Bijnor district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Bijnor.
Bijnor district
बिजनौर ज़िला
بجنور ضلع
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Bijnor district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Bijnor district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Moradabad
Headquarters Bijnor
Area
 • Total 4,049 km2 (1,563 sq mi)
Population (1991)
 • Total 2,454,520
 • Density 610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Website Official website

Bijnor (Hindi: बिजनौर ज़िला, Urdu: بجنور ضلع) is a district of Uttar Pradesh state of India. Bijnor city is the district headquarters.

Geography[edit]

Bijnor, or more correctly Bijnaur, occupies the north-west corner of the Moradabad Division (historically, Rohilkhand or Bareilly region), and is a roughly triangular stretch of country with its apex to the north. The western boundary is formed throughout by the deep stream of the river Ganges, beyond which lie the four districts of Dehradun, Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar and Meerut, all belonging to the meerut Division. To the north and north-east in the hill country of Garhwal, the dividing ling being the submontane road, which runs from Hardwar along the foot of the Himalayas to Ramanagar, Haldwani and Tanakpur. This road, popularly known as the Kandi Saradk, belongs throughout its length to Garhwal, the transfer having taken place a few years since. On the east the Phika river for the greater part of its course constitutes the boundary, separating this district from Naini Tal and Moradabad, as far as its junction with the Ramganga; and to the south lie the Thakurdwara, Amroha, and Hasanpur tahsils of Moradabad, the boundary being conventional and undetermined by natural features. The extreme parallels of north latitude are 29° 2' and 29° 58' and of east longitude 78° 0' and 78° 57' from Lalitpur, the most northerly point, to koti Rao in the furthest eastern corner the distance in 56 miles (90 km); and from koti Rao to Kamharia in the south-westerly angle 57 miles (92 km); and from Kamharia to Lalitpur 62 miles (100 km). The total area of the district is liable to change slightly from time to time by reason of the erratic action of the Ganges and Ramganga: in 1906 it amounted to 1,145,272 acres (1789.5 square miles, 4634.75 km²) the average for the last five years being 1,147,967 acres (4,645.66 km²).

There remains the low fringe of khadir along the Ganges to the west. This generally resembles the lowlands that skirt the rivers of the interior, the low flats which adjoin the stream itself being purely alluvial in character, while above them rises a terrace of higher ground extending inland as far as the chain of stagnant morasses lying immediately under the bangar cliff. But the khadir in the district, at any rate in the southern parganas, in of a very poor description and no whit better than that on the opposite bank in Muzaffarnagar and Meerut.

Divisions[edit]

Politics[edit]

The MP of Bijnor is Kunwar Bhartendra Singh. He represents Bharatiya Janta Party. He belongs to the Jat community and is a native of Sahanpur Village.

Assembly constituencies[edit]

Chandpur, Noorpur, Dhampur, Nagina (reserved), Najibabad, Bijnor, Barhapur, Nehtaur (Reserved)

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Bijnor district has a population of 3,683,896,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Liberia[2] or the US state of Oklahoma.[3] This gives it a ranking of 74th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 808 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,090 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.64%.[1] Bijnor has a sex ratio of 913 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 70.43%.[1]

Languages[edit]

The common tongue of the people in the Hindi dialect of Western Hindi. It has sometimes been classified separately as Rohilkhandi, but there is really no marked distinction in idiom or vocabulary between this and Hindustani. The last census returns show that the entire population gave Western Hindi as their mother tongue.[dubious ]

Culture[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Vidur Kuti is about 12 km from Bijnor and having historical importance. Vidur spent his rest of life after dispute with Duryodhan. This is the place where Lord Krishana visited. Kanva Ashram is an ashram in broken condition near Rawli town according to the great legend "Abhigyan Shakuntalam". Hastinapur's King Dushyant reached there while hunting and fell in love with Shakuntala at first sight. During Mahabharat when the battle between Kauravas and Pandavas was about to begin, then on the request of both the sides, all wives and children were to be guardianed by Mahatma Vidur. He had no sufficient space for their living then he decided an exclusive area for ladies and children, which is now known as Daranagar. Ganj is about 12 km from District HQ and just 1 km from Daranagar on the banks of the Ganges. There are ancient temples and ashrams.

Jahanabad is situated on the bank of river Ganges and just about 1 km from Ganj. This village used to be a riyasat with around 101 villages under it during Mughal Period. Around that period a saint was living there who was famous for curing snake bites. Once when Shahjahan's wife got bit by a snake, he treated and got "Jahanabad Riyasat" as a prize from Shah Jahan. Presently Ganges flows 2 km from here. Sita's temple without any idol is situated one km from Nanore Village on Chandpur-Jalilpur road. This is popularly known as "Sita Mandir Math". It is believed that this is the place where the earth tored and Sita jumped into. Sena Ka Dawar means Army's Gate where Pandavas had settled their Army. There is a temple of Dronacharya presently. This place popularly known as a village Saindwar where Jawahar Navodaya Vidhalaya is established. Two of the Akbar's Navratnas, namely Abul Fazzal and his brother Faizi, were born in the village Azampur which is 4 km from Basta . They studied in this village and were very intelligent. Najibudaulah's Fort is situated in Najibabad. This fort was built by "Gulam Kadir" alias 'Najibudaulah" during 18th Century after the downfall of the Mughal Empire.

  • Bakerpur Gharhi village, about 5.0 KM from main city, is situated on the bank of Malan river (a branch of river Ganga). The village is famous for its one of the most ancient Gogaji temples where a fair is organized every year on first Goga Navami in the month of Shraavana.
  • Sadakpur Urf Bilaspur [ (born place Aslam khan Editor of Shreshtha Bhartiya Times a famous Hindi News paper )]
  • Sikaida is also a very popular place on Bijnor-Nagina road
  • Kalheri is a famous village of Najibabad
  • Bijnor city
  • Nagina city
  • Chandok (Bijnor) Born Place of Mr. Subodh Bhargav Founder & CEO of Manchitra. The first GIS (IT) company of Bijnor.
  • Sherkot city
  • Najibabad city is a city founded by Nawab Najib-ud-Daula, also known as Najib Khan and the city is also known as "GATEWAY OF HIMALAYAS". A major stone crusher industry "TAJ STONES AND MINES PVT LTD". ltd is situated on najibabad haridwar highway approx 20 km off najibabad and 2 km before uttrakhand border.
  • Chandpur city
  • Ratangarh village
  • Dhampur city
  • Puraini village is an old village and has an ancient junior high school. Prominent freedom fighter Raghunath Singh was born at Maharatpur Puraini.
  • Seohara city
  • Sarkara Chakrajmal Village is a large village situated between Seohara and Dhampur. Chakrajmal is a Railway station on Moradabad division of Northern Railway on Howrah-Amritsar trunk route of Indian Railway. It has a Government Girls Inter College and Baba Laxman Das High School. Baba Laxman Das was an eminent person who left a lot of property, a part of which has been utilised to set up this school in place of erstwhile Government Junior High School.
  • Aharoula Village creted by Ankul designer
  • Bahupura बाहुपुरा or Kalanpur Buzurg village
  • Jhujhaila Village
  • Shekhupura patti Village
  • Askaripur village
  • Haldaur city
  • Morna village
  • Umri Village
  • Harewali Village
  • Shahzadpurvillage
  • That Jatvillage
  • Tajpur Town/ Village
  • nindru town/village
  • Hargunpur village
  • Kiratpur (Keeratpur) town is situated along with the tiger reserve forest and also bank of a river (Vanaily River). it is just 7 km far from Ramganga Dam (Kalagarh Dam). In this village, there are also three peer (Dargah) out of five. these places consider as they were five brother.
  • shakarpuri village is famous for it mangoes and sugarcane it is sutituted on najibabad- bijnor highway.
  • Sahanpur village is famous for its Soan Papri, Batisa, Sohan Halwa and Namkeen (Indian Snacks), Many people employed in manufacturing of these Items in village and major cities of India in North, South & East. it is situated on Najibabad - Haridwar highway and just 2 km. from najibabad.
  • Bagwara village is famous for its suger industry.
  • Nehtaur

mangolpura village

  • Bhaguwala village is famous for its stone crusher industry. major stone crushers are 1.Shree Sai Stone Crusher,2.sobti stone crusher. 3. guru kripa stone crusher. 4. taj stones and mines pvt ltd. 5`. sidhbali stone crusher. 6.himgiri stone crusher pvt ltd. this village also have two mid scale poultry farms and the economy here depends mainly on transport and mining business.
  • Ranipur A famous village in Bijnor District.
  • Afzalgarh city
SUGAR MILLS
DHAMPUR SUGAR MILL
dhampur sugar mill is the largest sugar mill in asia. it production is maximum in comparision to all other mills in aisa. hennce is said to be the largest mill or production mill in asia or in india

References[edit]

  • "History of the Bijnor Rebellion," Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan, Idarah-i-Adabiyat-i-Dlli, Delhi, 1982. Originally, "Tareekh-e-Sarkashi-e-Zilaa-e-Bijnor," published in 1858.
  • "History of Bijnor," B.C. Verma, 1974.
  1. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est." 
  3. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Oklahoma 3,751,351" 

Titarwala www.bijnor.com

Village Saindwar which is related to Mahabharat kal , and its anncient name Sainya Dwar

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°25′N 78°31′E / 29.417°N 78.517°E / 29.417; 78.517