Bihar and Orissa Province
|Bihar and Orissa Province
बिहार और उड़ीसा
|Province of British India|
|-||Separation from Bengal||1912|
|-||Bifurcation of Bihar and Orissa Province||1936|
|This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.|
Bihar and Orissa (Hindi: बिहार और उड़ीसा) was a province of British India which included the present-day Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, and Odisha. The territories were conquered by the British in the 18th and 19th centuries, and were part of the Bengal Presidency, the largest British province in India.
In 1756 Bihar was part of Bengal. On 14 Oct 1803 Orissa was occupied by the British Raj. On 1 Apr 1912 both Bihar and Orissa were separated from Bengal as Bihar and Orissa Province. On 1 Apr 1936 Bihar and Orissa became separate provinces.
Bihar and Orissa was separated from Bengal on 1 April 1912, with Patna as capital. A number of princely states, including the Orissa Tributary States, were under the authority of the provincial governor. On 1 April 1936, the province was divided into Bihar Province (which included present-day Bihar and Jharkhand states) and Orissa Province, and the princely states placed under the authority of the Eastern States Agency.
Governors of Bihar and Orissa
From 1912 to 1920, the province had a lieutenant governor heading the provincial government. This post was upgraded to governor in 1920.
- 1 Apr 1912 - 19 Nov 1915 Sir Charles Stuart Bayley (b. 1854 - d. 1935)
- 19 Nov 1915 - 5 Apr 1918 Sir Edward Albert Gait (1st time) (b. 1863 - d. 1950)
- 5 Apr 1918 - 12 Jul 1918 Sir Edward Vere Levinge (acting) (b. 1867 - d. 1954)
- 12 Jul 1918 - 29 Dec 1920 Sir Edward Albert Gait (2nd time) (s.a.)
- 29 Dec 1920 - 29 Nov 1921 Satyendra Prasanna Sinha, Baron Sinha of Raipur (b. 1864 - d. 1928)
- 29 Nov 1921 - 12 Apr 1922 Havilland Le Mesurier (acting) (b. 1866 - d. 1931)
- 12 Apr 1922 - 7 Apr 1927 Sir Henry Wheeler (b. 1870 - d. 1950)
- 7 Apr 1927 - 7 Apr 1932 Sir Hugh Lansdowne Stephenson (b. 1871 - d. 1950)
- 7 Apr 1932 - 1 Apr 1936 Sir James David Sifton (b. 1878 - d. 1952)