Bijelo Brdo culture
The Bijelo Brdo culture or Bjelo-Brdo culture is an early medieval archaeological culture flourishing in the 10th and 11th centuries in Central Europe. It represents a synthesis of the culture introduced in the Carpathian Basin by the conquering Hungarians around 900 and of earlier cultures existing in the territory (in present-day Croatia, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia) before the Hungarian conquest. Female dress accessories, including "jewellery of plaited wire, two-piece sheetwork pendants, snake-head bracelets and S-shaped temple-reings" (P. M. Barford), are the most characteristic items of the culture. The culture disappeared around 1100, most probably not independently of laws adopted under Kings Ladislaus I and Coloman of Hungary which prescribed the burial of dead in graveyards developed near churches.
It is named after an archeological site, a medieval graveyard found near the village of Bijelo Brdo, Croatia and excavated since 1895. The dating at 7th Century of Site 1 was established by Zdenko Vinski.
- History of Christianity in Hungary
- History of Christianity in Romania
- History of Christianity in Slovakia
- Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin
- Engel 2001, p. 17.
- Spinei 2003, p. 57.
- Curta 2006, p. 192.
- Barford 2001, p. 231.
- Vodanović, Brkić & Demo 2005.
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- Curta, Florin (2006). Southeastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 500-1250. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-89452-4.
- Engel, Pál (2001). The Realm of St Stephen: A History of Medieval Hungary, 895-1526. I.B. Tauris Publishers. ISBN 1-86064-061-3.
- Spinei, Victor (2003). The Great Migrations in the East and South East of Europe from the Ninth to the Thirteenth Century (Translated by Dana Bădulescu). ISBN 973-85894-5-2.
- Vodanović, Marin; Brkić, Hrvoje; Demo, Željko (February 2005). "Paleostomatološka analiza humanog kraniofacijalnog osteološkog materijala sa srednjovjekovnog nalazišta Bijelo..." [Paleostomatological analysis of human cranial osteological material from the mediaeval site of Bijelo Brdo near Osijek]. Journal of the Zagreb Archaeological Museum (Archaeological Museum, Zagreb) 37 (1). ISSN 0350-7165. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
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