|Elevation||398 m (1,306 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Bijawar is a town and a nagar panchayat in Chhatarpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bijawar Taluk, and was formerly the capital of a princely state of British India of the same name.
The native state of Bijawar covered an area of 2520 km² (973 sq. m.) in the Bundelkhand agency. Forests covered nearly half the total area of the state, which was believed to be rich in minerals, but lack of transport facilities had hindered the development of its resources.
The state takes its name from the chief town, Bijawar, which was founded by Bijai Singh, one of the Gond chiefs of Garha Mandla, in the 17th century. The first ruler of the state was Bir Singh Deo (1765-93), a Bundela Rajput descended from the ruler of Orchha. It was conquered in the 18th century by Chhatarsal, the founder of Panna, a Rajput of the Bundela clan, by whose descendants it is still held. It was confirmed to Ratan Singh in 1811 by the British government for the usual deed of allegiance. In 1857 Bhan Pratap Singh rendered signal services to the British during the Mutiny, being rewarded with certain privileges and a hereditary salute of eleven guns. In 1866 he received the title of maharaja, and the prefix sawai in 1877. Bhan Pratap was succeeded on his death in 1899 by his adopted son, Sanwant Singh, a son of the maharaja of Orchha.
The state acceded to India on 1 January 1950, and became part of the state of Vindhya Pradesh, which was merged into Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956. Bijwar is also known for Jatashankar, a holy place about 18 km from here. Bijawar is also known for Janki Nibas Temple because it's similar to Ayodhya Temple.And other tempel in Ayodhya famous temple Kanchan Temple was made by Maharani Kanchan kuwar of bijawar.Maharani Kanchan kuwar was born in Karahiya and Princes of Karahiya and daughter of H.H Rao Shahab of Karahiya.
The rulers belonged to the Bundela dynasty.
- 1769 - 1793 Bir Singh Deo (b. ... - d. 1793)
- 1793 - 1802 Himmat Bahadur
- 1802 - Dec 1810 Keshri Singh (b. ... - d. 1810)
- 1811 - 1833 Ratan Singh
- 1833 - 1847 Lakshman Singh
- 23 Nov 1847 - 1866 Bham Pratap Singh
Maharajas (title from 1877 Sawai Maharaja)
- 1866 - 15 Sep 1899 Bham Pratap Singh
- Jun 1900 - 30 Oct 1940 Savant Singh (b. 1877 - d. 1940)
- 30 Oct 1940 - 15 Aug 1947 Govind Singh (b. 1934 - d. 1983)
Bijawar is located at  It has an average elevation of 398 metres (1305 feet)..
As of 2001[update] India census, Bijawar had a population of 18,412. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Bijawar has an average literacy rate of 59%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 66% and female literacy of 50%. 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
- Princely state - Bijawar
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bijawar
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.