Location of Bijie City jurisdiction in Guizhou
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||26,853 km2 (10,368 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,723 m (5,653 ft)|
|• Density||240/km2 (630/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Licence plate prefixes||贵F|
Bijie (simplified Chinese: 毕节; traditional Chinese: 畢節; pinyin: Bìjíe) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Guizhou province, People's Republic of China, bordering Sichuan to the north and Yunnan to the west.
The Daotianhe Reservoir, located to the north of the town was commissioned in 1965 with a rated annual capacity of 6.5 million cubic meters.
Geography and climate
Bijie borders Zunyi to the east, Anshun and Liupanshui to the south, Zhaotong and Qujing (Yunnan) to the west, and Luzhou (Sichuan) to the north. It spans latitude 26°21′−27°46′ N and longitude 105°36′−106°43′ E, and is marked heavily by the presence of the Wumeng Mountains (乌蒙山) as well as karst topography. The Wu, Beipan, and Chishui Rivers are the most important rivers that originate here. The highest elevation is Jiucaiping (韭菜坪), at 2,900.6 m (9,516 ft), on the border of Hezhang and Weining counties.
Due to its low latitude and elevation above 1,700 m (5,600 ft), Bijie has a monsoon-influenced subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), bordering on a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) with very warm, rainy summers and cool, damp winters. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 2.7 °C (36.9 °F) in January to 21.6 °C (70.9 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 12.77 °C (55.0 °F). Rainfall is very common year-round, occurring on 206 days of the year, but over half of the annual total (900 mm or 35.4 in) occurs from June to August. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 15% in January to 44% in August, the city receives 1,218 hours of bright sunshine annually; spring is sunnier and features warmer daytime temperatures than autumn.
|Climate data for Bijie (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.4
|Average low °C (°F)||0.6
|Precipitation mm (inches)||18.4
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||18.8||18.3||16.8||17.4||19.5||19.0||16.4||15.4||16.0||18.0||14.8||15.6||206.0|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||49.1||51.6||95.9||116.5||116.1||106.3||171.5||176.7||117.8||81.7||70.7||63.7||1,217.6|
|Percent possible sunshine||15||16||26||31||28||26||41||44||32||23||22||20||27|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
Bijie City consists of a county-level district, six counties and one autonomous county. These are:
- Qixingguan District (七星关区 Qīxīngguān Qū);
- Dafang County (大方县 Dàfāng Xiàn);
- Qianxi County (黔西县 Qiánxī Xiàn);
- Jinsha County (金沙县 Jīnshā Xiàn);
- Zhijin County (织金县 Zhījīn Xiàn);
- Nayong County (纳雍县 Nàyōng Xiàn);
- Hezhang County (赫章县 Hèzhāng Xiàn);
- Weining Yi Hui and Miao Autonomous County (威宁彝族回族苗族自治县 Wēiníng yízú huízú Miáozú Zìzhìxiàn).
|Permanent residents(Nov. 2010)||Hukou population
|Total||Percentage||Population density (/km2)|
|Weining Yi Hui and Miao Autonomous County||1263816||19.34||200.73||1392117|
According to the 2010 Sixth National Census, Bijie City had a permanent resident population of 6,536,370, an increase of 208,899 (3.3% or 0.33% annually), 3,400,195 (52.02%) of which were male, producing a male-female ratio of 108.42:100. Children aged 0−14 numbered 2,029,934人 (31.06%), persons aged 15−64 numbered 4,018,583 (61.48), and seniors 65+ numbered 487,853 (7.46%). The urban population stood at 1,711,222 (26.18%). Persons of Han ethnicity numbered 4,824,015 (73.80%), while minorities formed the other 26.20%.
At present the backbone of the transport network in Bijie City is formed by China National Highways 321 and 326. As of 2013[update], Bijie is the only prefecture-level city of Guizhou to lack rail service; this will change with the expected 2015 opening of the Leshan (Sichuan)−Guiyang Railway (成贵客运专线). Other projected rail lines are Bijie−Shuicheng−Xingyi (毕水兴铁路) and Zhaotong (Yunnan)−Weining−Bijie−Jinsha−Zunyi. The city is served by the Bijie Airport (IATA: BFJ).
Notable historical sites in Bijie Prefecture include the following.
- Historical inscriptions
- Ma'an Mountain, Qianxi Yi Cliff Inscription (黔西马鞍山彝文岩刻): located in Bakuaitian, Chengguan Township, Qianxi (黔西县城关镇八块田村)
- Wopo, Hezhang Cliff Inscription (赫章窝颇写字岩摩崖): located in Xique, Wopo Township, Hezhang (赫章县窝颇乡喜鹊)
- Qixingguan, Bijie Cliff Inscription (毕节七星关摩崖): located in Qixing Township (七星乡), along the border between Hezhang County and Qixingguan District
- Chekaiqing, Nayong Chinese-Yi Cliff Inscription (纳雍扯垲箐汉彝文摩崖石刻): located in Kaiqing, Poqi Township, Zhikun District (治昆区坡其乡垲箐村)
- Guanyindong, Jinsha Buddha Image Cliff Inscription (金沙观音洞佛像摩崖): located in Yankong (岩孔镇), near the local elementary school
- Qianxi "Reverse Cliff Inscription" (黔西"反字岩"): located in Zhongguan, Zhongjian Township (中建乡中广村)
- Dafang Shuixi Dadu River Bridge Inscription (大方水西大渡河桥碑): located on the banks of the Dadu River (大渡河) between Huangnitang (黄泥塘镇), Dafang County, and Aoshui Township (凹水乡), Qianxi County
- Dafang Hejia Bridge Yi Inscription (大方何家桥彝文碑): located on the banks of the Mudu River (墓都河) in Shishu Township (柿树乡)
- Dafang Mayi River Bridge Inscription (大方蚂蚁河桥碑): located on the Mayi River Bridge (蚂蚁河桥) in Songhe Township (松鹤乡)
- Dafang Yi Ancestral Origin Inscription (大方彝文祖源碑): located in Qingjiao, Shishu Township (柿树乡箐脚)