Swimsuit competition

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2012 Twin Peaks Bikini Contest

A swimsuit competition is a beauty contest in which people wearing swimsuits compete against each other for prizes including trophies,money, and modeling contracts. Many showcase women wearing minimal bikinis. Swimsuit competitions may be organized or sponsored by companies for marketing purposes like NOPI's annual "Hot Import Nights" bikini contest, which is held in conjunction with the import car-show in Atlanta, Georgia, and the annual Hooter's bikini competition. Competitions are held in bars and nightclubs, during intermissions of boxing or wrestling matches, and at car shows. Bodybuilding competitions may also feature bikini contest segments.

Contest organization[edit]

Newsreels of a Dutch bikini contest, 1971

Contestants can typically wear any variety of bikini - even the microkini - as long as their nipples and labia remain covered, though the organizers of each competition are free to determine standards of "dress" and nudity (as long as all laws and ordinances are respected). One or two principle announcers will present the competition to the audience, and a panel of at least three judges. Winning over the crowd is of principal importance for most competitors, as results can be heavily influenced by audience input, while in some cases formal judges are absent entirely and the winner is decided by popular vote.[citation needed]

Controversies[edit]

Despite their popularity and women's voluntary participation, swimsuit competitions—especially bikini contests—are subject to controversy. Critics of beauty contests argue that such contests reinforce the idea that girls and women are primarily valued for their physical appearance, and that this puts tremendous pressure on women to conform to conventional beauty standards by spending time and money on fashion, cosmetics, hair styling and even cosmetic surgery. They claim that this pursuit of physical beauty even encourages some women to diet to the point of harming themselves.[1][2][3]

Miss World contest[edit]

In 1951, the first Miss World contest, originally the Festival Bikini Contest,[4] was organized by Eric Morley as a mid-century advertisement for swimwear at the Festival of Britain.[5] The press welcomed the spectacle and referred to it as Miss World, and Morley registered the name as a trademark.[6] When the winner Kiki Håkansson from Sweden was crowned in a bikini, countries with religious traditions threatened to withdraw delegates. The bikinis were outlawed and evening gowns introduced instead.[7] Håkansson remains the only Miss World crowned in a bikini,[6] a crowning that was condemned by the Pope.[8] The bikini was banned from Miss World beauty pageants after the controversy.[9][10]

Bikinis reappeared in later contests amid additional controversy. In the 1970s and 1980s the contest was regularly picketed by feminist protestors.[10] The pageant disappeared for a while and in 1996, when the Miss World contest was held in Bangalore, India, dozens of Indian groups who opposed the event claimed that the contest degraded women by featuring them in bikinis. Social activist Subhashini Ali commented, "It's not an IQ test. Neither is it a charity show. It's a beauty contest in which these things have been added on as sops." The protests were so intense that the organizers were finally compelled to shift the venue of the "Swimsuit Round" to Seychelles.[11][12][13] Countering these claims, the contest organizer says that the organization has raised ₤300 million for charity in many of the countries where it operates since 2000.[14]

In 2013, the Miss World event is to be hosted by Indonesia, the world's largest Muslim-majority country. The country's top Muslim clerical body, the Indonesian Ulema Council, suggested that the event should be cancelled because it promotes "hedonism, materialism, and consumerism," and is nothing but "an excuse to show women's body parts that should remain covered." The organizers later announced that the bikini would be replaced by one-piece swimsuits and even sarongs, traditional beachwear on the resort island of Bali. Pageant Chairwoman Julia Morley explained, "I do not want to upset or get anyone in a situation where we are being disrespectful."[15]

Critics accuse the Miss World organizers of caving to extremist pressures.[16] They point out that Bali is a destination for tourists from across the world who often wear minimal swimwear.[17]

Dr. Brooke Magnanti argued that the decision to yield to religious fundamentalists was not a victory for feminism:

While no great fan of pageants there's something about this that rubs the wrong way. For some time it's been clear that the interests and tactics of certain types of feminism and certain types of religious fundamentalism not only converge, but seem to complement each other.[18]

Donald Trump, who owns the Miss Universe Beauty Pageant, a competitor to the Miss World contest, was delighted to learn of the rival organization's decision. He told Fox TV, "Well, I own Miss Universe, so I'm actually very happy about it—because if [Miss World] doesn't have bikinis their ratings go right down the tubes."[19]

Miss Earth contest[edit]

Vida Samadzai was the 2003 Afghani contestant for the Miss Earth title. She was severely condemned by the both Afghan authorities and community for seeking the title.[20] Samadzai was born in Afghanistan but raised in the United States. She was living in India at the time of the contest.[21] The Afghan Supreme Court banned swimsuit contests and said that appearing naked in beauty contests is completely un-Islamic, and is against Afghan tradition, human honour and dignity. Habiba Sarabi, the Afghan women affairs minister, said Samadzai's semi-naked appearance "is not women's freedom butdon my opinion is to entertain men". Afghanistan's embassy in Washington DC declared that claims by Afghan American Samadzai to represent Afghanistan is baseless.[22] Samadzai, the second woman to be crowned Miss Afghanistan after Zohra Daoud's crowning in 1972, received a number of death threats and had to be under the protection of FBI for three months.[20][23] She said she was a bit uncomfortable wearing the "70s style red bikini" and was aware of the risks involved.[21][24][25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Beauty and body image in the media". Media Awareness Network. Archived from the original on 18 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-17. 
  2. ^ "Reigning Miss Universe Suspected of Having Cosmetic Surgery". Archived from the original on 26 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  3. ^ "Plastic Surgery: Bollywood, Miss Universe, and the Indian Girl Next Door". Gujarati Magazine (Sandesh). Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  4. ^ Stein; Meriwether, Lee (2006). Beauty Queen. Chronicle Books. p. 45. ISBN 0-8118-4864-7. 
  5. ^ Dewey, Susan (2008). Making Miss India Miss World. Syracuse University Press. p. 46. ISBN 0-8156-3176-6. 
  6. ^ a b Lovegrove, Keith (2002). Pageant: The Beauty Contest. teNeues. p. 1967. ISBN 3-8238-5569-7. 
  7. ^ Shin, Han (2004). Beauty with a Purpose. iUniverse. p. 193. ISBN 0-595-30926-7. 
  8. ^ Selvedge: The Fabric of Your Life. Selvedge Ltd. 2005. p. 39. 
  9. ^ Surfing USA!: An Illustrated History of the Coolest Sport of All Time. MVP Books. 2005. p. 60. ISBN 978-0-89658-690-1. 
  10. ^ a b Magnanti, Brooke (7 June 2013). "Miss World bikini ban: why it's no victory for feminists". Telegraph. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Miss Greece now Miss World, despite pageant protests". CNN. 23 November 1996. Archived from the original on 17 December 2003. 
  12. ^ Pratap, Anita (22 November 1996). "Indian police prepare for worst in beauty pageant clash". CNN. Archived from the original on 4 April 2003. 
  13. ^ Pratap, Anita (17 November 1996). "Beauty pageant in India becomes a contest of wills". CNN. 
  14. ^ Sinclair, Emma (20 May 2013). "Miss World owner: How a mother and housewife gave the beauty pageant a positive legacy". Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "Miss World Beauty Pageant Bans Bikinis". The Huffington Post. June 10, 2013. Retrieved June 14, 2013. "The bikini segment is one of the cornerstones of the Miss World Beauty Pageant but the 2013 event will not be featuring them. Out of respect to this year's Muslim host nation Indonesia, the 137 contestants at the event in Jakarta will be wearing the traditional long sarongs of Bali instead." 
  16. ^ Lewis, Leo. "Miss World contest cuts bikini round to appease Muslim world". Times Newspapers Limited. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  17. ^ Maass, Harold (7 June 2013). "The controversial bikini ban at the Miss World beauty pageant". Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  18. ^ Magnanti, Brooke (June 7, 2013). "Miss World bikini ban: why it's no victory for feminists". The Telegraph. Retrieved June 14, 2013. 
  19. ^ Harrison, Lily (June 10, 2013). "Donald Trump Defends Bikini Contests on Miss World Competition". E!Online. Retrieved June 14, 2013. "Bikini contests aren't going anywhere if Donald Trump has his way." 
  20. ^ a b Gersh Kuntzman, "Beauty is a Beast", Newsweek, 2003-11-03
  21. ^ a b Ayesha Matthan, "Fida over Vida", The Hindu, 2007-12-18
  22. ^ News desk, "Afghan Supreme Court bans beauty pageants", Independent Online, 2003-09-30
  23. ^ Farhad J. Dadyburjor, "I was under FBI's watch for 3 months: Miss Afghanistan", Daily News and Analysis, 2006-06-29
  24. ^ News Desk, "Miss Afghanistan says she was uncomfortable wearing bikini, goal is to help women and children back home", Financial Times, 2003-11-07
  25. ^ Kimi Yoshino, "Causing a stir, all because of a bikini", Times New Service , 2003-11-28

External links[edit]