Bigeh (Arabic: بجح; Ancient Egyptian Senem,) is an island and archaeological site in Lake Nasser (since the 1960s), in Nubia, in the Aswan Governorate of southern Egypt.
It was formerly an island in the First Cataract of the Nile River, and its fortification controlled the access to ancient Upper Egypt and Nubia. It is a World Heritage Site, located close to Philae and Agilkia Islands and their ancient archaeological sites in the reservoir.
Bigeh island was sacred to the ancient Egyptians. There was a belief that Osiris was buried on the island.
The god Thoth bore the epithets of "Great and Splendid God in Bigeh" and "He that Pacifies the Nsr.t in Bigeh". It is thought that there may have been a Temple of Thoth on the island.
- ^ Heinrich Karl Brugsch, Reiseberichte aus Aegypten, Olms 1855, p.268
- ^ Yale University Publications in Anthropology, Yale University 1936, p.96
- ^ The Island of Bigeh, www.philae.nu, date unknown, (accessed 22 January 2007)
- ^ Anne Burton, Diodorus Siculus, Brill 1972, p.95
- ^ Patrick Boylan, Thoth Or the Hermes of Egypt, 1922, p.169