affiliation; the constraints of playing a full conference schedule, especially in football, have reduced the number of meetings between Penn State and its non-Big Ten rivals. The rivalries with Maryland and Rutgers will become annual football matchups when those schools join Penn State in the Big Ten, since all three schools will be in the new East Division.

Iowa has an in-state rivalry with Iowa State of the Big 12, with the winner getting the Cy-Hawk Trophy in football. Iowa and Iowa State also compete annually in the Cy-Hawk Series sponsored by Hy-Vee (as of 2011 this series is now sponsored by The Iowa Corngrowers Association), the competition includes all head-to-head regular season competitions in all sports. Iowa also holds rivalries in basketball with the state's other two Division I programs, Drake and Northern Iowa.

Indiana has an out-of conference rivalry with Kentucky of the SEC (see Indiana–Kentucky rivalry). While the two schools played in football for many years, the rivalry was rooted in their decades of national success in men's basketball. The two no longer play one another in football, but their basketball rivalry continued until a dispute about game sites ended the series after 2011. In the last season of the rivalry (2011–12), the teams played twice. During the regular season, then-unranked Indiana defeated then-#1 ranked Kentucky 73–72 at Assembly Hall. The Wildcats avenged the loss in the NCAA tournament, defeating Indiana 102–90 in the South Regional final in Atlanta on their way to a national title.

Illinois has a longstanding basketball rivalry with the SEC's Missouri Tigers, with the two men's teams squaring off annually in the "Braggin' Rights" game. It was originally held at the St. Louis Arena from 1980 until 1993. Since 1994, the game has been played at the Scottrade Center in St. Louis. This rivalry has been carried over into football as "The Arch Rivalry" with games played at the Edward Jones Dome in St. Louis in 2002 and 2003 and four games in 2007 through 2010.[2]

Wisconsin has a long-standing, in-state basketball rivalry with Marquette. The series has intensified as of late with both teams having made the Final Four in recent years. The schools also played an annual football game before Marquette abandoned its football program in 1961.

Minnesota men's ice hockey has a prolific and fierce border rivalry with the University of North Dakota. The two teams played annually between 1948 and 2013 as members of the WCHA Conference prior to the inception of the Big Ten Conference. The rivalry will resume in 2016 in non-conference action.

In the early days of the Big Ten, the Chicago-Michigan game was played on Thanksgiving, usually with conference championship implications and was considered one of the first major rivalries of the conference.

Also in the early days of the conference, and at Knute Rockne's insistence, Northwestern and Notre Dame had a yearly contest, with the winner taking home a shillelagh, much like the winner of the USC-Notre Dame and Purdue-Notre Dame contests now receive. The Northwestern-Notre Dame shillelagh was largely forgotten by the early 1960s and is now solely an element of college football's storied past.[126]

Facilities[edit]

The Big Ten has the distinction of being the conference with the most stadiums seating over 100,000, at three of the stadiums (Beaver Stadium, Michigan Stadium, and Ohio Stadium). Only three other college football stadiums have such a capacity: Neyland Stadium at the University of Tennessee and Bryant–Denny Stadium of the University of Alabama in the Southeastern Conference, and Darrell K Royal-Texas Memorial Stadium at the University of Texas at Austin in the Big 12 Conference.

The three stadiums are three of the four largest football stadiums in the United States, as well as the third, fourth, and seventh largest sports stadiums in the world.

School Football stadium Capacity Basketball arena Capacity Baseball stadium Capacity
Illinois Memorial Stadium, Champaign 60,670 State Farm Center 16,618 Illinois Field 3,000
Indiana Memorial Stadium, Bloomington 52,929 Assembly Hall, Bloomington 17,472 Bart Kaufman Field 2,500
Iowa Kinnick Stadium 70,585 Carver-Hawkeye Arena 15,400 Duane Banks Field 3,000
Maryland Byrd Stadium 51,902 Comcast Center 17,950 Shipley Field 2,500
Michigan Michigan Stadium 109,901 Crisler Center 12,707 Ray Fisher Stadium 4,000
Michigan State Spartan Stadium 75,005 Breslin Student Events Center 14,797 Drayton McLane Baseball Stadium at John H. Kobs Field
Cooley Law School Stadium
2,500
7,527
Minnesota TCF Bank Stadium 50,805 Williams Arena 14,625 Siebert Field
Target Field
1,500
39,504
Nebraska Memorial Stadium, Lincoln 87,091 Pinnacle Bank Arena 15,147 Hawks Field 8,486
Northwestern Ryan Field 47,130 Welsh-Ryan Arena 8,117 Rocky Miller Park 1,000
Ohio State Ohio Stadium 102,329 Value City Arena 18,809 Bill Davis Stadium 4,450
Penn State Beaver Stadium 106,572 Bryce Jordan Center 15,261 Medlar Field at Lubrano Park 5,406
Purdue Ross–Ade Stadium 62,500 Mackey Arena 14,240 Alexander Field 1,500 (expandable to 2,500)
Rutgers High Point Solutions Stadium 52,454 Louis Brown Athletic Center 8,000 Bainton Field 1,500
Wisconsin Camp Randall Stadium 80,321 Kohl Center 17,249 Non-baseball school

Future members in gray.

Ice hockey arenas[edit]

School Men's arena Capacity Women's arena Capacity
Michigan Yost Ice Arena 6,600 No varsity team
Michigan State Munn Ice Arena 6,470 No varsity team
Minnesota Mariucci Arena 10,000 Ridder Arena 3,400
Ohio State Value City Arena 17,500 OSU Ice Rink 1,415
Penn State Pegula Ice Arena 6,000 Pegula Ice Arena 6,000
Wisconsin Kohl Center 15,237 LaBahn Arena 2,273

Media[edit]

As of 2010, the Big Ten has carriage agreements with the following broadcast and cable networks.[127]

Broadcast television[edit]

Cable television[edit]

  • Big Ten Network was created in 2006 through a joint partnership between the Big Ten and News Corporation and debuted the following year, replacing the ESPN Plus package previously offered to Big Ten markets via syndication. Based in downtown Chicago, the network's lineup consists exclusively of Big Ten-related programming, such as a nightly highlights show, in addition to live events.[128]
  • ESPN Inc.-Big Ten football, basketball and volleyball air on ESPN and ESPN2, and sometimes on ESPNU and ESPN Classic. The conference's contract with ABC/ESPN also allows for the transmission of events through ESPN Mobile, ESPN3.com, and On Demand platforms.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]