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Bigeh (foreground) and Philae with temple,
in the First Cataract of the Nile River.
(1838 painting).

Bigeh (Arabic: بجح‎; Ancient Egyptian Senem,[1]) is an island and archaeological site in Lake Nasser (since the 1960s), in Nubia, in the Aswan Governorate of southern Egypt.

Ancient Egypt[edit]

It was formerly an island in the First Cataract of the Nile River, and its fortification controlled the access to ancient Upper Egypt and Nubia. It is a World Heritage Site, located close to Philae and Agilkia Islands and their ancient archaeological sites in the reservoir.[2]

Bigeh island was sacred to the ancient Egyptians.[3] There was a belief that Osiris was buried on the island.[4]

The god Thoth bore the epithets of "Great and Splendid God in Bigeh" and "He that Pacifies the Nsr.t in Bigeh".[5] It is thought that there may have been a Temple of Thoth on the island.

Bigeh island ruins in Lake Nasser.


  1. ^ Heinrich Karl Brugsch, Reiseberichte aus Aegypten, Olms 1855, p.268
  2. ^ Yale University Publications in Anthropology, Yale University 1936, p.96
  3. ^ The Island of Bigeh,, date unknown, (accessed 22 January 2007)
  4. ^ Anne Burton, Diodorus Siculus, Brill 1972, p.95
  5. ^ Patrick Boylan, Thoth Or the Hermes of Egypt, 1922, p.169

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 24°01′16″N 32°53′06″E / 24.021°N 32.885°E / 24.021; 32.885