Bijnor

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This article is about the municipality in Uttar Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Bijnor district.
Bijnor
बिजनौर
city
Bijnor is located in Uttar Pradesh
Bijnor
Bijnor
Location in U P India
Coordinates: 29°22′N 78°08′E / 29.37°N 78.13°E / 29.37; 78.13Coordinates: 29°22′N 78°08′E / 29.37°N 78.13°E / 29.37; 78.13
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Bijnor
Elevation 225 m (738 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 115,381
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website www.bijnor.nic.in

Bijnor (Hindi: बिजनौर, Urdu: بجنور) variously spelt as Bijnaur and Bijnour, is a city and a municipal board in Bijnor district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the district headquarters of Bijnor district.

Transportation[edit]

Bijnor is well connected with major cities through road and railways. Highway No. 119 connects Bijnor to Meerut at one end, and it is connected with Pauri (Uttarakhand) at the other end. State highways connects it to Muzaffarnagar, Moradabad, Badaun, Haridwar and Amroha. Bijnor railway is connected with Delhi-Moradabad line through Gajraula Junction and with Moradabad- Chandigarh line through Mauzzampur Junction.

History[edit]

Lying at the foot of the Himalayas, district Bijnor enjoys a unique place among the districts of the Western Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal. The current official name of our country 'BHARAT is after Bharat who belongs to this district. Bijnor is the gateway of the hilly region of Uttaranchal and enjoys a central position among the adjoining districts of Pauri Garhwal and Hardwar in the North, Moradabad in the South, Nainital and Udham Singh Nagar in East and Saharanpur, Muzaffar Nagar and Meerut in the West. Bijnor is mainly an agricultural district.

Little is known of the early history of Bijnor. District Bijnor is related to Mahabharat.There is a Vidur kuti in Bijnor. In the time of Mughal emperor Akbar, Bijnor formed part of the Mughal Empire. However, in the early part of the 18th century, the Rohilla Pashtuns established their independence in the country called by them Rohilkhand; and about 1748 the Rohilla chief Ali Mohammed Khan made his first annexations in Bijnor, the rest of which soon fell under the Rohilla domination. The northern districts were granted by Ali Mohammed Khan to Khurshid Ahmed Baig, who gradually extended his influence west of the Ganges and at Delhi, receiving the title of Najib-ud-daula and becoming paymaster of the royal forces. His success, however, raised up powerful enemies against him, and at their instigation the Marathas invaded Bijnor. This was the beginning of a feud which continued for years. Najib, indeed, held his own, and for the part played by him in the victory of Panipat was made vizier of the empire.[1]

In Najibabad, there was a fort of great Sultana Daku or "The Sultan Bandit". The fort is still situated in Najibabad and it has been said that the vehicles can easily be run on the width of the fort.[citation needed]

In 1772 the Nawab of Oudh made a treaty with the Rohillas, covenanting to expel the Marathas in return for a money payment. He carried out his part of the bargain; but the Rohilla chieftains refused to pay. In 1774 the Nawab concluded with the East India Company government of Calcutta a treaty of alliance, and he now called upon the British, in accordance with its terms, to supply a brigade to assist him in enforcing his claims against the Rohillas. This was done; in the Rohilla War, the Rohillas were driven beyond the Ganges, and Bijnor was incorporated in the territories of the nawab, who in 1774 ceded it to the British East India Company. From this time the history of Bijnor is uneventful until the rebellion of 1857, when (on 1 June) it was occupied by the nawab of Najibabad, a grandson of Zabita Khan. In spite of fighting between the Hindus and the Muslim Pashtuns, the Nawab succeeded in maintaining his position until the 21 April 1858, when he was defeated by the British at Nagina, whereupon British authority was still in place until independence.[1]

Out of the total area of 4848 sq km, about 492 thousand he. land is irrigated. The main crops of the area are wheat, rice and sugarcane. Sugarcane is the cash crop and grown in 152 thousand he. The annual yield is about 7930 metric tones. Although Bijnor is a prominent agricultural district but the number of industrial units both big and small are also considerable. Sugar Khandsari, Glass manufacturing, small bottle manufacturing, Ivory works, wood work, Brush manufacturing and paper mills are the main industries of the district. The educational facilities in the district are also good. There are 6 no. under graduate and post graduate college, 85 inter college and number of junior high school both for girls and for boys in the district. The banking facilities are also good in the district. Around 106 branches of nationalised banks and 48 branches of co operative bank are operating in the district. The total length of roads in the district is around 2927 km, which is highest in the state.

The financial condition of the farmers in the district is remarkably good. The living standard is considerably good. No wonder if you find luxuries like TV, Coolers, ACs, CD Players, Telephone, home and kitchen appliances and even Motor Cycle, Jeep, tractor, Car etc. in most of the houses in village of the district.

Agriculture is the main source of income in Bijnor, with sugarcane being the main crop. Now there is a Rural BPO in Bijnor and the name is Sookshm Information Services Pvt Ltd (SIS). Sookshm Information Services is a rural BPO company, founded by a team of professionals who had worked for various MNCs (mostly BPO companies) and the Government agencies. All the Founders are born and brought up in Chandpur and Bijnor and went Delhi for higher studies and after 14 years they came back to Chandpur and Bijnor because of social reasons and because of providing employment to the youth of Chandpur and Bijnor. Sookshm now have two delivery centers one in Chandpur and other one in Bijnor.

Climate[edit]

Bijnor features a cold climate that borders on a colder alpine climate. The city features snowy winters,cold summers and a rainy/sleet season. However the monsoons, though substantial in Bijnor, are not quite as heavy as the monsoon in other parts of India.

Climate data for Bijnor, India
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15
(59)
8
(46)
2
(36)
−14
(7)
−25
(−13)
48.6
(119.5)
Average high °C (°F) −67
(−89)
−59
(−74)
−24
(−11)
−5
(23)
−2
(28)
4
(39)
Rainfall mm (inches) 13.2
(0.52)
17.6
(0.693)
9.3
(0.366)
6.3
(0.248)
11.3
(0.445)
55.7
(2.193)
203.3
(8.004)
243.2
(9.575)
129.7
(5.106)
24.8
(0.976)
4.3
(0.169)
6.1
(0.24)
724.8
(28.535)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.1 2.0 4.7 13.6 13.7 6.5 1.5 0.6 0.8 49.2
 % humidity 64 55 45 35 34 46 72 77 67 54 56 64 56
Source #1: NOAA (1971–1990),[2] World Meteorological Organization (precipitation 1901–2000)[3]
Source #2: India Meteorological Department (records)[4]

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Bijnor urban agglomeration had a population of 115,381 out of which males were 60,656 and females were 54,725. The literacy rate was 77.90 per cent.[5]

Religions in Bijnor
Religion Percent
Muslims
  
42%
Hindus
  
57 %
Jains
  
0.4%
Others†
  
1.6%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Blocks[edit]

(a block is a small administrative area of a district)

  1. Najibabad
  2. Kiratpur
  3. Haldaur
  4. Kotwali
  5. Afzalgarh
  6. Nehtaur
  7. Dhampur
  8. Seohara
  9. Jalilpur
  10. Noorpur
  11. Mohd.Pur Devmal

Educational institutions[edit]

Industrial Training Services[edit]

Cadd Centre training services Pvt. Ltd., CADD Centre Bijnor

Lakshya Education Singapore[edit]

Educational group running by Lakshya Education Singapore (Reg no# 53230686D),[6]

Lakshya Singapore International School and Lakshya College Of Management & Technology Seohara

Lakshya Singapore International School,[7] Seohara,Dhampur,Bijnor [International School running under Singapore education in corporation with CBSE]. Lakshya Singapore International School Seohara (under the aegis off Lakshya International Education, Singapore) is a co-educational school which has made its inception in the Seohara (Dist-Bijnor) away from the din of the city in a pollution- free environment with the aim of providing well-rounded child-centric education by experienced, caring and affectionate faculty members in an amicable upbringing environment. In the pursuit of excellence the school follows guidelines laid down by Central Board of Secondary education which is considered to be the leading educational board in our country. Whilst high academic achievement is a priority, the school aims to create a ’community’ of well rounded individuals, where a spirit of cooperation and mutual respect exists among the students and teachers.

Lakshya College of Management and Technology,[8] Seohara, Dhampur, Bijnor [Premier college in district having over 5000 students.]

Lakshya College of Advance Education,[9] Seohara,Dhampur,Bijnor[N.C.T.E. Approved B.T.C. and B.Ed. College]. Lakshya College of Law,[10] Seohara,Dhampur,Bijnor[Bar Council of India, Indian Law Chamber and MJPRU]

College and schools[edit]

North India Institute of Technology, Najibabad

Lakshya Singapore International School,[11] Seohara, Dhampur, Bijnor [International School running under Singapore education in corporation with CBSE]

Lakshya College of Management and Technology,[12] Seohara, Dhampur, Bijnor [Premier college in district having over 5000 students.]

Lakshya College of Advance Education,[13] Seohara, Dhampur, Bijnor[N.C.T.E. Approved B.T.C. and B.Ed. College]

Lakshya College of Law,[14] Seohara,Dhampur,Bijnor[Bar Council of India, Indian Law Chamber and MJPRU]

Harpati Memorial Public School, Nagina Road, Bijnor

Universal Academy, Noorpur Road, Bijnor

Decent Public School, Noorpur Road Bijnor

Modern Era Public School, Bijnor

k.p.s Girls Inter college, Bijnor

Bijnor Inter College, Bijnor (Muslim Inter College, Bijnor)

Govt. Inter College, Bijnor

Govt. Girls Inter College, Bijnor

R.J.P.A. Inter College, Bijnor

St. Mary's Senior Secondary School, Prem Nagar, Bijnor

Param Public School, Bijnor

Modern Public School Bharuka(Gopalpur)

Dayavati Dharmavira Public School, Bairaj Road

Modern Public Prathmic Vidiyale—Bharuka(GOPALPUR), Bijnor

Devta Degree College Morna Bijnor

Gsn Public School,Haldaur

Kishan Inter Collage Peeli Chauki, Bijnor

L.B.S.S.MAHAVIDYALAYA GOHAWAR, Bijnor

vivekanand Inter college, Darwara Chandpur

vivekanand maha vidhalaya, Darwara Chandpur

Adarsh Inter College, Umri, Bijnor

kisan inter collage mandawlai bijnor

Adarsh Gramin inter College Chandak, Bijnor

Postgraduate colleges[edit]

Vardhman college

R. B. D. Girls PG College

Krishna college

Vivek education park

S.P. Degree College, Chandpur

Devta MahaVidhyalaya Morna, Bijnor

R.S.M. PG College, Dhampur, Bijnor

L.B.S.S.M.(P.G.) COLLEGE,GOHAWAR,BIJNOR SAHU JAIN DEGREE COLLEDGE NAJIBABAD ℳ

Engineering college[edit]

North India Institute of Technology, Najibabad
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Engineering College Of Information Technology, Chandpur, Bijnor(Govt.)

Veera College of Engineering

Govt. I.T.I

Govt. Polytechnic College

Disha Institute of Technology

Veer Kumar Institute Of Technology

R.V. Institute Of Technology

K.L.S.I.E.T Chandok Bijnor

Popular culture[edit]

2012 Hindi TV series Yaha Ke Hum Sikandar aired on Doordarshan was based in town of Bijnor.

2011 a movie is also made here i.e lanka

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Public Domain One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bijnor". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 928–929. 
  2. ^ "Agra Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  3. ^ "World Weather Information Service–Agra". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures upto 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  6. ^ Lakshya Education Singapore
  7. ^ Lakshya Singapore International School
  8. ^ Lakshya College of Management and Technology
  9. ^ Lakshya College of Advance Education
  10. ^ Lakshya College of Law
  11. ^ Lakshya Singapore International School
  12. ^ Lakshya College of Management and Technology
  13. ^ Lakshya College of Advance Education
  14. ^ Lakshya College of Law

External links[edit]