Big Wapwallopen Creek

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Big Wapwallopen Creek (also known simply as Wapwallopen Creek)[1] is a 23.2-mile-long (37.3 km)[2] tributary of the Susquehanna River in east central Pennsylvania in the United States.[3]

The name Wapwallopen was derived from a nearby Native American village situated along the Susquehanna River.[3]

Wapwallopen Creek drops off the southwest edge of the Pocono Plateau and joins the Susquehanna River at Wapwallopen.[3]

There are gristmills on Big Wapwallopen Creek.[4] There is coal near the creek.[5]

Hydrology[edit]

The drainage area of Big Wapwallopen Creek is 45.8 square miles.[4] Bow Creek is one tributary of Big Wapwallopen Creek.[6] Crystal Spring is another tributary.[7] Cranberry Pond, Crystal Lake and Mud Pond are lakes on the creek.[8]

Waterfalls[edit]

For much of its distance, Big Wapwallopen Creek's International Scale of River Difficulty rating is I to IV. There are several waterfalls on the creek. On waterfall is called Theater and has a 30-foot (9-meter) drop. The second waterfall is called Anarchy and has a drop of more than 20 feet (6 meters), followed immediately by a 10-foot (3-meter) drop. After that there is a 10 to 15 foot (3 to 5 meter) waterfall. Another waterfall on Big Wapwallopen Creek is called the Big Daddy Boner and has a drop of 45 feet (14 meters).[9]

Discharge[edit]

The month with the highest average discharge since 1919 is April, when the discharge typically ranges from 93 to 144 cubic feet per second. The month with the lowest average discharge since 1919 is August, when the discharge typically ranges from 21 to 38 cubic feet per second.[10]

Course[edit]

Big Wapwallopen Creek's headwaters are in the community of Mountain Top.[6]

History[edit]

The Delaware and Shawnee Indians built wigwams close to the mouth of Big Wapwallopen Creek.[7]

Settlers arrived at Big Wapwallopen Creek from Northampton County in 1785. Nathan Beach constructed a mill on the creek in 1795, at a location known as the "Powder Hole". Eventually, three mills were built there, all of which burned down.[7] A sawmill was built on the creek by Cornelius Garrison in 1833.[6] A gunpowder factory was built on the creek but exploded.[11] In 1865 F.K. Miller built a tannery on a tributary of the creek.[7]

There used to be a timbering industry in the Big Wapwallopen Creek watershed, but it stopped around 1870.[12]

F.K. Miller built a tannery on a tributary of Big Wapwallopen Creek in the late 1800s.[7]

The Wapwallopen Creek Bridge is a stone arch bridge that crosses Big Wapwallopen Creek in Mountain Top. It was built in 1897 and repaired in 1963. It is still standing and open to traffic. As of 2007, 70 vehicles per day pass over it.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Big Wapwallopen Creek
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed August 8, 2011
  3. ^ a b c Gertler, Edward. Keystone Canoeing, Seneca Press, 2004. ISBN 0-9749692-0-6
  4. ^ a b http://books.google.com/books?id=wNAPAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA853&dq=%22Wapwallopen+Creek%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=DNxvUa2FNu384AOBnoGwDQ&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%22Wapwallopen%20Creek%22&f=false
  5. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=RiM4AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA16&dq=%22Wapwallopen+Creek%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=aGxwUe_mCpXE4AOwxIHgDQ&ved=0CGIQ6AEwCTgU#v=onepage&q=%22Wapwallopen%20Creek%22&f=false
  6. ^ a b c http://books.google.com/books?id=VgtsyLv6ZlsC&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22Wapwallopen+Creek%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=DNxvUa2FNu384AOBnoGwDQ&ved=0CFgQ6AEwCA
  7. ^ a b c d e http://books.google.com/books?id=4BkVAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22Wapwallopen+Creek%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=SG1wUfqlCJTE4AO6_4Bg&ved=0CEwQ6AEwBzgo#v=onepage&q=%22Wapwallopen%20Creek%22&f=false
  8. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=nONAAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA29&dq=%22Wapwallopen+Creek%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=SG1wUfqlCJTE4AO6_4Bg&ved=0CFcQ6AEwCTgo#v=onepage&q=%22Wapwallopen%20Creek%22&f=false
  9. ^ http://www.americanwhitewater.org/content/River/detail/id/1681/
  10. ^ http://waterdata.usgs.gov/usa/nwis/dvstat/?site_no=01538000&por_01538000_6=1820768,00060,6
  11. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=ZjwuAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA195&dq=%22Mahoning+Creek%22+montour+county+pennsylvania&hl=en&sa=X&ei=UN1vUaSdOJfk4APL-YCQDw&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Mahoning%20Creek%22%20montour%20county%20pennsylvania&f=false
  12. ^ http://www.mtn-top-hs.org/Wb%20&%20H%20revised.pdf
  13. ^ Wapwallopen Creek Bridge, retrieved December 24, 2013 

External links[edit]