Bikas K Chakrabarti
|Bikas K. Chakrabarti|
14 December 1952|
|Institutions||Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata
Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata
|Alma mater||University of Calcutta|
Bikas Kanta Chakrabarti (born in Calcutta on December 14, 1952) is an Indian physicist. He is a professor of Physics at Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata and Visiting Professor of Economics, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata. He is married, has two sons and lives in Kolkata.
Chakrabarti received his Ph. D. degree from Calcutta University (Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics) in 1979. After that he visited (as post-doctoral fellow) Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford and Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Cologne. He joined the faculty of the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics in 1983, where he presently is Senior Professor and Director. He is also a Visiting Professor of Economics in Indian Statistical Institute.
He has authored/co-authored more than 175 papers in Physics, Economics and interdisciplinary journals, 6 reviews [1 European Physical Journal B, 1 Physics Reports & 4 in Reviews of Modern Physics (out of a total 34 reviews published in RMP so far, authored/coauthored by at least one scientist from India, since 1929; Source: Journal Search, Affiliation: India —Errata excluded)] and 6 books [1 Cambridge Univ. Press, 2 Oxford Univ. Press, 2 Springer, 1 Wiley-VCH].
He is Editorial Board member of JOURNALS: * European Physical Journal B: Condensed Matter & Complex Systems (present), * Indian Journal of Physics (present), * Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination (Official Journal of the Association of Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents) (present), * Natural Science (present), * Pramana (journal) (past).
He is Editor of BOOK SERIES: * Statistical Physics of Fracture & Breakdown (with P. Ray) of Wiley.
Some of Chakrabarti's recent citations include
♦ Feature article on "The Physics of our Finances", saying "So in 2000, Bikas Chakrabarti's team in the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics in Kolkata, India ... (introduced another model with distributed savings, and with) this tweak, the model correctly reproduced the whole wealth distribution curve ... If these simple models do capture something of the essence of the real-world economics, then they offer some good news.", p. 41, New Scientist, 28 July 2012.
♦ Special issue on "Econophysics: Perspectives & Prospect", saying "The physicists, however, did not present a parallel perspective of this social science, at least not until recently when eminent physicists like Eugene H. Stanley, Bikas K. Chakrabarti, J. Doyne Farmer, Jean-Philippe Bouchaud and many others having joined the fray to create this new field which has now started to gain academic respect. ... As mentioned, Kolkata, India, occupies a crucial role in the history of this new science which has amongst its pioneers an Indian face, too. Bikas Chakrabarti of Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, an eminent condensed matter physicist in his own rights, is, along with Stanley, one of the foremost contributors to this field. ...", in the Editorial and "... So he (Bikas) started to have meetings on econophysics and I think the first one was probably in 1995 (he decided to start it in 1993–1994). Probably the first meeting in my life on this field that I went to was this meeting. In that sense Kolkata is — you can say — the nest from which the chicken was born and Bikas gets, deservingly so, a lot of credit for that because it takes a lot of work to have a meeting on a field that does not really exist, so to say! After all who is going to come? If you have a meeting on standard fields like superconductivity there are many people who were happy to come to India to attend that meeting, but econophysics was something different. So he should get a lot of credit for this. ...", said H. Eugene Stanley in his interview (pp. 73-78) in IIM Kozhikode Society & Management Review, Vol. 2 (July 2013), © 2013 Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode, SAGE Publications.
♦ FOCUS article "Breakthrough in Quantum Computation", saying "A new class of quantum computers utilizing quantum tunneling has been achieved (as pioneered by D-wave with their 128 superconducting logic elements). The idea of computation using quantum annealing technique was first mooted by a group of Calcutta based scientists ..." in its Editorial Note and "... The seminal proposal (of Bikas Chakrabarti & his team from Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Calcutta) was taken up by other groups in the world ...", wrote Indrani Bose in Science & Culture (Indian Science News Association), Vol. 79 (Sept-Oct, 2013) pp. 381-382. See the FOCUS article (arxiv version) "Quantum Annealing & Computation: A Brief Documentary Note", Science & Culture, Vol. 79 (Nov-Dec, 2013) pp. 485-500 [and also S. Boixo et al, pp. 218-224 & Suppl. Info. (20 pp.), Nature Physics, Vol. 10 (March 2014) for a recent discussion].
Awards and distinctions
- Young Scientist Award of Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi (1984)
- Professeur Invité, University of Paris, UP13, Lab-PMTM, CNRS (1988)
- Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India (1997)
- Fellow, Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore (Elected, 1997)
- Fellow, Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi (Elected, 2003)
- Honorary Visiting Professor, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata (2007- )
- Outstanding Referee Award of the American Physical Society (2010)
- Professeur Invité, École Centrale Paris (2010)
- J C Bose National Fellow, Department of Science and Technology (India) (2011-2016)
Important books and reviews
- Quantum Ising Phases and Transitions in Transverse Ising Models, B. K. Chakrabarti, A. Dutta and P. Sen, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg (1996).
- Statistical Physics of Fracture and Breakdown in Disordered Solids, B. K. Chakrabarti and L. G. Benguigui, Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford (1997).
- Econophysics: An Introduction, S. Sinha, A. Chatterjee, A. Chakraborti and B. K. Chakrabarti, Wiley-VCH, Berlin (2011).
- Econophysics of Income & Wealth Distributions, B. K. Chakrabarti, A. Chakraborti, S. R. Chakravarty and A. Chatterjee, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge (2013).
- Quantum Ising Phases and Transitions in Transverse Ising Models, S. Suzuki, J.-I. Inoue and B. K. Chakrabarti, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg (2013).
- Sociophysics: An Introduction, P. Sen and B. K. Chakrabarti, Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford (2014).
- Dynamic Transitions and Hysteresis, B. K. Chakrabarti and M. Acharyya, Reviews of Modern Physics 71 (1999) 847-859.
- Quantum Annealing and Analog Quantum Computations, A. Das and B. K. Chakrabarti, Reviews of Modern Physics 80 (2008) 1061-1081.
- Failure Processes in Elastic Fiber Bundles, S. Pradhan, A. Hansen and B. K. Chakrabarti, Reviews of Modern Physics 82 (2010) 499-555.
- Statistical physics of fracture, friction and earthquakes, H. Kawamura, T. Hatano, N. Kato, S. Biswas and B. K. Chakrabarti, Reviews of Modern Physics 84 (2012) 839-884.
- Combinatorial optimization
- Gutenberg–Richter law
- Quantum annealing
- Kinetic exchange models of markets