Bijie

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Bijie
毕节市
Prefecture-level city
Location of Bijie City jurisdiction in Guizhou
Location of Bijie City jurisdiction in Guizhou
Coordinates: 27°18′N 105°18′E / 27.300°N 105.300°E / 27.300; 105.300Coordinates: 27°18′N 105°18′E / 27.300°N 105.300°E / 27.300; 105.300
Country  China
Province Guizhou
Area
 • Total 26,853 km2 (10,368 sq mi)
Elevation 1,723 m (5,653 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,536,370
 • Density 240/km2 (630/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 551700
Area code(s) 0857
Licence plate prefixes F
Website Bijie.gov.cn

Bijie (simplified Chinese: 毕节; traditional Chinese: 畢節; pinyin: Bìjíe) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Guizhou Province, China, bordering Sichuan to the north and Yunnan to the west.

The Daotianhe Reservoir, located to the north of the town was commissioned in 1965 with a rated annual capacity of 6.5 million cubic meters.

On 10 November 2011, the former Bijie Prefecture (毕节地区) was converted to a prefecture-level city, and the former county-level city of Bijie was rechristened Qixingguan District.[1]

Geography and climate[edit]

Bijie borders Zunyi to the east, Anshun and Liupanshui to the south, Zhaotong and Qujing (Yunnan) to the west, and Luzhou (Sichuan) to the north. It spans latitude 26°21′−27°46′ N and longitude 105°36′−106°43′ E, and is marked heavily by the presence of the Wumeng Mountains (乌蒙山) as well as karst topography. The Wu, Beipan, and Chishui Rivers are the most important rivers that originate here. The highest elevation is Jiucaiping (韭菜坪), at 2,900.6 m (9,516 ft), on the border of Hezhang and Weining counties.

Due to its low latitude and elevation above 1,700 m (5,600 ft), Bijie has a monsoon-influenced subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), bordering on a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) with very warm, rainy summers and cool, damp winters. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 2.7 °C (36.9 °F) in January to 21.6 °C (70.9 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 12.77 °C (55.0 °F). Rainfall is very common year-round, occurring on 206 days of the year, but over half of the annual total (900 mm or 35.4 in) occurs from June to August. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 15% in January to 44% in August, the city receives 1,218 hours of bright sunshine annually; spring is sunnier and features warmer daytime temperatures than autumn.

Climate data for Bijie (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
8.4
(47.1)
14.2
(57.6)
19.0
(66.2)
22.0
(71.6)
24.3
(75.7)
26.7
(80.1)
26.7
(80.1)
22.8
(73)
18.0
(64.4)
13.4
(56.1)
8.9
(48)
17.6
(63.6)
Average low °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
1.8
(35.2)
5.4
(41.7)
9.8
(49.6)
13.4
(56.1)
16.2
(61.2)
17.9
(64.2)
17.2
(63)
14.5
(58.1)
10.7
(51.3)
6.4
(43.5)
2.2
(36)
9.7
(49.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 18.4
(0.724)
18.5
(0.728)
25.7
(1.012)
56.4
(2.22)
115.7
(4.555)
141.7
(5.579)
160.8
(6.331)
156.8
(6.173)
104.9
(4.13)
57.9
(2.28)
29.6
(1.165)
13.1
(0.516)
899.5
(35.413)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 18.8 18.3 16.8 17.4 19.5 19.0 16.4 15.4 16.0 18.0 14.8 15.6 206.0
 % humidity 87 86 81 79 79 81 79 80 82 84 84 85 82.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 49.1 51.6 95.9 116.5 116.1 106.3 171.5 176.7 117.8 81.7 70.7 63.7 1,217.6
Percent possible sunshine 15 16 26 31 28 26 41 44 32 23 22 20 27
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Administration[edit]

Ethnic townships in Bijie. Light green -Yi. Blue - miao. Dark green- Bouyei

Bijie City consists of a county-level district, six counties and one autonomous county. These are:

Demographics[edit]

Demographics of Bijie City
区划名称



Permanent residents[2](Nov. 2010) Hukou population[3]
(Late 2010)
Total Percentage Population density (/km2)
Bijie City 6536370 100 243.41 8338858
Qixingguan District 1136905 17.39 333.21 1483697
Dafang County 776246 11.88 221.66 1080406
Qianxi County 695735 10.64 272.41 914025
Jinsha County 560651 8.58 221.78 669661
Zhijin County 783951 11.99 273.44 1086150
Nayong County 669781 10.25 273.60 938435
Weining Yi Hui and Miao Autonomous County 1263816 19.34 200.73 1392117
Hezhang County 649285 9.93 200.09 774367

According to the 2010 Sixth National Census, Bijie City had a permanent resident population of 6,536,370, an increase of 208,899 (3.3% or 0.33% annually), 3,400,195 (52.02%) of which were male, producing a male-female ratio of 108.42:100. Children aged 0−14 numbered 2,029,934人 (31.06%), persons aged 15−64 numbered 4,018,583 (61.48), and seniors 65+ numbered 487,853 (7.46%). The urban population stood at 1,711,222 (26.18%). Persons of Han ethnicity numbered 4,824,015 (73.80%), while minorities formed the other 26.20%.

Transport[edit]

At present the backbone of the transport network in Bijie City is formed by China National Highways 321 and 326. As of 2013, Bijie is the only prefecture-level city of Guizhou to lack rail service;[4] this will change with the expected 2015 opening of the Leshan (Sichuan)−Guiyang Railway (成贵客运专线). Other projected rail lines are Bijie−ShuichengXingyi (毕水兴铁路) and Zhaotong (Yunnan)−Weining−Bijie−JinshaZunyi.[5] The city is served by the Bijie Airport (IATA: BFJ).

Historical sites[edit]

Notable historical sites in Bijie Prefecture include the following.[6]

Historical inscriptions
  • Ma'an Mountain, Qianxi Yi Cliff Inscription (黔西马鞍山彝文岩刻): located in Bakuaitian, Chengguan Township, Qianxi (黔西县城关镇八块田村)
  • Wopo, Hezhang Cliff Inscription (赫章窝颇写字岩摩崖): located in Xique, Wopo Township, Hezhang (赫章县窝颇乡喜鹊)
  • Qixingguan, Bijie Cliff Inscription (毕节七星关摩崖): located in Qixing Township (七星乡), along the border between Hezhang County and Qixingguan District
  • Chekaiqing, Nayong Chinese-Yi Cliff Inscription (纳雍扯垲箐汉彝文摩崖石刻): located in Kaiqing, Poqi Township, Zhikun District (治昆区坡其乡垲箐村)
  • Guanyindong, Jinsha Buddha Image Cliff Inscription (金沙观音洞佛像摩崖): located in Yankong (岩孔镇), near the local elementary school
  • Qianxi "Reverse Cliff Inscription" (黔西"反字岩"): located in Zhongguan, Zhongjian Township (中建乡中广村)
  • Dafang Shuixi Dadu River Bridge Inscription (大方水西大渡河桥碑): located on the banks of the Dadu River (大渡河) between Huangnitang (黄泥塘镇), Dafang County, and Aoshui Township (凹水乡), Qianxi County
  • Dafang Hejia Bridge Yi Inscription (大方何家桥彝文碑): located on the banks of the Mudu River (墓都河) in Shishu Township (柿树乡)
  • Dafang Mayi River Bridge Inscription (大方蚂蚁河桥碑): located on the Mayi River Bridge (蚂蚁河桥) in Songhe Township (松鹤乡)
  • Dafang Yi Ancestral Origin Inscription (大方彝文祖源碑): located in Qingjiao, Shishu Township (柿树乡箐脚)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 国务院批准毕节撤地设市 (in Chinese). 12 November 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-23. 
  2. ^ 《毕节地区2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报》
  3. ^ 《中华人民共和国全国分县市人口统计资料2010》
  4. ^ 毕节铁路建设迎来发展春天
  5. ^ “三纵三横”铁路规划使毕节通江达海
  6. ^ 毕节地区志: 文物名胜志 (1994). 贵州人民出版社.

External links[edit]