Bikaner

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This article is about the city Bikaner in Rajasthan, India. For its namesake district, see Bikaner district. For other uses, see Bikaner (disambiguation).
Bikaner
बीकानेर
Chhoti Kashi
City
Lalgarh Palace, Bikaner
Laxmi Niwas Palace, Bikaner
Nickname(s): bkn
Bikaner is located in Rajasthan
Bikaner
Bikaner
Coordinates: 28°01′00″N 73°18′43″E / 28.01667°N 73.31194°E / 28.01667; 73.31194Coordinates: 28°01′00″N 73°18′43″E / 28.01667°N 73.31194°E / 28.01667; 73.31194
Country India
State Rajasthan
District Bikaner
Founded by Rao Bikaji
Government
 • Body Municipal corporation
Area
 • Total 28,466 km2 (10,991 sq mi)
Elevation 242 m (794 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 647,804
 • Density 3,887.8/km2 (10,069/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi & Marwadi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 3340XX
Telephone code +91 151
Vehicle registration RJ-07
Website bikaner.nic.in

Bikaner (Hindi and Rajasthani: बीकानेर(About this sound pronunciation ) is a city in the northwest of the state of Rajasthan in northern India. It is located 330 kilometres (205 mi) northwest of the state capital, Jaipur. Bikaner city is the administrative headquarters of Bikaner District and Bikaner division. It was formerly the capital of the princely state of Bikaner. The city was founded by rajput[1] Rao Bika.[2][3][4] in 1486 and from its small origins it has developed into the fifth largest city in Rajasthan. The Ganges Canal, completed in 1928, and the Indira Gandhi Canal, completed in 1987, facilitated its development.

Bikaner is famous for sweets and snacks (or namkeens in Hindi). Rao Bikaji groups

History[edit]

Further information: History of Bikaner

Prior to the mid 15th century, the region that is now Bikaner was a barren wilderness called Jangladesh.[5] In 1488 Rao Bika established the city of Bikaner. According to James Tod, the spot which Bika selected for his capital, was the birthright of a Nehra Jat, who would only concede it for this purpose on the condition that his name should be linked in perpetuity with its surrender. Naira, or Nera, was the name of the proprietor, which Beeka added to his own, thus composing that of the future capital, Bikaner. Rao Bika was the first son of Maharaja Rao Jodha of the Rathor clan, the founder of Jodhpur and conquered the largely arid country in the north of Rajasthan. As the second son of Joda he had no chance of inheriting Jodhpur from his father or the title of Maharaja. He therefore decided to build his own kingdom in what is now the state of Bikaner in the area of Jungladesh. Though it was in the Thar Desert, Bikaner was considered an oasis on the trade route between Central Asia and the Gujarat coast as it had adequate spring water. Bika’s name was attached to the city he built and to the state of Bikaner (“the settlement of Bika”) that he established. Bika built a fort in 1478, which is now in ruins, and a hundred years later a new fort was built about 1.5 km from the city centre, known as the Junagarh Fort.[6][7][8]

Around a century after Rao Bika founded Bikaner, the state's fortunes flourished under the sixth Raja, Rai Singhji, who ruled from 1571 to 1611. During the Mughal Empire’s rule in the country, Rai Singh accepted the suzerainty of the Mughals and held a high rank as an army general at the court of the Emperor Akbar and his son the Emperor Jahangir. Rai Singh's successful military exploits, which involved winning half of Mewar kingdom for the Empire, won him accolades and rewards from the Mughal emperors. He was given the jagirs (lands) of Gujarat and Burhanpur. With the large revenue earned from these jagirs, he built the Junagarh fort on a plain which has an average elevation of 760 feet (230 m). He was an expert in arts and architecture, and the knowledge he acquired during his visits abroad is amply reflected in the numerous monuments he built at the Junagarh fort.[6][8][9]

Karan Singh, who ruled from 1631 to 1639, under the suzerainty of the Mughals, built the Karan Mahal palace. Later rulers added more floors and decorations to this Mahal. Anup Singh, who ruled from 1669 to 1698, made substantial additions to the fort complex, with new palaces and the Zenana quarter, a royal dwelling for women and children. He refurbished the Karan Mahal with a Diwan-i-Am (public audience hall) and called it the Anup Mahal. Gaj Singh, who ruled from 1746 to 1787 refurbished the Chandra Mahal (the Moon palace).

During the 18th century, there was internecine war between the rulers of Bikaner and Jodhpur and also amongst other thakurs, which was put down by British troops.[8]

Following Gaj Singh, Surat Singh ruled from 1787 to 1828 and lavishly decorated the audience hall (see illustration) with glass and lively paintwork. Under a treaty of paramountcy signed in 1818, during Surat Singh's reign, Bikaner came under the suzerainty of the British, after which the Maharajas of Bikaner invested heavily in refurbishing Junagarh fort.[10]

Left: Lalgarh Palace, built (Indo-Saracenic style) for Maharaja Ganga Singh and named after his father, presently a heritage hotel and also a residence of the Bikaner Royal Family. Right: Ganga Singh as a member of the Imperial War Cabinet at No. 10 Downing Street, 1917.

Dungar Singh, who reigned from 1872 to 1887, built the Badal Mahal, the 'weather palace', so named in view of a painting of clouds and falling rain, a rare event in arid Bikaner.

General Maharaja Ganga Singh, who ruled from 1887 to 1943, was the best-known of the Rajasthan princes and was a favourite of the British Viceroys of India. He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India, served as a member of the Imperial War Cabinet, represented India at the Imperial Conferences during the First World War and the British Empire at the Versailles Peace Conference. His contribution to the building activity in Junagarh involved separate halls for public and private audiences in the Ganga Mahal and a durbar hall for formal functions. He also built the Ganga Niwas Palace, which has towers at the entrance patio. This palace was designed by Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob, the third of the new palaces built in Bikaner. He named the building Lalgarh Palace in honour of his father and moved his main residence there from Junagarh Fort in 1902. The hall where he held his Golden Jubilee (in 1938) as Bikaner's ruler is now a museum.[8][10][11]

Ganga Singh's son, Lieutenant-General Sir Sadul Singh, the Yuvaraja of Bikaner, succeeded his father as Maharaja in 1943, but acceded his state to the Union of India in 1949. Maharaja Sadul Singh died in 1950, being succeeded in the title by his son, Karni Singh (1924-1988).[7] The Royal Family still lives in a suite in Lalgarh Palace, which they have converted into a heritage hotel.[8][10]

Transport[edit]

The internal transport system in Bikaner consists of autorickshaws and city buses. Bikaner railway station is on the Jodhpur-Bathinda line. Bikaner is connected to some of major Indian cities via broad gauge railway. The city has direct rail connections to Delhi, Mumbai, Alwar, Bhubaneswar, Sambalpur, Bilashpur, Kanpur, Agra, Jalandhar, Baroda, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Guwahati, Jaipur, Surat, Jalandhar, Puri, Coimbatore, Thiruvananthapuram, Chandigarh, Kota, Kollam, Jammu, Jodhpur and Ahmedabad. However, there is no rail connectivity for other major Indian cities like Silchar, Indore, Jhansi, Ranchi, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Kurukshetra, Pune, Faridabad.

Bikaner is well served with roads and is linked directly to Delhi, Jaipur, Agra, Alwar, Ludhiana, Bhatinda, Ambala, Ahmedabad, Haridwar, Jodhpur, Indore and many other cities. National highways 11, 15, and 89 meet at Bikaner. There is an under construction domestic airport at nal 14 km from city which will start its flights for Delhi and Mumbai in 2014.

Climate[edit]

Sand dunes near Bikaner, Rajasthan

Bikaner is situated in the middle of the Thar desert and has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with very little rainfall and extreme temperatures. In summer temperatures can exceed 45 °C, and during the winter they may dip below freezing.

The climate in Bikaner is characterised by significant variations in temperature. In the summer season it is very hot when the temperatures lie in the range of 28–48.5 °C (82.4–119.3 °F). In the winter, it is fairly cold with temperatures lying in the range of 5–23.2 °C (41.0–73.8 °F).[12] Annual rainfall is in the range of 260–440 millimetres (10–17 in).[12][13]

Climate data for Bikaner
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
35.5
(95.9)
41.4
(106.5)
45.8
(114.4)
47.3
(117.1)
47.5
(117.5)
44.2
(111.6)
42.9
(109.2)
42.3
(108.1)
40.4
(104.7)
36.8
(98.2)
31.3
(88.3)
47.5
(117.5)
Average high °C (°F) 23.0
(73.4)
25.5
(77.9)
31.8
(89.2)
38.2
(100.8)
41.7
(107.1)
41.6
(106.9)
37.8
(100)
36.6
(97.9)
36.7
(98.1)
36.2
(97.2)
30.7
(87.3)
25.3
(77.5)
33.76
(92.78)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.3
(57.7)
17.1
(62.8)
23.4
(74.1)
30.2
(86.4)
34.3
(93.7)
35.2
(95.4)
32.8
(91)
31.7
(89.1)
30.7
(87.3)
27.7
(81.9)
21.5
(70.7)
16.1
(61)
26.25
(79.26)
Average low °C (°F) 5.6
(42.1)
8.8
(47.8)
15.0
(59)
22.1
(71.8)
26.8
(80.2)
28.8
(83.8)
27.7
(81.9)
26.8
(80.2)
24.7
(76.5)
19.1
(66.4)
12.1
(53.8)
6.9
(44.4)
18.7
(65.66)
Record low °C (°F) −0.9
(30.4)
−2.7
(27.1)
3.7
(38.7)
12.0
(53.6)
15.8
(60.4)
19.8
(67.6)
20.3
(68.5)
20.4
(68.7)
16.3
(61.3)
10.2
(50.4)
3.3
(37.9)
−0.9
(30.4)
−2.7
(27.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5.7
(0.224)
7.8
(0.307)
6.3
(0.248)
11.9
(0.469)
15.9
(0.626)
33.0
(1.299)
91.1
(3.587)
82.6
(3.252)
40.8
(1.606)
10.1
(0.398)
1.9
(0.075)
3.0
(0.118)
310.1
(12.209)
Avg. precipitation days 0.8 1.0 1.5 0.9 2.6 3.2 6.6 5.6 3.0 0.6 0.3 0.5 26.6
 % humidity 49 43 34 25 27 39 58 61 52 36 40 48 42.7
Source: NOAA (1971-1984)[14]

Art and culture[edit]

Princely flag of Bikaner

Bikaner is notable for:

  • Rao Bikaji Camel safari
  • Its camel research farm (NRCC).
  • Its "Bikaneri Bhujia.
  • Its wool production.
  • Its camel festival
  • Its sweets.
  • PATA culture ( Wooden made big square size table which is laid upon the streets where localites sit at their leisure )
  • Heartfull people

Bikaneri Bhujia is a spicy snack made from moth dal, spices and edible oil. Bikaner is also known for its handicrafts and leather articles, for its palaces and for having Asia's biggest camel farm.

The city is also known for its intricately carved Jharokas. These red sandstone stone jalis (screens) are found on the windows of the Junagarh fort, temples and havelis (mansions of Northern India). Jalis would be used for ventilation and for women to watch the world while remaining hidden.

The red sandstone for these stone window screens was supplied by the nearby village of Dulmera.

Usta & Chadhwa Art[edit]

Bikaner was and is the centre for Usta Art, a generic term for the Manoti-Naqqashi (embossed and unembossed floral and geometric patterned objects layered with gold) media produced by Usta family master artistans of Bikaner. The Usta artists and artisans also controlled all production of the Bikaner School "miniature" paintings using translucent and opaque vegetable and mineral watercolours from the late-16th to late-19th Century. Famous painters of the Bikaner School were Hamid Rukn-ud-din, Ahmad, Nathu ji, Nure, Rahim, Isa, Iso, Sahab-ud-din, Rehim ji,Murad, and Abdul Shakoor.

Fairs and festivals[edit]

  • International Camel Festival, Ladera Dunes, 25 km away from Bikaner City.
  • Karni Mata fair, Deshnoke, Bikaner
  • Gangaur
  • Kapil Muni fair - Kapil Muni Fair is also known as Kolayat Mela.
  • Punarasar Fair : This fair is held at punarasar village of Bikaner. The village is named after lord Hanuman who is considered the god of power, knowledge, health and wealth. Hindus of Bikaner and its adjoining cities head towards this holy village twice (Sarad purnima & Bhaadava) in a year and celebrate this pious occasion with lot of offerings to Punarasar baba. Devotees who approach this holy occasion (following the path between hamlets) are served with food and refreshment by the gathering of another devotees. This fair is considered must visit among local public of Bikaner hence a very long queue (more than 5 km) of devotees is witnessed at this occasion before the temple. Punarasar temple is situated closer to highway leads to Jaipur that's why this highway is known as Punarasar highway too!
  • Kodamdesar Mela :- Kodamdesar mela is celebrated in the village of Kodamdesar 20 km far from bikaner where the temple of lord bhairoon is situated. This temple have no roof for covering the statue of bhairoon nath. Chura and Surdashani purohit are the casts who have utmost faith upon kodamdesar bahiroon.
  • Kolayat Mela : Kolayat Mela is celebrated in the month of November every year. Kolayat is situated around 50 km away from Bikaner-Jaisalmer Highway.
  • Siyana Bhairoon mela : This fair is known for the utmost celebration by Hindu casts Bishnoi, Ojha, Bhadani, chhangani and derasri. Devotees from this community along with others reach siyana village of bikaner by cart, buses, car, bike and on feet. Siyana village is known for the temple of lord bhiroon who is believed to bless all amenities to his devotees they prayed for.
  • Camel festival: each January the state government organises a camel festival with camel races, various cultural events and a fire dance performed by the Sidh people.
  • Aksaye Tritya or "AKKHA TEEJ": the foundation day of Bikaner. This was the day when Rao Bika laid the foundation of the new empire. Every year on this day people from across the social spectrum enjoy themselves by flying kites or "CHANDA". They also enjoy a special meal, such as "Khichra and Imlani".
  • Paryushan: The biggest festival of Jain community is celebrated with utmost fervour and dedication in the city in the Bhadrapad month of Hindu calendar. The temples are lavishly decorated. Spiritual ceremonies and fasting are seen everywhere in the city.
  • Kartik Poornima: The Jain community takes out a huge procession on this day consisting of paintings, palki of tirthankar and musical bands. It traverses all the areas inhabited by Jains. Local bhajan mandalis or Spiritual Bands perform with great excitement on this occasion. This festivity is unparalleled in India.
  • Rammat : Rammat is a marwadi word which stands for "PLAY". Rammat is performed in adjoining days of Holi at Bhattron ka chowk, Barah Guwar, Bisso ka chowk etc. local actors portray the role of ancient legends like Dhola Marwaani, Amarsingh Rathod . Rammat starts in midnight and get finished in the dawn with the pray of goddess. Localite take delight to participate in the chorus and spread different color over the crowd present there. Rammat of Harsh & Vyas attract huge crowd owing to its distinctive nature of water play. Both community members of harsh & Vyas get themselves loaded their area with water tank and they hit each other with water with help of leather jug. The one who loose water early face the defeat ! However it is a fixed game since inception of this game vyas are declared the winner that too cordially, then also huge crowd turn up at the site and cheer their favorite team with full of passion .
  • Pata : Pata is a wooden made giant sized square shaped couch on which people sit and chat. Pata was formed with intention to bring people together and discuss different issues on the daily basis. Nowadays Patas have become spot of pure entertainment and gossip

Attractions in Bikaner and nearby[edit]

Junagarh Fort, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India

Junagarh Fort[edit]

The fort was built by Raja Rai Singh, the sixth ruler of Bikaner who reigned from 1571 to 1612. Rai Singh had conquered part of Marwar and had been granted territory in Gujurat and Burhanpur by the Mughal emperor Akbar as a reward for his services as military commander. This, as well as funding from Jodhpur, enabled him to build the fort. Rai Singh held high rank in the imperial courts of both Akbar and his successor, Jehangir. During his imperial service he travelled extensively, giving him an appreciation of art and architecture. These ideas have been incorporated meticulously into the architectural style of Junagarh Fort.

hotel shri ram heritage[edit]

shri ram guest house[edit]

Laxmi Niwas Palace[edit]

Laxmi Niwas Palace

The Laxmi Niwas Palace is a former residential palace built by Maharajah Ganga Singh, the ruler of the former state of Bikaner. It was designed by the British architect, Samuel Swinton Jacob in the year 1902. The style of architecture is Indo-Saracenic. It is now a luxury hotel owned by Golden Triangle Fort & Palace P. Ltd. The magnificent structure in red sandstone is one of the most popular destinations for tourists in Bikaner.[15]

Lalgarh Palace[edit]

Lalgarh Palace

Lalgarh Palace was built between 1902 and 1926 according to Rajput, Mughal and European architectural styles. The building was commissioned by Maharaja Ganga Singh (1889–1925) in memory of his father Maharaja Lall Singh and was designed by the British architect, Samuel Swinton Jacob. It is coated in red sandstone and has several grand halls, lounges, cupolas and pavilions. The building features magnificent pillars, elaborate fireplaces, Italian colonnades and intricate latticework and filigree work. The palace houses the Shri Sadul Museum as well as a large and important collection of Sanskrit manuscripts, the Anup Sanskrit Library. Though the Bikaner Royal Family still live in the palace, part of the building has been converted into a Heritage hotel operated by the Royal family of Bikaner.[citation needed]

Maru Nayak Ji[edit]

Constructed in 1486, Moolnayakji was the first Vaishnav Temple built in Bikaner. It was the principal seat of the Vaishnav sect. The first of the Bhagavad Katha Vachaks of the Rattani Vyas clan of Bikaner Shri Rattoji Vyas gave the Bhagavad Updesh to the king, Rao Bika and his aide Salloji Rathi. This practice is carried on till date. The presiding deity is Lord Moolnayak Krishna.

Bhandasar Jain Temple

Laxmi Nath Temple[edit]

Laxmi Nath Temple is one of the oldest temples in Bikaner. The foundation of the city was laid here in 1488 by Rao Bikaji. The temple was erected during the reign of Rao Lunkaran and was added to by Maharaja Ganga Singh.

Bhandasar Jain Temple[edit]

Out of the 27 beautiful Jain temples adorning the landscape of Bikaner city, this temple dedicated to the fifth Tirthankara, Sumatinath, is considered to be the most beautiful and also the highest. This temple was built by a Jain merchant, Bhanda Shah. The foundation of this temple was filled by pure ghee and dry coconuts.

This temple is mainly famous for wall paintings and usta art. The temple is built of red sandstone and is divided in three floors. One can see the skyline of Bikaner by climbing to the topmost floor of this temple.

Mukam Temple[edit]

Mukti Dham Mukam is a pilgrimage near Nokha for Bishnoi community. Bishnois are known for their kind nature and their love for nature and animals. It is a holy place for Bishnoi Community which is present in large number in the Bikaner District.

Kolayat[edit]

Kolayat is a famous pilgrimage spot with a temple dedicated to Kapila who, according to his devotees, sat in meditation near the lake. One week before Pushkar Festival and till one week later this lake is more interesting if you like to see Sadhus. Pushkar will have some Sadhus but Kolayat will have many hundreds.

Karni Mata Temple[edit]

Main article: Karni Mata Temple

The world famous shrine of Karni Mata can be found in the town of Deshnoke 30 km south from Bikaner on the road to Jodhpur. Karni Mata is worshiped as an incarnation of Goddess Durga.

This temple is famous for rats which can be seen everywhere in the temple. A white rat, if spotted, in the temple is considered auspicious.

Shiv Bari Temple[edit]

Built from red sandstone by Dungar Singh in the late 19th century, the temple is surrounded by a wall with battlements. It has a four faced black marble statue of Shiva and a bronze Nandi facing the Shiva Lingam. There are also two large reservoirs of water known as bawaris. The temple attracts thousands of visitors during Shravan (August) especially on Mondays.

Rao Bikaji camel safari[edit]

Camel Festival[edit]

The Bikaner Camel Festival is an event organized by the Department of Tourism, Art and Culture, of Bikaner, Government of Rajasthan. It takes place every year in the month of January. At this festival the "ships of the desert" are seen at their best. Some spectacular and unusual camel performances like camel races, camel dances, and the bumpy, neck shaking camel rides take place at this event.

  • The Bikaner Camel Festival starts with a procession of bedecked camels from the Junagarh fort. The camels are decorated in typical Rajasthani attires, colorful bridles and saddles.
  • The festival takes place over two days.
  • Camel dance performances also take place. Competitions take place for the best decorated camel, fur cutting design, camel milking and the best camel hair cut. The camels display splendid footwork and dance gracefully to the direction of their drivers.
  • Tea and sweets made of camels' milk are available during the festival.
  • On the second day of the festival the fleetest camels of the region take part in races. The competition is fierce as the best camels compete for the prizes, which is of great honor. Thousands of excited tourists join the local population to watch the events and cheer on their favorites.
  • On both evenings the festival ends with a performance by the renowned folk singers and dancers of Rajasthan. The jubilant dances swirling the ghagras, the awe inspiring fire dances and many other interesting and enthusiastic performances entertain visitors. In the grand finale a magnificent display of fireworks takes place which illuminate the desert city of Bikaner.
  • The Bikaner camel festival has a historical significance. The camels were very important when there were no motor vehicles. At that time the camels were an important part of the transport in the city of Bikaner.

Gangashahar[edit]

Gangashahar is the city's southern suburb. Important landmarks include Bothra Chowk, Gandhi Chowk, Indira Chowk, Chandmal Ji ka Baug, Hariram Temple old line,chopra bari,Roshani Ghar, Sarda Chawk, Mahavir Chawk and Daga Chowk. Other attractions include shre kheteshwar temple kheteshwar basti,karni mata temple chopra bari Sujandesar Ramdev Ji Temple, Jain Dadabari, Shakti Peeth - Acharya Shree Tulsi Samadhi Sthala, Kali Mata Temple, Goga Ji kesaria jee Temple. Schools and colleges include Seth Tolaram Bafna Academy, Jain P.G. College, Jain School, Govt. Chopra School, Bothra Girls School & College, Vidhya Niketan, Adarsh Vidhya Mandir, Balbari School, Hanumant School, Vidhya Vihar, Bhattar School and Little Genius preschool. Notable buildings include Hansa Guest House, Daga Palace, Terapanth Bhawan, Jawahar Vidhyapeeth, Oswal Panchayati, T.M Hall, Maloo Guest House, Mahaveer Bhawan, Sampat Palace and Aasriwad bhawan.

Other attractions[edit]

  • Thar desert
  • Nagnechi Ji Temple
  • Nisar House, Kotegate
  • Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum
  • Astrology :- Bikaner is blessed with prominent astrologers of India, few are Rajendra vyas ( Mammu Maharaj), Mr Ashok Thanvi
  • Camel Research Farm, Bikaner
  • Horse Research Farm, Bikaner
  • Rajasthan State Archives
  • Soor Sagar
  • Public Park and Zoo
  • Kaashi Vishwanath Mandir, Sansolav Taalab
  • Raj Ratan Bihari Park and Rasik Shiromani Temple
  • Lakshminath Ji Temple
  • Bhandasar Jain Temple
  • Vaidehi Global Trust
  • Vaishno Dham
  • Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum
  • Rampuria Havelis
  • Ratan Bihari Temple
  • Historical Gopi Nath Temple, Opp. Government Press
  • Devi Kund Sagar.
  • Gajner Palace.
  • Kalibangan.
  • Kolayat.
  • MUKAM Nokha
  • Goddess Karni Temple, Deshnok (A.K.A. Rat Temple).
  • Doda thora
  • Laleshwar Mahadev Mandir, Shiv-Bari
  • Science Park, Statue Circle, J.N.Vyas Colony
  • Nandishwar Mahadev Mandir, Murlidhar Vyas Colony
  • Gates and Baris of old Bikaner city (Kote-gate, Goga-gate, Nathusar-gate, Jassusar-gate, Shitala-gate) Bikaner najlepsi

Demographics[edit]

Population growth through the years
Year Population
1891
56,300
1901
53,100
1911
55,800
1921
69,400
1931
85,900
1941
127,200
1951
117,100
1961
150,600
1968
186,600
1971
208,900
1981
280,400
1991
416,300
2001
529,690
2011
644,406

Source:[16]

Population Growth of Jodhpur City 
Census Pop.
1891 56,300
1901 53,100 -5.7%
1911 55,800 5.1%
1921 69,400 24.4%
1931 85,900 23.8%
1941 127,200 48.1%
1951 117,100 -7.9%
1961 150,600 28.6%
1971 208,900 38.7%
1981 280,400 34.2%
1991 416,300 48.5%
2001 529,690 27.2%
2011 644,406 21.7%
source:[16]

According to the 2001 India census,[17] Bikaner district had a population of 2,367,745. Males constituted 53% of the population and females 47%. Bikaner has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 74% and female literacy of 57%. 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religions in Bikaner
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
78%
Muslims
  
15%
Jains
  
4.7%
Others†
  
1.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Education in Bikaner[edit]

Notable Universities[edit]

Notable Colleges[edit]

Notable Schools[edit]

1.Saint Public Sr. Sec. School, Old Ginani

2.R.S.V., JNV Colony

3.K.V. No. 1 (Jaipur Road)

4.K.V. No. 2 Bikaner (inside Army campus).

5.K.V. No. 3 Nal Bikaner (inside Air Force Station Nal Bikaner)

6.Bikaner Boys School

7.Govt City Senior Sec. School

8.Delhi Public School,Bikaner

9.Dayanand Public School.

10.Sophia Senior Secondary School,Jaipur Road

11.St.N.N R.S.V, Pawan Puri South Extension

12.Central Academy Senior Secondary School {Sadul Ganj}

13.Teresa Children Academy Sr. Sec. School (K.K Colony Bikaner)

14.Bal Bari, Gangashahar

15.Aadarsh Vidhya Mandir, JNV Colony & Gangashahar

16.St. vivekanand sr. sec. school

17.Seth Tolaram Bafna Academy,Gangashahar,Nokha Road

18.Pink Model Senior Sec. School

19.Fort Senior Sec. School

20.Army Public School (Inside Army campus)

21. Sadul Sports School Bikaner (Only Sports School In Rajasthan)

22. Sadul Sr. Secondary School(Kotegate Bikaner)

23. H.S.R. Vidyaniketan, Bikaner

24. Maharani Kishori Devi Girls School(Jaipur Road Bikaner)

25. Saint Peter's Sec. School,Mukta Parasad,Bikaner

26. Jawahar Navodaya Vidayalaya, Gajner, Bikaner

27. Syncretic National Secondary School, Old Ginnani

28. Bal Bari shikshan Sanstha Sr. Secondary school Jorawarpura, Nokha Bikaner[18]

Local Dances[edit]

The Bikaner folk dances started very long before which were originated by a foundation of Rathor dynasty
They are:

1. Fire dance
2. Ghoomar Dance

Notable people from Bikaner[edit]

  • Karni Singh - in full HH Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharajah Sri Dr Karni Singh Bahadur, also known as Dr Karni Singh, was from 1950 the last ruler of the princely state of Bikaner State, as part of India. He was also a politician, serving as a member of the Lok Sabha for twenty-five years, from 1952 to 1977, and an international clay pigeon and skeet champion.
  • Rameshwar Lal Dudi - Leader of Opposition. Rajasthan Legislative Assembly 2013
  • Bulaki Das Kalla - Ex Leader of Opposition Rajasthan Legislative Assembly and Ex PCC president.
  • Reshma - Classical Vocal (migrated to Pakistan)
  • Bharat Vyas - Bollywood Lyricist
  • Anuradha Acharya-CEO, Ocimum Bio Solutions Multinational Company with Head office at Hyderabad India.
  • T.D Dogra - Former Director All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi.[19] Vice Chancellor of SGT University,Budhera,Gurgaon,Haryana.[20]
  • Karan Singh Yadav - Cardio-thoracic surgeon turn Politician,a congress MP from Alwar.
  • Mohammed Usman Arif - Politician and former Governor of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Ghulam Mohammad - Music composer, Bollywood
  • Pannalal Barupal-Indian independence activist,Congress MP from Ganga Nagar.
  • Harish Bhadani- A famous Hindi and Rajasthani Poet.
  • Rao Bika- Son of Jodha Singh founder of Jodhpur, Founder of Bikaner with Neru ji, thus, Bika+Neru=Bikaner.
  • Surajratan Fatehchand Damani-a member of the 2nd Lok Sabha of India from the Jalore constituency of Rajasthan and a member of the Indian National Congress (INC) political party. He later become member of 4th, 5th and 6th Lok Sabha from the Solapur constituency of Maharashtra.
  • Devi Singh Bhati- a EX member of the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly from Kolayat in Rajasthan state in India.
  • Raja Hasan- Play back singer, a finalist on Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Challenge 2007.
  • Rafiq Khan- Recipient of a posthumous recipient of the Vir Chakra gallantry medal.
  • Kishan Singh Rathore- is recipient of Mahavir Chakra for bravery displayed in Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 .
  • Sandeep Acharya- was crowned the winner of Indian Idol (season 2) on 22 April 2006.
  • Shiv Kumari of Kotah- an Indian Hindu royal and the daughter of Maharaja Ganga Singh of Bikaner.
  • Rajyashree Kumari-is a former shooter from India. She was conferred the Arjuna Award in shooting in 1968.
  • Sidhi Kumari- a member of Rajasthan Legislative Assembly from Bikaner East, elected in 2008 on as a candidate of Bharatiya Janata Party.
  • Nand Kishore Achyarya- an Indian playwright, poet, and critic who was born in Bikaner, Rajasthan
  • Arjun Ram Meghwal-He was elected to the 15th Lok Sabha, lower house of the Parliament of India from Bikaner constituency, Rajasthan in 2009.
  • Magan Singh Rajvi- a former Indian football player. He hails from Rajasthan. He was given the Arjuna Award in 1973 for his achievements as a football player.
  • Narpat Singh Rajvi - former Minister and MLA
  • Abdul Rehman Rana-a Pakistani former politician and soldier from Jaranwala, the city of Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
  • Akbar Khan - visually impaired Singer, Composer, Writer and a Banker honored with National Award in 1989.[21]
  • Ambika Dutt Ranga-an Indian footballer. Born in Bikaner, he played for Mohammedan Sporting Club and the Indian national team.
  • Kanwar Sen-also spelt as Kanwar Sain, was an eminent civil engineer from Rajasthan state in India.
  • Indra Chandra Shastri-an Indian author and philosopher from Bikaner in Rajasthan state in India. The government of India issued a postage stamp in his honour.
  • Ahmad Bakhsh Sindhi- was Law and Justice Minister in Rajasthan, India from 1983 till 1985.
  • Sadul Singh (administrator)-Colonel Rao Bahadur Thakur Sir Sadul Singh CIE (1881–23 December 1937) was a senior administrator in Bikaner State in India.
  • Sudhir Tailang- Famous Cartoonist, started with Illustrated weekly then Nav Bharat Times,Hindustan Times.
  • Shaukat Usmani- a member of the émigré Communist Party of India and Freedom fighter.He was sentenced to a total of 16 years in jail after being tried in the Kanpur (Cawnpore) Case of 1923 and later the Meerut Conspiracy Case of 1929.
  • Hisam-ud-din Usta- a celebrated artisan in the media of Naqqashi and Manoti
  • Vijay Shankar Vyas- is a noted agricultural economist of India. He received Padma Bhushan award in 2006 from the Government of India. He hails from Pushkarna Brahmin community in Bikaner.
  • Shri Harakh Chand Nahata (July 18, 1936 - February 21, 1999) was a prominent Indian businessman and social leader
  • Khemchand Prakash- was a music composer in Hindi film industry.
  • Professor trilok kumar jain - Dean of International School of Business Management in Gyanvihar University Jaipur.
  • Dr Om Kumar Harsh - is a noted academician and scientist with four research degrees in Physics, Computer Science and Engineering from India and Australia. He received Rashtriya Gaurav Award in 2012 and Best Citizens of India award in 2013. At present, He is a Group Director of Amristsar College of Engineering and Technology.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Patnaik, Naveen. (1990). A Desert Kingdom: The Rajputs of Bikaner. George Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd., London.
  1. ^ "Bikaner: Karni Mata, sweets and forts - The Times of India". The Times Of India. 
  2. ^ "bkn.co.in". bkn.co.in. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  3. ^ "PRACHINA - Bikaner Cultural Centre & Museum,Prachina - Cultural capital of marwar, Bikaner Museum, Prachina Museum,Bikaner Royal family,Western influence in Bikaner,Contemporary Crafts,Bikaner Period Room,Ritual Crafts,Aristocratic Textile & Costumes,Royal Portraits, Glass and Cut Glass Objects,Decorative Wall Painting,Aristocratic Locomotive, Museum Galleries". Prachinamuseum.org. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  4. ^ kalaloda. "Bikaner History, India". Travelgrove.com. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  5. ^ "Bikaner". Archived from the original on 2007-08-19. Retrieved 2007-09-08. 
  6. ^ a b Ring, Trudy; Robert M. Salkin; Sharon La Boda (1996). "International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania". Bikaner (Taylor & Francis). p. 129. ISBN 1-884964-04-4. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  7. ^ a b Ward, Philip (1989). "Northern India, Rajasthan, Agra, Delhi: a travel guide". Junagarh Fort (Pelican Publishing Company). pp. 116–119. ISBN 0-88289-753-5. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "History". National Informatics centre, Bikaner district. Archived from the original on 12 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  9. ^ "Junagarh Fort, Bikaner". Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  10. ^ a b c Ring p.133
  11. ^ Ring p.132
  12. ^ a b "Bikaner". Archived from the original on 9 January 2010. Retrieved 2009-12-09. 
  13. ^ "Climate of Bikaner". Retrieved 2009-12-09. 
  14. ^ "Zahedan Climate Normals 1971-1984". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Laxmi Niwas Palace (Bikaner, Rajasthan) - Hotel Reviews". TripAdvisor. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  16. ^ a b "Historical Census of India". 
  17. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  18. ^ "Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Bikaner 27. N.D. Modern School  :: Home Page". Jnvbikaner.gov.in. 2013-08-30. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  19. ^ "Venugopal removed, T D Dogra is new AIIMS director,The Times of India". The Times Of India. PTI Nov 30, 2007, 09.17pm IST. Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  20. ^ "SGT University". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  21. ^ "Information website about Akbar Khan, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India". Akbarkhan.co.in. Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  22. ^ http://www.acetamritsar.org/management.aspx

External links[edit]

anurag vyas