Bihar and Orissa Province

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Bihar and Orissa (Hindi: बिहार और उड़ीसा) was a province of British India which included the present-day Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, and Odisha. The territories were conquered by the British in the 18th and 19th centuries, and were part of the Bengal Presidency, the largest British province in India.

Bihar and Orissa was separated from Bengal on 1 April 1912, with Patna as capital.[1] A number of princely states, including the Orissa Tributary States, were under the authority of the provincial governor. On 1 April 1936, the province was divided into Bihar Province (which included present-day Bihar and Jharkhand states) and Orissa Province, and the princely states placed under the authority of the Eastern States Agency.

Governors of Bihar and Orissa[edit]

From 1912 to 1920, the province had a Liutenant Governor heading the provincial government. This post was upgraded to Governor in 1920.[2]