Bihar al-Anwar

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Bihār al-Anwār (Arabic: بحار الأنوار‎, meaning "Seas of Lights") is a comprehensive collection of traditions (ahadith) compiled by the Shi'i scholar Mulla Muhammad Baqir, known as 'Allama Majlisi (d. 1110/1698). It is a hadith collection, the second source of inspiration in Shia Islam.

Probably completed between 1106/1694 and 1110/1698, it is an encyclopedia of ahadith, historical subjects and commentaries on many Qur'anic verses.

Bihar al-Anwar has 110 volumes. Majlisi wrote it to gather all the wisdom he could find, in order to preserve that knowledge for following generations. Due to this, there are certain objections raised on him stating that he has gathered both pearls and pebbles in this book. However, he in the preface of this same book has mentioned that he has taken a lot of trouble to scrutinize the traditions and then include them in his book. He says, "Then I chose to examine the traditions of the infallible, righteous Imams (a.s.), started exploring them and investigated them as was their right and I acquired its skill as was its due. Also the full name of the book Bihar Al Anwar is an indicative to the fact that Allama majlisi (ra) did not collect anything he had access to in this book. The full name of the book is "Oceans of Light an encyclopedia for Pearls of traditions of the Pure Aimmah" بحار الأنوار الجامعة لدرر أخبار الأءمة الأطهار

The collection is the most comprehensive (as a single collection) among all Islamic hadith collections. The author collected narrations related from the Prophet Muhammad, along with statements by Fatima (the daughter of Muhammad) and the Shi'i Imams, using both Shi'i and Sunni sources. The collection also includes his well-researched commentary on these narrations.

This book is one of the intellectual and scholarly masterworks of the Islamic Heritage.

See also[edit]

Bihar al-Anwar By Shaykh al-Islam Muhammad baqir al Majlisi(d.1110/1698) It has been recently published by the Open School,Chicago and prefaced by Mohammad hussain Jalai in 1421/2000CE