Bikas K Chakrabarti
|Bikas K. Chakrabarti|
14 December 1952|
|Institutions||Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata
Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata
|Alma mater||University of Calcutta|
Bikas Kanta Chakrabarti (born in Calcutta on December 14, 1952) is an Indian physicist. He is a professor of Physics at Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata and Visiting Professor of Economics, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata. He is married, has two sons and lives in Kolkata.
Chakrabarti received his Ph. D. degree from Calcutta University (Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics) in 1979. After that he spent two years as post-doctoral fellow at Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford and Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Cologne. He joined the faculty of the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics in 1983, where he presently is a Senior Professor. He is also a Visiting Professor of Economics in Indian Statistical Institute.
The research activity of Chakrabarti is mainly focused on statistical physics, condensed matter physics, computational physics, and their application to social sciences. He is specifically interested in
- Fracture, Breakdown and Earthquake,
- Statistics of Polymers in Random Media,
- Dynamic Hysteresis and Transitions under Periodic and Stochastic Fields,
- Quantum Phase Transition, Quantum annealing & Computation in Spin Glass Models
- Physical and Computational Models of Mind and Brain
- Econophysics and Sociophysics
He has published many papers in Physics, Economics and interdisciplinary journals, including 4 reviews in esteemed Reviews of Modern Physics (out of a total 34 reviews published in RMP so far, authored/coauthored by at least one scientist from India, since 1929; Source: Journal Search, Affiliation: India —Errata excluded). He is an author of more than 170 scientific papers in leading international scientific journals. According to Web of Science, his papers have received more than 2000 citations and his Hirsch index is 26 and according to Google Scholar, his publications (including books) have received more than 4500 citations and his Hirsch index is 32 (and i10-index 82).
Editorial Board member of: ♦ European Physical Journal B: Condensed Matter & Complex Systems (present) ♦ Indian Journal of Physics (present) ♦ Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination (Official Journal of the Association of Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents) (present) ♦ Natural Science (present) ♦ Pramana (journal) (past)
Chakrabarti's Citations include
♦ Editorial of Topical Issue on Physics in Society, European Physical Journal B, Vol 57 (2007) pp 121–125, incorporating 2 of Chakrabarti's, in an Editorial Choice-list of 21 "exemplifying pioneering" publications (earliest in 1872) in "Economy & Political Economy";
♦ Discussions on "pioneering" papers from "Chakrabarti's research group" (p 187; pp 185–206) in Applied Partial Differential Equations (by Peter A. Markowich) Springer-verlag, Berlin (2007);
♦ Entry by economist J. Barkley Rosser, Jr. on Econophysics in The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd Ed., Vol 2, Macmillan Publishers, NY (2008), pp 729–732, beginning with "According to Bikas Chakrabarti (...), the term 'econophysics' was neologized in 1995 at the second Statphys-Kolkata conference in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), India, by the physicist H. Eugene Stanley ..." ;
♦ Discussions by Victor Yakovenko on "influential" (p. 2803) papers from "Kolkata School" (p. 2808) in Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science, Vol. 3, Springer-verlag, New York (2009) pp. 2800–2826 (see also pp. 2792–2800);
♦ Discussions by Victor Yakovenko and J. Barkley Rosser, Jr. on "influential" (p. 1705) & "elegant" (p. 1711) papers from "Kolkata School" (p. 1711) in Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 81 (2009) pp. 1703–1725;
♦ Feature article on "The Physics of our Finances", saying "So in 2000, Bikas Chakrabarti's team in the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics in Kolkata, India ... (introduced another model with distributed savings, and with) this tweak, the model correctly reproduced the whole wealth distribution curve ... If these simple models do capture something of the essence of the real-world economics, then they offer some good news.", p. 41, New Scientist, 28 July 2012.
Awards and distinctions
- Young Scientist Award of Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi (1984)
- Professeur Invité, University of Paris, UP13, Lab-PMTM, CNRS (1988)
- Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India (1997)
- Fellow, Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore (Elected, 1997)
- Fellow, Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi (Elected, 2003)
- Honorary Visiting Professor, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata (2007- )
- Outstanding Referee Award of the American Physical Society (2010)
- Professeur Invité, École Centrale Paris (2010)
- J C Bose National Fellow, Department of Science and Technology (India) (2011-2016)
Important books and reviews
- Quantum Ising Phases and Transitions in Transverse Ising Models, B. K. Chakrabarti, A. Dutta and P. Sen, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg (1996).
- Statistical Physics of Fracture and Breakdown in Disordered Solids, B. K. Chakrabarti and L. G. Benguigui, Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford (1997).
- Econophysics: An Introduction, S. Sinha, A. Chatterjee, A. Chakraborti and B. K. Chakrabarti, Wiley-VCH, Berlin (2011).
- Econophysics of Income & Wealth Distributions, B. K. Chakrabarti, A. Chakraborti, S. R. Chakravarty and A. Chatterjee, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge (2013).
- Quantum Ising Phases and Transitions in Transverse Ising Models, S. Suzuki, J.-I. Inoue and B. K. Chakrabarti, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg (2013).
- Sociophysics: An Introduction, P. Sen and B. K. Chakrabarti, Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford (2013).
- Dynamic Transitions and Hysteresis, B. K. Chakrabarti and M. Acharyya, Reviews of Modern Physics 71 (1999) 847-859.
- Quantum Annealing and Analog Quantum Computations, A. Das and B. K. Chakrabarti, Reviews of Modern Physics 80 (2008) 1061-1081.
- Failure Processes in Elastic Fiber Bundles, S. Pradhan, A. Hansen and B. K. Chakrabarti, Reviews of Modern Physics 82 (2010) 499-555.
- Statistical physics of fracture, friction and earthquakes, H. Kawamura, T. Hatano, N. Kato, S. Biswas and B. K. Chakrabarti, Reviews of Modern Physics 84 (2012) 839-884.
- Combinatorial optimization
- Gutenberg–Richter law
- Quantum annealing
- Kinetic exchange models of markets